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ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲෘ↢ഭ௛⑼ቇ⎇ⓥഭ௛቟ోⴡ↢✚ว⎇ⓥ੐ᬺ
‫ޟ‬ഭ௛⠪ߩࡔࡦ࠲࡞ࡋ࡞ࠬਇ⺞ߩ╙৻ᰴ੍㒐ߩᶐㅘᚻᴺߦ㑐ߔࠆ⺞ᩏ⎇ⓥ‫ޠ‬
⎇ⓥදജႎ๔ᦠ
࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߦ߅ߌࠆࡔࡦ࠲࡞ࡋ࡞ࠬኻ╷
⎇ⓥදജ⠪ ዊ↰ಾఝሶ ᧲੩ක⑼ᄢቇ౏ⴐⴡ↢ቇ⻠ᐳ ⎇ⓥⷐᣦ㧦࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߪ↥ᬺ଻ஜ‫ࠬ࡞ࡋ࡞࠲ࡦࡔߌࠊࠅߣޔ‬ኻ╷ߩ৻ᰴ੍㒐߇ᦨ߽ㅴࠎߢ޿ࠆ࿖ߩ߭
ߣߟߣ⸒߃ࠃ߁‫ࠢ࡯ࡑࡦ࠺ޕ‬᡽ᐭߪ 2004 ᐕߦ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛ⅣႺߦ㑐ߔࠆ 2005 ᐕ߆ࠄ 2010 ᐕߩᣂߒ޿ᚢ⇛
ࠍ┙ߜ਄ߍߚ‫ߩߎޕ‬ᚢ⇛ߩਛߢᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ߥഭ௛ⅣႺⷐ࿃ࠍఝవ⺖㗴ߩ৻ߟߣ૏⟎ߠߌ‫ޔ‬ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ
௛ⅣႺߩ໧㗴ߦࠃࠆ∔∛ભᬺࠍ 10㧑ᷫࠄߔߣ޿߁ᢙ୯⋡ᮡࠍ␜ߒߡ޿ࠆ‫⋡ߩߎޕ‬ᮡࠍ㆐ᚑߔࠆߚ߼ߦ‫ޔ‬
࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߩߔߴߡߩડᬺߦኻߒߡᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߩᩏኤࠍⴕ߁ߎߣ߇⟵ോઃߌࠄࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᩏኤ
ࠍⴕ߁ߩߪ࿖ߩᯏ㑐‫ࠢ࡯ࡑࡦ࠺ޔ‬ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑ߢ޽ࠅ‫ޔ‬1 ੐ᬺ႐ߦኻߒߡዋߥߊߣ߽ 3 ᐕߦ 1 ࿁ߪᩏ
ኤ߇ታᣉߐࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬ᩏኤߦ޽ߚߞߡߪ‫ޔ‬ᬺ⒳࡮⡯⒳೎ߩᩏኤ↪ࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬ࠷࡯࡞߇૞ᚑߐࠇߡ߅ࠅ‫ࠇߎޔ‬
ࠍ↪޿ߡࡅࠕ࡝ࡦࠣࠍⴕ޿ߥ߇ࠄല₸ࠃߊᩏኤ߇ⴕࠊࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ೋ࿁ߩᩏኤߪ੐೨ㅢ⍮ߥߒߢታᣉߐࠇ
ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺ޽ࠆ޿ߪઁߩഭ௛ⅣႺߦߟ޿ߡ૗ࠄ߆ߩ໧㗴߇޽ࠆߣߐࠇߚડᬺߦኻߒߡߪ‫ޔ‬
ߐࠄߦ⹦⚦ߥᩏኤ߇ⴕࠊࠇ‫ޔ‬໧㗴ὐߩᡷༀ๮઎ࠍฃߌߚડᬺߪᡷༀߦขࠅ⚵߻ߚ߼ߩࠕ࡚ࠢࠪࡦࡊ࡜ࡦ
ߩឭ಴߇⟵ോઃߌࠄࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ߩߎޕ‬ᡷༀ๮઎ࠍ߁ߌߚડᬺ߇‫⃻ޔ‬ታ⊛߆ߟലᨐ⊛ߥᡷༀࠕ࡚ࠢࠪࡦࡊ࡜
ࡦࠍ૞ᚑߢ߈ࠆࠃ߁‫ޔ‬ᜰዉࡊࡠࠣ࡜ࡓ߇ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑ߦࠃࠅឭଏߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ߚ߹ޕ‬ᩏኤߩ⚿ᨐߪࠬࡑ
ࠗ࡝࡯ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓߦࠃࠅ WEB ਄ߢ౏㐿ߐࠇߡ߅ࠅ‫ޔ‬ஜᐽࠍᄢಾߦߔࠆડᬺࠗࡔ࡯ࠫߩࠕࡇ࡯࡞ߦ߽ߥߞ
ߡ޿ࠆ‫ߥ߁ࠃߩߎޕ‬ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑ਥዉߦࠃࠆᒝ೙ജߩ޽ࠆኻ╷ߪ࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߩഭ௛⠪ߩᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ
௛ⅣႺߣ⡯ᬺᕈࠬ࠻࡟ࠬߩᡷༀߦലᨐ⊛ߦᯏ⢻ߒߡ޿ࠆߣᕁࠊࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬
2009 ᐕ╙ 4 ྾ඨᦼߩ࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߩഭ௛ੱญ
㧝㧚࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߩ↥ᬺ଻ஜߩ⃻⁁
࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߪ‫ޔ‬ᣣᧄߩ਻Ꮊߣ߶߷หߓᐢߐߩ
ߪ 269 ਁੱ㧝)ߢ޽ࠆ߇‫ ⚂ߩߘޔ‬82㧑߇ഭ௛⚵ว
࿖࿯ߦ 550 ਁੱ߇૑߻ർ᰷ߩ࿖ߢ޽ࠆ‫␩⑔ޕ‬వ
ߦട౉ߒߡ޿ࠆ‫☨ޕ‬࿖‫⧷ޔ‬࿖ࠍߪߓ߼ߣߔࠆ਎
ㅴ࿖ߣߒߡ‫ᦨߚ߹ޔ‬ㄭߢߪࠢ࡝࡯ࡦࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯
⇇ฦ࿖߇ᧂᦦ᦭ߩ⚻ᷣෂᯏߦ޽ࠆਛߢ‫ࡦ࠺ޔ‬
ផㅴ࿖ߣߒߡ᦭ฬߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬⍹ᴤ߿᳓ߥߤߩ‛⾰
ࡑ࡯ࠢߩ⚻ᷣ⁁ᘒߪᲧセ⊛⦟ᅢߢ‫ޔ‬࿖㓙ㅢ⽻ၮ
⊛⾗Ḯߦਲߒ߆ߞߚ࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߢߪ‫ޔ‬࿖ߦߣߞ
㊄ߩ⊒⴫ߦࠃࠆ 2007 ᐕߩ࿖᳃৻ੱᒰߚࠅߩ
ߡᦨ߽ᄢಾߥ⾗Ḯߪ̌ੱ̍ߢ޽ࠆߣ޿߁⠨߃ᣇ
GDP ߪ਎⇇╙㧣૏㧔ᣣᧄߪ 22 ૏㧕㧞)‫ޔ‬ᄬᬺ₸
߇ฎߊ߆ࠄ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᓥߞߡ‫ࠍੱޔ‬⢒ߡࠆߚ߼ߦᢎ
ߪ 2009 ᐕ 3 ᦬ᤨὐߢ 2.9㧑ߣૐ޿ᢙ୯߇ႎ๔ߐ
⢒ߪήᢱߢⴕࠊࠇ‫ࠍੱޔ‬ᄢಾߦߔࠆߚ߼ߦ⑔
ࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ ࠄ߇ߥߒ߆ߒޕ‬1997 ᐕ߆ࠄ 2005 ᐕߦ
␩࡮ක≮ࠍᢛ஻ߒ‫⾗⊛ੱߡߒߘޔ‬Ḯࠍ቞ࠅචಽ
߆ߌߡ‫ߩࠢ࡯ࡑࡦ࠺ޔ‬ഭ௛⠪ߩ⡯ᬺᕈࠬ࠻࡟ࠬ
ߦᵴ↪ߔࠆߚ߼ߦഭ௛ⅣႺࠍᢛ߃ࠆߎߣࠍ㊀ⷞ
ߩ⁁ᴫߪᖡൻߒߡ޿ߡ‫઀ޔ‬੐ߩㅦᐲ⽶ᜂ߇㜞ߊ
ߒߚ࿖╷߇ⴕࠊࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ߥ߁ࠃߩߘޕ‬࿖ኅᚢ⇛
ߥࠅ‫ޔ‬⡯႐ߢߩࡂ࡜ࠬࡔࡦ࠻߿޿ߓ߼߇Ⴧടߒ
ߩ߽ߣ‫↥ߩࠢ࡯ࡑࡦ࠺ޔ‬ᬺ଻ஜኻ╷ߪ‫ޔ‬2 ᰴ੍
ߡ޿ࠆߎߣ߇ᜰ៰ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ㧟㧕‫ߚ߹ޕ‬ഭ௛ἴኂ
㒐‫ޔ‬3 ᰴ੍㒐߽ߐࠆߎߣߥ߇ࠄ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛ⅣႺࠍᢛ
ߩႎ๔߽ዋߥߊߥߊ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑ߢႎ๔ࠍ
߃ࠆߎߣߦ㊀ὐࠍ⟎޿ߚ㧝ᰴ੍㒐ߦജ߇౉ࠇࠄ
߁ߌࠆ੐᡿ߩઙᢙߪᐕ㑆㧠ਁઙ‫ޔ‬⡯ᬺᕈߩஜᐽ
ࠇߡ߅ࠅ‫ޔ‬వㅴ⊛ขࠅ⚵ߺ߇ⴕࠊࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
໧㗴ߪ 12,500 ઙߦ਄ߞߡ߅ࠅ‫ߜ߁ߩߎޔ‬ਛᄩ
− 127 −
ഭ௛ἴኂᆔຬળ(National Board of Industrial
ߒߡߪㆊᢱ߿ᬺോ஗ᱛ‫⑌ߪߦࠄߐޔ‬࿕ೃߥߤߩ
Injuries) ߢ ⹺ ቯ ߐ ࠇ ࠆ ഭ ௛ ἴ ኂ ߪ 13,000 㨪
ࡍ࠽࡞࠹ࠖ߇⺖ߐࠇࠆߎߣߦߥߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬㧔ታ
14,000 ઙ‫ޔ‬૞ᬺ㑐ㅪ∔ᖚߪ 2,000㨪3000 ઙߦ
㓙ߦߪ‫ޔ‬ㆊᢱߪᢔ⷗ߐࠇࠆ߽ߩߩ‫⑌ޔ‬࿕ೃࠍ߁
ߩ߷ࠆߣႎ๔ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫↵ߚ߹ޕ‬ᕈߩり૕ᗜ⸷
ߌߚ଀ߪߎࠇ߹ߢߥ޿ߘ߁ߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
㧕
ࠍ઻߁౉㒮ߩ 8㨪15㧑‫ޔ‬ᅚᕈߢߪ 7㨪11㧑߇ᐢ
ડᬺౝߩ቟ోⴡ↢ߦ㑐ࠊࠆࠬ࠲࠶ࡈߦߟ޿ߡ
޿ᗧ๧ߢഭ௛ⅣႺߦ⿠࿃ߔࠆ߽ߩߢ޽ࠆߣߩႎ
߽ഭ௛ⅣႺᴺߦࠃࠅቯ߼ࠄࠇߡ߅ࠅ‫ޔ‬ᓥᬺຬ 10
๔߇޽ࠅ‫∛∔ߩࠢ࡯ࡑࡦ࠺ޔ‬ભᬺߩ⚂ਃಽߩ৻
ੱએ਄ߩ⡯႐ߦߪ቟ోⴡ↢⚵❱ࠍ‫ޔ‬20 ੱએ਄ߩ
ࠍഭ௛ⅣႺߢ⺑᣿ߢ߈ࠆߣ޿ߞߚផቯ߽ߥߐࠇ
⡯႐ߦߪ቟ోⴡ↢ᆔຬળࠍ⸳⟎ߔࠆߎߣ߇⟵ോ
ߡ޿ࠆ ‫⁁ߥ߁ࠃߩߎޕ‬ᴫࠍ߁ߌ‫ࠢ࡯ࡑࡦ࠺ޔ‬
ઃߌࠄࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޔ߅ߥޕ‬ᓥᬺຬ 9 ੱએਅߩ੐ᬺ
᡽ᐭߪഭ௛ⅣႺߦ㑐ߔࠆ 2010 ᐕ߹ߢߩ࿖ኅᚢ
႐ߦ߅޿ߡ߽‫ޔ‬ᔅⷐߣ⠨߃ࠄࠇࠆ႐วߦߪౝㇱ
⇛ࠍ߆߆ߍ‫ޔ‬4 ߟߩఝవ⺖㗴ࠍ᜼ߍ‫ޔ‬㑐ଥᯏ㑐
቟ోⴡ↢⚵❱ࠍ⸳⟎ߔࠆߎߣߣߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᣣ
ߩදജࠍᓧߡ࿖ో૕ߢߩ↥ᬺ଻ஜኻ╷ࠍⴕߞߡ
ᧄߩഭ௛቟ోⴡ↢ᴺ߇ഭ௛⠪ 50 ੱએ਄ߩ႐ว
޿ࠆᦨਛߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ߦ቟ోⴡ↢ᆔຬળࠍ⚵❱ߒߡ޿ࠆߎߣࠍ⺖ߒߡ
㧞㧚࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߩ↥ᬺ଻ஜߦ㑐ߔࠆᴺ⊛ᢛ஻
޿ࠆߩߣᲧߴ‫ࠅࠃޔ‬ዊⷙᮨߩડᬺ࡮੐ᬺ႐ߦኻ
㧠)
࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߢߪ‫ޔ‬1873 ᐕߦഭ௛ⅣႺዪ߇⸳⟎
ߒߡ߽‫ޔ‬቟ోⴡ↢ߦᓥ੐ߔࠆࠬ࠲࠶ࡈߩㆬછࠍ
ߐࠇ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛⠪ߩ଻⼔ߦ㑐ߔࠆⷙೣ߇ቯ߼ࠄࠇߚ‫ޕ‬
⺖ߒߡ޿ࠆߎߣߦߥࠆ‫ޕ‬ㅢᏱ‫ߩߎޔ‬቟ోⴡ↢ߩ
⃻࿷ߩ࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߩ↥ᬺ଻ஜߦ㑐ߔࠆᴺᓞߪ‫ޔ‬
ࠬ࠲࠶ࡈࠍਛᔃߦ↥ᬺ଻ஜᵴേ߇ታᣉߐࠇ‫ޔ‬ᓟ
1913 ᐕߦ೙ቯߐࠇߚᎿ႐ᴺࠍ⿠Ḯߦߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ㅀߔࠆ⋙〈⟑ߦࠃࠆᩏኤߥߤߦኻᔕߔࠆߎߣߦ
ߎࠇߪ‫ޔ‬Ꮏ႐ഭ௛ߦ߅ߌࠆ੐᡿ߣ∔ᖚߩ੍㒐ࠍ
ߥߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ߩߎޕ‬ഭ௛ⅣႺᴺ߅ࠃ߮㑐ㅪㅢ㆐߿
⋡⊛ߣߒߚ߽ߩߢ޽ߞߚ߇‫ޔ‬1954 ᐕߦߪߔߴߡ
ઃ㓐ߔࠆࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦߦᓥߞߡ‫ⴕޔ‬᡽ਥዉߩ↥
ߩഭ௛⠪ߩ଻⼔߳ߣߘߩ▸࿐ࠍ᜛ᄢߒߚഭ௛⠪
ᬺ଻ஜኻ╷߇ⴕࠊࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
଻⼔ᴺ߇೙ቯߐࠇߚ‫ߦࠄߐޕ‬ഭ௛⠪଻⼔ߩߚ߼
㧟㧚ഭ௛ⅣႺߩ⹏ଔ
ߦߪഭ௛ⅣႺߩᡷༀ߇㊀ⷐߢ޽ࠆߣߩ⠨߃ߩ߽
ഭ௛ⅣႺᴺ߿ⴕ᡽ㅢ㆐‫ޔ‬㑐ㅪߔࠆࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗ
ߣ‫ޔ‬1973 ᐕߦߪഭ௛ⅣႺᴺ㧔Danish Working
ࡦ‫ ߦ․ޔ‬2002 ᐕߦ⊒⴫ߐࠇߚ⡯႐⹏ଔߩḰ஻
Environment Act㧕ߣߥࠅ‫઀ࠆࠁࠄ޽ޔ‬੐‫ޔ‬㓹
߿⹏ଔߦ㑐ߔࠆࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ㧔Guidelines to
↪㑐ଥ߇↢ߓࠆഭ௛ߦㆡ↪ߐࠇࠆᴺᓞߣߥߞߚ‫ޕ‬
preparation
and
⃻࿷ߩഭ௛ⅣႺᴺߩᨒ⚵ߺߪ 1999 ᐕߦ೙ቯߐ
assessment:
WEA guidelines
ࠇߚ߽ߩߢ޽ࠆ‫ޔࠄ߆ᤨߩߎޕ‬⡯႐ߩ‛ℂ⊛Ⅳ
2002㧕ߦᓥ޿‫ޔ‬2002 ᐕ߆ࠄᓥᬺຬ৻ੱએ਄ߩ
Ⴚߩߺߥࠄߕᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߦߟ޿ߡ߽ᴺ
ߔߴߡߩડᬺߦኻߒߡഭ௛ⅣႺߩ⹏ଔࠍታᣉߔ
ᓞߦ᣿ᢥൻߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ࠆߎߣ߇⟵ോߠߌࠄࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫⹏ߩߎޕ‬ଔߪߤߩ
review
of
workplace
D1.1.
Nov
ߎߩഭ௛ⅣႺᴺߪ‫ޔ‬ᣣᧄߢߪഭ௛቟ోⴡ↢ᴺ
ࠃ߁ߥᬺ⒳ߩડᬺߢ߽ታᣉߒߥߌࠇ߫ߥࠄߕ‫ޔ‬
ߦ⹥ᒰߒ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛ⴡ↢ߩࡈ࡟࡯ࡓࡢ࡯ࠢࠍឭ␜ߒ
ᬺോౝኈ߿૞ᬺᎿ⒟ߩᄌᦝߥߤ߇޽ߞߚ㓙ߦߪ
ߡ޿ࠆ‫⾗⊛ੱޕ‬Ḯ㧔ഭ௛⠪㧕ߩஜᐽߣ቟ోߩ⏕
ㆡቱ‫ᦨޔ‬ૐߢ߽ 3 ᐕߦ 1 ࿁ߪታᣉߐࠇߥߌࠇ߫
଻ߩߚ߼ߦߪ‫ޔ‬ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ࠬ࠻࡟ࠬࠍ฽߼ߚ⡯
ߥࠄߥ޿‫ޕ‬ડᬺߪ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛⠪‫ޔ‬ഭ௛⠪߆ࠄㆬ಴ߐ
႐ⅣႺࠍᢛ߃ࠆߎߣ߇ᦨఝవ⺖㗴ߣߐࠇߡ߅ࠅ‫ޔ‬
ࠇߚ቟ోⴡ↢ߦ㑐ࠊࠆࠬ࠲࠶ࡈ߿↥ᬺ଻ஜኾ㐷
৻ᰴ੍㒐ߩ⠨߃ᣇ߇ਥゲߣߥߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ᧄޕ‬ᴺߪ‫ޔ‬
⡯ߣද⼏ߒߥ߇ࠄ‫ޔ‬PDCA ࠨࠗࠢ࡞ߦೣߞߚഭ
㕖Ᏹߦ೙ⵙജ߇ᒝ޿‫ޕ‬㆑෻߇ߺࠄࠇࠆડᬺߦኻ
௛ⅣႺ⹏ଔߩ⸘↹‫ޔ‬ታᣉ‫ⴕࠍࡊ࠶ࠕ࡯ࡠࠜࡈޔ‬
− 128 −
޿‫ޔ‬໧㗴ὐ߇⷗ߟ߆ࠇ߫ߘࠇࠍᡷༀߔࠆߎߣ‫ޔ‬
ߐࠇߡ޿ߡ‫ޔ‬ฦડᬺߪߘࠇࠍෳ⠨ߦߒߡ⥄ಽߩ
ߎࠇࠄߩㆊ⒟ࠍᦠ㕙ߣߒߡᚲ᦭ߒߡ߅ߊߎߣ‫ޔ‬
੐ᬺ႐ߩࠬ࠻࡟ࠬߩ⁁ᴫࠍᛠីߢ߈ࠆࠃ߁ߦ
ഭ௛⠪߇ߘࠇࠄᢥᦠߦ޿ߟߢ߽ࠕࠢ࠮ࠬߢ߈ࠆ
ߥߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ࠃ߁ߦߒߡ߅ߊߎߣ߇᳞߼ࠄࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
㧠㧚࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑ߦࠃࠆᩏኤ
ᩏኤߪ‫ޔ‬ዞഭ⋭ߩ㈩ਅߦ޽ࠆഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑
2004 ᐕ‫ࠢ࡯ࡑࡦ࠺ޔ‬᡽ᐭߪ 2005㨪2010 ᐕߩ
㧔Danish Working Environment Authority:
ᣂߒ޿ഭ௛ⅣႺᚢ⇛ߦ⌕ᚻߒߚ‫ౕޕ‬૕⊛ߦߪ‫ޔ‬
DWEA㧕߇ᜂᒰߔࠆߎߣߦߥߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ഭ௛Ⅳ
ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺࠍ 4 ߟߩఝవ⺖㗴ߩ߭ߣߟ
Ⴚߩ⹏ଔߦߟ޿ߡ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛⠪ෳടߩ߽ߣߢ⸘↹߇
ߦ૏⟎ߠߌ‫ޔ‬ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߩ໧㗴ߦࠃߞ
╷ቯߐࠇታᣉߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ߆‫ޕࠆࠇߐࠢ࠶ࠚ࠴߇ޔ‬
ߡ↢ߓࠆ∔∛ભᬺࠍ 10㧑ᷫࠄߔߣ޿߁⋡ᮡࠍ
2002 ᐕߩࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ߆ࠄ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛ⅣႺߩ⹏ଔ㗄
ᛂߜ಴ߒߚ‫⋡ߩߎޕ‬ᮡࠍ㆐ᚑߔࠆߚ߼ߦ‫ޔ‬2007
⋡ߦ੐᡿‫ޔ‬㛍㖸‫ߦߤߥࠬࠢࡒࡁࠧ࡞ࠛޔ‬ട߃ᔃ
ᐕߦ࿖ળ߅޿ߡᔃℂ␠ળ⊛⡯႐ⅣႺߩᡷༀࠍᒝ
ℂ␠ળ⊛ࠬ࠻࡟߽ࠬ฽߻ߎߣߣߥࠅ‫ޔ‬㊄ዻ⵾ຠ
ജߦផㅴߔࠆߎߣ߇᳿ቯߐࠇߚ‫ޔࠅࠃߦࠇߎޕ‬
⵾ㅧ‫ޔ‬Ꮏᬺᛛⴚ‫ޔ‬ㆇㅍ‫ޔ‬ᣏቴャㅍ‫⽼ޔ‬ᄁ‫∛ޔ‬㒮‫ޔ‬
ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑߇࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢ࿖ౝߩᓥᬺຬ৻ੱ
࿷ቛ⋴⼔‫⼔੺ޔ‬ᣉ⸳ߥߤ 24 ߩᬺ⒳ߢߪᔅߕታ
એ਄ߩߔߴߡߩડᬺࠍኻ⽎ߦᔃℂ␠ળ⊛⡯႐Ⅳ
ᣉߔߴ߈⹏ଔ㗄⋡ߣߐࠇߡ߈ߚ‫⃻ޕ‬࿷ߢߪ‫ޔ‬ᔃ
Ⴚߦ㑐ߔࠆᩏኤࠍⴕ߁ߎߣߣߥߞߚ‫ޕ‬2009 ᐕߦ
ℂ␠ળ⊛ࠬ࠻࡟ࠬߦߟ޿ߡߪోᬺ⒳ߢ⹏ଔ߇ⴕ
ߪߘߩߚ߼ߩࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ߽╷ቯߐࠇ౏⴫ߐࠇ
ࠊࠇࠆߎߣߣߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ߚ߹ޕ‬⡯႐ⅣႺ⹏ଔߩ
ߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ㅢᏱ‫ޔ‬ೋ࿁ߩᩏኤ㧔ࠬࠢ࡝࡯࠾ࡦࠣᩏ
ᣇᴺߪฦડᬺߦᆔߨࠄࠇߡ޿ࠆ߽ߩߩ‫⹏ޔ‬ଔߩ
ኤ㧕ߪ੐೨ߩㅢ๔ߥߊⴕࠊࠇ‫ޔ‬ᐔဋ⚂ 2 ᤨ㑆߆
ߚ߼ߩ◲ଢߥ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢ࡝ࠬ࠻߇ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑
ߌߡ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛቟ోߦ߆߆ࠊࠆࠬ࠲࠶ࡈ‫⚻ޔ‬༡ጀ߿
ߩ WBE ਄ߢ 62 ᬺ⒳ߦߟ޿ߡឭଏߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ഭ௛⠪ߩหᏨߩ߽ߣߢⴕࠊࠇࠆ‫⃻ޕ‬࿷࠺ࡦࡑ࡯
ߎߩ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢ࡝ࠬ࠻ߪ‫ޔ‬ฦ੐ᨩߦߟ޿ߡ໧㗴߇
ࠢߦߪ⚂ 20 ਁߩડᬺ߇޽ࠆ߇‫ࠄࠇߎޔ‬ડᬺࠍ
޽ࠆ߆ߥ޿߆ࠍ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢߔࠆࠪࡦࡊ࡞ߢ૶޿߿
⚂ 400 ฬߩഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑ߩᩏኤຬ߇‫ޔ‬ዋߥߊ
ߔ޿߽ߩߢ‫ߦ․ޔ‬ਛዊⷙᮨ੐ᬺ႐ߢߪ໧㗴ὐߩ
ߣ߽ 3 ᐕߦ 1 ࿁ߪᩏኤࠍታᣉߔࠆߎߣߦߥߞߡ
ࡑ࠶ࡇࡦࠣߦ᦭↪ߢ޽ࠆ‫ౕޔߚ߹ޕ‬૕⊛ߦߤߩ
޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬೨࿁ᩏኤᤨߦ໧㗴߇ᜰ៰ߐࠇߡ޿ߚࠅ‫ޔ‬
ࠃ߁ߥ࡝ࠬࠢࡈࠔࠢ࠲࡯߇ߤߩ⒟ᐲ໧㗴ߥߩ߆‫ޔ‬
ഭ௛⠪߆ࠄߩ⸷߃ߩᄙ߆ߞߚડᬺߦኻߒߡߪ 3
ࠃࠅౕ૕⊛⹏ଔࠍⴕ޿ߚ޿႐ว‫ࠢ࡯ࡑࡦ࠺ޔ‬࿖
ᐕࠍᓙߚߕ㗫࿁ߦᩏኤ߇ⴕࠊࠇࠆߣ޿߁‫ޕ‬
┙ഭ௛ⅣႺ⎇ⓥᚲߦࠃߞߡ㐿⊒ߐࠇߚ
Copenhagen
Psychosocial
ᩏኤߩታᣉߣߘߩᓟߩᡷༀ⸘↹╷ቯߩᵹࠇߦ
Questionnaire
ߟ޿ߡ࿑㧝ߦ␜ߒߚ‫ޕ‬
㧔COPSOQ㧕ߩ⍴❗ ߩ૶↪߇ផᅑߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
COPSOQ ߢߪ࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߩഭ௛⠪ࠍઍ⴫ߔࠆ
ࠨࡦࡊ࡞ࠍኻ⽎ߣߒߚ⡯⒳ߏߣߩᐔဋ୯߇౏⴫
− 129 −
࿑1 䊂䊮䊙䊷䉪ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑䈮䉋䉎ᩏኤ䈱ᵹ䉏
䉴䉪䊥䊷䊆䊮䉫ᩏኤ
ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛⡯႐ⅣႺ
‛ℂ⊛⡯႐ⅣႺ
ஜᐽ䊥䉴䉪䈅䉍
ஜᐽ䊥䉴䉪䈭䈚
DWEA 䉋䉍ોծԡˋ 䈱䊄䊤䊐䊃䈏ㅍઃ䈘䉏䉎
䊍䉝䊥䊮䉫䈮䈩໧㗴ὐ䈱੐ታ⏕⹺
DWEA 䉋䉍ોծԡˋ 䈏ᱜᑼ䈮ㅍઃ䈘䉏䉎
xડᬺ䈲䉁䈝⥄ಽ䈢䈤䈪໧㗴⸃᳿䉕࿑䉎䇯
x໧㗴ὐ䈏⹺⼂䈘䉏䇮䈬䈱䉋䈉䈭ᄌᦝ䈏ⴕ䉒䉏䉎䈱䈎䇮䈅䉎䈇䈲ⴕ䉒䉏䈢䈱䈎䋿
x໧㗴ὐ䈱ᡷༀ䈢䉄䈱⇈⇕⇝∍∙⇽∏∙ 䉕䋸ㅳ㑆એౝ䈮૞ᚑ
xDWEA 䈲䊒䊨䉶䉴䉧䉟䉻䊮䉴䉕ឭଏ䈚䈩䇮䉝䉪䉲䊢䊮䊒䊤䊮૞ᚑ䉕䉰䊘䊷䊃
ડᬺ䈮䉋䉎⇈⇕⇝∍∙⇽∏∙
DWEA䈏ౣ⹏ଔ
ੌᛚ䈘䉏䈭䈎䈦䈢䉌䊶䊶䊶
ੌᛚ䈘䉏䈢䉌䊶䊶䊶䊶
ડᬺ䈲䉝䉪䉲䊢䊮䊒䊤䊮䈮
䈠䈦䈩໧㗴ᡷༀ䉕ታⴕ䇯
৻ቯᦼ㑆䇮DWEA䈏䊐䉤
䊨䊷䉝䉾䊒䇯
໧㗴⸃᳿
ડᬺ䈲໧㗴⸃᳿䈱䈢䉄䈮䇮䈚䈎
䉎䈼䈐䉮䊮䉰䊦䉺䊮䊃䈱ഥ䈔䉕
୫䉍䈩⸃᳿䉕䈲䈎䉎
DWEA䈱ᩏኤ䈲⛮⛯䊶䊶䊶
໧㗴⸃᳿䈘䉏䈭䈎䈦䈢䉌䊶䊶䊶
ડᬺ䈲໧㗴⸃᳿䈱䈢䉄䈮䇮䈚䈎䉎
䈼䈐䉮䊮䉰䊦䉺䊮䊃䈱ഥ䈔䉕୫䉍䈩
໧㗴ὐ䈱⸃᳿䉕ⴕ䈉
ᴺ⊛ភ⟎䉕ฃ䈔䉎䈖䈫䉅䊶䊶䊶
ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑ߪ‫ࠣࡦ࠾࡯࡝ࠢࠬߕ߹ޔ‬ᩏኤࠍ
ᣇᴺࠍតࠆߚ߼ߩߐࠄߥࠆ⹦⚦ߥᩏኤ߇ታᣉߐ
ⴕߞߡ⡯႐ⅣႺߦ໧㗴߇ߥ޿߆ో૕௝ࠍᛠីߔ
ࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬ታ㓙ߩ⡯႐ߦ⿞߈૞ᬺᎿ⒟ߥߤߦߟ޿ߡᎼ
ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺ޽ࠆ޿ߪઁߩഭ௛ⅣႺߦ
ⷞߔࠆߩߪ߽ߜࠈࠎߩߎߣ‫ޔ‬⡯႐ߩ࡝࡯࠳࡯߿ഭ
ߟ޿ߡ૗ࠄ߆ߩ໧㗴߇޽ࠆߣ್ᢿߐࠇߚ႐วߦ
௛⠪߳ߩࠗࡦ࠲ࡆࡘ࡯ࠍⴕ޿‫ޔ‬ડᬺߦ⟵ോઃߌࠄ
ߪ‫ޔ‬ડᬺߦㅢ⍮߇ߥߐࠇ‫ޔ‬੐ታ⏕⹺߿໧㗴⸃᳿ߩ
ࠇߡ޿ࠆ⡯႐ⅣႺ⹏ଔߩ⸥㍳‫∛∔ޔ‬ભᬺ࠺࡯࠲‫ޔ‬
− 130 −
૞ᬺ㑐ㅪ∔ᖚߩ⊒↢₸‫ޔ‬㔌⡯₸ߥߤߦߟ޿ߡߩᖱ
ߡ޿ߚᩏኤߦᔃℂ␠ળ⊛⡯႐ⅣႺࠍ฽߻ߎߣ߇
ႎࠍᓧߡⴕࠊࠇࠆ‫ޔߚ߹ޕ‬ᩏኤࠍല₸⦟ߊലᨐ⊛
⟵ോઃߌࠄࠇߡ߆ࠄ‫ޔ‬ኾ㐷࠴࡯ࡓࠍ┙ߜ਄ߍ‫ޔ‬ᣂ
ߦታᣉߔࠆߚ߼ߦ‫ޔ‬ᬺ⒳೎ߩࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬ࠷࡯࡞
ߚߥኻᔕࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ኾ㐷࠴࡯ࡓߩਥዉߦࠃࠅ‫ޔ‬
㧔ᓟㅀ㧕ࠍ೑↪ߒߡⴕࠊࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬ᩏኤߩ⚿ᨐߪ‫ࠬޔ‬
৻ቯ᳓Ḱએ਄ߩ᦭ലߥᩏኤ߇ⴕࠊࠇࠆࠃ߁ߦᩏ
ࡑࠗ࡝࡯ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓߣ޿߁‫ޔ✛ޔ‬㤛⦡‫ߙࠇߘߩ⿒ޔ‬
ኤቭ⚂ 400 ฬోຬߩ࠻࡟࡯࠾ࡦࠣ߇ታᣉߐࠇߡ޿
ࠇࠬࡑࠗ࡞ࡑ࡯ࠢߢ⹏ଔߐࠇࠆࠪࠬ࠹ࡓߦࠃࠅ
ࠆ߶߆‫ޔ‬ኾ㐷࠴࡯ࡓߩᩏኤቭߪ‫⚻ޔ‬㛎ߩᵻ޿ᩏኤ
WEB ਄ߢ౏㐿ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ
‫ޔࠅࠃߦࠇߎޕ‬ഭ௛
ቭߩᡰេࠍⴕߞߚࠅ‫ⶄޔ‬㔀ߥࠤ࡯ࠬ߳ߩኻᔕ‫ޔ‬ᡷ
⠪ߩஜᐽߣ቟ోߦኻߒߡⓍᭂ⊛ദജࠍⴕߞߡ޿
ༀ๮઎ࠍ߁ߌߚડᬺߩߚ߼ߩᜰዉ╬ࠍᜂᒰߒߡ
ࠆఝ⦟ߥડᬺ߆ࠄᡷༀ๮઎ࠍฃߌߚડᬺ߹ߢ‫⺕ޔ‬
޿ࠆ‫ߚ߹ޕ‬ᩏኤຬ߇ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛⡯႐ⅣႺࠍ⹏ଔߔ
߽߇◲නߦᬌ⚝ߢ߈ࠆࠃ߁ߦߥߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ࠆߚ߼ߩࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬ࠷࡯࡞߇ 23 ᬺ⒳㨯⡯⒳೎ߦ૞
5㧕
ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߦߟ޿ߡ໧㗴߇޽ࠆߣᜰ
ᚑߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ߪ࡞࡯࠷ࠬࡦ࠳ࠗࠟޕ‬࿖┙ഭ௛ⅣႺ
៰ߐࠇ㤛⦡ߩࠬࡑࠗ࡝࡯ࠍฃߌขߞߚડᬺߪ‫ޔ‬8
⎇ⓥᚲߢߩ⎇ⓥᚑᨐࠍෳ⠨ߦߒ‫ޔ‬Ԙ㊂⊛⽶ᜂ㧔઀
ㅳ㑆એౝߦᡷༀߩߚ߼ߩࠕ࡚ࠢࠪࡦࡊ࡜ࡦࠍ૞
੐ߩ㊂⊛⽶ᜂ‫ޔ‬ㅦᐲ⽶ᜂ㧕‫ޔ‬ԙᗵᖱ⽶ᜂ‫ޔ‬Ԛ⡯႐
ᚑߒឭ಴ߒߥߌࠇ߫ߥࠄߥ޿ߎߣߦߥߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ߢߩ᥸ജ߿⢿ᆭ‫ޔ‬ԛᄛൕ‫ޔ‬੤ᦧ೙ൕോ‫ޔ‬Ԝ⡯႐ߢ
ߎߩࠕ࡚ࠢࠪࡦࡊ࡜ࡦߩౝኈ߇໧㗴⸃᳿ߩߚ߼
ߩ޿ߓ߼߿ࡂ࡜ࠬࡔࡦ࠻ߩ 5 ߟߩਥⷐߥෂ㒾࿃ሶ
ߦߪਇචಽߢ޽ߞߚࠅ‫ߦ߁ࠃߩߤޔ‬ഭ௛⠪ෳടߩ
ࠍߣࠅ޽ߍߡ޿ࠆ‫⵾ޕ‬ㅧᬺ߅ࠃ߮੐ോ♽⡯႐ߩࠟ
߽ߣߢᡷༀࠍታⴕߒߡ޿ߊ߆߇␜ߐࠇߡ߅ࠄߕ
ࠗ࠳ࡦࠬ࠷࡯࡞ࠍ଀ߣߒߡ␜ߒߚ㧔⾗ᢱ 1㨪8㧕‫ޕ‬
⃻ታ⊛ߦ᦭ലߥࡊ࡜ࡦߢߥ޿ߣ್ᢿߐࠇࠆߣ‫⿒ޔ‬
⚦ㇱߦࠊߚࠅ㗄⋡߇᜼ߍࠄࠇ߅ࠅ‫ࠢ࠶ࠚ࠴ޔ‬ᒻᑼ
ߩࠬࡑࠗ࡝࡯ࠍฃߌขࠆߎߣߣߥࠅ‫↥ޔ‬ᬺ଻ஜߩ
ߦߥߞߡ޿ࠆ‫߿࡯ࡖࠫ࡯ࡀࡑޕ‬ഭ௛⠪ߣߩࠗࡦ࠲
ኾ㐷ኅߩᜰዉࠍฃߌߥ߇ࠄᡷༀࠍታⴕߒߡ޿ߊ
ࡆࡘ࡯ߥߤߦ㓙ߒ‫ߩߡߴߔߩ࡞࡯࠷ࠬࡦ࠳ࠗࠟޔ‬
ᔅⷐ߇޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᡷༀࠍⷐߔࠆડᬺߦኻߒߡ‫⦟ࠅࠃޔ‬
㗄⋡ߦߟ޿ߡᩏኤቭ߇࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢߔࠆ⸶ߢߪߥ޿‫ޕ‬
޿ࠕ࡚ࠢࠪࡦࡊ࡜ࡦࠍ૞ᚑߔࠆߚ߼ߩഭ௛ⅣႺ
ߒ߆ߒ‫ߢߣߎࠆ޽߇࡞࡯࠷ࠬࡦ࠳ࠗࠟޔ‬੐೨ߦᩏ
⋙〈⟑ߦࠃࠆࠟࠗ࠳ࡦ߽ࠬታᣉߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ࠗࠟޕ‬
ኤᤨߦ⌕⋡ߔߴ߈ὐߦߟ޿ߡᢛℂߔࠆߎߣ߇ኈ
࠳ࡦࠬߢߪ‫ޔ‬ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߩᡷༀߦ⌕ᚻߒ
ᤃߦߥࠅ‫ߚ߹ޔ‬ᩏኤߩᦨᓟߦ੐ᬺ႐ߩᜂᒰ⠪ߣ߹
ታⴕߦ⒖ߒߡ޿ߊߚ߼ߩౕ૕⊛ࡊ࡜ࡦߩ૞ᚑ߿‫ޔ‬
ߣ߼ߩ⹤ߒว޿ࠍⴕߞߚࠅᩏኤߩో૕⹏ଔࠍⴕ
ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ߥஜᐽ࡝ࠬࠢߩシᷫࠍ⋡⊛ߣߒߚ⻠
߁㓙ߦ߽ᵴ↪ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
⠌߇ⴕࠊࠇ‫ޔ‬ડᬺߪ 15 ᤨ㑆߹ߢήᢱߢߎߩࠟࠗ
ࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬ࠷࡯࡞ࠍ↪޿ߚᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛Ⅳ
࠳ࡦࠬࠍฃ⻠ߢ߈ࠆ㧔ㅢᏱߪ 2㨪3 ᤨ㑆ߩࡒ࡯࠹ࠖ
Ⴚࠍ⹏ଔߔࠆᩏኤ߇ᆎ߹ߞߡએ㒠‫ޔ‬ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ߥ
ࡦࠣࠍ 1‫ޔ‬2 ࿁ⴕ߁ߎߣ߇ᄙ޿㧕‫ޕ‬ᡷༀ๮઎ࠍ߁ߌ
ഭ௛ⅣႺⷐ࿃ߦ㑐ㅪߒߚᡷༀ๮઎ߩઙᢙߪᐕ‫ޘ‬
ߚᄙߊߩડᬺ߇ߎߩࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬࠍฃߌᡷༀ߳ߩ
Ⴧടߒߡ޿ࠆߣ޿߁‫ޔߪࠇߎޕ‬ᡷༀ๮઎ࠍⷐߔࠆ
ᚻ┙ߡࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆߣ޿߁‫ߩࡦ࡜ࡊࡦ࡚ࠪࠢࠕޕ‬
ࠃ߁ߥᅢ߹ߒߊߥ޿ഭ௛ⅣႺ߇ᄙߊߥߞߡ޿ࠆ
૞ᚑߦ޽ߚߞߡഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑߇㊀ⷞߒߡ޿ࠆ
ߣ޿߁ࠃࠅ‫ߢ߹ࠇߎޔ‬ᜰ៰ߐࠇࠆߎߣ߇ዋߥ߆ߞ
ὐߪ‫ޔ‬ᡷༀߦ޽ߚߞߡഭ௛቟ోߦ㑐ߔࠆኾ㐷ኅߩ
ߚ‫ޔ‬ẜࠎߢ޿ߚ໧㗴߇ᜰ៰ߐࠇࠆࠃ߁ߦߥߞߡ߈
េഥࠍ↪޿ࠆߦߒߡ߽‫ޔ‬ડᬺ߇⥄ಽߚߜߢᡷༀࠍ
ߚߚ߼ߣផኤߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ 6)‫ࠍ࡞࡯࠷ࠬࡦ࠳ࠗࠟޕ‬
ⴕ߁ᔅⷐᕈࠍ⹺⼂ߒߡ‫ޔ‬ႎ๔ߐࠇߚ໧㗴ߦኻߒߡ
↪޿ࠆߎߣ‫ޔ‬ᩏኤቭߩ࠻࡟࡯࠾ࡦࠣ߿ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙
ౕ૕⊛ߦߤߩࠃ߁ߦኻᔕߔࠆߩ߆‫ޔ‬ታ㓙ߦᡷༀߩ
〈⟑ౝߢߩᡰេ૕೙ߩలታߦࠃࠅ‫ޔ‬ല₸ࠃߊ‫ޔ‬ㆡ
ࡊࡠ࠮ࠬߦ㑐ࠊࠆੱ߿⽿છ⠪ߪ⺕ߥߩ߆‫ߞ޿ߣޔ‬
ಾ߆ߟലᨐ⊛ߦ⡯ᬺᕈࠬ࠻࡟ࠬߩ໧㗴ࠍᜰ៰ߢ
ߚὐߢ޽ࠅ‫ౕޔ‬૕⊛ߦฬ೨߹ߢ᜼ߍߐߖࠆࠃ߁ߢ
߈ߡ޿ࠆ‫ߥ߁ࠃߩߘޕ‬ᜰ៰ߦࠃࠅ‫ޔ‬ડᬺߦ⡯ᬺᕈ
޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ࠬ࠻࡟ࠬߩ໧㗴ߦ᳇ߠ߆ߖ‫੍ޔ‬㒐ኻ╷ߦขࠅ⚵߹
ᩏኤࠍⴕ߁ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑ߪ‫ޔ‬એ೨ࠃࠅⴕࠊࠇ
ߖࠆߎߣ߇ߢ߈ߡ޿ࠆ‫ޔߚ߹ޕ‬⡯ᬺᕈࠬ࠻࡟ࠬߩ
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໧㗴ࠍᛴ߃ࠆડᬺߢߪ‫ ⚂ߩߘޔ‬60㧑߇‫ޔ‬ഭ௛ⅣႺ
ࠆߥߤ⋙ⷞ߇ᐢߊ౏ᱜߦⴕࠊࠇߡ޿ࠆߎߣ‫ߤߥޔ‬
⋙〈⟑߇ឭଏߒߡ޿ࠆഭ௛ⅣႺᡷༀߩࠕ࡚ࠢࠪ
߇᜼ߍࠄࠇࠃ߁‫ޕ‬
ߎߩࠃ߁ߥኻ╷߇ࠪࠬ࠹ࡑ࠹ࠖ࠶ࠢߦⴕࠊࠇ
ࡦࡊ࡜ࡦ૞ᚑߩߚ߼ߩᜰዉࠍ߁ߌࠆࠃ߁ߦߥߞ
ߚ 6)‫ޕ‬
ߡ޿ࠆ⢛᥊ߦߪ‫⚵ޔ‬วߩ⚵❱₸߇㜞ߊ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛⠪߇
ߎߩࠃ߁ߦ‫ࠍ࡞࡯࠷ࠬࡦ࠳ࠗࠟޔ‬㚟૶ߒߚഭ௛
නߥࠆ௛߈ᚻߣߒߡߛߌߥߊᗧ⷗ࠍㅀߴࠆሽ࿷
ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑ߩᩏኤߦࠃࠅ‫ޔ‬⡯႐ߢẜࠎߢ޿ߚᔃℂ
ߣߒߡડᬺߦዻߒߡ޿ࠆߎߣ‫ߡߴߔߡߞ߇ߚߒޔ‬
␠ળ⊛ࠬ࠻࡟ࠬ໧㗴߇᣿ࠄ߆ߦߥࠅ‫ޔ‬ડᬺߦ߅ߌ
ߩᡷༀߩࠬ࠹࠶ࡊߦഭ௛⠪ߩᗧ⷗ࠍ෻ᤋߐߖࠆ
ࠆᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ࠬ࠻࡟ࠬኻ╷߳ߩขࠅ⚵ߺ߇ࠃࠅ
ߎߣ߇㊀ⷞߐࠇᴺᓞߦ߽ቯ߼ࠄࠇߡ޿ࠆߎߣ‫⚻ޔ‬
ߔߔࠎߢ߈ߡ޿ࠆ߽ߩߣ⠨߃ࠄࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬
༡஥ߣഭ௛⠪߇ኻ╬ߥ┙႐ߢ⡯႐ⅣႺᡷༀߦข
߹ߚᴺ⊛᜔᧤ജߪᜬߚߥ޿߽ߩߩ‫ޔ‬ડᬺ߇ߤߩ
ࠅ⚵߽߁ߣ޿߁㐳ᐕߦᷰߞߡၭࠊࠇߚ㘑࿯ߥߤ
ࠃ߁ߦ⡯႐ߩᔃℂ␠ળ⊛໧㗴ߦขࠅ⚵߼߫ࠃ޿
߇ሽ࿷ߔࠆ‫ߥ߁ࠃߩߘޕ‬࿖ߢ޽ߞߡ߽‫ޔ‬ᔃℂ␠ળ
ߩ߆‫߁ߤߦ࠻ࡦࡔࠬ࡜ࡂޔ‬ኻᔕߔߴ߈߆‫ޔ‬⡯႐ߩ
⊛⡯႐ⅣႺߩᩏኤ߇ⴕࠊࠇࠆߎߣߦߥߞߚ㓙ߦ
᥸ജࠍ㒐ᱛߔࠆߦߪߤ߁ߔߴ߈߆‫ߚߞ޿ߣޔ‬ડᬺ
ߪ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑ߦߪᄢ߈ߥ⽶ᜂ߇޽ߞߚ‫ޕ‬ഭ
߇⥄ࠄⴕ߁ኻ╷ߩߚ߼ߩࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ߽ฦ⒳౏
௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑ߩ੐ᬺ⥄૕ߦኻߔࠆᄖㇱ⹏ଔႎ๔
⴫ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆߎߣ 7,8,9)߇‫ޔ‬ડᬺ஥⥄ࠄኻ╷ࠍⴕ޿
ᦠ
߿ߔߊߒߡ޿ࠆ߽ߩߣᕁࠊࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬
ᩏኤࠍ⋡⊛ߦ૞ࠄࠇߚࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬࠪ࡯࠻‫ޔ‬ᔃℂ␠
㧡㧚ஜᐽ⡯႐ߩ⹺⸽ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ
ળ⊛ⷐ࿃ߦߟ޿ߡቇࠎߛࠅࠦࡒࡘ࠾ࠤ࡯࡚ࠪࡦ
10㧕ߢߪ‫ޔ‬ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛⡯႐ⅣႺߦὶὐࠍ޽ߡߚ
ഭ௛ⅣႺ߇⦟ᅢߥ⡯႐ߪ‫⸵ߡߒ⺧↳ޔ‬นߐࠇࠇ
ࠬࠠ࡞ߩะ਄ࠍᗧ࿑ߒߡⴕࠊࠇߡ޿ࠆᩏኤຬߩ
߫ ‫ ޔ‬3 ᐕ㑆᦭ ലߩ⦟ ᅢߥ ஜᐽ቟ ో⡯ ႐ߩ⹺⸽
⎇ୃߥߤߩౝㇱߩᡰេ૕೙߇㕖Ᏹߦ㜞ߊ⹏ଔߐ
㧔Health and safety certificate㧕ࠍฃߌ‫₺ߩ✛ޔ‬
ࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫৻ޕ‬ᣇ‫ߩߡߴߔޔ‬੐ᬺ႐ࠍᩏኤߔࠆߎߣ
౰ࠍⵍߞߚࠢ࡜࠙ࡦࠬࡑࠗ࡝࡯ࠍᓧࠆߎߣ߇ߢ
ߦⷐߔࠆᤨ㑆ࠍ߽߁ዋߒല₸⦟ߊಽ㈩ߢ߈ߥ޿
߈ࠆ‫⺧↳ߩ⸽⹺ޕ‬ᣇᴺߦߪ 2 ㅢࠅ޽ࠅ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛቟ో
߆‫߁޿ߣޔ‬ᜰ៰߽ߥߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ⷙޕ‬ೣߦᓥ߁ߥࠄ
ⴡ↢ࡑࡀ࡯ࠫࡔࡦ࠻ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ߇⡯႐ߢㆇ↪ߐࠇ
߫‫߫߃଀ޔ‬໧㗴߇↢ߓߡ޿ࠆน⢻ᕈ߇ోߊᗐ௝ߢ
ߡ޿ࠆࠃ߁ߥᄢ߈ߥડᬺߢߪ‫ޔ‬ᔅⷐ੐㗄ߦ㑐ߔࠆ
߈ߥ޿ᢎળߥߤߦ߽ᩏኤࠍⴕࠊߥߌࠇ߫ߥࠄߥ
↳⺧ࠍⴕߞߡ⹺นߐࠇ‫ޔ‬ዋߥߊߣ߽ 1 ᐕߦ৻࿁ߪ
޿‫ޔ߇ߣߎߩߎޕ‬ෂ㒾ⷐ࿃߇ᄙߊሽ࿷ߔࠆߎߣ߇
ᩏኤࠍฃߌ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢࠍฃߌࠆߎߣߦߥߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ಽ߆ߞߡ޿ࠆᑪ⸳ᬺߥߤߩ੐ᬺ႐ߦኻߒߡචಽ
ഭ௛቟ోⴡ↢ࡑࡀ࡯ࠫࡔࡦ࠻ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓࠍ᭴▽ߔ
ߥᤨ㑆ࠍഀߌߥߊߒߡ޿ࠆน⢻ᕈߥߤ߽᜼ߍࠄ
ࠆ߶ߤᄢ߈ߊߥ޿ડᬺߢߪ‫⹺ޔ‬นߩߚ߼ߩᩏኤࠍ
ࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ߚ߹ޕ‬ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑ߩࠬ࠲࠶ࡈ⥄り߽‫ޔ‬
ฃߌࠆߎߣߢ↳⺧ࠍߔࠆߎߣ߇ߢ߈ࠆ‫ޕ‬ၮᧄ⊛ߦ
ᩏኤࠬࠠ࡞ߩߐࠄߥࠆะ਄‫ߩ࡞࡯࠷ࠬࡦ࠳ࠗࠟޔ‬
ߔߴߡߩ૞ᬺᎿ⒟ߣஜᐽ‫ޔ‬቟ోߦ㑐ߔࠆ⁁ᴫ߇ᩏ
ᡷༀ‫ޔ‬ᩏኤ⚿ᨐࠍ↢߆ߒࠕ࡚ࠢࠪࡦࡊ࡜ࡦࠍડᬺ
ኤߐࠇࠆ‫ࠎࠈߜ߽ޕ‬ᡷༀ๮઎ߦᒰߚࠆࠃ߁ߥ໧㗴
߇ታⴕߦ⒖ߒߡ޿ߊߦ޽ߚߞߡߩࠨࡐ࡯࠻ࠍߤ
߇޽ࠆ႐วߦߪ⹺นߐࠇߥ޿‫ޕ‬
ߩࠃ߁ߦⴕߞߡ޿ߊ߆‫⺖ߩࠄ⥄ࠍߤߥޔ‬㗴ߣߒߡ
㧢㧚࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߩ৻ᰴ੍㒐ኻ╷ߩఝࠇߡ޿ࠆὐߣ
᜼ߍ 6㧕‫ߦ⁁⃻ޔ‬ḩ⿷ߔࠆߎߣߥߊ‫᦭ߦࠄߐޔ‬ലߥ
ᣣᧄߦ߅ߌࠆኻ╷߳ߩᔕ↪
ኻ╷ߣߥࠆࠃ߁ขࠅ⚵ߺ߇ⴕࠊࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߩ↥ᬺࠬ࠻࡟ࠬኻ╷ߦ․ᓽ⊛߆ߟ
࠺ࡦࡑ࡯ࠢߩࠪࠬ࠹ࡓࠍߘߩ߹߹ᣣᧄߦขࠅ
ఝࠇߡ޿ࠆὐߣߒߡ‫ޔ‬ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߩᢛ஻
౉ࠇࠆߎߣߪᄢᄌ࿎㔍ߢ޽ࠈ߁ߒ‫ޔ‬ណ↪ߔࠆߦ߽
ߩᔅⷐᕈߦߟ޿ߡᴺᓞߦ᣿ᢥൻߐࠇߡ޿ࠆߎߣ‫ޔ‬
᭽‫ߥޘ‬Ꮏᄦ߇ᔅⷐߢ޽ࠈ߁߇‫⊛౏ޔ‬ᯏ㑐߇ਛ┙‫ޔ‬
ડᬺౝ↥ᬺ଻ஜᵴേߦኻߒߡ౏⊛ߥ⋙ⷞ૕೙߇
౏ᱜߥ┙႐ߢഭ௛ⅣႺߩ⹏ଔ߿ᡷༀߦടࠊࠆߎ
޽ࠆߎߣ㧔ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑㧕‫ޔ‬੐೨ㅢ๔߇ߥ޿ᩏ
ߣߪ‫ޔ‬ᣣᧄߦ߅ߌࠆ↥ᬺࠬ࠻࡟ࠬኻ╷ߩࡉ࡟ࠗࠢ
ኤ߇ⴕࠊࠇࠆߎߣ‫ޔ‬ᩏኤ⚿ᨐࠍ WEB ਄ߦ౏㐿ߔ
ࠬ࡞࡯ߦߥࠆน⢻ᕈ߇޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᣣᧄߩ↥ᬺࠬ࠻࡟ࠬ
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ߩ৻ᰴ੍㒐ኻ╷ࠍផㅴߔࠆߦ޽ߚߞߡ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛ၮḰ
91C&_z=z
⋙〈⟑ߩᜬߟᯏ⢻ࠍ㜞߼ߡ޿ߊߎߣ߽৻ߟߩ㊀
10㧕Report of the Evaluation of the Danish
ⷐߥࠞࠡߣߥࠆ߆߽ߒࠇߥ޿‫ޕ‬
Working Environment Authority in 2008, by
㧣㧚ෳ⠨ᢥ₂߅ࠃ߮ WEBSITE
Senior Labour Inspectors Committee 2008.
1)http://www.danmarksstatistik.dk/homeuk.as
px
2)http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/
2008/01/weodata/weorept.aspx
3) Pejtersen, J.H. and Kristensen, T.S. The
development of psychosocial factors at work in
Denmark 1997-2005, Scand J Work Environ
Health 35, 284–293 (2009)
4) Report on future working environment 2010new priorities for the working environment.
Danish Government, December 2005
5㧕http://www.at.dk/㩷
6)Mette Bøgehus Rasmussen, Nina Hedegaard
Nielsen. The Danish Way – A National
Strategy for Job Stress Prevention. Paper
presented at IOCH-WOPS, 2008
7㧕WEA Guidance to enterprises on how to
assess
psychosocial
risks
at
work
http://www.at.dk/da/REGLER/At-vejledningermv/Arbejdets-udforelse/At-vejledninger-om-arb
ejdets-udforelse/D4-Psykisk-arbejdsmiljo/~/me
dia/C456C9E6759E47C1B854A29FBC0A5D23.
ashx
8 㧕 WEA Guidelines to enterprises about
bullying and sexual harassment
http://www.at.dk/REGLER/At-vejledninger-mv/
Arbejdets-udforelse/At-vejledninger-om-arbejd
ets-udforelse/D4-Psykisk-arbejdsmiljo/~/~/medi
a/02E783AB32F44DCCA2881BF3CA1BD59F.a
shx
9 㧕 WEA Guidelines to enterprises about
violence and threats
http://www.at.dk/REGLER/At-vejledninger-mv/
Arbejdets-udforelse/At-vejledninger-om-arbejd
ets-udforelse/D4-Psykisk-arbejdsmiljo/~/link.as
px?_id=51882AE13E1D436BA45CD919C34A8
− 133 −
⾗ᢱ㧝㧦
⵾ㅧᬺ㧔Ꮏᬺ↢↥㧕ߩડᬺߦኻߔࠆᩏኤߩࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬ
ࡈࠚ࡯ࠬࠪ࡯࠻
Ꮏᬺ↢↥ࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆડᬺߦ߅ߌࠆᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߦ㑐ߔࠆ࠺࡯࠲෼㓸ᣇᴺߦߟ޿ߡ
ߎߩࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬߪᎿᬺ↢↥ࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ੐ᬺ႐ߣዊⷙᮨ੐ᬺ႐ࠍಽߌߡ⠨߃ߡ߅ࠅ‫ޔ‬Ꮏᬺ
↢↥ࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆᲧセ⊛ᄢડᬺࠍၮᧄߣߒߡ૞ᚑߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬㧔Ꮏᬺ↢↥ࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆડ
ᬺߢߪ‫ޔ‬ᄙߊߩᓥᬺຬ߇หߓ⒳㘃ߩ઀੐ࠍ➅ࠅ㄰ߒⴕߞߡ߅ࠅ‫ޔ‬ᜰ␜♽⛔߇৻ߟߢ޽ߞߚ
ࠅ‫ߣࡦࠗ࡜ߩઁޔ‬᣿ࠄ߆ߦಽ㔌ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆߎߣ߇޽ࠆ‫ߪ଀ߥ߁ࠃߩߎޕ‬વ⛔⊛ߥ㔚᳇ᯏེ
Ꮏ႐‫⛽❫ޔ‬Ꮏ႐‫ޔ‬㘩ຠᎿ႐ߥߤߢߺࠄࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬㧕
ߎߩࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬߩ⾰໧੐㗄ߪዊⷙᮨ੐ᬺ႐ߩ⵾ㅧᬺߩડᬺߦߣߞߡߪ޽߹ࠅᗧ๧ࠍ߽ߚߥ
޿႐ว߇޽ࠆߎߣߦᵈᗧ߇ᔅⷐߢ޽ࠆ‫߫߃଀ޕ‬ᰴߩࠃ߁ߥ․ᕈࠍ߽ߟડᬺ߇฽߹ࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬
㧔⚵❱᭴ㅧ߇◲⚛ߢᩰᑼ߫ߞߡ޿ߥ޿‫ޔ‬ᚻ૞ᬺᬺോ߇ࡃ࡜ࠛ࠹ࠖߦን߻‫ޔ‬੤ᦧᕈൕോ߿ᄛ
ൕ߇ዋߥ޿ߥߤ㧕
ᩏኤߩᦨೋߣᦨᓟߦⴕ߁቟ోⴡ↢ᆔຬળ/⡯႐ߩ࡝࡯࠳࡯߳ߩࠗࡦ࠲ࡆࡘ࡯ߩઁߦ‫ޔ‬એਅߦ
ߟ޿ߡⴕ߁ᔅⷐ߇޽ࠆ႐ว߇޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
࡮ㆬ߫ࠇߚഭ௛⠪߳ߩࠣ࡞࡯ࡊࠗࡦ࠲ࡆࡘ࡯
࡮ਛ㑆▤ℂ⡯߳ߩࠣ࡞࡯ࡊࠗࡦ࠲ࡆࡘ࡯
࡮ഭ௛⠪߳ߩࠗࡦ࠲ࡆࡘ࡯
࡮઀੐ߘߩ߽ߩߩᩏኤ
ᩏኤᤨߩ࠺࡯࠲ߩ෼㓸ߦ㑐ߒ‫ޔ‬ዊⷙᮨડᬺ႐ߢߪઁߩᣇᴺࠍ↪޿ࠆ႐ว߇޽ࠆߎߣߦᵈᗧ
ߔࠆ‫ߪߣߎ߁ⴕࠍ࡯ࡘࡆ࠲ࡦࠗࡊ࡯࡞ࠣޔ߫߃଀ޕ‬㔍ߒ޿႐ว߇޽ࠆ‫ߥ߁ࠃߩߘޕ‬႐ว‫ޔ‬
઀੐ߦ㑐ߒߡ୘೎ߦࠗࡦ࠲ࡆࡘ࡯ࠍⴕ߁ߎߣ߿୘೎ߦᩏኤࠍⴕ߁ߎߣ߽⦟޿ᣇᴺߣ⸒߃ࠆ
߆߽ߒࠇߥ޿‫ޕ‬
− 134 −
⾗ᢱ㧞㧦⵾ㅧᬺ㧔Ꮏᬺ↢↥ࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ㧕ડᬺߦኻߒߡᩏኤࠍⴕ߁㓙ߩࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬ
ߪߓ߼ߦ
ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߩ▤ℂߦߟ޿ߡ
¾
ઁߩ⾰໧㧦
&9'#㧔ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑㧕߇ડᬺߩഭ௛ⅣႺߦߟ޿
ߡࠬࠢ࡝࡯࠾ࡦࠣᩏኤࠍⴕ߁㓙‫ޔ‬Ᏹߦⴕ߁⾰໧ߩ
ߟߦᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߦߟ޿ߡߩ⾰໧߇޽ࠆ
ߎߣߦ⇐ᗧߒߡ߶ߒ޿‫ߦࠬ࡞ࡋ࡞࠲ࡦࡔߪࠇߎޕ‬
㑐ㅪߔࠆ໧㗴߇⊒↢ߔࠆน⢻ᕈ߇ోߡߩડᬺߦ޽
ࠆߚ߼ߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ߎߩࠬࠢ࡝࡯࠾ࡦࠣᩏኤߢߪᰴߩࠃ߁ߦ⸒߁႐ว
߇޽ࠆ‫ޟޕ‬㧔଀߃߫㧕޽ߥߚߚߜߩᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛
ⅣႺߦߟ޿ߡ⹤ߒว޿߹ߒࠂ߁‫ޕ‬㧔଀߃߫㧕ߎࠇߪ
ࠊࠇࠊࠇߩክᩏߦᔅⷐߥߩߢߔ‫ߩߎޠ‬႐ว‫ޔ‬น⢻
ߢ޽ࠇ߫ߥߗ‫ߩߘޔ‬ડᬺߦኻߒߡᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛
ⅣႺߩᩏኤࠍⴕ߁ߎߣߦߥߞߚߩ߆‫ޔ‬ౣ⸰໧ߩ႐
วߪߘߩℂ↱ߦߟ޿ߡ‫ౕࠅࠃޔ‬૕⊛ߦ⺑᣿ߔࠆߎ
ߣ‫ޕ‬㧔ࠬࠢ࡝࡯࠾ࡦࠣᩏኤߢ໧㗴߇޽ߞߚ႐ว߿‫ޔ‬
ᩏኤᤨߦㆡᒰߥഭ௛⠪ߣࠦࡦ࠲ࠢ࠻߇ߣࠇߕߦࡅ
ࠕ࡝ࡦࠣ߇಴᧪ߥ߆ߞߚߚ߼‫ߤߥޔ‬㧕㧔ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛
ⷐ࿃ߦ㑐ㅪߒߡഭ௛⠪߆ࠄߩ⸷߃߇޽ߞߚ႐วߦ
ߪ‫ޔ‬ᖱႎḮࠍ቞⒁ߒ‫ߪߦᤨޔ‬೎ߩℂ↱ࠍㅀߴࠆߎ
ߣ߽޽ࠆ‫ޔ߫߃଀ޕ‬㨬⃻࿷‫ߩߎޔ‬ㇱ㐷ࠍ․೎ߦ⸰ߨ
ߡ޿߹ߔ㨭ߥߤ‫ޕ‬㧕
¾
ߎߎߢ㧔௛޿ߡ޿ߡ㧕ᐘߖࠍᗵߓࠆߣ߈ߪߤ
ߩࠃ߁ߥߣ߈ߢߔ߆㧫ᐘߖࠍᗵߓߡ޿߹ߔ
߆㧫
¾ ઀੐ࠍߔࠆߦߪ⦟޿႐ᚲߢߔ߆㧫ߤ߁ߒߡߘߩ
ࠃ߁ߦᕁ߁ߩ߆ࠍ⺑᣿ߒߡߊߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬
¾ ⊝ߐࠎߪߎߎߢ߁߹ߊ޿ߞߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
¾ ੹⃻࿷ߩ⺖㗴ߪ૗ߢߔ߆㧫
䊥䉴䉪䊐䉜䉪䉺䊷䈮㑐䈜䉎⾰໧䈮䈧䈇䈩㩷
ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߦ߅ߌࠆએਅߩ࡝ࠬࠢࡈࠔࠢ
࠲࡯ߦߟ޿ߡ⾰໧ߔࠆ‫ޕ‬
¾ ઀੐ߩᄙߐߣᤨ㑆⊛ߥࡊ࡟࠶ࠪࡖ࡯
¾ ᔃ⊛ᄖ்ߣߥࠆ಴᧪੐㧔㊀ᄢἴኂ㧕
¾ ੤ᦧᕈൕോߣᄛൕ
ߐࠄߦડᬺߦߣߞߡ໧㗴ߣߥߞߡ޿ࠆ႐วߪ‫ߓ޿ޔ‬
߼ߣ࠮ࠢࠪࡖ࡞ࡂ࡜ࠬࡔࡦ࠻ߦߟ޿ߡ߽⾰໧ߔࠆ‫ޕ‬
ߎࠇߪߎࠇࠄ߇ฦડᬺߢᷓೞߥ໧㗴ߣߥߞߡ޿ࠆ
႐ว߇޽ࠆߚ߼ߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
⾰໧ߩ଀㧦⡯႐⹏ଔߢᜰ៰ߐࠇߚߎߩࠃ߁ߥ⁁ᘒߩ
ਛߢ⊝ߐࠎߪߤߩࠃ߁ߦߒߡ௛޿ߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
㧔‫ޟ‬⡯႐⹏ଔ‫޿ߐߛߊߡ⷗ࠍޠ‬㧕
㧔⺞ᩏ‫ޔ‬ᩏቯ‫ޔࡦ࡜ࡊࡦ࡚ࠪࠢࠕޔ‬ㅊ〔‫∛∔ޔ‬ભᬺ㧕
ᦨೋߦⴕ߁⾰໧
એਅߩ⾰໧ߪᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߦߟ޿ߡߩࠗࡦ
࠲ࡆࡘ࡯ࠍⴕ߁਄ߢ᦭↪ߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ડᬺߦኻߔࠆ৻⥸⊛ߥ⾰໧߆ࠄᆎ߼ࠆ‫࠲ࡦࠗޕ‬
ࡆࡘ࡯ౝኈ߇Ꮏᬺ↢↥ߦߟ޿ߡߥߩ߆ዋ㊂↢↥ߦ
ߟ޿ߡߥߩ߆ࠍ᣿⏕ߦߐߖࠆ‫ޕ‬
Ꮏᬺ↢↥㧦
㧔ዊⷙᮨ੐ᬺ႐ߢߩ㧕ዋ㊂↢↥㧦
ߐࠄߦએਅߦߟ޿ߡ‫ޔ‬ዋߒ⹤ߔߎߣ㧦
¾
¾
¾
૗ࠍ⵾ㅧߒߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
ߤߩࠃ߁ߥ㘈ቴ߇޿߹ߔ߆㧫
ડᬺߪߤߩࠃ߁ߦ᭴ᚑߐࠇߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫ߤ
ߩࠃ߁ߥㇱ⟑߇޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫ઁㇱ⟑ߣߤߩ
ࠃ߁ߦㅪ៤ߒߡ઀੐ࠍߒߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫߅੕
޿දജߒߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
⛯޿ߡ‫ޔ‬ડᬺ߇ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߩᢛ஻ߦขࠅ
⚵ࠎߢ޿ࠆ߆ߤ߁߆ߦߟ޿ߡ⾰໧ߔࠆ‫ࡦ࠳ࠗࠟޕ‬
ࠬࠪ࡯࠻ࠍ೑↪ߔࠆߎߣߢ‫ޟޔ‬⡯႐⹏ଔ‫ߩޠ‬ᔃℂ␠
ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߦኻߔࠆขࠅ⚵ߺߦߟ޿ߡࠃࠅᷓߊ
⾰໧ߔࠆߩߦᔅⷐߥᄙߊߩࠕࠗ࠺ࠕ߇ᓧࠄࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬
ડᬺ߇ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߩᢛ஻ߦขࠅ⚵ࠎߢ޿
ߥ޿႐วߪ‫ࠍ࠻࡯ࠪࠬࡦ࠳ࠗࠟޔ‬೑↪ߒߡᔃℂ␠
ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߦ໧㗴߇޽ࠆߎߣࠍ᣿⏕ߦߐߖࠆߎ
ߣ߇ߢ߈ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߦ໧㗴߇޽ࠆ⁁ᘒ߆ߤ߁
߆
࡮ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߦ໧㗴߇޽ࠅ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛⠪߇㔌⡯
ߒߚߣ޿߁ශ⽎ࠍฃߌߚߎߣ߇޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫
࡮␠ຬߩ౉ࠇᦧࠊࠅ߇ỗߒ޿ߢߔ߆㧫
࡮ࠬ࠻࡟ࠬߣᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߩᖡߐߦࠃࠆᰳൕ
߇޽ࠆߣ⠨߃ߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
࡮ㄭᐕ‫∛∔ޔ‬ભᬺߦ㑐ߒߡᄌൻ߇޽ࠅ߹ߒߚ߆㧫㧔⛔
⸘ߥߤࠍឭ಴ߒߡਅߐ޿㧕
࡮ࠬ࠻࡟ࠬ߿઀੐㊂߇ᄙ޿ߥߤ‫઀ޔ‬੐ߩ⽶ᜂ߇ේ࿃
ߢ੐ᬺ႐ߢ੎޿߇⿠߈ߡ޿ࠆශ⽎ߪ޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫
࡮੎޿߇⿠߈ߡ޿ࠆ႐ว‫ߩߘޔ‬੎޿߇࠮ࠢࠪࡖ࡞ࡂ
࡜ࠬࡔࡦ࠻ࠍ฽߻޿ߓ߼ߩᕈᩰࠍᜬߟ߽ߩߢ޽ࠆ
߆ߤ߁߆ߦߟ޿ߡߩ⾰໧߽ⴕ߁‫ޕ‬
࡝ࠬࠢࡈࠔࠢ࠲࡯ߦߟ޿ߡߩ⾰໧
࡮ߘࠇߙࠇߩ࡝ࠬࠢࡈࠔࠢ࠲࡯ߩࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬࠪ࡯࠻
ࠍෳᾖߩߎߣ
ᦨᓟߩ⾰໧
࡮ߎࠇ߹ߢ⾰໧ߒߚ੐ᨩߩ߶߆‫ޔ‬ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛Ⅳ
Ⴚߦߟ޿ߡ໧㗴߇޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫㧔଀߃߫න⺞ߥ෻ᓳ
૞ᬺ‫ޔ‬㛍㖸‫ޔ‬ᾖ᣿ߥߤߩᖡൻⷐ⚛߇޽ࠆ߆㧕
࡮ഭ௛ⅣႺ⋙〈⟑ߩࠗࡦ࠲ࡆࡘ࡯ߦ㑐ㅪߒߡ‫ߦઁޔ‬
㊀ⷐߣᕁࠊࠇࠆߎߣߪ޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫
⾰໧㧦
‫ޟ‬⡯႐⹏ଔ‫ߡ޿ߟߦޠ‬
¾
¾
ߢߔ߆㧫
໧㗴ࠍ⸃᳿ߔࠆߚ߼ߦ૗ࠍߒ߹ߒߚ߆㧫ౕ૕
⊛ߦ⺑᣿ߒߡߊߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬
‫ޟ‬⡯႐⹏ଔ‫ࠆ޽ߦޠ‬ᔃℂ␠ળ⊛ഭ௛ⅣႺߦข
ࠅ⚵ࠎߢ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
໧㗴ߪ⷗ߟ߆ࠅ߹ߒߚ߆㧫ߤߩࠃ߁ߥ໧㗴
− 135 −
⾗ᢱ 㧦⵾ㅧᬺߩෂ㒾࿃ሶ㧦㊂
㊂⊛⽶ᜂ࡮ㅦᐲ⽶ᜂࠍ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢߔࠆߚ߼ߩࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬࠪ࡯࠻
࡝ࠬࠢࡈࠔࠢ࠲࡯ߩ᦭ήߦߟ޿ߡ
੍㒐
¾ ઀੐ߩ㊂⊛⽶ᜂ߇ᄢ߈޿‫ᤨޔ‬㑆⊛ߥࡊ
¾ ᓥᬺຬߩ઀੐߇ᄙߔ߉ߚࠅࡍ࡯ࠬ߇ㅦߔ߉ࠆߎߣ߇ߥ
࡟࠶ࠪࡖ࡯߇޽ࠆ⁁ᴫ߇ߤߩߊࠄ޿ߩ
޿ࠃ߁ߦ޽ࠄ߆ߓ߼ᵈᗧߒߡ޿ࠆߎߣߪ૗ߢߔ߆㧫߹
㗫ᐲߢ޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫
ߚߘߩലᨐߪ㧫
¾ ⵾ㅧ⋡ᮡࠍ㆐ᚑߔࠆߎߣ߇ߢ߈߹ߔ
¾ ഭ௛⠪ߪ਄ม߿ห௥߆ࠄߤߩࠃ߁ߦࠨࡐ࡯࠻ࠍ߁ߌߡ
߆㧫
޿߹ߔ߆㧫
¾ ߢ߈ߥ޿႐ว‫ߪࠇߘޔ‬᳿߹ߞߚഭ௛⠪
‫غ‬ᬺോ਄ఝవߔߴ߈ߎߣࠍ᣿ࠄ߆ߦߔࠆ
᳿߹ߞߚ⵾ຠߦ໧㗴߇޽ࠆ߆ࠄߢߔ
‫غ‬ᕆߥ઀੐ߣ੍ቯߐࠇߚ઀੐ߩಽ㈩ߥߤ‫ߦ⊛⋡ޔ‬ᔕߓߡᬺോࠍಽ
߆㧫
¾ ߎߩ⁁ᴫߪߤߩߊࠄ޿⛯߈߹ߔ߆㧦 ㈩ߔࠆ
‫઀ غ‬੐ߦኻߔࠆᦼᓙ߇᣿⏕ߢ޽ࠆ
‫ غ‬ᬺോ⺑᣿
઀੐ߩ⽶ᜂ߇ᄢ߈޿޽ࠆ޿ߪࡍ࡯ࠬ߇ㅦߔ
‫ غ‬ᬺോߩㆀⴕࠍน⢻ߦߔࠆᔅⷐߥᖱႎ߇޽ࠆ
߉ࠆߣ޿ߞߚ⁁ᴫ߇ߤߩߊࠄ޿ߩ㗫ᐲߢ޽
‫઀ߚߞⴕ غ‬੐ߩࡈࠖ࡯࠼ࡃ࠶ࠢ߇޽ࠅ‫઀ޔ‬੐߇ᱜߒߊ⹏ଔߐࠇ
ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫
ߡ޿ࠆ
¾ ߘࠇߪߔߴߡߩᓥᬺຬߦ޽ߡߪ߹ࠅ߹ߔ
߆㧫․ቯߩࠣ࡞࡯ࡊ߿୘ੱߦㆊ೾ߥ⽶ᜂ
߇޽ࠅ߹ߖࠎ߆㧫㧔޽ࠆߣߒߚࠄ⺕㧫޿
ߟ㧫ߤߩߊࠄ޿ߩ㗫ᐲߢ㧫㧕
¾ ઀੐㊂߇ᄙ޿⁁ᴫ߿ࡍ࡯ࠬ߇ㅦߔ߉ࠆߣ
޿ߞߚ⁁ᴫߪߤߩߊࠄ޿㐳޿ߢߔ߆㧫ߘ
ࠇߪ⛯߈ߘ߁ߢߔ߆㧫
઀੐ߩ․ᕈߦߟ޿ߡ
‫઀ غ‬੐㊂߇ੱᢙߦᲧߒߡᄙ޿
‫߼✦ غ‬ಾࠅ߇⍴޿/෩ߒ޿ࠬࠤࠫࡘ࡯࡞
‫ غ‬ቄ▵ߦࠃߞߡᄌേ߇޽ࠆ
‫ غ‬㕖Ᏹߦⶄ㔀㧔⵾ຠ߹ߚߪ⵾ㅧᎿ⒟ߥߤ㧕
‫∛∔ غ‬ભᬺᤨ߿⥃ᤨഭ௛⠪߇ᔅⷐߥᬺോ߇⊒↢ߒߚ႐วߩੱຬ
⵬ల߇⚂᧤ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ
‫ࠢ࡯ࡢࡓ࡯࠴ غ‬
‫ غ‬లಽߥࠬࡍ࡯ࠬ߇޽ࠅ‫ޔ‬ᐔⓏࠍ଻ߟߚ߼ߩ‛ℂ⊛ⅣႺ߇ᢛߞ
ߡ޿ࠆ
¾ ഭ௛⠪ߪ‫઀ޔ‬੐ߩ⸘↹߿ఝవ㗅૏ઃߌ‫઀ޔ‬੐ߩࡄࡈࠜ࡯
ࡑࡦࠬߦߟ޿ߡߤߩ⒟ᐲᓇ㗀ജࠍ߽ߞߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
‫غ‬
‫غ‬
‫غ‬
‫غ‬
‫غ‬
‫غ‬
઀੐㊂
ભᙑ
઀੐ߩಽ㈩߿㗅⇟
ߤߩ૞ᬺᣇᴺࠍ૶߁߆
੤ᦧᕈൕോ⸘↹߅ࠃ߮ߛࠇߣ઀੐ࠍߔࠆ߆
⋡ᮡ⸳ቯ
¾ ߤߩࠃ߁ߥᣇᴺߢᓇ㗀ࠍ෸߷ߔߎߣ߇น⢻ߢߔ߆㧫
‫ غ‬ቯᦼ⊛ߥࡒ࡯࠹ࠖࡦࠣ
‫ غ‬ᕆߥ઀੐/੍ቯߐࠇߡ޿ߥ߆ߞߚ઀੐
‫❱⚵ࡓ࡯࠴ غ‬
‫઀ غ‬੐ߩਛᢿ߇㗫❥ߦ⿠߈ࠆ㧔ᛛⴚ⊛࠷࡯࡞߇
‫઀ غ‬੐ߩࡄࡈࠜ࡯ࡑࡦࠬߦ㑐ߔࠆࡑࡀ࡯ࠫࡖ࡯ߣߩቯᦼ⊛ߥ߿
᡿㓚ߔࠆߥߤ㧕
‫ غ‬ᛛⴚ⊛໧㗴߇ᄙ޿
ࠅߣࠅ
‫ઁߩߘ غ‬
‫ غ‬ഭ௛⠪ߩ⋙ⷞ߇෩ߒ޿㧔⵾ㅧ⋡ᮡߩ⸳ቯߥߤ㧕
‫ غ‬ഭ௛⠪߇ቅ┙ߒߡ޿ࠆ
‫ غ‬ห௥ߦ઀੐ࠍଐሽߒߡ޿ࠆ㧔઀੐ߩࡍ࡯ࠬߥ
ߤ㧕
¾ ߤߩࠃ߁ߥ⒳㘃ߩᢎ⢒߿࠻࡟࡯࠾ࡦࠣ߇ഭ௛⠪ߦឭଏ
ߐࠇߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
‫઀ غ‬੐ߦ㑐ߔࠆ⛮⛯⊛ߥᢎ⢒߿࠻࡟࡯࠾ࡦࠣ
‫ غ‬ᚑഞႎ㈽ဳߩ⛎ਈᒻᑼ㧔಴᧪㜞ႎ㈽‫࠽࡯ࡏޔ‬
ࠬߥߤ㧕
‫ غ‬න⺞ߥ઀੐/ᄌൻߩߥ޿઀੐㧔⚵ߺ┙ߡ࡜ࠗࡦ‫ޔ‬
⋙ⷞߩ઀੐ߥߤ㧕
‫⚻ غ‬㛎ߦ㑐ߔࠆ⛮⛯⊛ߥᖱႎ੤឵
¾ ઁߦ઀੐ߩ㊂⊛⽶ᜂ߿ㅦᐲ⽶ᜂࠍᷫࠄߔߚ߼ߦⴕߞߡ
޿ࠆߎߣߪ޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫
¾ ઀੐ߩ⽶ᜂࠍᄢ߈ߊߒߡ޿ࠆ/ࡍ࡯ࠬ߇
ㅦߔ߉ࠆℂ↱ߪ૗ߛߣᕁ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
ડᬺ⚵❱ߦ↢ߓߡ޿ࠆ⚿ᨐߦߟ޿ߡ
‫⵾ غ‬ㅧ⋡ᮡ߇㆐ᚑߐࠇߥ޿
‫ߩⴕ⃻ غ‬ഭ௛ⅣႺᴺߣഭ௛ἴኂ⵬ఘᴺߩ㗅቞ߦߟ޿ߡ
‫৻ غ‬ᣣਛㅦ޿ࡍ࡯ࠬߢ઀੐ߒߡ޿ࠆ
໧㗴߇޽ࠆ㧔቟ోౕེߩ૶↪߹ߚߪ 11 ᤨ㑆࡞࡯࡞ࠍ቞ࠆ
‫ غ‬ᱷᬺ߇ᄙ޿㧔1 ᣣ/1 ㅳ㑆ߦߟ߈ߤߩߊࠄ޿߆‫ᤨޔ‬㑆ߦ
ߎߣߥߤ㧕
ߟ޿ߡ⸥ㅀߒߡߊߛߐ޿㧕
‫ᤨ غ‬㑆⊛ࡊ࡟࠶ࠪࡖ࡯߇ේ࿃ߩ੐᡿/ࡅࡗ࡝࡮ࡂ࠶࠻
‫ غ‬ᱷᬺߩઍભ߇ߣࠇߥ޿
‫ غ‬ഭ௛⠪ߦኻߔࠆᢎ⢒߿࠻࡟࡯࠾ࡦࠣ߇ਇචಽߢ޽ࠆ
‫ غ‬ભᥜ/ભᣣࠍࠠࡖࡦ࠮࡞ߒߥ޿ߣߥࠄߥ޿
㧔ᣂߒ޿઀੐߽฽߻㧕
‫ غ‬ભᙑ߇ߣࠇߥ޿
‫߼ߓ޿ غ‬
‫઀ غ‬੐ߢߩᄬᢌߩᄙߐ/⾰ߩૐߐ
‫ઁߩߘ غ‬
− 136 −
⾗ᢱ㧠㧦⵾ㅧᬺߩෂ㒾࿃ሶ㧦ᔃ
ᔃ⊛ᄖ்ߣߥࠆ಴᧪੐㧔㊀ᄢἴኂ㧕ࠍ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢߔࠆߚ߼ߩࠟ
ࠗ࠳ࡦࠬࠪ࡯࠻
࡝ࠬࠢࡈࠔࠢ࠲࡯ߩ᦭ήߦߟ޿ߡ
੍㒐
ၮᧄ⊛ߦ઀੐ߦߪᏱߦએਅߩ․ᕈ߇
޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ἴኂߩෂ㒾ᕈ߇޽ࠆߣ⠨߃ߚ႐ว‫ޔ‬ડᬺߦචಽߥ੍㒐ߣኻ╷߇
޽ࠆ߆ߤ߁߆ߦߟ޿ߡᩏቯߔࠆߚ߼ߦએਅߦߟ޿ߡߩ⾰໧ࠍ
ⴕ߁‫ޕ‬
¾ ․೎ߥෂ㒾ࠍ߽ߚࠄߔน⢻ᕈ߇޽
ࠆߚ߼‫․ޔ‬೎ߥᣇᴺߦࠃߞߡ੍㒐
ߐࠇߥߌࠇ߫ߥࠄߥ޿
¾ ᱫ੢ߦߟߥ߇ࠆ੐᡿ߥߤࠍ฽߼‫ޔ‬
ડᬺߢߪ㊀ᄢߥ੐᡿߇⿠߈ࠆෂ㒾
ᕈ߇޽ࠆ
଀߃߫ᔃ⊛ᄖ்෻ᔕࠍ฽߻㊀ᄢߥ♖
␹⊛⽶ᜂ߇߽ߚࠄߐࠇࠆߎߣ߇޽ࠆ
ડᬺ߇㊀ᄢἴኂࠍ⚻㛎ߒߡ޿ࠆ߆ߤ
߁߆㧔ᯏ᪾ߩ੐᡿‫⪭ߩ᧚⾗ޔ‬ਅ‫ޔ‬㔚᳇
࡚ࠪ࠶ࠢ‫ޔ⊒῜ޔ‬Ἣἴߥߤ㧕
¾ ౕ૕଀ߦߟ޿ߡߩ⾰໧
¾ ડᬺ⁛⥄ߩ⊓㍳߿੐᡿߹ߚߪࡅࡗ
࡝࡮ࡂ࠶࠻ߥߤߩႎ๔ߦ㑐ߔࠆ⾰໧
઀੐ߩ․ᕈߦߟ޿ߡ
‫․غ‬೎ߥෂ㒾ࠍ઻߁㧔ATEX ߩ⹺⸽ࠍᔅⷐ
ߣߔࠆ઀੐ߥߤ㧕
ᔃ⊛ᄖ்ߣߥࠆ಴᧪੐ߩ੍㒐
ἴኂߩෂ㒾ᕈ߇޽ࠅ‫ޔ‬චಽߥ੍㒐߇ߥߐࠇߡ޿ߥ޿ߣ⠨߃ߚ႐
ว‫ޔ‬ㅢᏱㅢࠅ㑐ㅪߔࠆᴺ઎ࠍ㗅቞ߒߥߌࠇ߫޿ߌ߹ߖࠎ‫ޕ‬
ᤨ㑆⊛ࡊ࡟࠶ࠪࡖ࡯ߣ㊀ᄢߥഭ௛ἴኂߣߩ㑐ଥߦᵈ⋡ߒߡߊ
ߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬
ἴኂᤨߩኻ╷
ἴኂ⋥ᓟߩಣℂ
‫ غ‬਄มߩࠨࡐ࡯࠻
‫߇⺕ غ‬૗ࠍߔࠆߩ߆ߣ޿߁⸘↹㧔ᢇᕆቶ߳ߩઃ߈ᷝ޿‫ޔ‬ഭ௛
⠪߇৻ੱߢᏫቛߒߥ޿ߚ߼ߩ㈩ᘦ‫ޔ‬りౝ߳ߩ㔚⹤ㅪ⛊‫ޔ‬ડᬺౝ
ㇱ߳ߩᖱႎឭଏ㧔㑆㆑ߞߚས߇ᐢ߹ࠄߥ޿ࠃ߁ߦߔࠆߚ߼㧕㧕
‫ߥ⊛␹♖غ‬ᔕᕆᚻᒰ㧙⍮⼂ߣ೑↪
ᔃ⊛ᄖ்ߣߥࠆ಴᧪੐ߩㅊ〔
‫ߥ⊛␹♖ غ‬ෂᯏࠞ࠙ࡦ࠮࡝ࡦࠣ㧙⽶்⠪‫᠄⋡ޔ‬⠪‫ޔ‬⡯႐ో૕
ߦኻߒߡ
‫ غ‬㔚⹤ߢߩធ⸅‫ޔ‬⡯႐ᓳᏫߩߚ߼ߩ․೎ߥេഥߥߤ‫ޔ‬਄มߣ
ห௥߆ࠄߩࠨࡐ࡯࠻
‫ غ‬ෂ㒾ᩏቯߩ⚿ᨐ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛⠪߇৻ੱߢⴕߞߡ
ߪ޿ߌߥ޿ߣߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ
‫ߩⴕ⃻ غ‬ഭ௛ⅣႺᴺߣഭ௛ἴኂ⵬ఘᴺߩ
¾ ᔃ⊛ᄖ்ߣߥࠆ಴᧪੐㧔㊀ᄢἴኂ㧕ࠍᷫዋߐߖࠆઁߩᣇᴺ
߇޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫
㗅቞߇㔍ߒ޿㧔઀੐ߩᕈ⾰‫઀ޔ‬੐ߩ⚵❱
ൻ߹ߚߪᤨ㑆⊛ࡊ࡟࠶ࠪࡖ࡯ߩߚ߼㧕
‫ غ‬ෂ㒾ߥⴕേߥߤ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛⠪߇⃻ⴕߩഭ௛Ⅳ
Ⴚᴺߣഭ௛ἴኂ⵬ఘᴺࠍ቞ࠄߥ޿ߣ޿
߁໧㗴߇޽ࠆ
‫․ غ‬೎ߥෂ㒾ࠍ઻߁ߚ߼ߦഭ௛⠪߇㔌⡯
ߒߚ߹ߚߪ߿߻ࠍ߃ߕ㔌⡯ߒߚߥߤ
‫ઁߩߘ غ‬
㊀ᄢἴኂ߇⿠ߎߞߚℂ↱ߪ૗ߛߣᕁ
޿߹ߔ߆
ડᬺ⚵❱ߦ↢ߓߡ޿ࠆ⚿ᨐߦߟ޿ߡ
ᔃ⊛ᄖ்ߣߥࠆ಴᧪੐㧔㊀ᄢἴኂ㧕ߩ໧㗴ߢ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛⠪߇⠨߃ࠆౖဳ⊛ߥේ࿃ߪ૗ߛߣᕁ޿߹ߔ߆
‫․ غ‬ቯߩ઀੐ߦኻߔࠆ෻ᗵ/ᕟᔺ
‫઀ غ‬੐߳ߩෳട/ᗧ᰼ߩᰳᅤ
‫ߦ↢ੱߪߣ߇ߌ غ‬Ᏹߦߟ޿ߡ߹ࠊࠆෂ㒾ߢ޽ࠆߣ޿߁⠨߃㧙‫∝ࡦࠩ࡯࠲ޟ‬୥⟲‫ޠ‬
‫ غ‬ഭ௛⠪߇ุቯ⊛ߥᓇ㗀ࠍᕟࠇ‫ޔ‬੐᡿߿ࡅࡗ࡝࡮ࡂ࠶࠻ߩႎ๔ࠍⴕࠊߥ޿
‫ઁߩߘ غ‬
− 137 −
⾗ᢱ㧡㧦⵾ㅧᬺߩෂ㒾࿃ሶ㧦੤
੤ᦧ೙ൕോ࡮ᄛൕࠍ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢߔࠆߚ߼ߩࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬࠪ࡯࠻
࡝ࠬࠢࡈࠔࠢ࠲࡯ߩ᦭ήߦߟ޿
ߡ
Ꮏᬺ⵾ຠࠍᛒ߁ડᬺߢߪ‫ޔ‬ᤤᄕᣇ
ᄛߦ઀੐ߩࠪࡈ࠻ࠍ⚵߻ߎߣ߇޽
ࠆ
¾ ੤ᦧᕈൕോ߿ᄛൕࠍⴕߞߚࠅߔ
ࠆߎߣ߇޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫
¾ ൕോᤨ㑆ߪ᳿߹ߞߡ޿߹ߔ߆‫ޔ‬
ߘࠇߣ߽ਇⷙೣߢߔ߆㧫ൕോᤨ
㑆߇ㅢᏱߩൕോᤨ㑆ᄖ㧔ߔߥࠊ
ߜ ߆ࠄ ߹ߢߩᤨ㑆એ
ᄖ㧕ߦഀࠅㄟࠎߛࠅ߹ߚߪቢో
ߦൕോᤨ㑆ᄖߣߥࠆߎߣ߇޽ࠅ
߹ߔ߆㧫
¾ ੤ᦧᕈൕോߩࠬࠤࠫࡘ࡯࡞ߪߤ
ߩࠃ߁ߦߒߡ᳿߼ࠄࠇ߹ߔ߆㧫
ൕോ⸘↹ࠍឭ಴ߒߡ߽ࠄ߁ߎߣ‫ޕ‬
¾ ੤ᦧᕈൕോߢᄛਛ㧔 ߆ࠄ
㧕ߦ௛ߊ㗫ᐲߪߤߩߊࠄ޿
ߢߔ߆㧫
¾ ੤ᦧᕈൕോߢᄛਛએᄖߦ઀੐ࠍ
ߔࠆ㗫ᐲߪߤߩߊࠄ޿ߢߔ߆㧫
઀੐ߩ․ᕈߦߟ޿ߡ㧦
‫غ‬ㅪ⛯ᄛൕ㧔 ߆ࠄ ࠍቢ
ోߦ฽߻߹ߚߪ৻ㇱ฽߻ൕോ㧕߇޽
ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᄛൕߩ࿁ᢙ㧦AAAA
‫غ‬ᣧᦺߩ઀੐߇޽ࠆ㧔ඦ೨ ᤨ೨㧕
‫غ‬ᣣਛ‫ޔ‬ᄕᣇ‫ޔ‬ᄛਛߩ઀੐ߢ ᤨ
㑆એ਄௛ߊߎߣ߇޽ࠆ
એਅߩࠃ߁ߥ⽶ᜂࠍⷐ᳞ߐࠇࠆ઀
੐ࠍⴕߞߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
‫᥸غ‬ജߥߤߩ੐᡿ߩෂ㒾ᕈࠍ઻߁
઀੐
‫غ‬Ᏹߦᣧ޿ࡍ࡯ࠬߢߩ઀੐
‫غ‬㜞޿㓸ਛജߣᵈᗧࠍᔅⷐߣߔࠆ
੍㒐
¾ ੤ᦧᕈൕോ߇ഭ௛ⅣႺߣߒߡㆡಾߥ߽ߩߣߥࠆߚ߼ߦⴕߞߡ
޿ࠆߎߣߪ૗ߢߔ߆㧫
‫غ‬9 ᤨ㑆એ਄ߩᄛൕ߇ߥ޿
‫ غ‬4 ᣣએ਄ㅪ⛯ߒߡᄛൕࠍⴕࠊߖߥ޿
‫غ‬48 ᤨ㑆એ਄ൕോߔࠆㅳ߇ߥ޿㧔‫ޟ‬ㅳഭ௛ᤨ㑆‫ߪޠ‬ㅳਛ߆ࠄࠬ
࠲࡯࠻ߔࠆߎߣ߇ߢ߈ࠆߎߣߦᵈᗧ㧕
‫ غ‬ഭ௛⠪ߪㅢᏱߩભߺߣઁߩભߺߦട߃ߡ‫ޔ‬ዋߥߊߣ߽Ფㅳ 1
࿁‫ޔ‬᣿ߌભߺ߹ߚߪઍભߦ⛯߈߹ࠆ 1 ᣣߩભᣣ߇޽ࠆ‫ࠊߥߔޕ‬
ߜ‫ ࠆ߹ޔ‬1 ᣣߩભᣣߣભᣣߩ㑆߇ 12 ᣣ㑆ࠍ⿥߃ࠆߎߣߪߥ޿‫ޕ‬
‫ غ‬ᄛൕ᣿ߌ߆ࠄᰴߩ઀੐߹ߢߦኢਇ⿷ࠍචಽߦ⸃ᶖߢ߈ࠆߛߌ
ߩᤨ㑆߇޽ࠆ
‫ غ‬ᤤ㑆߆ࠄᄕᣇ߳‫ޔ‬ᄕᣇ߆ࠄᄛ߳ߣᄌࠊࠆࠃ߁ߦൕോߩࠪࡈ࠻
߇⚵߹ࠇߡ޿ࠆ
‫غ‬11 ᤨ㑆࡞࡯࡞߇㗅቞ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ
‫ غ‬ᄛൕᤨ㑆ߪ⸘↹⊛ߦ૞ᚑߐࠇߡ޿ࠆߚ߼‫ޔ‬಴ൕᤨ㑆ߪ߶߷ห
ߓᤨೞߢ޽ࠆ
‫ غ‬૛⵨ࠍ߽ߞߡ ൕോࠬࠤࠫࡘ࡯࡞߇⍮ࠄߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ㧔1 ࡩ᦬
೨ߥߤ㧕
‫੍ غ‬ቯߐࠇߚൕോࠬࠤࠫࡘ࡯࡞ߦᄌᦝ߇޽ߞߚ႐ว‫ޔ‬૛⵨ࠍ߽
ߞߡᄌᦝᓟߩࠬࠤࠫࡘ࡯࡞߇⍮ࠄߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ
‫ઁߩߘ غ‬
¾ ഭ௛⠪ߪ੤ᦧᕈൕോߩࠬࠤࠫࡘ࡯࡞᳿ቯߦߟ޿ߡߤߩ⒟ᐲᓇ
㗀ജࠍ߽ߞߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
ഭ௛⠪ߪએਅߩὐߢᓇ㗀ജ߇޽ࠆ㧦
‫غ‬୘‫ߩޘ‬ൕോࠬࠤࠫࡘ࡯࡞ߩ⸘↹
‫ غ‬ൕോࠬࠤࠫࡘ࡯࡞⸘↹ߩේೣ
‫ غ‬ભᙑߩේೣ
‫ غ‬ൕോࠬࠤࠫࡘ࡯࡞ߪࡈ࡟ࠠࠪࡉ࡞ߥߚ߼‫ޔ‬ᄛൕߩ੤ઍ߇น⢻
ߤߩࠃ߁ߥᣇᴺߢᓇ㗀ࠍ෸߷ߔߎߣ߇น⢻ߢߔ߆㧫
‫ غ‬ቯᦼ⊛ߥࡒ࡯࠹ࠖࡦࠣ㧔ᄕᣇ/ᄛൕഭ௛⠪߽ෳട㧕
‫⚵ غ‬วߣߩㅪ⛊߿቟ో㕙ࠍᜂᒰߒ‫␠ޔ‬ౝ⺞ᢛࠍߒߡห௥ߣߩ
ኻ⹤ࠍน⢻ߦߔࠆഭ௛⠪߇޿ࠆ
‫ߣ❱⚵ࡓ࡯࠴ غ‬ൕോࠬࠤࠫࡘ࡯࡞ߩ⸘↹ࠍ⥄Ꮖ▤ℂߔࠆ
‫غ‬୘ੱߩᏗᦸ߇㈩ᘦߐࠇࠆ
ઁߦ੍㒐ᴺ߇޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫
‫ غ‬ഭ௛⠪ߪ੤ᦧᕈൕോߢߩஜᐽᓇ㗀ߦ㑐ߔࠆ⏕߆ߥᖱႎࠍᓧࠆ
ߎߣ߇ߢ߈ࠆ
‫ غ‬ഭ௛⠪ߪ 3 ᐕએౝߏߣߦᄛൕߩ೨ᓟߦஜᐽ⸻ᢿࠍቯᦼ⊛ߦฃ
ߌࠆߎߣ߇ߢ߈ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ડᬺ⚵❱ߦ↢ߓߡ޿ࠆ⚿ᨐߦߟ޿ߡ
੤ᦧᕈൕോߣᄛൕߩ໧㗴ߢ‫ޔ‬ഭ௛⠪߇⠨߃ࠆౖဳ⊛ߥේ࿃ߪ૗ߛߣᕁ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
‫∋޿ߒ⪺ غ‬ഭᗵ
‫߇ߩࠆ޿ߡ߈⿠ غ‬㔍ߒ޿
‫ غ‬ᵈᗧജߩ໧㗴ߣ෻ᔕߩ㊰ߐ
‫ࠆ߁ࠅߎ⿠غ‬ஜᐽ߳ߩᓇ㗀
‫غ‬ഭ௛ἴኂ߅ࠃ߮ࡅࡗ࡝࡮ࡂ࠶࠻
‫ઁߩߘ غ‬
− 138 −
⾗ᢱ㧢㧦੐ോ⊛૞ᬺ⡯႐ߩෂ㒾࿃ሶ㧦㊂
㊂⊛⽶ᜂ࡮ㅦᐲ⽶ᜂࠍ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢߔࠆߚ߼ߩࠟࠗ࠳ࡦ
ࠬࠪ࡯࠻
࡝ࠬࠢࡈࠔࠢ࠲࡯ߩ᦭ήߦߟ޿ߡ
੍㒐
¾ ઀੐ߩ⽶ᜂ߇ᄢ߈޿޽ࠆ޿ߪࡍ࡯
ࠬ߇ㅦߔ߉ࠆߣ޿ߞߚ⁁ᴫ߇ߤߩ
ߊࠄ޿ߩ㗫ᐲߢ޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫
¾ ᓥᬺຬߩ઀੐߇ᄙߔ߉ߚࠅࡍ࡯ࠬ߇ㅦߔ߉ࠆߎߣ߇ߥ޿ࠃ
߁ߦ޽ࠄ߆ߓ߼ᵈᗧߒߡ޿ࠆߎߣߪ૗ߢߔ߆㧫߹ߚߘߩല
ᨐߪ㧫
¾ ߘࠇߪߔߴߡߩᓥᬺຬߦ޽ߡߪ߹
ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫․ቯߩࠣ࡞࡯ࡊ߿୘ੱ
ߦㆊ೾ߥ⽶ᜂ߇޽ࠅ߹ߖࠎ߆㧫㧔޽
ࠆߣߒߚࠄߛࠇ㧫޿ߟ㧫ߤߩߊࠄ
޿ߩ㗫ᐲߢ㧫㧕
¾ ഭ௛⠪ߪ਄ม߿ห௥߆ࠄߤߩࠃ߁ߦࠨࡐ࡯࠻ࠍ߁ߌߡ޿߹
ߔ߆㧫
¾ ઀੐㊂߇ᄙ޿⁁ᴫ߿ࡍ࡯ࠬ߇ㅦߔ
߉ࠆߣ޿ߞߚ⁁ᴫߪߤߩߊࠄ޿㐳
޿ߢߔ߆㧫ߘࠇߪ⛯߈ߘ߁ߢߔ
߆㧫
઀੐ߩ․ᕈߦߟ޿ߡ
‫઀غ‬੐߿ᛒ߁੐㗄߇ੱᢙߦᲧߒߡᄙ޿
‫غ‬ᵈᗧࠍ㓸ਛߔࠆᔅⷐ߇޽ࠆ
‫઀غ‬੐߇㔍ߒ޿࡮ⶄ㔀
‫⽿غ‬છ߇޽ࠆ
‫߼✦غ‬ಾࠅ߇⍴޿࡮ᤨ㑆⊛ࡊ࡟࠶ࠪࡖ࡯
‫੍غ‬ቯߐࠇߚ઀੐ߣᕆߥ઀੐ߣࠍหᤨߦߎ
ߥߐߥ޿ߣߥࠄߥ޿
‫غ‬㇎㝷ߔࠆ߽ߩ߇ᄙ޿㧔㔚⹤‫ޔ‬㔀㖸ߥߤ㧕
‫غ‬ᬺോ਄ఝవߔߴ߈ߎߣࠍ᣿ࠄ߆ߦߔࠆ㧔ᓟ࿁ߒߦߢ߈ࠆ઀੐߇ߥ޿
߆㧫㧕
‫▤غ‬ℂ⋙〈⠪߇ᔅⷐߥߣ߈ߦዬࠆ
‫઀غ‬੐ߩ࿎㔍ᐲ߿ⷐߔࠆᤨ㑆ߦ㑐ㅪߒߡᬺോࠍวℂ⊛ߦಽ㈩ߔࠆ
‫⋡غ‬ᮡ‫઀ޔ‬੐ౝኈ‫ޔ‬᳞߼ࠄࠇࠆࠨ࡯ࡆࠬߩ⾰ߥߤߦߟ޿ߡᦼᓙߐࠇߡ
޿ࠆ߽ߩ߇᣿⏕ߢ޽ࠆ
‫઀غ‬੐ߩ㊂ߣ⾰ߩ⺞๺ߦߟ޿ߡㅀߴߚ᣿⏕ߥࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ߇޽ࠆ
‫غ‬ᬺോߩㆀⴕࠍน⢻ߦߔࠆᔅⷐߥᖱႎ߇޽ࠆ
‫ࠣࡦ࡝࠲ࡦࡔغ‬
‫ غ‬IT ໧㗴ߦኻߔࠆࡋ࡞ࡊ
‫઀ߚ߈ߢߊࠃغ‬੐ࠍᱜߒߊ⹏ଔߔࠆ
‫✬ࡓ࡯࠴غ‬ᚑ
‫ᤨ⥃غ‬ഭ௛⠪ߩᵴ↪㧔∔∛ભᬺᤨߥߤ㧕
‫غ‬㘈ቴ߿Ꮢ᳃ߦኻߔࠆᓙߜᤨ㑆߿ࠨ࡯ࡆࠬߩ࡟ࡌ࡞ߦߟ޿ߡߩ᣿⏕ߥ
ᖱႎ ‫ઁߩߘغ‬
¾ ⡯႐߆ࠄ㔌ࠇߚ઀੐㧔⥄ቛߢߩഭ௛߿࠮࡯࡞ࠬߥߤ㧕ߦߟ޿
ߡߪߤߩࠃ߁ߦࠨࡐ࡯࠻߇ឭଏߐࠇߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
‫ غ‬IT ໧㗴߇ᄙ޿
¾ ഭ௛⠪ߪ‫઀ޔ‬੐ߩ⸘↹߿ఝవ㗅૏ઃߌ‫઀ޔ‬੐ߩࡄࡈࠜ࡯ࡑࡦ
ࠬߦߟ޿ߡߤߩࠃ߁ߦᓇ㗀ജࠍ߽ߞߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
‫غ‬㜞⽶ᜂߩᤨᦼ߇㗫࿁ߦ޽ࠆ
‫ غ‬IT ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ߇ᢛ஻ߐࠇߡ޿ߥ޿
‫઀غ‬੐㊂
‫ߩߤغ‬૞ᬺᣇᴺࠍ૶߁߆
‫⥄ غ‬ቛ߿⡯႐ᄖߢߩ઀੐
‫غ‬ભᙑ
‫઀ߣࠇߛغ‬੐ࠍߔࠆ߆
‫࡮޿ߥߩࠅ߈غ‬ㆊ೾ߥ઀੐
‫઀غ‬੐ߩಽ㈩߿㗅⇟
‫⋡غ‬ᮡ⸳ቯ ‫ઁߩߘغ‬
‫઀غ‬੐ߦኻߔࠆⷐ᳞߇⇣ߥࠆ/෻ߔࠆ㧔਄ม
ߣ㘈ቴߢ⇣ߥࠆߥߤ㧕
‫غ‬㔚⹤ߢᵈᗧࠍ㓸ਛߔࠆᔅⷐ߇޽ࠆ㧔ࠦ࡯
࡞࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ߥߤ㧕
‫ઁߩߘغ‬
¾ ߤߩࠃ߁ߥᣇᴺߢᓇ㗀ࠍ෸߷ߔߎߣ߇น⢻ߢߔ߆㧫
‫غ‬ቯᦼ⊛ߥࡒ࡯࠹ࠖࡦࠣ
‫❱⚵ࡓ࡯࠴غ‬
‫઀غ‬੐ߩࡄࡈࠜ࡯ࡑࡦࠬߦ㑐ߔࠆࡑࡀ࡯ࠫࡖ࡯ߣߩቯᦼ⊛ߥ߿ࠅߣࠅ
‫ઁߩߘغ‬
¾ ઀੐ߩ⽶ᜂࠍᄢ߈ߊߒߡ޿ࠆ/ࡍ࡯
ࠬ߇ㅦߔ߉ࠆℂ↱ߪ૗ߛߣᕁ޿߹
ߔ߆㧫
¾ ߤߩࠃ߁ߥ⒳㘃ߩᢎ⢒߿࠻࡟࡯࠾ࡦࠣ߇ഭ௛⠪ߦឭଏߐࠇ
ߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
‫غ‬Ꮢ᳃߿㘈ቴߦߟ޿ߡߩ♽⛔⊛ߥᢎ⢒߿࠻࡟࡯࠾ࡦࠣ
‫غ‬ᣂߒ޿ IT ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ/࠷࡯࡞ߩ૶↪߿ᣂߒ޿ᴺᓞ߿ࠨ࡯ࡆࠬߩ᳞߼ߦ
㑐ߔࠆ࠻࡟࡯࠾ࡦࠣ ‫ઁߩߘغ‬
¾ ઁߦ઀੐ߩ㊂⊛⽶ᜂ߿ㅦᐲ⽶ᜂࠍᷫࠄߔߚ߼ߦⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ
ߎߣߪ޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫
ડᬺ⚵❱ߦ↢ߓߡ޿ࠆ⚿ᨐߦߟ޿ߡ
‫߿⾰غ‬᳞߼ࠄࠇߡ޿ࠆࠨ࡯ࡆࠬߩ࡟ࡌ࡞ࠍ଻ߟߩߦ໧㗴
‫غ‬ᱷᬺ߇ᄙ޿
߇޽ࠆ
‫੍غ‬ቯߒߚભᥜࠍࠠࡖࡦ࠮࡞ߒߥ޿ߣߥࠄߥ޿
‫غ‬㊀ⷐߥ⡯ോ߇ⴕࠊࠇߡ޿ߥ޿㧔઀੐߇ߚ߹ߞߡ޿ࠆ㧕
‫غ‬㘈ቴ‫ޔ‬Ꮢ᳃ߩᓙߜᤨ㑆߇㐳޿
‫⋡غ‬ᮡߩ㗅቞ߦ໧㗴߇޽ࠆ
‫߼✦غ‬ಾࠅ߿ᴺ⊛ߥⷐ᳞੐㗄߇቞ࠄࠇߡ޿ߥ޿
‫߼✦غ‬ಾࠅ߇቞ࠄࠇߡ޿ߥ޿
‫غ‬㘈ቴ߿Ꮢ᳃߆ࠄਇḩ߇ነߖࠄࠇߡ޿ࠆ
‫৻غ‬ᣣਛᣧ޿ࡍ࡯ࠬߢ઀੐ߒߡ޿ࠆ
‫ઁߩߘغ‬
‫غ‬ભᙑ߇ߣࠇߥ޿‫߫ߒ߫ߒޔ‬ᤤ㘩ࠍߣࠇߥ޿
− 139 −
⾗ᢱ㧣㧦੐ോ⊛૞ᬺ⡯႐ߩෂ㒾࿃ሶ㧦ᗵ
ᗵᖱ⽶ᜂࠍ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢߔࠆߚ߼ߩࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬࠪ࡯࠻
㧔ଐ㗬ੱ‫ޔ‬㘈ቴ‫ޔ‬Ꮢ᳃߳ߩኻᔕ߇޽ࠆ⡯⒳㧕
࡝ࠬࠢࡈࠔࠢ࠲࡯ߩ᦭ήߦߟ޿ߡ
੍㒐
ଐ㗬ੱ‫ޔ‬㘈ቴ‫ޔ‬Ꮢ᳃ߣߩኻᔕ߇޽ࠆ઀੐
ߢߪએਅߩࠃ߁ߥ․೎ߥ⽶ᜂ߇޽ࠆߎ
ߣ߇․ᓽ⊛ߢ޽ࠆ
x ⥄りߩᗵᖱߦኻಣߒߚࠅ‫ࠍࠇߘޔ‬㓝ߔ
x ᓸ╉ߺ‫౒ޔ‬ᗵ⊛ᝄࠆ⥰޿ߥߤߩ․೎ߥ
ⴕേ
x ઁߩੱߩᗵᖱࠍᛒ߁
x 㧔ⴣ⓭ࠍㆱߌࠆߚ߼ߦ㧕వ࿁ࠅߒߡ⠨
߃ࠆ
x Ꮢ᳃ߩ୘೎ߥ⍮⼂
¾ ଐ㗬ੱ‫ޔ‬Ꮢ᳃‫ޔ‬㘈ቴߣߩኻᔕ߇ഭ௛⠪ߦߣߞߡ⽶ᜂ߇ᄢ߈
޿߽ߩߣߥࠄߥ޿ࠃ߁ߦ‫੍ߥ߁ࠃߩߤޔ‬㒐╷ࠍߣߞߡ޿߹
ߔ߆㧫߹ߚߘߩലᨐߪ㧫
¾ ޽ߥߚߪߤߩࠃ߁ߥ㘈ቴ߿Ꮢ᳃ߣߩ
ኻᔕ߇޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫
‫⺖ߩߤ غ‬㗴ߦࡊ࡜ࠗࠝ࡝࠹ࠖ߇޽ࠆ߆‫ߩޔ‬᣿⏕ߥࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ߇޽
‫ غ‬࿎㔍ߥߎߣࠍⷐ᳞ߔࠆ㘈ቴ㧛Ꮢ᳃‫߃଀ޔ‬
߫⮎‛ଐሽ‫∔␹♖ޔ‬ᖚ‫⚻ޔ‬ᷣ⊛࿎┆
‫ غ‬ෂᯏࠍᗵߓߡ޿ࠆ㘈ቴ
‫ غ‬ᔶࠅ‫ޔ‬ḩ⿷ߒߡ޿ߥ޿㘈ቴ
‫ઁߩߘ غ‬
¾ ഭ௛⠪ߪ਄ม߿ห௥߆ࠄߤߩࠃ߁ߦࠨࡐ࡯࠻ࠍ߁ߌߡ޿߹
ߔ߆㧫
‫⋡ غ‬ᮡ‫઀ޔ‬੐ౝኈ‫ޔ‬᳞߼ࠄࠇࠆࠨ࡯ࡆࠬߩ⾰ߥߤߦߟ޿ߡᦼᓙߔࠆ
ߣߎࠈ߇᣿⏕ߢ޽ࠆ
‫઀ غ‬੐ߩ㊂ߣ⾰ߩ⺞๺ߦߟ޿ߡㅀߴߚ᣿⏕ߥࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ߇޽ࠆ
‫⺖ غ‬㗴߇ߤߩࠃ߁ߦ‫⸃ߡߞࠃߦࠇߛޔߟ޿ޔ‬᳿ߐࠇࠆߴ߈߆‫ޔ‬᣿⏕
ߥࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ߇޽ࠆ
ࠆ
‫ߦ࠻ࡦࡔࠫ࡯ࡀࡑ࠻ࠢ࡝ࡈࡦࠦ غ‬㑐ߔࠆ᣿⏕ߥࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ
‫ غ‬᣿⏕ߢ⃻ታ⊛ߥ⋡ᮡ
‫ غ‬㔍ߒ޿㘈ቴ㧛Ꮢ᳃ߦ㑐ߔࠆࠪࠬ࠹ࡑ࠹ࠖ࠶ࠢߢቯᦼ⊛ߥࡕ࠾࠲࡝
ࡦࠣ
‫ غ‬ห௥߿ࡑࡀ࡯ࠫࡖ࡯߆ࠄߩࡈࠖ࡯࠼ࡃ࠶ࠢߣ⹏ଔ
‫઀ غ‬੐ߩ⚿ᨐࠍ⹏ଔߔࠆ
¾ ߔߴߡߩᓥᬺຬߦ޽ߡߪ߹ࠅ߹ߔ߆‫ޔ‬
ߘࠇߣ߽૗ੱ߆㧛޿ߊߟ߆ߩࠣ࡞࡯
ࡊߦ㒢ࠄࠇ߹ߔ߆㧫⺕߇‫ߒߘޔߟ޿ޔ‬
ߡߤߩߊࠄ޿ߩ㗫ᐲߢ㧫
઀੐ߩ․ᕈߦߟ޿ߡ
‫غ‬㘈ቴ࡮Ꮢ᳃࡮ଐ㗬ੱߣ޿ߟ߽ࠦࡦ࠲ࠢ࠻߇
޽ࠆ
‫غ‬ฃઃ߿࠺ࠬࠢߢ⸒⺆⊛᡹᠄ࠍฃߌࠆߎߣ
‫ غ‬ᄖੱቴߣ઀੐ࠍߔࠆߣ߈ߦㅢ⸶ߩ⵬ഥ߇޽ࠆ
‫ غ‬㘈ቴ߿Ꮢ᳃ߦኻߔࠆᓙߜᤨ㑆߿ࠨ࡯ࡆࠬߩ࡟ࡌ࡞ߦߟ޿ߡߩ᣿⏕
ߥᖱႎ
¾ 㘈ቴߣߩኻᔕࠍࠨࡐ࡯࠻ߔࠆ࠷࡯࡞߿ㆡಾߥㇱደ߇޽ࠅ߹
ߔ߆㧫
‫ غ‬㕒߆ߥߣߎࠈߢ㘈ቴ㧛Ꮢ᳃ߣ⹤ߔߎߣ߇ߢ߈ࠆ
‫ غ‬㖸⾰ߩ⦟޿ലᨐ⊛ߥ㔚⹤
‫ غ‬ኻᔕߒߡ޿ࠆߣ߈ߦᔅⷐߥᖱႎߦኈᤃߦࠕࠢ࠮ࠬߢ߈ࠆ
‫߿࡯࠲ࡦ࠮࡞࡯ࠦ غ‬ฃઃߥߤߦ߅ߌࠆᖱႎࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ߿ലᨐ⊛ߥવ㆐
߇ᄙ޿
‫غ‬㘈ቴ߆ࠄ㧔⁁ᴫߦߘߋࠊߥ޿㧕࠾࡯࠭߿ᦼ
ᓙ߇޽ࠆ㧔ࠫ࡟ࡦࡑ㧕
‫઀غ‬੐ߦኻߔࠆⷐ᳞߇⇣ߥࠆ/෻ߔࠆ㧔਄ม
ߣ㘈ቴߢ⇣ߥࠆߥߤ㧕
‫੍غ‬ቯߐࠇߚ઀੐ߣᕆߥ઀੐ߣࠍหᤨߦߎ
ߥߐߥ޿ߣߥࠄߥ޿
‫غ‬࿎㔍ߥ઀੐ࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆߣ߈߿㓸ਛߒߥ
ߊߡߪߥࠄߥ޿઀੐ߩߣ߈ߦ㇎㝷߇ᄙ޿
‫غ‬ሶଏߢ޽ࠆߎߣࠍ⠨ᘦߒߥߊߡߪߥࠄߥ
޿઀੐
‫ઁߩߘغ‬
¾ ߽ߒડᬺߩᛴ߃ࠆᗵᖱ⽶ᜂߩ໧㗴߇
ᄢ߈޿ߥࠄ‫ޔ‬૗߇ේ࿃ߣ⠨߃ߡ޿߹ߔ
߆㧫
¾ ഭ௛⠪ߪ‫઀ޔ‬੐ߩ⸘↹߿ఝవ㗅૏ઃߌ‫઀ޔ‬੐ߩࡄࡈࠜ࡯ࡑ
ࡦࠬߦߟ޿ߡߤߩ⒟ᐲᓇ㗀ജࠍ߽ߞߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
‫ غ‬ભᙑ
‫ߩߤغ‬௛߈ᣇࠍߔࠆ߆
‫઀ غ‬੐ߩಽ㈩߿㗅⇟ ‫઀ߣࠇߛغ‬੐ࠍߔࠆ߆ ‫ઁߩߘغ‬
¾ ߤߩࠃ߁ߥᣇᴺߢᓇ㗀ࠍ෸߷ߔߎߣ߇น⢻ߢߔ߆㧫
‫ غ‬ᗧᔒ᳿ቯߩᮭ㒢ࠍᆔ⼑ߔࠆ
‫ غ‬ቯᦼ⊛ߥࡒ࡯࠹ࠖࡦࠣ
‫઀ غ‬੐ߩࡄࡈࠜ࡯ࡑࡦࠬߦ㑐ߔࠆࡑࡀ࡯ࠫࡖ࡯ߣߩቯᦼ⊛ߥ߿ࠅߣ
ࠅ ‫ઁߩߘغ‬
¾ ߤߩࠃ߁ߥ⒳㘃ߩᢎ⢒߿࠻࡟࡯࠾ࡦࠣ߇ഭ௛⠪ߦឭଏߐࠇ
ߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
‫ غ‬㘈ቴ߿Ꮢ᳃ߦߟ޿ߡߩ♽⛔⊛ߥᢎ⢒߿࠻࡟࡯࠾ࡦࠣ
‫ غ‬ᣂߒ޿ IT ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ/࠷࡯࡞ߩ૶↪߿ᣂߒ޿ᴺᓞ߿ࠨ࡯ࡆࠬߩ᳞߼
ߦ㑐ߔࠆ࠻࡟࡯࠾ࡦࠣ ‫ઁߩߘغ‬
¾ ઁߦ㘈ቴ㧛Ꮢ᳃㧛ଐ㗬ੱߣߩኻᔕߦ߅޿ߡ⽶ᜂࠍᷫࠄߔߚ
߼ߦⴕߞߡ޿ࠆߎߣߪ޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫
ડᬺ⚵❱ߦ↢ߓߡ޿ࠆ⚿ᨐߦߟ޿ߡ
‫઀ޔ࠻ࡦࡔ࠻࠶ࡒࠦغ‬੐ߩᭉߒߐߩᰳᅤ
‫غ‬㘈ቴ㧛Ꮢ᳃ߦኻߔࠆ㊀㊂ශ߆ࠄߩࡀࠟ࠹ࠖࡉߥᘒᐲ
‫غ‬ഭ௛⠪߇ห௥߿ࡑࡀ࡯ࠫࡖ࡯߆ࠄቅ┙ߒߡ޿ࠆ
‫غ‬㔌⡯₸߇㜞޿ߊᣂߒ޿ᓥᬺຬࠍ࠻࡟࡯࠾ࡦࠣߔࠆ⽶ᜂ
߇Ᏹߦ޽ࠆ
‫ઁߩߘغ‬
‫غ‬᳞߼ࠄࠇࠆࠨ࡯ࡆࠬߩ⾰‫ߦߩߟ଻ࠍ࡞ࡌ࡟ޔ‬໧㗴߇޽
ࠆ
‫⋡غ‬ᮡߩ㗅቞ߦ໧㗴߇޽ࠆ
‫غ‬ᓥᬺຬ߿ࠨ࡯ࡆࠬߦߟ޿ߡߩ㘈ቴ߿Ꮢ᳃߆ࠄਇḩ‫ޔ‬ኻ
┙߇޽ࠆ
‫غ‬ㇱ㐷߿ડᬺߩ⹏್߇ᖡ޿
− 140 −
⾗ᢱ㧤㧦੐ോ⊛૞ᬺ⡯႐ߩෂ㒾࿃ሶ㧦᥸
᥸ജ࡮⢿ᆭࠍ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢߔࠆߚ߼ߩࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬࠪ࡯࠻
࡝ࠬࠢࡈࠔࠢ࠲࡯ߩ᦭ήߦߟ޿ߡ
੍㒐
ߎࠇࠄߩ⾰໧ߪ‫ޔ‬ଐ㗬ੱ‫ޔ‬㘈ቴ‫ޔ‬Ꮢ᳃
ߣߩኻᔕ߇޽ࠆ઀੐ߦߩߺㆡ↪
¾ ᥸ജ߿⢿ᆭ߇಴᧪ࠆߛߌዋߥߊߥࠆࠃ߁ߦ޽ࠄ߆ߓ߼ᵈᗧ
ߒߡ޿ࠆߎߣߪ૗ߢߔ߆㧫߹ߚߘߩലᨐߪ㧫
¾ ᓥᬺຬߪ᥸ജ߿ߘߩ⢿ᆭߦߐࠄߐ
ࠇߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
ߘߩડᬺߩ⸥㍳߿੐᡿㧔ࠗࡦࠪ࠺ࡦ
࠻㧕ߩႎ๔ߦߟ޿ߡ዆ߨࠆ
¾ ᥸ജ߿⢿ᆭ‫ޔ‬ᔃ⊛ᄖ்ߣߥࠆࠃ߁ߥ಴᧪੐ࠍ੍㒐ߒߚࠅߘࠇ
ߦߣࠅߊ߻⸘↹ߪ޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫ߘߩ⸘↹ߩౝኈߪߤߩࠃ߁
ߥ߽ߩߢߔ߆㧫
੍㒐⸘↹
᥸ജ߿⢿ᆭ㧔ㆊ෰৻ᐕ㑆㧕ߩ㗫ᐲ
‫᥸غ‬ജߩቯ⟵‫᥸ޕ‬ജ⊛ⴕὑ߿ଗㄗࠍฃߌߚߣ߈ߦᓥᬺຬ߇ߤߩࠃ߁ߦ
ߘࠇߪ⺕߆ࠄ‫ޔ‬૗ᤨ‫ࠃߩߤޔߢߎߤޔ‬
߁ߦߒߡߢ޽ߞߚ߆㧫
‫غ‬ᒝ⋑ߩ㓙ߦߤߩࠃ߁ߦⴕേߔߴ߈߆ߩᢎ⢒㧔߅㊄ࠍᷰߔ‫ޔ‬ᒝ⋑ࠍ᝝
¾ ߤߩࠃ߁ߥ⒳㘃ߩ᥸ജ‫ޔ‬⢿ᆭ߇߅߈
ߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
‫ߦࠇߘߪ޿ࠆ޽ⴕ᥸غ‬㘃ૃߒߚり૕⊛᥸ജ
‫غ‬ᒝ⋑੐ઙ
‫غ‬り૕⊛⢿ᆭ㧔୘ੱߩり૕⊛㒢⇇ࠍ⿥߃ߚ
᥸ⴕ㧕
‫غ‬ᓥᬺຬ߇ߟ߫ࠍ߆ߌࠄࠇࠆ
‫⊛⺆⸒غ‬ଗㄗ
‫غ‬り૕⊛⢿ᆭ㧔୘ੱߩり૕⊛㒢⇇ࠍ⿥߃ߚ
᥸ⴕ㧕
‫غ‬Ꮕ೎⊛⊒⸒
‫غ‬㔚⹤߿ e-mail ߢߩ⢿ㄼ
‫غ‬ᓥᬺຬ୘ੱ߿ߘߩሶଏ‫઻ޔ‬ଛߦኻߔࠆ⢿
ᆭ
‫غ‬ᓥᬺຬ୘ੱߩ‛ߦኻߔࠆ⎕უⴕὑ
‫ઁߩߘغ‬
¾ ᥸ജ߿⢿ᆭߪᓥᬺຬ߇ 1 ੱߢ௛޿ߡ
޿ࠆߣ߈ߦ߅߈ߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
㧔ߛࠇ߆ࠄ‫߁ࠃߩߤޔߢߎߤޔߟ޿ޔ‬
ߦߒߡ㧕
ⴕേߔߴ߈߆‫ࠍࡦࠗ࡜࠼ࠗࠟ߁޿ߣޔ‬฽߻
ࠄ߃ࠃ߁ߣߒߥ޿‫ޔ‬ഥߌࠍࠃ߱‫ߤߥޔ‬㧕
‫␹♖ޔࡦ࡚ࠪ࡯ࠤ࠾ࡘࡒࠦޔ࠻ࡦࡔࠫ࡯ࡀࡑ࠻ࠢ࡝ࡈࡦࠦغ‬㕙ߩᦨೋ
ߩࠤࠕ㧔ᔕᕆ⊛ಣ⟎㧕ߦߟ޿ߡߩᢎ⢒
‫᥸غ‬ജ߿⢿ᆭߩෂ㒾߇ࠆߎߣ߇ಽ߆ߞߡ޿ࠆߣߎࠈߢ 1 ੱ‫ߪ޿ࠆ޽ޔ‬
㧞ੱߢ௛ߊ႐วߩࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ߇޽ࠆ
‫غ‬੐᡿ߩ㓙ߦߛࠇ߇ࡑࡀ࡯ࠫߔࠆ߆ߦߟ޿ߡߩࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ߇޽ࠆ
㧔ߛࠇ߇ഥߌࠍ๭߱߆‫ޔ‬⢿ᆭߣߥߞߡ޿ࠆੱߦ⺕߇ኻᔕߔࠆ߆‫╬ޔ‬㧕
‫᥸غ‬ജߩෂ㒾ߦኻߒߡലᨐ߇޽ࠆน⢻ᕈ߇޽ࠆ੐ᨩߦߟ޿ߡߩᖱႎ
㧔㘈ቴ߿Ꮢ᳃ߩ․೎ߥ໧㗴ߦߟ޿ߡ㧕
‫᥸غ‬ജࠍᷫࠄߔߎߣߦὶὐ߇޽ߡࠄࠇߚ઀੐
‫ࠆ޿ߡߞ߆߆ߩࠬ࡟࠻ࠬ غ‬Ꮢ᳃㧛ଐ㗬⠪ߩᓙߜᤨ㑆ࠍ⍴ߊߔࠆ
‫غ‬ㆡಾߥり૕⊛〒㔌㧔ㅏߍ㆏‫ޔ‬᡹᠄⊛ߥଐ㗬⠪߆ࠄㅏߍߛߔߚ߼ߩࠬ
ࡍ࡯ࠬ߇޽ࠆ㧕
‫ࠅ޽߇߈⌕ߜ⪭غ‬ఝߒ޿ᗵߓߦ૞ᬺ႐߿ᓙวࠬࡍ࡯ࠬ߇㘼ࠄࠇߡ޿ࠆ
‫غ‬ㆡಾߥᛛⴚ⊛੍㒐╷㧔⼊ႎ‫߅ޔⷞ⋙ࠝ࠺ࡆޔ‬㊄ߦᤨ㑆ߢ㎛ࠍ߆ߌࠆ㧕
‫ޔ⊛⛔♽غ‬ቯᦼ⊛ࡔࡦ࠲࡝ࡦࠣᵴേ
‫غ‬੐᡿ߩ⊓㍳ߩࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ
੐᡿߇⿠߈ߚߣ߈ߦߔߋߣࠄࠇࠆⴕേ
‫ߩ࡯ࡖࠫ࡯ࡀࡑغ‬ᡰេ㧔ߛࠇߦ⍮ࠄߖ‫⁁߇⺕ޔ‬ᴫࠍ᝿ីߔࠆ߆㧕
‫␹♖غ‬㕙ߩᦨೋߩࠤࠕ㧔ᔕᕆಣ⟎㧕
‫ࠣࡦࠖࡈ࡯࡝ࡉ࠺غ‬㧔ᓥᬺຬߩ㑆ߢ㧕
ࡈࠜࡠ࡯ࠕ࠶ࡊ
‫غ‬ෂᯏࠞ࠙ࡦ࠮࡝ࡦࠣߩኾ㐷ኅߦࠕࠢ࠮ࠬߢ߈ࠆ
઀੐ߩ․ᕈߦߟ޿ߡ
‫੍غ‬㒐ߦὶὐࠍ޽ߡߚ⺞ᩏ‫ޔ‬ಽᨆ
‫غ‬୘ੱ⊛‫␠ޔ‬ળ⊛‫⚻ޔ‬ᷣ⊛ߦ໧㗴ߩ޽ࠆੱ
‫غ‬੐᡿߇⼊ኤ߿ઁߩᮭᆭᯏ㑐‫଻ޔ‬㒾ળ␠߳ႎ๔ߐࠇࠆ
ߦኻߔࠆኻᔕ߿ᡰេࠍⴕ߁
‫߅غ‬㊄ࠍᛒ߁㧔ଐ㗬ੱߦ߅㊄ࠍᜬߞߡ޿ߊ
ߥߤ㧕
‫غ‬ଐ㗬ੱ߿Ꮢ᳃ߣߩⴣ⓭ࠍ⺞ᢛߔࠆߎߣ߇
ᄙ޿
‫ઁߩߘغ‬
‫࠻࡯ࡐࠨߩ࡯ࡖࠫ࡯ࡀࡑغ‬㧔ᓥᬺຬ߳ߩ㔚⹤‫ޔ‬⡯႐ᓳᏫࠍᭉߦߔࠆኻ
╷㧕
¾ ഭ௛⠪߇ߘߩ⸘↹ࠍ⍮ࠅ‫ޔ‬ᓥ߁ࠃ߁ߦߔࠆߚ߼ߦߤߩࠃ߁ߦ
ߒߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
¾ ઁߦ᥸ജ߿⢿ᆭࠍ੍㒐ߔࠆߚ߼ߦ૗߆ⴕߞߡ޿ࠆߎߣߪ޽
ࠅ߹ߔ߆㧫
ડᬺ⚵❱ߦ↢ߓߡ޿ࠆ⚿ᨐߦߟ޿ߡ
‫غ‬ㇱ⟑‫ޔ‬ડᬺౝߦ⼊ᚓᗧ⼂߇ᒝ޿
‫ߩ࠻ࡦࡔ࠻࠶ࡒࠦغ‬༚ᄬ‫ޔ‬ଐ㗬ੱߦኻᔕߒࠃ߁ߣ޿߁ࡕ
‫᥸غ‬ജ㧛⢿ᆭ㧛ᒝ⋑ߪ઀੐ߢㆱߌࠄࠇߥ޿߽ߩߛߣ޿߁
࠴ࡌ࡯࡚ࠪࡦߩૐਅ
㔓࿐᳇߇޽ࠆ㧔シⷞߒߡ޿ࠆ㧕
‫غ‬㧝ੱߢ௛ߊߎߣ߳ߩਇ቟
‫غ‬ᖡ޿⹏್㧔ㇱ⟑‫ޔ‬ડᬺ㧕
‫ઁߩߘغ‬
− 141 −
⾗ᢱ㧥㧦੐ോ⊛૞ᬺ⡯႐ߩෂ㒾࿃ሶ㧦޿
޿ߓ߼࡮࠮ࠢࠪࡖ࡞ࡂ࡜ࠬࡔࡦ࠻ࠍ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢߔࠆߚ
߼ߩࠟࠗ࠳ࡦࠬࠪ࡯࠻
㧔޿ߓ߼ߦኻߔࠆኻ╷ߦߟ޿ߡߩᖱႎ߇޽ࠆ႐วߦ㒢ࠅ‫⾰ߥ⚦⹦ޔ‬໧ࠍⴕ߁ߎߣ㧕
੍㒐
࡝ࠬࠢࡈࠔࠢ࠲࡯ߩ᦭ήߦߟ޿ߡ
̌޿ߓ߼̍ߩቯ⟵㧦
x
x
޿ߓ߼߿࠮ࠢࠪࡖ࡞ࡂ࡜ࠬࡔࡦ࠻ߩࠛࡇ࠰࡯࠼ࠍ
ߤߩࠃ߁ߦᛒߞߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
୘ੱ޽ࠆ޿ߪⶄᢙੱߦࠃߞߡ‫ޔ‬୘ੱ㧛ࠣ
࡞࡯ࡊ߇‫ࠅ➅ޔ‬㄰ߒ૗ᐲ߽૗ᐲ߽‫޿ࠆ޽ޔ‬
ߪᐞᐲ߆߭ߤߊ‫ߥࡉࠖ࠹ࠟࡀޔ‬ᝄࠆ⥰޿ߦ
޽ߞߡ޿ߡ‫ޔ‬
ߘߩੱ㧛ࠣ࡞࡯ࡊ߇ߘߩᝄࠆ⥰޿ߦᔃࠍ∩
߼ߚࠅዮㄗࠍᗵߓߡ޿ߡ‫ޔ‬
ߘߩੱ㧛ࠣ࡞࡯ࡊ߇⥄ಽ⥄り߿ࠣ࡞࡯ࡊࠍ
቞ࠆߩߦ࿎㔍ߥ⁁ᴫߦ޽ࠆ
‫غ‬੐᡿ࠍߥߊߔߚ߼ߩⴕേ㧔▤ℂ㕙ߦὶὐࠍᒰߡࠆ‫ޔ‬ኻ
┙㨯੎޿߇↢ߓߚᤨߩࡑࡀ࡯ࠫࡔࡦ࠻‫ޔ‬೙ⵙភ⟎ࠍߣࠆ㧕
‫߿ࠣࡦ࡝࠮ࡦ࠙ࠞغ‬๺⸃࡮⺞஗ߩ೑↪
‫غ‬ᓥᬺຬߦෂᯏᤨߩࠞ࠙ࡦ࠮࡝ࡦࠣࠍឭଏߔࠆ
̌࠮ࠢࠪࡖ࡞ࡂ࡜ࠬࡔࡦ࠻̍ߩቯ⟵
޿ߓ߼߿࠮ࠢࠪࡖ࡞ࡂ࡜ࠬࡔࡦ࠻߇⊒↢ߒߥ޿ࠃ
߁ߦߤߩࠃ߁ߦߒߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
‫غ‬ડᬺ߇޿ߓ߼߿࠮ࠢࠪࡖ࡞ࡂ࡜ࠬࡔࡦ࠻ࠍ㒐ᱛߔࠆߣ
x
޿߁ࡐ࡝ࠪ࡯ࠍᜬߞߡ޿ࠆ
x
ഭ௛⠪㧔ᓐ޽ࠆ޿ߪᓐᅚ㧕ߩᗧᕁߦ෻ߒߡ‫ޔ‬
৻ੱ޽ࠆ޿ߪⶄᢙੱ߇‫⋧ޔ‬ᚻ߇ᦸ߹ߥ޿ߩ
ߦߒߟߎߊ⸒޿ነߞߚࠅ‫ޔ‬ᕈ⊛ⴕὑࠍⷐ᳞
ߔࠆߎߣ‫ߩઁߩߘ߮ࠃ߅ޕ‬ᕈ⊛ߥᕈ⾰ࠍ฽
߻⸒⺆⊛޽ࠆ޿ߪり૕⊛ᝄࠆ⥰޿‫ޕ‬
ࡐ࡝ࠪ࡯ߩਛߦߪએਅߩ߽ߩ߇฽߹ࠇࠆ㧧଀ߣߒߡ
‫ߩ࠻ࡦࡔࠬ࡜ࡂ࡞ࡖࠪࠢ࠮ޔ߼ߓ޿غ‬ቯ⟵
‫ߦ߁ࠃ޿ߥߐߎ⿠ࠍ࠻ࡦࡔࠬ࡜ࡂ࡞ࡖࠪࠢ࠮ޔ߼ߓ޿غ‬
¾ ᓥᬺຬ߇ਇᔟߥ޿ߓ߼߿࠮ࠢࠪࡖ࡞ࡂ࡜ࠬࡔ
ࡦ࠻ࠍฃߌߡ޿ࠆ߆ߤ߁߆‫ޕ‬
¾ ߤߩࠃ߁ߥ⒳㘃ߩߎߣ߇⿠ߎߞߡ޿ࠆ߆
޿ߓ߼㧦
ߔࠆߚ߼ߩኻ┙㨯੎޿߇ߤߩࠃ߁ߦᛒࠊࠇࠆ߆ߦߟ޿ߡߩ
ࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ
‫߇࠻ࡦࡔࠬ࡜ࡂ࡞ࡖࠪࠢ࠮߿߼ߓ޿غ‬ኈ⹺ߐࠇߥ޿ߣ޿
߁᣿⏕ߥᆫ൓
‫ⴕ޿ߥࠇߐ⸵غ‬ὑߦ㑐ߔࠆ⸥ㅀ߇޽ࠆ
‫غ‬๺⸃࡮⺞஗ߦ㑐ߔࠆࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ
‫ޔ⸒⊒ߥ߁ࠃࠆߌߟ்غ‬಄߿߆ߒ‫ޔ‬㒶ߢߩਛ்
‫ߦ࠻ࡦࡔࠬ࡜ࡂ࡞ࡖࠪࠢ࠮߿߼ߓ޿غ‬᳇߇ߟ޿ߚߣ߈ߦ
‫␠غ‬ળ⊛޽ࠆ޿ߪኾ㐷⊛ࠣ࡞࡯ࡊ㧔ખ㑆߿઀੐ߦ㑐
ߘࠇࠍᱛ߼ߐߖࠆ⽿ോ߇޽ࠆߣ޿߁ࡑࡀ࡯ࠫࡖ࡯ߦኻߔ
ㅪߒߚࠣ࡞࡯ࡊ㧕߆ࠄߩឃᢺ
ࠆࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ
‫ⵍغ‬ኂ⠪߇ធ⸅ߒߡ߈ߚߣ߈ߦᢜᗧࠍ␜ߔ޽ࠆ޿ߪ
‫ߪߦ߈ߣߚߒ᠄⋡ࠍ࠻ࡦࡔࠬ࡜ࡂ࡞ࡖࠪࠢ࠮߿߼ߓ޿غ‬
ήⷞߔࠆ
ߘࠇߦ෻ᔕߒኻಣߔࠆߣ޿߁⟵ോ߇޽ࠆߣ޿߁ห௥ߦኻ
‫غ‬ਇ౏ᐔ㧛㕖ታ㓙⊛ߥ⡯ോߩ⸃છ
ߔࠆࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ
‫غ‬ਇ౏ᐔ㧛㕖ታ㓙⊛ߦ઀੐࡮૞ᬺᚑᨐߩ⹏ଔࠍਅߍ
‫․غ‬೎ߥࠛࡇ࠰࡯࠼ߦኻߔࠆขࠅᛒ޿ߩࠟࠗ࠼࡜ࠗࡦ
ࠆߎߣ
㧔⺕ߦ㗬ࠆ߆‫߇⺕ޔ‬૗ߦኻߒߡ⽿છ߇޽ࠆߩ߆‫ߤߥޔ‬㧕
‫غ‬ᐕ㦂‫ޔ‬ᕈ‫ޔ‬ቬᢎ‫ޔ‬࿖☋޽ࠆ޿ߪᕈ⊛༵ᅢࠍℂ↱ߦ
‫ઁߩߘغ‬
ߒߚᩰਅߍ
‫޿ߥ߹ᦸغ‬ᕈ⊛ⴕὑࠍ᳞߼ࠄࠇࠆ
ᓥᬺຬ߇ࡐ࡝ࠪ࡯ࠍ⍮ࠅߘࠇߦᓥ߁ߎߣࠍߤߩࠃ
߁ߦ⏕⹺ߒߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
ߘߩઁߩ㒐ᱛኻ╷
‫غ‬ᅢ߹ߒ޿ᝄࠆ⥰޿ߦ㑐ߔࠆኻ⹤
‫޿ߥ߹ᦸغ‬ඬ⁻ߥ࡚ࠫ࡯ࠢ޽ࠆ޿ߪᕈ⊛੐ᨩߦ㑐ߔ
‫߮ࠃ߅࠻ࡦࡔࠬ࡜ࡂ࡞ࡖࠪࠢ࠮߿߼ߓ޿غ‬ኻ┙࡮੎޿ࠍ
ࠆ⾰໧
ߤߩࠃ߁ߦขࠅᛒ߁߆‫߿࡯ࡖࠫ࡯ࡀࡑߩߡ޿ߟߦޔ‬቟ోઍ
‫ߩઁߩߘغ‬੐ઙ
⴫⠪ߦኻߔࠆ⺑᣿߿࠻࡟࡯࠾ࡦࠣ
ߘࠇࠄ߇⿠߈ߪߓ߼ߡ߆ࠄߤߩߊࠄ޿⚻ߞߡ޿
߹ߔ߆㧫
ߛࠇ߆㑐ଥߒߡ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
ߘߩℂ↱ߪ૗ߛߣᕁ޿߹ߔ߆㧫
‫ઁߩߘغ‬
‫غ‬り૕⊛⢿ᆭ޽ࠆ޿ߪᒝᆞ
‫ߩઁߩߘغ‬੐ઙ
࠮ࠢࠪࡖ࡞ࡂ࡜ࠬࡔࡦ࠻㧦
‫غ‬ਇᧄᗧߦ⸅ࠄࠇࠆ
ડᬺ⚵❱ߦ↢ߓߡ޿ࠆ⚿ᨐߦߟ޿ߡ
‫ غ‬ᖡ޿⹏್㧔޿ߓ߼߇޽ࠆㇱ⟑ߛߣડᬺౝߢ⍮ࠇߡ޿
‫غ‬ᓥᬺຬ߇৻✜ߦ௛ߊߎߣߦ࿎㔍߇޽ࠆ㧛ዊ㓸࿅ߦಽᢿ
ࠆ㧕
ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ
‫ࠆࠃߦ࠻ࡦࡔࠬ࡜ࡂ࡞ࡖࠪࠢ࠮࡮߼ߓ޿ غ‬㐳ᦼ∔∛ભᬺ
‫․ࠆ޽ غ‬ቯߩഭ௛⠪߿ࠣ࡞࡯ࡊ߇⥄ಽߚߜߩ⠨߃ࠍ⡬
‫ઁߩߘ غ‬
޿ߡ߽ࠄ߁ߩߦ࿎㔍߇޽ࠆ
‫ غ‬ㇱ⟑ౝߩ㔓࿐᳇߇ᖡ޿
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