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Loss of Control In Flight
Symposium TOKYO 2014
29th September, 2014
Enhancement of
UPRT & SOKOAGE
Hosted by JAXA and ANA
ICATEE Proprietary
1
UPRT
UPRTProject LOC-I Symposium
2013.1.28-31 UPRT
Tokyo 2014.09.29
Survey
WHY LOC-I ? 航空機死亡事故者数のトップの要因である LOC-I
を防止するための諸対策は、ICAO DOC を含め
た法整備、ならびにそれに必要なシミュレータの
技術開発(認証も含む)や訓練手法として、具体化
が図られつつありますが、一方で、依然として課
題は多数あります。
現在その解決に向けて、世界的に協調した取り
組みがなされており、また、海外からは、日本の
LOC-I に対する取り組み姿勢や技術力などへの
評価は高く、その貢献も期待されているところです。
そのような流れの中で、今般、日本国内における
当該活動の一層の進捗のために、UPRT 開発に
中心的に取り組んでいる ICATEE*議長の Sunjoo
Advani 氏ならびに、FAA Chief Scientific and
Technical Advisor の Jeffery Schroeder 氏を招
待し、日本において LOC-Iシンポジウムを開催す
る運びとなりました。
* The International Committee for Aviation Training
in Extended Envelopes
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LOC-I は様々な原因で、機体が異常姿勢 (Upset
状態)に陥り、その後適切に回復できずに至る事
故ですが、かつてより減少しない実態があり、世
界的には、2009年のコルガンエアやトルコ航空の
LOC-Iによる事故を背景に、パイロットのUpsetに
対する訓練を見直すことを中心とした、国際的な
活動が活発化してきました。
これまでの Upset状態からの回復方法を訓練す
るのみならず、その前段階での部分で、十分な知
識(航空力学や生理学を含めて)の付与や Upset
状態に陥りそうな状況に早く気づくことなど、総
合的にUpsetへの対処能力を高める訓練が求め
られており、これが Upset Prevention & Recovery
Training (UPRT) として進められているものです。
UPRTを有効に行うには、より正確な失速モデ
ル(失速のデータ)が必要とされています。現時点
では失速領域でシミュレータを使用し操縦訓練を
行うことをもともと意図していないため、今の機器
のままで訓練をすることは、安全上の観点から、
かえってデメリットになり得るという指摘もあります。
従って、教官はシミュレータの限界を理解した上
で訓練する必要があり、シミュレータには、あらた
な失速データの組み込みも必要と言われています。
また、今後のUPRTでは、回復操作という操縦技
量的な能力以外の部分にも着目してゆくだけに、
特に教官の役割は大きいとされており、教官側の
育成についても重要なテーマとなっています。
ご参加の関係者の皆様におかれましては、今回
のシンポジウムを通じて、UPRTの重要性、課題
とあわせ、世界的な動向や日本に対する期待な
どを共有して頂き、今後の日本でのUPRT導入に
向けた理解の促進につながることを期待しており
ます。
事務局より
2
UPRT
UPRTProject LOC-I Symposium
Tokyo 2014.09.29
2013.1.28-31 UPRT
Survey
WHY LOC-I ? Loss of control in flight, LOC-I, is the reason for
most fatalities in accidents of the recent aviation
world .
Regulators, ICAO, airlines, aircraft manufacturers, simulator manufacturers,
research institutes and any other stakeholders
are giving every effort on LOC-I avoidance in
their each field such as simulator development,
establish training method and legislation.
However, there could be many challenging
issues that we are facing.
There is no need to say, global collaborative
activities about this issue are essential, and
action taken by Japan which contribute to and
motivate for further progress in LOC-I avoidance
are highly expected.
Today, we are glad to announce that LOC-I
Symposium to promote LOC-I avoidance is
taking place in Tokyo with Dr. Sunjoo Advani, the
chairman of International Committee for Aviation
Training in Extended Envelopes; ICATEE, and
Dr. Jeffery Schroeder, FAA Chief Scientific and
Technical Advisor, who are key players of LOC-I
avoidance activity, attending.
LOC-I is a type of accident in which an aircraft
cannot recover its attitude once it fallen into an
abnormal state, and the number of those
accidents have not declined in recent years.
After the accidents of Corgan Air 3407 and
Turkish Airline 1951 activities on improving pilot
training for upset recovery has been discussed
as international activities.
The concept of UPRT; Upset Prevention and
Recovery Training, is in addition to upset
recovery training, upset prevention such as
knowledge related to aerodynamics or aviation
physiology, recognition for upset is included. It
should give highly demanded integrated ability
of LOC-I recovery and avoidance.
UPRT requires more precise aerodynamic
model including fully stalled model for simulator
training. However, the current full flight
simulator are not designed to demonstrate
operation outside of flight envelope. That may
require simulator improvement before the
training and it is essential for instructors to
understand the capability of full flight simulator
prior to UPRT.
Additionally, importance of training and
education for instructors will be increased,
because recovery maneuver which is in excess
of normal maneuvering skill will be focused on.,
in future UPRT.
We expect this opportunity encourages all
participants to get a deeper understanding of
LOC-I avoidance and promotes SOKOAGE for
ground up safety level of aviation.
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1648
3
UPRT
UPRTProject LOC-I Symposium
2013.1.28-31 UPRT
Tokyo 2014.09.29
Survey
SPEAKERS
Dr. Sunjoo Advani
Sunjoo Advani has been involved in flight
simulation for approximately 30 years,
beginning with rotorcraft simulation at the
University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace
Studies. In 1990, he moved to the Netherlands
to develop the SIMONA Institute at Delft
University of Technology, where he also
completed his doctorate in Aerospace
Engineering. He then became a consultant to
several aerospace and automotive firms. In
2005, he started International Development of
Technology, a company that supports the
development of flight, driving and medical
simulators. IDT has developed the CEAL
simulation facility at the Toronto Rehabilitation
Institute. In 2009, he initiated ICATEE, the
International Committee for Aviation Training in
Extended Envelopes through the Royal
Aeronautical Society, with the objective of
developing international requirements to
mitigate Loss of Control In-Flight. He has led
ICATEE’s membership through the
development of the requirements for Upset
Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT).
These requirements have led to the ICAO
Manual of Aeroplane Upset Prevention and
Recovery Training. Currently, he provides
support to several major airlines around the
world on the effective implementation of UPRT.
He also serves in rulemaking initiatives
involving UPRT and simulation, including
EASA. He is an active pilot and enjoys travel,
especially in Japan.
4
UPRT
UPRTProject LOC-I Symposium
2013.1.28-31 UPRT
Tokyo 2014.09.29
Survey
SPEAKERS
Dr. Jeffery Schroeder Dr. Jeffery Schroeder is the Federal Aviation
Administration’s Chief Scientist for Flight
Simulation Systems. He has been associated
with all of the FAA’s commercial airplane upset
prevention and recovery training efforts. These
efforts include establishing both the legal
requirements and guidance for pilot training
and the necessary simulator modeling
requirements to allow for effective training.
Previously, Dr. Schroeder worked at NASA
Ames Research Center with his last position as
Chief of the Aviation Systems Division. Earlier,
Dr. Schroeder was a research scientist at
NASA. He developed and validated criteria for
how a flight simulator should physically move
to increase its realism. He also designed,
developed, and flight-tested control and display
concepts that enabled pilots to hover and land
a helicopter without using external visual cues.
While at NASA, Dr. Schroeder served as a
lecturer at Stanford University and as an
adjunct professor at San Jose State University
for eight years teaching dynamics and control
at both universities. He is Fellow of the Royal
Aeronautical Society and an Associate Fellow
of the American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics. He has a B.S. and M.S. from
Purdue and a Ph.D. from Stanford, all in
Aeronautics and Astronautics.
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UPRT
UPRTProject LOC-I Symposium
2013.1.28-31 UPRT
Tokyo 2014.09.29
Survey
SPEAKERS
Dr. Shigeru Obayashi
He received Doctor of Engineering from
University of Tokyo in 1987. He worked as a
visiting scientist at NASA Ames Research
Center from 1987, and then joined the faculty
of engineering at Tohoku University as an
associate professor in 1994. He is a professor
at Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University
since 2003. He also serves as a director of the
Institute from 2014. His current research
interests include computational fluid Dynamics,
multidisciplinary design optimization,
evolutionary computation, data mining and
their applications. He has received several
awards, for example, 1993 NASA Ames Honor
Award, 1998 NASA's Software of the Year
Award, 2002 Computational Mechanics
Achievements Award, Computational
Mechanics Division, The Japan Society of
Mechanical Engineers (JSME), 2009 JSME
Medal for Outstanding Paper, 2012
Computational Mechanics Award,
Computational Mechanics Division, JSME, and
2014 The Commendation for Science and
Technology by the Minister of Education,
Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. 6
UPRT
UPRTProject LOC-I Symposium
2013.1.28-31 UPRT
Tokyo 2014.09.29
Survey
SPEAKERS
Takuya Ishibashi
Takuya Ishibashi is a manager of flight training
& check, planning and development
responsible for recurrent training syllabus,
technical evaluation of FFS and introduction of
A350XWB. He holds master degree of
aeronautical engineering and joined JAL in
April 1991. He also holds authorized class 1
maintenance certification by four year
experience in maintenance field. He has spent
half of career in flight operation engineering,
involved in several projects including HMI
evaluation of new type of fleet.
Kohei Funabiki
Kohei Funabiki joined National Aerospace
Laboratory (reorganized into Japan Aerospace
Exploration Agency) in 1993. Since then, he
has been working for research on aviation
human factors and human machine interface
design for both airplane and helicopters
through flight simulation and flight experiment.
He is also in charge of managing research
flight simulators in JAXA. 7
UPRT
UPRTProject LOC-I Symposium
2013.1.28-31 UPRT
Tokyo 2014.09.29
Survey
SPEAKERS
Satoshi Tanaka
Satoshi Tanaka is a specialist of flight training
technical support, and responsible for training
manual and some projects to improve ANA
training systems, such as UPRT, MPL and so
on.
After he graduated, he joined ANA and
engaged in flight operation engineering, then
he had transferred to flight crew training
section. He is a member of both UPRT project
and ATEC LOC working group. He is focusing
on development and implementation of the
UPRT for ANA with training captain. Kazuya Kikuchi
Kazuya Kikuchi has majored in aerospace
engineering at a university, and flight simulator
development of the human-powered aircraft
was his study theme. After graduation in 2007,
he entered ANA BTC(formerly ANAM) that was
the company where he can make use of his
study experience at university.
After having engaged in on-site maintenance
work as a simulator technician for 2 years,
he moved to an engineering section, and he
has been concerned with FSTD engineering
and authority certification duties for 5 years.
His present role in ANA group is to support the
implementation of a new training concept such
as UPRT and EBT from the viewpoint of
simulation technology and FSTD criteria for
authority‘s approval. 8
UPRT
UPRTProject LOC-I Symposium
2013.1.28-31 UPRT
Tokyo 2014.09.29
Survey
SPEAKERS
Satoru Oki
Satoru Oki is a Assistant General Manager of
Engineering Department in ATEC (Association
of Air Transport Engineering and Research) *.
He works as a secretariat for LOC-I WG,
GBAS Landing / RNP AR / AWO WG, Pilot
Licensing Process WG, and so on. He holds
master degree of aeronautical engineering and
authorized class 1 maintenance certification.
He has four career in ANA: Maintenance, Flight
Operations Engineering, Operations Standards
and Flight Crew Training. He started the career
in ATEC in this April, although still being a
member of ANA.
* ATEC is one of the public foundations in
aviation society in Japan. The foundation is a
non-profit organization. Its primary objective is
to contribute to flight safety and the
enhancement of any activities toward the
improvement and/or development of flight
operation and maintenance. ATEC manages a
number of industry committees and task forces
for this purpose.
(http://www.atec.or.jp/e_profile.htm)
9
UPRT
UPRTProject LOC-I Symposium
2013.1.28-31 UPRT
Tokyo 2014.09.29
Survey
Abstract
<JAXA>
JAXA is seeking possibility of contributing to
development and improvement of UPRT on
the basis of past experience in various
research on aviation safety. By analyzing
sequence of LOC-I events and past
performance by international research
communities, we are focusing on two areas
of the research. The first area is construction
of simulation model with extended flight
envelope. Validation of the model by flight
test is also in future scope. The second area
is human factors of pilot behavior in
unexpected events. Relationship between
training, system/automation and pilot
relations is being investigated by conducting
flight simulation.
<JAL>
As one of leading airlines in the world, JAL
started FDM program in 1980 and
accumulated analysis experience for over 30
years. Some FDM data relate to avoidance
of LOC-I and TEM type analysis helps to
show precursor events and potential
hazards. Influenced by international
industrial movement concerning automation
issue, monitoring matter and lack of manual
flying skills, JAL organized “Automation Error
Plus W/G” as a safety project and made 31
recommendations in 5 fields. The
presentation shares the company’s
preventive approach for LOC-I.
<ATEC>
The working group (WG) was established to
<ANA>
develop a training procedure for LOC-I which
ANA experienced the upset incident in
draws an increasing attention to aviation
September, 2011. Fortunately, the aircraft
safety in accordance with International
completely recovered from upset condition
Standards.
with no fatalities and no damages, but we
The WG was held 4 times in Japanese FY of
found out a lot of issues to be solved.
2013, and the importance to establish not
Then we are focusing on new upset recovery only a recovery procedure but also a
preventive measures and the corporation
training concept to grand up the bottom of
with international organization were shared
safety level - SOKOAGE.
in WG members. Mr. Morioka, WG leader
ANA is making preparation to implement
made presentations both within and outside
new UPRT complying with ICAO DOC
10011, and we promote this project through Japan to have the concept of WG
ATEC in Japan. In regard to rule making, it understood by the outside of WG.
could be very important to work with JCAB, The first WG in FY of 2014 was held in July
also the collaboration with JAXA is key point to share the information attained through the
ICAO LOC-I Symposium in WG members.
in terms of development of the full flight
simulator. ANA really would like to
implement much safer training program of
UPRT with our collaborative partners.
10
UPRT
UPRTProject LOC-I Symposium
2013.1.28-31 UPRT
Tokyo 2014.09.29
Survey
Program
10:00 - 10:15
Welcome, Introductions Masayuki Kato, JAXA
Greeting from ANA Tatsuro Tanaka, Senior Vice President, General
Manager Corporate Safety , Hideo Morioka, ANA Safety Promotion
and ATEC LOC WG leader
10:15 – 11:00
ANA’s UPRT activities, Satoshi Tanaka, ANA Flight Training Technical
support, Kazuya Kikuchi ANA Base Maintenance Technics
11:00 – 12:10
ICATEE’s research and technology findings
Dr. Sunjoo Advani, ICATEE Chariman
12:10 – 13:20
Lunch Break
13:20 - 13:50
Preventive approach for LOC-I - Internal Analysis and
Countermeasures, Takuya Ishibashi Japan Airline flight training &
check, planning and development.
13:50 – 15:00
Review of results from stall modeling research on OKC 737NG
simulator Dr. Jeff Schroeder, FAA Chief Scientist
15:00 – 15:30
Coffee Break
15:30 – 16:00
Research Activities in JAXA, Kohei Funabiki, JAXA
16:00 – 16:30
Researches at Tohoku University towards Nonlinear Flight Dynamics,
Dr. Shigeru Ohbayashi, Tohoku University
16:30 – 17:00
ATEC LOC-I Working Group Status , Satoru Oki ATEC
17:00 – 17:30
Closing JAXA Kohei Funabiki Closing comment from JAL Nobuyoshi Gondo, Managing Executive
Officer, General Manager, Corporate Safety & Security
Closing speech and Adjourn from JAXA Masaaki Yanagihara, Director
Flight Research Center
18:00 – 19:30
Dinner 11
Interactive Dinner
Place : Barchetta, Daimon (バルケッタ大門)
Welcome : 1800- , Start : 1830
http://r.gnavi.co.jp/3fr5ewjd0000/
Kikaishinko
Kaikan
Barchetta,
Daimon
 14 min
12
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