Cultural Patterns and Processes Review The map above shows the distribution of three religious groups in the contiguous United States. A. Using the letters in the legend, name the three religious groups shown on the map. Cultural Basics Key Vocab Terms: Cultural Landscape Beliefs Culture Region Culture Hearth Transculturation Describe the following: Cultural Geography Behaviors Culture Trait Culture Diffusion Ethnocentrism Environmental Determinism B. For ONE of the three religious groups, first identify and then explain TWO factors that have influenced the distribution shown on the map. Cultural Ecology Norms Culture Complex Independent Inventions Cultural Relativism Possibilism Non-Material Culture Material Culture Culture System Time-distance Decay Syncretism Environmental Perception Values Artifacts Geographic Region Acculturation Cultural Determinism Describe and provide examples for each of the types of Diffusion. Relocation Diffusion Expansion Diffusion C. Explain how the map as presented at this scale is an incomplete representation of the geography of religion in the United States. Contagious Diffusion EX: Hierarchical Diffusion EX: Migrant Diffusion Contagious Diffusion EX: EX: \ Language European countries have experienced an increase in Muslim population in recent decades. The map above shows the distribution and proportion of Muslims by country. a. Identify Countries X, Y, and Z on the map above. Key Vocab Terms: Cultural Linguistic Fragmentation Linguistic Geography Language Indo-European Family Transmission Families Sub-Family Standard Languages Official Language Dialects Creole Isogloss Bilingualism Multilingualism Lingua Franca Toponymy Language Extinction What languages are the most wide spoken globally What factor explains the presence of languages English, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, and Arabic as being major global languages even though the population people at their hearths is relatively small? adaf b. Explain two reasons for the increase in Muslim immigration to one of these countries since 1950. c. For the country you selected in part b, discuss the impacts of the Muslim population increase on the country’s i. urban spatial organization Explain the process of a pidgin language becoming a dominant language? ii. population structure What factors lead to language extinction? iii. social relations Language (Culture Group) Welsh Quechua What has occurred to preserve language Religion Key Vocab Terms: Sacred Sects Universalizing Religion Diaspora Ethnic Religion Fundamentalism Popular and Folk Culture Branches Hierarchical Religion Denominations Animism Describe Folk Cultures based on cultural diversity, the physical environment, and housing styles. How is American Popular Culture visible in other regions? Buddhism Christianity Islam Judaism Hinduism Sikhism Divisions Buddhism Mahayana Theraveda Tantrayana Christianity Roman Catholic Protestant Eastern Orthodox Islam Sunni Shiite Why do some resent the spread of popular culture, and how do they respond? M TH TA How does popular culture impact the environment? Uniform Landscape Increased demand for natural resources Pollution RC P EO SU SH Practice FRQs Why are universalizing religions the most wide spread of global religions? A. Identify and explain ONE way that tourism has diminished regional landscape distinctiveness. B. Identify and explain ONE way that tourism has enhanced regional landscape distinctiveness. Describe the number of followers and location of the following branches of each Universal religion. Buddhism Christianity Mahayana Roman Catholic Sunni Theraveda Protestant Tantrayana Eastern Orthodox Islam Shiite At the same time that English is solidifying its role as the world’s premier lingua franca, lesser-used minority languages (such as Welsh, Basque, and Inuktitut) are undergoing revival. A. Sacred Sites How do religions impact the cultural landscape? Examples Treatment of Dead Architecture Toponyms Discuss three distinct factors promoting the revival of minority languages in the face of globalization.
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