Chapter 20: Late Medieval and Early Renaissance Northern Europe

 Chapter 20: Late Medieval and Early Renaissance Northern Europe Define these Terms
Key Art Terms: donor portraits, altarpiece, diptych, polyptych, matte, tempera, glazes, sfumato, sibyls, finial, iconoclasts, stretcher bars, vanishing point, perspective, orthogonals, lunette, cherubs, print, edition, relief, intaglio, woodcut, engraving, drypoint, etching, cross‐hatching, parallel hatching, silverpoint, stylus, burin Key Architectural Terms: chartreuse, monastery, mausoleum, rotunda Exercises for Study: 1. How does Rogier van der Weyden’s Saint Luke Drawing the Virgin (Fig. 20‐9) typify Flemish painting of the 15th century? 2. Select a work from the Holy Roman Empire that exhibits Late Gothic characteristics, and describe them. 3. Describe how the Trés Riches Heures du Duc de Berry (Figs. 20‐15 and 20‐16) exhibit a new naturalism and merge secular and religious concerns. 4. Compare and contrast the following pairs of artworks, using the points of comparison as a guide. A. Jan van Eyck, Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife (Fig. 20‐6); Petrus Christus, A Goldsmith in His Shop (Fig. 20‐10) •
Subjects: Function of paintings: Symbolism: B. Melchior Broederlam, Retable de Champmol (Fig. 20‐3); Robert Campin, Mérode Altarpiece (Fig. 20‐1) •
Function/placement: Subjects & settings: Spatial illusionism: Chapter Questions
What is the region of Flanders? (535) Who were the patron and the artist of the Merode Altarpiece? What is the subject of this artwork?(535) Flemish entrepreneurs established the first international commercial __________ ________.(536) In figure 20‐3, list one aspect that is influenced by Romanesque and Gothic. (539) The Retable de Champmol foreshadowed the widespread adoption of oil paints. What were some advantages of this new medium? Who was credited with this invention?(539) What is the major theme of the Van Eyck’s Ghent Altarpiece? What was the medium of this art work? Why do you think this became the hallmark of Flemish panel painting? (541) What is the scene or event taking place in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife? There are lots of symbolic objects in this artwork. What does the clogs, dog, broom, and single candle burning symbolize? On the painting is an inscription that reads, “Jan van Eyck was here.” What do you think is the meaning?(541) In Christus’s, A Goldsmith in His Shop, there are many objects depicting as an advertisement for the goldsmiths’ guild. List at least four of these items. (546) Bouts’s Last Supper displays four servants in Flemish attire. Who are these people? Bouts’s Last Supper is one of the earliest paintings to demonstrate the use of __________ ________ for creating perspective. How does he create this effect and where is the end of this point? (547) What was the most famous manuscript illumination? It represents the _____ months of the seasonal tasks of nobility and peasantry. How did they depict the nobility and peasantry (551) Describe the landscape the Witz depicted in the Miraculous Draught of Fish. Martin Schongauger was the most skilled Northern Renaissance master of _________ ________. (553)