U.S. II -- Chapter 6 Section 5 Section Review Questions - Page 253 #1-5 Vocabulary 1. Explain the significance of: poll tax, segregation, Jim Crow laws, lynching, Ida B. Wells, Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. DuBois poll tax a tax on all citizens registering to vote In 1890, Mississippi required a $2 poll tax to vote, more than most African Americans could afford Poll tax receipts from Navarre County, Texas 2 Vocabulary 1. Explain the significance of: segregation, Jim Crow laws, lynching, Ida B. Wells, Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. DuBois segregation separation of the races Jim Crow laws laws that enforced discrimination (probably from popular song, “Jump Jim Crow”) 3 Vocabulary 1. Explain the significance of: lynching, Ida B. Wells, Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. DuBois lynching hangings without proper court proceedings Ida B. Wells fiery young African American woman from Tennessee, launched a fearless crusade against lynching in 1892 4 Vocabulary 1. Explain the significance of: Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. DuBois Booker T. Washington most famous African American of the late 19th century, influential educator, proposed that African Americans concentrate on economic rather than political goals W.E.B. Du Bois leader of a new generation of African American activists; saw no reason to give up civil rights, even temporarily 5 Main Ideas 2. Describing Under what kind of conditions did many African Americans in the South live in after Reconstruction? Conditions were little better than slavery because African Americans owned no property and gained little or no economic freedom as sharecroppers 3. Identifying How did Southern states restrict African American voting in the 1890s? Poll taxes, literacy tests, grandfather clause Main Ideas 4. Organizing Use a graphic organizer similar to the one below to list the responses of some prominent African Americans to racial discrimination. African American Response to Discrimination Ida B. Wells Wrote against lynching Booker T. Washington Urged African Americans to prepare educationally and vocationally for equality W.E.B. Du Bois Campaigned for civil and voting rights and helped found the Niagara Movement Critical Thinking 5. Big Ideas How did Booker T. Washington’s answer to racial discrimination differ from that of W.E.B. Du Bois? Washington concentrated on achieving economic goals rather than legal and political ones. Du Bois was concerned with protecting legal and voting rights.
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