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lesson 41 - SoftChalk

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SEMESTER 4
TOPIC: Parts of the body
LESSON 41
目標
OBJECTIVES
At the end of this lesson you will be able to:
; Name some parts of the body
; Read the kanji 万
単語
VOCABULARY
Words
me
hana
kuchi
mimi
te
ashi
eye
nose
mouth
ear
hand, arm
foot, leg
ADDITIONAL BODY PARTS
head
face
neck
chest
back
shoulder
stomach
atama
kao
kubi
mune
senaka
kata
onaka
elbow
knee
ankle
wrist
finger
toe
body
hiji
hiza
ashi-kubi
te-kubi
yubi
ashi-no-yubi
karada
These words are provided for your reference only.
Other words and expressions you will hear in this lesson
karate
karate
akachan
baby
© Georgia Public Broadcasting 1997
LESSON 41
383
SEMESTER 4
TOPIC: Parts of the body
単語ノート
VOCABULARY NOTES
1. Te and ashi
手
足
In Japanese, as in many other languages, a single word (te) can refer to both the hands and arms
and another (ashi) to both the legs and feet. The context will generally clarify which body part is
being talked about.
2. Karate
空手
The word karate, which refers to a form of Japanese martial arts, is composed of the words kara
(empty) and te (hand). A person who is skilled in karate can stop an attacker by using only his
bare (empty) hands, elbows, knees, and feet as weapons.
読みましょう
YOMIMASHOO!
eye
nose
mouth
ear
hand, arm
foot, leg
め
はな
くち
みみ
て
あし
ADDITIONAL BODY PARTS
あたま
かお
くび
むね
せなか
かた
おなか
head
face
neck
chest
back
shoulder
stomach
ひじ
ひざ
あしくび
てくび
ゆび
あしのゆび
からだ
elbow
knee
ankle
wrist
finger
toe
body
These words are provided for your reference only.
からて
あかちゃん
© Georgia Public Broadcasting 1997
karate
baby
LESSON 41
384
SEMESTER 4
TOPIC: Parts of the body
カルチャーノート
CULTURE NOTES
Common expressions related to body parts
Japanese, like many other languages, has numerous expressions which are based on different
parts of the body. One expression that you already know is atama-ga ii (literally, the head is
good) which has the figurative meaning of be smart. Here are some other expressions with their
literal and figurative meanings.
EXPRESSIONS WITH BODY PARTS
Expression
Literal meaning
Figurative meaning
me-ga ii
mimi-ga tooi
haya-kuchi
hana-ga takai
kubi-o nagaku shite,
matte-imasu
kao-ga hiroi
hara-ga tatsu
koshi-o kakeru
good eyes
distant ears
fast mouth
high nose
make the neck long, wait
be observant
hard of hearing
rapid speaking
proud
anxiously await
wide face
belly stands
hang the hips
be widely known
be angry
sit down on a chair
Can you think of any expressions in English or in other languages which include the following?
1. leg
2. hand
3. nose
4. arm
© Georgia Public Broadcasting 1997
LESSON 41
385
SEMESTER 4
TOPIC: Parts of the body
漢字ノート
KANJI NOTES
In this lesson you will learn to read the kanji 万. Be sure that you know the reading for the kanji
and can tell what the kanji means. The reading which is marked by an asterisk is for your
reference only; you do not need to learn this. You also do not have to learn any new words
which are given in the examples. The correct stroke order for this kanji is given in the Optional
Writing Practice section.
万
MAN (ten thousand), BAN*
一万
四万
七万
九万
十万
万年筆
万国
万歳
三万二千五百円です。
万年筆が六本あります。
ichi-man
yon-man
nana-man
kyuu-man
juu-man
mannenhitsu
bankoku
banzai
ten thousand
forty thousand
seventy thousand
ninety thousand
one hundred thousand
fountain pen [10,000-year brush]
all countries
hurray!
San-man ni-sen go-hyaku-en desu.
Mannenhitsu-ga rop-pon arimasu.
It is 32,500 yen.
There are six fountain pens.
The kanji 万is based on an ancient Hindu and Buddhist symbol of good luck called a manji.
KANJI REVIEW
私
六
月
行
天
九
日
木
四
気
本
七
人
山
十
田
一
小
学
高
何
三
水
川
千
校
火
五
下
金
百
来
上
二
見
今
万
大
中
年
円
八
気
元
土
How do you read them? What do they mean?
© Georgia Public Broadcasting 1997
LESSON 41
386
SEMESTER 4
TOPIC: Parts of the body
INTERACTIVE ACTIVITIES
PART 1
n
Dooshite ikimasen-ka?
In pairs, check the answers to Assignment #1 in Part 2 of Lesson 40.
o
Mimi desu-ka?
Play this guessing game with a クラスメート. Partner A, without showing Partner B, writes on
this page the name of one of the six body parts listed in the 単語section of this lesson. Partner B
then asks the question “_____ desu-ka?” to determine the selected part. Each question is worth
one point. Then change roles and repeat. The player with the lower score is the winner of the
round. As you play additional rounds, try to avoid looking at the vocabulary list. Read this
sample exchange aloud before you begin.
SCORE BOX
A: (writes down kuchi)
B: Mimi desu-ka?
A
B
A: Iie, chigaimasu.
B: Ashi desu-ka?
A: Iie, chigaimasu.
B: Kuchi desu-ka?
A: Hai, soo desu. [Partner B asked three questions and now has a score of three.]
p
Hana desu.
Play this familiar game with a クラスメート. The object is to fool your partner into doing and
saying what you are doing and saying even though your words do not match your actions. Use
only those body parts listed in the box. The game must be played very quickly. After about
every five or six statements, change roles and continue. Do not worry about keeping score. Just
enjoy the game. Study this sample exchange before you begin.
A: Hana desu. [A is pointing to his own nose.]
B: Hana desu. [B quickly repeats while pointing to her own nose.]
A: Kuchi desu. [A is pointing to his own mouth.]
B: Kuchi desu. [B quickly repeats while pointing to her own mouth.]
A: Ashi desu. [A is pointing to his own arm which is not correct.]
B:
[B says and does nothing because A’s words and actions do not match.]
A: Mimi desu. [A is pointing to his own eye which is not correct.]
B: Mimi desu. [B quickly repeats while pointing to her own eye. B has been fooled!]
me
hana
© Georgia Public Broadcasting 1997
kuchi
LESSON 41
mimi
te
ashi
387
SEMESTER 4
TOPIC: Parts of the body
PART 2
n
Yomimashoo!
This pair activity provides you with an opportunity to review the kanji for numbers. Partner A
masks the roomaji side and reads the prices in the left column in order. Partner B responds after
each with either Hai, soo desu or Iie, chigaimasu. Moo ichido yonde kudasai. Partner A marks
those which need to be studied. Switch roles and repeat.
漢字
o
ローマじ
1. 七万一千六百円
1. nana-man is-sen rop-pyaku-en
2. 八万四千九百円
2. hachi-man yon-sen kyuu-hyaku-en
3. 九万三千六百円
3. kyuu-man san-zen rop-pyaku-en
4. 二万六千三百円
4. ni-man roku-sen san-byaku-en
5. 五万二千百円
5. go-man ni-sen hyaku-en
6. 十万六千七百円
6. juu-man roku-sen nana-hyaku-en
7. 一万七千八百円
7. ichi-man nana-sen hap-pyaku-en
8. 三万九千二百円
8. san-man kyuu-sen ni-hyaku-en
9. 六万五千四百円
9. roku-man go-sen yon-hyaku-en
10. 四万八千三百円
10. yon-man has-sen san-byaku-en
Kao-o kakimashoo! (Let’s draw* a face!)
In this activity Partner A begins by drawing (without Partner B seeing) a face with ears, eyes,
nose, and/or mouth on the next page (#1). It is the face of an alien so the features may be a bit
unusual in terms of both number and location. For example, there may be one eye, two noses,
one ear, and no mouth. Partner A must explain to Partner B in 日本語 (of course!) how to draw
the same face. Partner B may ask as many questions in 日本語 as needed to complete the task.
Partner A needs to watch Partner B closely as Partner B draws but may not point to Partner B’s
drawing at any time. When you have finished, compare the two drawings. Do the two faces
have the same number of features, and are the features in approximately the same location?
Change roles and repeat.
Draw the faces on the next page Î
*In Japanese kakimashoo can mean let’s write or let’s draw. The kanji are different.
© Georgia Public Broadcasting 1997
LESSON 41
388
SEMESTER 4
TOPIC: Parts of the body
USEFUL WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS
mimi
me
hana
kuchi
hitotsu
futatsu
mittsu
motto
shita
ue
migi
hidari
chiisai
ookii
sukoshi
owari
ear
eye
nose
mouth
one
two
three
more, -er
down
up
right
left
small
large
a little
the end
Hana-ga futatsu arimasu.
Mimi-ga arimasu-ka?
Ikutsu arimasu-ka?
Mittsu arimasu.
Kuchi-o kaite kudasai.
Soko ja nai desu.
Motto shita desu.
Motto ue desu.
Motto migi desu.
Motto hidari desu.
Hana-no migi desu.
Kuchi-no hidari desu.
Me-wa hana-no shita desu.
Ii desu-ka? Hai, ii desu.
Motto ookii/chiisai desu.
Moo sukoshi ue/ookii desu.
1
2
3
4
© Georgia Public Broadcasting 1997
LESSON 41
There are two noses.
Are there any ears?
How many are there?
There are three.
Please draw a mouth.
Not there.
It’s lower (farther down).
It’s higher (farther up).
It’s farther to the right.
It’s farther to the left.
It’s to the right of the nose.
It’s to the left of the mouth.
The eye is below the nose.
Is this good? Yes, that’s good.
It’s bigger/smaller.
It’s a little farther up/bigger.
389
SEMESTER 4
TOPIC: Parts of the body
ASSIGNMENTS
PART 1
1. Study the notes and the vocabulary for Lesson 41.
2. Dekimasu-ka?
In Activity #1 in Part 2 of the Interactive Activities, write each price in numerals in the blank
space to the left of the roomaji column. For example, to the left of the first roomaji line, you
will write the price ¥71,600.
PART 2
1. Kakimashoo!
Carefully read the following description of a T32X—an alien of unknown origin. Then, based
on the information provided, sketch the T32X. In the next class, compare your drawing with
those of your クラスメート. There may be many correct interpretations.
T32X
T32X-wa anmari takaku-nai desu.
San-inchi-gurai desu. Karada*-wa
chiisai desu. Atama-wa ookii desu.
Ashi-ga yon-hon arimasu. Te-ga nihon arimasu.
Hana-wa hitotsu
arimasu.
Nagai desu.
Kao-no
mannaka** desu. Mimi-ga mittsu
arimasu. Mimi-wa atama-no ue-ni
arimasu. Me-ga yottsu arimasu.
Totemo chiisai desu. Mittsu-no mewa hana-no migi de, hitotsu-no mewa hana-no hidari desu. Kuchi-wa
arimasen.
* body
** middle, center
2. Preview the vocabulary and notes for Lesson 42.
© Georgia Public Broadcasting 1997
LESSON 41
390
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