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Cognates of Grimm`s Law

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Reflexes of Proto-Indo-European Stops
PIE Root......Gloss
Latin Borrowing ☜ Greek Borrowing ☜
English *
*bher .........‘carry’
f
b
h
f
f
b
d
g
v
b bear
d red
g greedy
g gun
b burn
p puff
t tooth
k kin
k come
kʷ queen
*reudh ..........‘red’
*gher ......... ‘want’
*ghʷen..... ‘attack’
*ghʷer...........‘hot’
*beu...........‘swell’
*dent .........‘tooth’
*gen.......... ‘beget’
*gʷā..... ‘come/go’
ferō fertile
rubeus ruby
hortārī exhort
defendere defense
fornax furnace
bullīre boil
dentis dental
gentis gentle
*ten ........ ‘stretch’
*kerd ......... ‘heart’
*kʷel...... ‘revolve’
θ θερµοϛ thermos
β βουβων bubonic
δ οδοντοϛ mastodont
γ γονοϛ gonad
venīre venture
γ
*gʷen..... ‘woman’
*ped.............‘foot’
ϕ ϕερω metaphor
θ ερυθρος erythrocyte
χ χαρις charisma
p
t
c
c
pedis pedal
tendere tense
cordis cordial
colere culture
γυνη gynecology
π ποδοϛ tripod
τ τονοϛ tone
κ καρδια cardiac
κ κυκλα cycle
f
foot
θ thin
h
wh
heart
wheel
* As a Germanic language, English shows fossils of Grimm’s Law.
☞ This column does not contain glosses for the Latin or Greek words, but rather English words borrowed from them.
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