Cancer is one of the most prevalent fatal chronic disorders with a high mortality rate due to its extremely invasive nature and prolonged duration of disease. Bone cancer is a type of cancer in which the bone tissues grows in an uncontrollable manner. This growth may be benign or malignant. In most cases bone cancer results from other cancers such as lung cancer, kidney cancer, prostate cancer, and breast cancer, which is also called secondary or metastatic bone cancer. The major and primary symptom of bone cancer is severe bone pain, which usually intensifies with time. In addition to pain, symptoms such as weight loss, fever, fatigue, muscle pain, bone crack, osteoporosis and osteopenia are also identified. Diagnosis of bone cancer includes understanding patient’s history and reasons causing pain. Besides, bone cancer can be diagnosed using imaging techniques such as computerized tomography (CT), bone scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET) scanning, and biopsy tests.
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