The English Renaissance 1485 - 1660 Names and Terms to Know A. вЂў 1. Copernicus: Copernicus was a Polish astronomer who proposed that the earth moved around the sun. вЂў 2. Henry VIII: Henry VIII was the second Tudor King of England. вЂў 3. Armada: A fleet of ships, the Spanish Armada, tried to invade England, but failed. Names and Terms A cont. вЂў 4. Elizabeth I: was the daughter of King Henry VIII and possibly EnglandвЂ™s greatest monarch. вЂў 5. James I: was the first Stuart King of England. He succeeded the childless Queen Elizabeth. вЂў 6. Martin Luther: a German theologian, Luther taught that people needed a relationship with God, he began the Reformation Movement. Names and Terms B. вЂў 1. Renaissance means rebirth. The Italian Renaissance was a rebirth of culture and renewed interest the classics. During the English Renaissance, England grew more powerful as a nation and absorbed and reworked new European ideas. Names and Terms B. cont. вЂў 2. The Protestant Reformation created conflict in Europe and in English society. Protestants and Catholics fought each other and various monarchs represented either side. England first became Protestant under Edward VI (1547-1553), a brief Catholic restoration between 1553 and 1558 under Queen Mary, and return to Protestantism by Elizabeth (1558-1603), Names and Terms B. cont. вЂў 3. During ElizabethвЂ™s reign, England asserted itself as a military power against Spain. The nation prospered and was culturally enriched by the influence of the European Renaissance. England's literature blossomed as well as poetry and drama . Essential Question 1 A 1. A real place as a Launching Pad for the Imagination a. Elizabethans came to the theater to be amused, uplifted, and instructed. b. William Shakespeare wrote his play Macbeth in order to gain favor with James I who was Scottish and fascinate with witchcraft. Essential Question 1 A cont. 2. Drama and the Expansion of London a. Why were plays staged outside of LondonвЂ™s city limits? Actors and plays were officially regarded as disreputable. b. Why did writers come to London? To enjoy the stimulating life of a bubbling, artistic community. Essential Question 1 A cont. вЂў 3. Pastoral Dreams вЂў a. What did Greek and Roman pastoral poems do? They celebrated the beauties of a simple or natural life. вЂў b. English poets wrote pastorals in order to: escape from the stresses of a city life. вЂў c. Give an example of one English pastoral and its author: Christopher MarloweвЂ™s, вЂњThe Passionate Shepherd to his Love.вЂќ Essential Question 1 A cont. вЂў 4. Change in the Meaning of вЂњEnglandвЂќ вЂў a. What two events launched England in the world stage? The defeat of the Spanish Armada and colonization of the New World. вЂў b. By the early 1600вЂ™s, English writing was being read by people all over the known world. Essential Question 1 B вЂў B. Follow the directions and complete 1,2,and 3 on your own. Essential Question 2 вЂў 1. Belief as an Issue вЂў a. During this time the religious affiliation of England changed four times. вЂў b. How were religious and political loyalties tied together during the time of the Tudors? Catholic and Protestant rulers determined the current national religion, and those who supported the monarch were those who practiced his or her religion. Essential Question 2 A cont. вЂў 1. cont. вЂў c. Why was Sir Thomas More executed? He opposed King Henry VIIIвЂ™s divorce and his Church of England. (He remained loyal to the Pope.) вЂў d. What was Mary Tudor's policy regarding religion? She restored Catholicism and persecuted Protestants. Essential Question 2 A cont. вЂў 2. WriterвЂ™s Response to Problems of Belief. вЂў a. What was the вЂњKing James BibleвЂќ intended to accomplish? To provide a single scripture for the Church of England. вЂў b. What scientific issues were also in dispute at this time? The shape of the earth and earthвЂ™s relationship to the sun. Essential Question 2 A cont. вЂў 2. cont. вЂў c. What s a major theme in ShakespeareвЂ™s play Macbeth? How to separate illusion from reality. вЂў d. How did Columbus, Luther, Galileo, and Copernicus affect peopleвЂ™s beliefs? Columbus brought Europe to the New World, Luther enabled people to find an alternative to Catholicism, Galileo and Copernicus showed that peopleвЂ™s beliefs about the universe were wrong. Essential Question 2 B. вЂў B. Follow the directions and complete 1,2,and 3 on your own. Essential Question 3 вЂў 1. Rediscovering the Classics вЂў a. Both the Renaissance and the Reformation involved going back to earlier writings and translating them for new ones. вЂў b. How did the views of the ancient Greek and Roman classic writers differ from the views of traditional Christians? The Greeks and Romans were pagans. Essential Question 3 cont. вЂў 1. cont. вЂў c. What is Humanism? Humanism is based on the values of classical writers, and presents a human-centered view of life. вЂў d. Give three examples of classic works that were translated into English during the Renaissance. HomerвЂ™s Iliad, PlutarchвЂ™s Lives, ad Virgil's Aeneid. Essential Question 3 cont. вЂў 3. Religion and Literary Tradition вЂў a. In what country did the sonnet for originate? Italy вЂў b. Describe how the вЂњKing James BibleвЂќ came into being. King James wanted a standardized bible for the churches to use. The scholars he appointed used Latin, Greek, and Hebrew texts. The King James bible is still in use today. Essential Question 3 вЂў B. Follow the directions and complete 1,2,and 3 on your own.