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中1 文法①(2014年).indd

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1st Grade
34 複数形(2)
1
Exercise
1 次の英文を複数形にしなさい。
⑴ This is a chair.
this,that,it の複数形(肯定文)
These are chairs.
⑵ That is a book.
❶ これはペンです。
Those are books.
This is a pen.
単
複
These are pens.
訳
これらはペンです。
⑶ It is a dog.
They are dogs.
⑷ This is a ball.
These are balls.
❷ あれはノートです。
単
That is a notebook.
複
Those are notebooks.
⑸ That is an egg.
Those are eggs.
⑹ It is an apple.
They are apples.
あれらはノートです。
訳
⑺ That is an orange.
Those are oranges.
❸ それは私の本です。
key
point
単
It is my book.
複
They are my books.
訳
それらは私の本です。
2 次の英文を単数形にしなさい。
⑴ These are lemons.
This is a lemon.
⑵ Those are bags.
❶ 単数形と複数形の書き換え
単数
複数
This is ∼
These are ∼
That is ∼
Those are ∼
It is ∼
They are ∼
❷ 単数形から複数形の書き換えは,a をとって複数形にする。
❸
複数形から単数形の書き換えは,a をつけて単数形にする。ただし,my,
your がある場合は a をつけない!
That is a bag.
⑶ They are guitars.
It is a guitar.
⑷ These are my watches.
This is my watch.
⑸ Those are your pens.
That is your pen.
⑹ They are your cards.
It is your card.
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Lesson 34 複数形(2)
1st Grade
this,that,it の複数形(否定文)
2
Exercise
1 次の英文を否定文にしなさい。
❶ ⒜ These are pens.
否
訳
⑴ These are CDs.
These are not pens.
これらはペンではありません。
否
Those are not my notebooks.
訳
あれらは私のノートではありません。
⒞ They are boxes.
⑶ They are horses.
They are not horses.
⑷ These are caps.
These are not caps.
否
They are not boxes.
訳
それらは箱ではありません。
⑸ Those are your bikes.
❷ ⒜ This is not a desk.
⑵ Those are books.
Those are not books.
⒝ Those are my notebooks.
These are not CDs. ▶ are の後に not を置くだけ。
Those are not your bikes.
⑹ They are trains.
They are not trains.
複
These are not desks.
訳
これらは机ではありません。
⑺ These are my chairs.
These are not my chairs.
⒝ That is not a book.
2 次の英文を複数形にしなさい。
複
Those are not books.
訳
あれらは本ではありません。
⒞ It is not my watch.
key
point
⑴ This is not my box.
These are not my boxes.
⑵ That is not your computer.
Those are not your computers.
複
They are not my watches.
訳
それらは私の時計ではありません。
❶ be 動詞
(is,am,are)
の否定文は,be 動詞の後に not を置くだけ。
⑶ It is not a pencil.
They are not pencils.
⑷ This is not an apple.
These are not apples.
⑸ That is not a lemon.
Those are lemons.
⑹ It is not an orange.
They are not oranges.
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Lesson 34 複数形(2)
1st Grade
3
this,that,it の複数形(疑問文)
Exercise
1 次の英文を疑問文にしなさい。
❶ ⒜ These are oranges.
⑴ These are computers.
Are these oranges?
疑
Are these computers?
訳
これらはオレンジですか。
答
Yes, they are. / No, they are not.
⑵ Those are foxes.
⑶ They are boxes.
⒝ Those are lions.
疑
Are those lions?
訳
あれらはライオンですか。
Are they boxes?
⑷ These are your desks.
Are these your desks?
Yes, they are. / No, they are not.
答
⒞ They are eggs.
訳
それらは卵ですか。
答
Yes, they are. / No, they are not.
⑺ Those are your notebooks.
Are those your notebooks?
2 次の英文を複数形にしなさい。
複
Are these your desks?
訳
これらはあなたの机ですか。
答
Yes, they are. / No, they are not.
⑴ Is this a car?
Are those knives?
⑷ Is this your guitar?
訳
あれらはあなたの犬ですか。
答
Yes, they are. / No, they are not.
答えるときには,they を使って答える。
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⑵ Is that a knife?
Are they chairs?
Are those your dogs?
❶ be 動詞
(is,am,are)
の疑問文は,be 動詞を文の先頭に出すだけ。
❷
Are these cars?
⑶ Is it a chair?
⒝ Is that your dog?
point
Are those your dogs?
Are they your cats?
Are they eggs?
❷ ⒜ Is this your desk?
key
⑸ Those are your dogs.
⑹ They are your cats.
疑
複
Are those foxes?
Are these your guitars?
⑸ Is that your cap?
Are those your caps?
⑹ Is it your bag?
Are they your bags?
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2014/10/10 12:28
Lesson 34 複数形(2)
1st Grade
4
this,that,it の複数形(疑問詞)
Exercise
1 次の英文を複数形にしなさい。
❶ ⒜ What is this?
複 What
⑴ What is this?
are these?
What are these?
訳 これらは何ですか。
⑵ It is an orange.
(⑴の答えとして)
They are oranges.
⒝ What is that?
複 What
are those?
⑶ What is that?
What are those?
訳 あれらは何ですか。
⑷ It is a cup.
(⑶の答えとして)
⒞ What is it?
複 What
They are cups.
are they?
⑸ What is it?
What are they?
訳 それらは何ですか。
⑹ It is a guitar.
(⑸の答えとして)
❷ ⒜ これらは何ですか。
They are guitars.
What are these?
2 次の日本語を英語に直しなさい。
それらはペンです。
⑴
They are pens.
What are these?
⒝ あれらは何ですか。
⑵
What are those?
⑶
They are books.
あれらは何ですか。
What are those?
単数
point
それらは私の鉛筆です。(⑴の答えとして)
They are my pencils.
それらは本です。
key
これらは何ですか。
複数
What is this?
What are these?
What is that?
What are those?
What is it?
What are they?
⑷
それらは私の車です。(⑶の答えとして)
They are my cars.
⑸
それらは何ですか。
What are they?
⑹
それらはあなたのノートです。
They are your notebooks.
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Lesson 34 複数形(2)
1st Grade
this ∼ ,that ∼の複数形(発展編)
5
Exercise
1 次の英文を複数形にしなさい。
❶ ⒜ このペンは新しい。
単
⑴ This building is new.
This pen is new.
複
These pens are new.
訳
これらのペンは新しい。
These buildings are new.
⑵ That pencil is long.
Those pencils are long.
⑶ This table is big.
⒝ あの本は古い。
単
That book is old.
複
Those books are old.
訳
あれらの本は古い。
These tables are big.
⑷ That bike is old.
Those bikes are old.
2 次の英文を( )内の指示にしたがって書きかえなさい。
❷ ⒜ These computers are nice.
⑴ These books are interesting.
(否定文に)
否
These computers are not nice.
訳
これらのコンピューターはよくない。
⒝ Those books are interesting.
⑵ Those dogs are lovely.
(否定文に)
Those dogs are not lovely.
⑶ These desks are great.
(否定文に)
否
Those books are not interesting.
訳
あれらの本はおもしろくない。
❸ ⒜ These cats are young.
These desks are not great.
⑷ Those eggs are small.
(否定文に)
Those eggs are not small.
⑸ These apples are good.
(疑問文に)
疑
Are these cats young?
訳
あれらのネコは若いですか。
答
Yes, they are. / No, they are not.
Are these apples good?
⑹ Those notebooks are new.
(疑問文に)
Are those notebooks new?
⑺ These pencils are old.
(疑問文に)
Are these pencils old?
⒝ Those desks are old.
⑻ Those oranges are fresh.
(疑問文に)
疑
Are those desks old?
訳
あれらの机は古いですか。
答
Yes, they are. / No, they are not.
Are those oranges fresh?
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These books are not interesting.
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2014/10/10 12:28
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