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HOW TO SELECT A GOOD DENTIST BLOOD IN THE URINE

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HOW TO SELECT A GOOD DENTIST
By ALBERT C. KOPPEL, D.D.S.
BLOOD IN THE URINE DANGER
By OLIVER E. THOMPSON, M.D.
Better meals
for better living
Families everywhere now enjoy the many flavorful ways that Loma Linda VegeBurger can add zest and
hearty appeal to daily menus. So delicious and easy to prepare.
Calorie for calorie VegeBurger actually has more protein, iron, calcium, niacin, and vitamins
B1 and
B2
than many popular protein foods. Better yet, VegeBurger has no animal fat,
therefore tends to keep blood cholesterol levels low.
Loma Linda VegeBurger ready cooked makes quick "burger" sandwiches, patties, and baked dishes.
Try serving this easy stuffed tomato recipe and watch your family pass their plates for more!
You'll find VegeBurger and a variety of Loma Linda
vegetable protein foods at your food store.
Additional recipes on the label. Write Loma Linda Foods, Arlington, California,
g6hror
Vegeli
or Mount Vernon, Ohio, for descriptive folder and recipe leaflet.
rt+44PRort
or • Co,,,,I,v4.5
NE1Wr.
14 Ca.
STIOVE9 1C01VENTOIES
Linda
itz cup eon
VegeBurger
medium size tomatoes
(Veen peppers or
onions may be used)
1.1/2 cups cooked
brown rice
rotoatpotice
1 cupsteotmoa
with peppers)
1 Ibsp. melted butter
or margarine
3 Ibsp. chopped onion
Scoop
out tomatoes and drain thoroughly (chop and
Vz
tsp. salt
use for tomato ul). Mix ingredients and fill torna
toes. Bake in moderate oven (350 .) for 30 minutes.
I
ger
Editor
J. DE WITT FOX, M.D., L.M.C.C.
JANUARY • 1962 • VOL. LXXVII, No. 1
Assistant Editor
MARY E. CASTOR
Medical Consultant
ROBERT A. HARE, M.D., F.A.C.P.
Consulting Editor
HARRY M. TIPPETT, M.A., Litt.D.
zgd
78th Year of Publication
THE NATIONAL HEALTH JOURNAL
Art Editor
T. K. MARTIN
Editor, Braille Life & Health
C. G. CROSS
FEATURE ARTICLES
Consulting Board of Editors
ROBERT
F.
THEODORE
J.
CHINNOCK,
M.D.
R. FLAIZ, M.D.
BLOOD IN THE URINE
E. O'NEIL, PH.D.
CHARLES SMITH,
SCARLET FEVER
J. Wayne McFarland, M.D.
8
Vera Killen Flaiz 10
Albert C. Koppel, D.D.S. 12
Kathryn L. Hagen, M.D. 14
M.D F.A.C.P.
WALTER E. MACPHERSON,
MAUD
A DAY'S FOOD
HOW TO SELECT A GOOD DENTIST
M.D.
WAYNE MCFARLAND,
THE COMMON COLD
D.D.S.
YOUR ANTIBODIES
Oliver E. Thompson, M.D. 16
Helen Spicer Menke!, R.N.
18
M.D., F.A.C.P.
HAROLD M. WALTON,
Contributing Board of Editors
ROGER W. BARNES,
JOHN
LEROY
M.D.,
F. BROWNSBERGER, M.D., F.A.C.S.
E. COOLIDGE,
M.D.
M.D., F.A.C.P.
GEORGE T. HARDING,
ARLIE
L.
R.N.
HERIN,
MOON,
M.D.
C. E.
PARRETT,
22
24
HOME NURSING
28
DIETITIAN SAYS
30
DELICIOUS HEALTH FOODS
32
HOUSEHOLD HEALTH
34
M.D.
MARY CATHERINE NOBLE,
0. S.
YOUR CHILD'S HEALTH
M.D., F.A.C.S., F.I.C.S.
HORACE A. HALL,
MAzie A.
M.D.
CRAWFORD,
CARL J. LARSEN,
20
FAMILY FIRESIDE
MARK COX, M.D.
ERWIN A.
FAMILY PHYSICIAN
M.D., F.A.C.S.
CYRIL B. COURVILLE,
J.
FOR HOMEMAKERS
F.A.C.S.
R.N., R.P.T.
M.D.
RANDOLPH,
MENTAL HYGIENE
M.D.
H. L. RITTENHOUSE, M.D.
HAROLD SHRYOCK,
M.D.
DUNBAR W. SMITH,
M.D.
LYDIA M. SONNENBERG,
HENRY W. VOLLMER,
KEYS TO HAPPINESS
GOLDEN AGE
13
26
M.A.
M.D., F.A.C.S.
R. G. CAMPBELL
Circulation Manager
J. M. JACKSON
Field Representative
S. L. CLARK
Field Representative and Advertising
LIFE AND HEALTH, copyrighted 1961 by the Review and Herald Publishing Association, Washington 12. D.C..
U.S.A. All rights reserved. Title registered in U.S. Patent Office.
A FAMILY MAGAZINE FEATURING RELIGIOUS HEALTH INFORMATION. The official journal of the
Home Health Education Service. Published monthly by the Review and Herald Publishing Association,
Washington 12, D.C. Second-class postage paid at Washington, D.C.
CHANGE OF ADDRESS: Send to LIFE AND HEALTH, Circulation Department. Washington 12, D.C., at least
30 days before date of the issue with which it is to take effect. Please send us your old address with
your new one, enclosing if possible your old address label, to avoid error in old and new lists.
SUBSCRIPTION PRICE. U.S. CURRENCY. U.S. and U.S. possessions, 1 year $5.50. SLIGHTLY HIGHER
IN CANADA. Add 40c a year elsewhere. All subscriptions must he paid for in advance. Single copy,
50 cents, U.S.A.
JANUARY, 1962
3
"CANNING AND FREEZING"
Are daily pressures
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FAMILY PHYSICIAN
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DEAR EDITOR:
I am a subscriber to LIFE AND HEALTH
and enjoy your Family Physician column.
MRS. CHARLES C. COUSINS
RAISE THE FLAG!
INTERESTING
DEAR EDITOR:
DEAR EDITOR:
I have read a lot of magazines and
books, but on page 14 of LIFE AND HEALTH
for March, 1961, you really hit the nail on
the head ["Hardening of the Liver" by
William T. Gibb, M.D.]. You could not
have described me any better if you had
examined me first.
After reading this article I feel that this
is a very important time of my life. I feel
ten years younger just reading this article.
My hopes had all been about shattered
as to a chance of getting better. I have
been treated ten years for stroke. . . . You
may start raising that flag when you get
this letter, as you mention in the article
on page 14, column 2, at the end of the
first paragraph. Alcohol does not tempt
me any more.
MR. A. S.
I find your magazine very interesting,
and read it all the time.
VERONICA WATROBA
Conemaugh, Pennsylvania
OUR JANUARY COVER
15, .14'11 Kdl, HAI 5,
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Bridgman, Michigan
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DEAR EDITOR:
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THE NATURA
WAY TO
HEALTHFUL
SLEEP
In the summer of 1961 we bought our
first freezer, and as I picked up the August issue of LIFE AND HEALTH I read
with great interest Emma Howell Cooper's article "Canning and Freezing."
In talking with some- other housewives,
I found that they agreed with her tastes.
We also enjoy very much the recipes
in each paper and hope to try all of
them each month. You know that the
proof of the pudding is in the eating.
Color Transparency by F.P.G.
Let's go sledding! The crisp, clear atmosphere and
crunchy snow are inviting.
Whether you go sledding, tobogganing, ,skiing, or
skating doesn't make too much difference so long as
you go out some time each day, even though the snow
is on the ground.
If none of these vigorous sports appeals to you,
bundle up warmly and take a walk. There is scarcely
an exercise better than just plain walking.
In this comfortable age, when human ingenuity has
provided every means to make life easy, save steps,
and create comforts, we are being robbed of our
health, which is to a large degree dependent on exercise. Exercising is something that cannot be done for
you. If you wish to have good vigorous health you
must do it yourself. A
I love your magazine, LIFE AND HEALTH.
It has more sense than all the others combined.
One thing perturbs me, however. In
the March, 1961, issue in the article
"Money Matters" [by Charles J. Stokes,
Ph.D.] Mrs. Meisner feeds a family of
seven on $52 a month. My one question
is How? I have four children, and the
very least I can manage with is $80 a
month, and then it is very simple fare,
for we are vegetarians. I would appreciate very much her secret, and I'm sure
others would too in these days of high
cost of living.
I thoroughly enjoyed the two installments by Dr. Parrett on "Why I Don't
Eat Meat." I am circulating these to my
friends.
MRS. W. M. BEACH
Albuquerque, New Mexico •
LIFE & HEALTH
March of Medicine
DID YOU KNOW?
DANGER FROM TRAMPOLINES
* The League of Red Cross Societies
and the International Committee of the
Red Cross recruited 47 medical teams, including surgeons, physicians, and nurses,
from 22 countries for emergency work in
the strife-torn Congo.
* ARC Certificates of Appreciation
were presented to two volunteers who gave
more than 1,000 hours of service to the
Warren County (Pennsylvania) chapter
of the Red Cross. They are Eugene B.
Brown, first-aid chairman, and Paul Steinkamp, water-safety chairman.
* Treasurer Paul A. Malmgren of the
Waltham (Massachusetts) chapter of the
Red Cross was given the 1960 distinguished service award by the Waltham
Junior Chamber of Commerce. Two former chapter chairmen—Randall P. Cameron, Jr., and Lee M. Fraser—were similarly honored in previous years.
* Seven new African states are planning to establish national Red Cross societies—Gabon, Ivory Coast, Malagasy
(formerly Madagascar), Mali, Niger,
Somalia, and Upper Volta.
* Interest in a youth leadership conference at Richmond, Virginia, caused 10
Charleston, West Virginia, boys and girls
and two teacher-sponsors to make an 800mile round trip by train to learn more
about helping others through Red Cross
service.
* The late William G. Sirrine, first
fund-campaign chairman of the Greenville (South Carolina) chapter of the Red
Cross, in 1917 bequeathed $13,000 to the
chapter in his will.
* Mrs. Albert Owens, Gray Lady
chairman for the Wichita Falls (Texas)
chapter of the Red Cross, has been honored with the presidency of the YWCA
in that city.
* More than 400 accident-preventionminded Chicagoans enrolled in the Chicago Red Cross chapter's largest peacetime first-aid program.
* Principal speaker at the Chicago Red
Cross chapter's annual meeting, May 4,
1961, was Ralph G. Newman, a Lincoln
and Civil War historian.
* Americans set a peacetime record for
blood donations through Red Cross in
1960. Donations through the 55 regional
blood programs totaled 2,442,700—highest
since the Korean conflict.
Trampolines can be dangerous as well
as fun. Many neck and back injuries have
been suffered—some leading to paralysis
or death, says Lloyd Jenkins, director of
safety services, Lancaster Chapter, American Red Cross, and coordinator of safety,
Lincoln public schools, in the Nebraska
Department of Health magazine Better
Health.
This type of exercise can be very healthful and under proper supervision can be
used to develop coordination, poise, balance, as well as to aid in posture building
and weight reduction.
The Lincoln public schools, realizing
the dangers of misuse, have developed
regulations to ensure the safety of students
using the trampolines.
Students serving as "spotters" are stationed on all four sides to guard against
any chance a student may have of being
thrown to the floor or of striking the
frame while jumping. Although these accidents are dangerous, the snap received
JANUARY, 1962
from the bed itself is an even greater hazard if the jumping is improperly done.
One must land flat in a front drop. If the
body is slightly tipped, with knees or
hands hitting the trampoline first, the
back may easily be snapped.
A full-time, trained supervisor more
than twenty-one years of age, with power
to enforce safety rules, shall be on duty.
No horseplay is tolerated.
No more than two people shall be assigned to a trampoline at any given time,
nor shall they attempt to jump until they
have received adequate instruction. They
shall walk, not jump, onto and off the bed.
In a commercial enterprise the trampoline should be located at ground level, and
there should be no running or pushing in
the area. Definite instructions should be
given each participant.
* * *
VITAMINS LOST IN CANNING
The destruction of vitamin Bo during
the processing of milk formulas is well
known, as shown by studies of Dr. L. R.
Richardson at the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas.
Additional studies show that serious
losses of vitamin Bo may also occur in
canned foods. Canning caused large losses
in the vitamin Bo content of the foods,
and storing for 9 to 15 months caused
further losses. A
NEXT MONTH
CORONARY
MAGIC WITH HERBS
Dietitian
BY JAMES A. BRUSSEL, M.D.
BY ARLEEN NELSON,
After a heart attack, follow your
doctor's orders closely, and you
may be able to follow a very
nearly normal life.
You can have a wonderful time
experimenting with many exotic
herbs in your kitchen.
NEVER ENOUGH NURSES
REGULAR FEATURES
BY JOYCE W. HOPP, M.P.H.
FAMILY FIRESIDE
The nursing profession needs recruits. It offers many interesting
kinds of work.
CHILDREN'S PHYSICIAN
DIETITIAN SAYS
• ek
5
States sometimes has to make changes
in his health habits if he is to survive.
When Dwight D. Eisenhower was still
a general in the Army his physician
advised him to stop smoking, and stop
he did. The rich reward: a longer and
healthier life. After his heart attack,
General Howard McC. Snyder had to
advise Ike to change his habits of eating. He eliminated some animal fats,
dropped his weight a bit, and survived
not only the heart attack but a heavy
surgical operation as well.
Other Presidents have developed
good health habits. President Harry S.
Truman, with whom I had a pleasant
visit recently, told me he gets up at
5:00 A.M. and takes a brisk walk of a
mile or two. He began this exercise
program while still a Senator, but the
habit was so valuable to his health
that he has continued it, even into his
retirement years. The reward: seventyABITS can be horrible, at least your face other than the one where seven peppy years and a pair of very
when it comes to changing them. you usually start the razor. Put your limber legs.
If ever a man thinks about changing hat on before your coat or vice versa.
President Herbert Hoover, also a
his habits and way of living, it is usu- Chances are you are such a slave of walker, gets up each morning to stroll
habit that to change would throw you the streets of New York below his Walally as the new year rolls around.
Millions of Americans sit down the off routine so much you'd be late to dorf Astoria Towers apartment. Work
first week in January each year, pad work.
has become his habit, and it is keepHabits often should be changed. ing him busy in his eighty-ninth year.
and pencil in hand, and outline a long
list of new year's resolutions they Even the President of the United
Even our youthful President John F.
Kennedy has developed the
know they should keep. By
February 1 the list has
habit of relaxing in a
fallen off the bedroom
rocker to give his back a
dresser into the wastebaslittle better support and
SUGGESTED HEALTH HABITS FOR 1962
ket, and the old habits conposture.
Remember, only one to a customer. One new
Habits, hard to change,
tinue on their merry way.
habit successfully formed can mean new health
We grow more ingrained in
are best corrected by suband happiness for you during the new year.
our unhealthful way of livstitution—slipping in a
1. Eat a balanced diet. Never skip or skimp breakfast.
ing, perhaps even to the
good habit in place of a
2. Breathe deeply. Ten deep breaths each morning to
point of endangering our
bad one. We cannot live a
blow the cobwebs from your brain.
vacuum life. We have to
lives.
Practically all the 30
, 3. Drink 8 glasses of water daily-2 before breakfast.
do something. The brain
Water is life's fluid.
million Americans who are
can think only one thought
overweight have been
at a time, so if we substitute
4. Avoid excesses—work, play, TV, idle talk.
warned by their doctor,
a happy thought for a sad
5. Stop taking habit-forming drugs—benzedrine, barwife, or friends that if they
one we are in essence
biturates, tranquilizers. Omit tea, coffee, alcohol.
don't reduce they will bechanging our habit of
6. Take time to live. Avoid hurry and worry. Do with
come insurance statistics.
thinking.
dispatch what you can. Control what is within your power,
But they can't make themThe only way to change
and leave the rest to God.
selves push away from the
your mental mood is to
7. Stop smoking. For the sake of your lungs, heart,
table or change their eating
think of the pleasant in
stomach, and mouth.
habits from rich, fatty,
place of the sour side of
8. Exercise daily. A brisk walk, a snappy swim, or a
sweet, high-calorie foods to
life.
game with the kids, preferably vigorous enough to work
fruit and vegetable foods.
The mistake too many of
up a sweat.
Everyone is a victim of
us make is trying to revolu9. Sleep 8 hours nightly. Go to bed an hour earlier.
habit. If you don't believe
tionize our lives come the
Relax before bedtime without TV, radio, or telephone.
it, just notice how you tie
new year. We're going to
drop our weight, quit
your shoes in the morning.
10. Get in tune with God. Take time to pray, meditate, enjoy quiet solitude, away from the hustle and
smoking, go to church,
Now tie them a different
bustle of life.
dress better, love the little
way. You can hardly change
lady more, take the kids to
your pattern. Try to shave
the park oftener, and begin
beginning on the side of
THE DOCTOR PRESCRIBES
FOR 1962
Just One New Habit!
H
6
LIFE Sc HEALTH
praying nightly. If we took on just one
of these improvements as a new habit
this year we would be accomplishing
more than if we resolved to do all,
then tossed the lot into the wastebasket in a few weeks.
One day while I was in the Army
I saw a big sergeant dump a huge
sack of potatoes before some KP's.
"Now, the way to peel these spuds," he
said very brilliantly, "is one potato
at a time."
Although his schooling wasn't great,
he learned one thing very well: You
can do only one thing at a time. If you
do that well, you've accomplished
something worth while. On the other
hand, if you butterfly from spud to
spud, taking a whack here and a whack
there, the potatoes never get peeled.
This year, let's change just one
habit. Once it is corrected, we'll move
on to another. The only way to do it
is to replace a bad habit with a good
one.
If we sit slumped in our soft chairs,
let's change the habit by sitting erect.
Keep your knees higher than your
hips and your abdomen taut. See how
much sharper you look, slimmer too;
most important, how much better you
feel, taking a load off your abdominal
organs, which are cramped by slumping.
Remember though, we suggest that
you tackle only one new habit for the
new year. Once you've mastered it,
you can try another. If each of us
incorporated one new beneficial habit
this year, it would be a better world.
Should you decide to walk a full
mile each day, you'll get rid of aching
legs and night cramps, perhaps backache, too.
If you drop your weight twenty
pounds you'll slip into your clothes
with new pride and confidence and
look into the mirror at a man or
woman with real will power.
Maybe regular churchgoing is to be
your new habit. It can help bring
happiness here and life hereafter
If giving more time to making
someone else happy is to be your
new habit, you can be assured that
true happiness will be yours, for happiness is won in no other way.
Yours for one new habit,
JANUARY, 1962
Oliver E. Thompson, M.D. ("Blood in
the Urine," page 16), practices urology in
Washington, D.C. He is a native of New
York State, a member of the Sons of the
American Revolution. He received his
A.B. degree from Columbia Union College, and after teaching a year went on to
medical school at Loma Linda University,
Loma Linda, California, where he received
his M.D. degree.
Dr. Thompson took postgraduate studies in urology with Dr. Louis Bazet, of
San Francisco, who inspired further study
in the University of Vienna, Austria,
Johns Hopkins Hospital, and New York
Hospital, New York City.
Dr. Thompson was head of the department of urology at Battle Creek Sanitarium, Battle Creek, Michigan, for five
years.
In his leisure time he enjoys sailing
and photography.
Academy of General Dentistry, an organization that encourages a program of
continuing education for the dentist.
His physician wife, the former Elizabeth Adams, is an anesthesiologist. The
Koppels have two daughters, aged five
and six. Their household at this point is
busy and alive, for the girls have seven
kittens, six turtles, five chameleons, and a
toy poodle that is expecting puppies.
Recently Dr. Koppel locked the door
to his practice and spent one semester
teaching at the School of Dentistry at
Loma Linda University.
He drives a Volkswagen, and Dr. Betty
drives an Oldsmobile. In addition to his
many outside interests, family activities,
dentistry, and the dental office are his
main hobbies.
* * *
Margaret Tinley ("A Heart Patient's
Hints," page 34) was born at home, as
was proper in the Midwest at that time.
Officiating at the birth was her father's
sister, Mary, whose grade average was 98.75
per cent when she got her M.D. degree
from the University of Nebraska ten years
before.
* * *
It was Aunt Mary who saw Peggy
through two bouts of rheumatic fever.
The disease left her with the damaged
Albert C. Koppel, D.D.S. ("How to Se- heart that gave her lifetime experiences
lect a Good Dentist," page 12), is a enough to write "A Heart Patient's
Washington, D.C., dentist. He was reared Hints."
Dr. Mary Tinley insisted that she keep
on a potato farm in central New Jersey.
He attended Columbia Junior College, up her schoolwork, even though she was
received his D.D.S. degree from Emory out of school for weeks. "Nothing's wrong
University School of Dentistry, Atlanta, with her mind" was Aunt Mary's philosoGeorgia, did a dental internship at Gar- phy. Peggy needed seven years to complete
field Memorial Hospital in Washington, work for her college degree. With it she
D.C., and took a year's graduate work in got a certificate from the school of journaloral surgery at the University of Pennsyl- ism at the University of Nebraska. She was
vania Graduate School of Medicine.
woman's news editor of her hometown
Dr. Koppel served two years in the daily, the Council Bluffs Nonpareil, and
U.S. Army as a captain in the Dental she retired January 1, 1961, because of
Corps. He was stationed at Wurzburg, physical disability. She has since been
Germany, the city where Roentgen dis- doing free-lance work, hoping to prove
covered X-rays. He is a member of the that "nothing's wrong with her mind." •
7
H, IT'S nothing. Just a head cold. But what
an awful time to have one—with a carload
of relatives coming! I haven't the slightest
idea where I picked the thing up."
Have you ever said such words? More than likely
you have, and probably you didn't have the slightest
idea that the extra tension you were under in getting
ready for the in-laws had anything to do with your
sniffles. But it did have something to do with them,
as medical research can tell you.
Any extra tension load—whether overwork, lack
of sleep, overeating, or a quarrel with the neighbors—
can change the body's defenses and lay a person wide
open to attack by many types of organisms.
The nose is a wonderful organ. It houses the nerve
endings of smell; it is the entrance for life-giving
oxygen to the lungs and body; it is one of the escape
hatches for poisonous carbon dioxide given off by
the lungs; it conditions the air by warming, humidifying, and filtering it before it enters the body. Stopping
dust and germs from entering the body and preparing
the air for the lungs requires a well-regulated filtering
system.
To help you avoid catching cold you have tiny
microscopic hairs (called cilia) lining the entire nasal
cavity, which includes the bony cavities in the face
called sinuses. The maxillary sinuses are located deep
in the cheekbones; and the frontal are just above and
behind the bridge of the nose. Hidden deep in the
()
wallpaper (mucus) in these apartments is miraculously
self-regenerating. As it forms, it slides slowly along
the walls to and through the ventilators, and merges
with the paper in the hall. From there it is thrown
down the back stairs (throat) into the incinerator.
Fancy having clean carpets and wallpaper from cellar
to garret every twenty minutes."
Dr. Proetz showed what would happen if the
maxillary sinus in your cheekbone were a room ten
feet square (it is little more than an inch square):
"It is dark, for the only communication with the
outdoors is an eight-inch ventilator, which opens under
a penthouse in the hall.
"The walls, ceiling, and floors of this antrum are
lined with the thinnest imaginable velvet, for the cilia
even now are only 1/42 inch long and 1/300 inch
thick. Yet if one were to heave a washtubful of molasses
and a bucket of sand into that room, they would
mop it up, carry it across the floor and discharge it
through the ventilator in a short ten minutes!"—
Adapted from Essays on the Applied Physiology of the
Nose, pp. 219-221.
Anything that upsets this mechanism of the nose,
is going to produce trouble, and here the common
cold comes in for discussion. The chemical reaction
of the mucous secretions of the nose is slightly acid
normally, but when a head cold starts, that secretion
becomes alkaline. It changes in consistency, becoming
thick and heavy, and the little hairs cannot move it
the COMMON
bones are the ethmoid and sphenoid sinus cavities.
The job of the Cilia, or hairs that line these sinuses,
is to be waving ever outward a continuous stream of
very fine mucus. This mucus is actually a layer that
lies on top of these fine hairs. It is like a continuous
belt pushed ever forward by the movement of the
cilia. Germs, dust, and foreign particles are trapped
on this layer of mucus and conveyed to the nasal
passageway.
So efficient is the cleansing action of this remarkable germ-and-dust trap that it can kill many organisms on contact. To get an idea of how remarkable
this protective mucus and the cilia on which it is
carried are, note an illustration from Dr. Arthur
W. Proetz, a leading scientist in the field of ear, nose,
and throat diseases. He compared the nose and its
sinuses to a duplex apartment, the sinuses being the
rooms, and said:
"These rooms have no doors, only ventilators. The
8
A J. WAYNE MC FARLAND, M.D.
There is good news for
you if you always have a
cold—you can build up bodily
resistance so that you very
seldom come down with a bad cold.
LIFE & HEALTH
FIRST OF TWO PARTS
A. Dk.VANI
COLD
along and get it out of the way. In time it becomes a
perfect hotbed for germs.
What changes the mucous secretion to alkaline from
a normal reaction? Ah, that is where the quarrel
with the neighbors, a week of too much tension, or
lack of sleep plays a major role. Scientists have measured such reactions on the nasal secretions by very
fine instruments. As soon as you are under stress the
chemistry changes and the secretions start for the alkaline side.
Most of us have organisms in the nose that can
produce head-cold symptoms, but they, never get a
chance, because our resistance is high. When we are
cold resistant, the secretions of the nose are acid. We
keep them that way by getting regular rest, using a
wholesome and adequate diet, and controlling our
emotions.
Good circulation is another factor in this complex
problem of the common cold, and it is not stressed
JANUARY, 1962
enough. The person who has cold hands and feet and
is sensitive to drafts has an abnormal circulation, not
only of the skin on the outside of the body but also of
the skin lining the inside of the nose. He would see a
very interesting thing happen when he sits in a draft
if he could look inside the nose. When his arms and
legs are chilled, he has constriction of the blood
vessels in the skin of hands and feet. At exactly the
time this is going on he would see the blood vessels
inside the nose grow smaller and the circulation slow
down. A normal person may have some slowing down
of circulation when he is cold, but never does it last
as long as in the cold-sensitive person.
When the circulation slows down anywhere in the
human body, we are headed for trouble. In the nose
it means that germs are ready to go to work.
Can you do something to ward off colds? Is it possible to change from cold-sensitive and cold-susceptible to noncold-sensitive? You can do something, and
the first thing to plan for is adequate rest.
In all the experiments conducted on human beings
to discover what can be done to help them build up
resistance to the common cold, the factor that cannot
be overlooked is rest. Fatigue causes imbalance in
circulation, particularly chronic fatigue from loss of
sleep and other causes.
Even more interesting were the tests run on people
who had many head colds. In the experiments the
secretions of the nose would always return toward the
normal acid reaction when they were lying down and
at rest. If the sufferers got up and followed everday
activity, the secretions of the nose stayed abnormal—
alkaline—and it took longer for the mucus to become
acid. That means the cold hung on.
Here's how to avoid colds:
1. Get regular rest. A haphazard program of eating, sleeping, and recreation tends to frustration and
fatigue. Fatigue and exhaustion are at the opposite end
of the scale from rest. For cold prevention, the rule
is plenty of physical rest.
2. Get mental rest. It is as important as physical
rest.
Emotional tension probably is one of the big
factors in frequent colds.
A man who was involved in the experiment on
colds was following instructions to build up his body
resistance. The tests of the scientists showed that his
circulation had improved and he was getting along
very well, was free from sniffles. Then he began to
have one cold after another again. The physicians
checked the man's program for preventing colds. He
hadn't slipped up on anything, his schedule was exactly right. The tests showed poorer circulation in
the nose.
Finally the physicians checked on his emotional
health, discovered that he was very much worried
about his work as a teller in a bank. The colds
started up when he began to worry about his work,
and they stopped when his work situation was chinged.
This experience shows how directly thoughts can
affect circulation of the nose. In a cold-susceptible
person, there is direct relationship between head
thoughts and head colds.
3. Get an adequate diet. We used
(To page 21)
9
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Day's
Food
INC GALLOWA
by VERA KILLEN FLAIZ
ROM my experience in following the conventional recipe, I find that there is an excessive
amount of oil, cooking fat, and butter used—
more than is necessary for good flavor, and far
more than is desirable from the health standpoint. I
have made it a study to develop recipes that possess the
zest and flavor of the choicest dishes, but without the
calorie-adding high-fat content often used.
In serving a meal, the homemaker should try to
make the dishes appetizing in appearance as well as
to the taste. Mealtime should always be a time of
happiness and contentment for good digestion.
If you know of a lonely person in your area, a serviceman, a visitor in your church, invite him to your
home whenever possible. You will be surprised at the
pleasure you will receive, besides the good you will
be doing him.
Here are menus for a day, with recipes.
BREAKFAST
Breakfast Wheat Cakes*
Grapefruit Sections
Hot Drink
DINNER
Jellied Cheese-Relish Salad*
Celery, Olives, Carrot Sticks, Thinly
Sliced Raw Turnips
Carrot Bread*
Strawberry Angel Pie*
Hot or Cold Drink
Tomato-Sauerkraut Appetizer*
Green Rice*
Mock Chicken a la King*
Little Beets (thickened with cornstarch and
delicately cooked with lemon and honey)
Baked Acorn Squash
SUPPER
Hot Chocolate or Postum Made From Soy Milk
Hot Fruit Toast* or Cold Fruit Soup
Sliced Cream Cheese and Crackers
BREAKFAST WHEAT CAKES
cup wheat kernels soaked overnight in 3/4 cup water
cup milk
3 eggs
3/4
34
1 tablespoon oil or melted butter
1/2 teaspoon tartrate baking powder
1/4 teaspoon salt
Drain water from soaked kernels, add milk, place in blender, and run 3 to 5 minutes
until wheat and milk appear like thick cream. Add egg yolks and run 1 minute longer. Add
oil, baking powder, and salt. Just turn blender to mix. Fold in stiffly beaten egg whites.
Cook on large grill so that the wheat cakes can be eaten at once. Serves 2 to 4.
TOMATO—SAUERKRAUT APPETIZER
To one large can of tomato juice add one
can sauerkraut juice.
Juice of I lemon.
Little sugar and salt to taste.
* See recipe.
10
LIFE & HEALTH
GREEN RICE
3 tablespoons chopped chive or onion
3 tablespoons chopped green pepper
3 tablespoons chopped parsley
2 envelopes of G. Washington Broth seasoning
(golden). If used, add no salt.
3 eggs
1 tablespoon chicken-style seasoning
(McKay's is good)
3 cups cooked rice
3 tablespoons oil (regular recipe used 1/2 cup)
1 cup grated cheese
3/4 cup milk
Brown onion, green pepper, and parsley in 1 tablespoon oil. Add seasoning, simmer
few minutes. Remove from heat. Add remaining ingredients; egg yolk and stiffly beaten egg
whites last. Bake 350° F. 1 hour. Serves 6 to 8. Serve with mock chicken S la king.
MOCK CHICKEN A LA KING
Onion as desired
2 tablespoons chopped parsley
1/2 to 1 cup fresh mushrooms, sliced
2 cups medium cream sauce (mushroom soup is good)
1/2 cup celery, cooked
Add no salt.
2 ounces chopped pimento
3 hard-boiled eggs
1 tablespoon chickenlike flavoring
1 package G. Washington Broth seasoning
(golden) dissolved in 1/2 cup boiling water.
Slightly brown onion, parsley, and mushrooms. Add cream sauce, celery, pimento, and
seasonings. Add a little milk if too thick. One small can water chestnuts with the hardboiled eggs may be added last. Serve on Green Rice.
JELLIED CHEESE-RELISH SALAD
1 package vegetable gelatin
2 cups water or fruit juice
2 tablespoons mayonnaise
1 cup (or less) whipping cream
2 ounces Philadelphia cream cheese
1/2 cup small-curd cottage cheese
1 small can crushed pineapple, drained
1 cucumber, minced
1/2 cup nuts, chopped
Dissolve gelatin in 1 cup boiling water, add 1 cup cold water or fruit juice, place in
refrigerator until set, then beat—adding mayonnaise, whipped cream, and the remaining
ingredients. Place chopped nuts in bottom of individual molds before adding mixture.
Serves 8 to 10.
CARROT BREAD
11/2 cups flour (2/3 cup whole-wheat,
remainder white)
1 teaspoon tartrate baking powder
1/2 cup sugar (regular recipe uses 3/4 cup)
1/4
cup cooking oil (regular recipe uses 1/2 cup)
2 eggs
1 teaspoon cinnamon
1/2 to 1 cup grated raw carrots
1/2
teaspoon salt
Place all ingredients in electric mixer, mix on medium speed for 3 minutes. Bake in oiled
loaf pan or square baking dish at 350° F. for 1 hour.
STRAWBERRY ANGEL PIE
4 egg whites
1 cup sugar
Salt as desired
11/2 teaspoons cornstarch
Beat egg whites until they stand in peaks and are quite dry. Add sugar, salt, and cornstarch. Bake in buttered piepan at 275° F. for 30 minutes or 300° F. for 20 minutes.
Filling
4 egg yolks beaten with 1/2 cup sugar
1 cup water
2 tablespoons cornstarch
Juice of 1 large lemon
Combine all ingredients in order given. Cook in double boiler until thick. Cool. Add
fresh strawberries, peaches, or favorite fruit. Place in thoroughly cooled meringue shell.
Top with whipped cream.
HOT FRUIT TOAST
I medium-size can mixed fruit
3/4 cup grape juice
4 tablespoons Minute Tapioca
1 can blueberries or pint box fresh blueberries
1 apple, minced
Drain juice from canned fruit, add grape juice, thicken with tapioca, add fruit. In
cold weather serve on 6 slices bread toasted until dry and crisp and then lightly buttered.
Place minced apple on toast, cover with thickened fruit.
HOT-WEATHER VARIATION
Use the same ingredients, only use less tapioca and possibly more juices. You may add
canned plums and pineapple juice. Cool in refrigerator. Serve cold. •
JANUARY, 1962
11
When you and your family move
to a different city or when your own
dentist moves out of
town, you need to know the best
way of finding a new doctor
to take care of the
teeth of all the family.
MAZINGLY, 32,804,000 Americans move each
year. Suburbia is growing. Job transfers are
frequent. New people in a community need
many new services—a convenient shopping
center, a reputable pharmacy, a family physician,
and a family dentist.
Finding a good dentist may be a problem to longtime residents, but it is particularly perplexing to new
residents. The yellow pages of the telephone directory
do not give a comparative classification of dentists
as to their professional efficiency and mechanical
ability.
In selecting a dentist you are not interested in one
who merely treats a toothache. You want one who is
sincerely interested in you and your oral health problems. It is only natural for your family to want a
continuing professional relationship.
You can select such a dentist. Although you may not
have scientific knowledge and technical know-how,
you can evaluate the ability of this professional man
you seek. Your judgment of a prospective dentist's
competency may be based on a visit or two in his
office.
Dentistry functions in a limited area with welldefined procedures. It has regard for detail, exactness,
neatness, and contour. It deals with symmetry, precision, and cleanliness. It has to do with the creation of
beauty—the beauty of a smile. These characteristics
should pervade a good dentist's daily life—even phases
not directly connected with dentistry. You may judge
him by these things you can see and understand.
How
to select a
A
12
GOOD
TIST
A ALBERT C. KOPPEL, D.D.S.
Human beings have certain attitudes and ways of
doing things that are consistently evident in every
activity of their lives. If you could pry into the
personal clothes closet of a top-notch dentist, no doubt
you would find the hooks on the clothes hangers hung
tidily on the rod facing one direction. Look in his
garage, and you would see hoe, hammer, spade, and
saw hung neatly in the place provided.
A frequent jest among dentists is their hoarding
of little boxes and bottles. Dealers in dental supplies
are aware of this habit, and they cleverly package
many items in natty little boxes and bottles. Why this
attraction for small containers? Only this—the realizaLIFE & HEALTH
tion that they may prove useful for orderly storage of
small items used by him in his work.
What is the dentist's reputation in your community? People require the professional man who
serves them to be impeccable in his business practices
as well as in his skills. They themselves may not be
prompt in paying their accounts with local merchants,
but the dentist is expected to honor his obligations
without delay.
What regard does he have for the spiritual values
of life? The dentist deals not merely with teeth but
with human beings, who many times need the vibrant
touch of spiritual encouragement.
Is he always late for service club meetings and
church services? Then his dental schedule is very
likely met in the same way.
Nothing succeeds like success. The dentist you are
looking for will have an established practice. People
appreciate his doing more than talking. The good dentist practices the prevention of dental decay. His own
teeth are in a good state of repair. Everything about
him shows the same meticulous care and attention.
His automobile will not show a fender wrinkled on
last winter's slippery streets.
What do you see outside and inside his office? The
answers to the following questions will assist in your
evaluation:
1. Is the outside of his office neatly painted?
2. Is his office lawn cut regularly? edged and
trimmed?
3. Is his name sign professional and neat?
4. Is the reception room attractive and tastefully
furnished?
5. Is the reception-room reading material slanted
to help you in better understanding good dental health
and good dentistry?
6. Does he (and his staff) treat patients in a kind
and friendly manner?
7. Does he have modern equipment for sterilization of instruments and easy, pleasant work on
patients?
8. Are his operating rooms spick and span?
9. Does he wash his hands each time he returns to
treat you?
10. Is his uniform clean?
The dental office has many small instruments and
supplies. To be effective in dental surgery, anesthesia
administration, tooth-shade selection, and cavity preparation, every item must be placed consistently and
neatly.
Many people have fear of the dental chair dating
back to childhood. Only the pain of a severe toothache
will drive them to it. The good dentist is aware of
this apprehension, and does his best to allay it. He
uses methods of medication and anesthesia to minimize discomfort and nervousness. "Painless Dentistry"
used to be an advertising slogan, but so improved are
modern procedures that it is now taken for granted.
The good dentist takes time to do a thorough examination. He uses X-ray, study models, and other
diagnostic aids to ensure correct diagnosis.
Because his interest is in the over-all health of
(To page 25)
your mouth, not in one filling
JANUARY, 1962
By
HARRY M. TIPPETT
M.A., Litt.D.
the
LEGACY
of
TIME
philosopher who frittered away many
A HOMESPUN
years putting off decisions and actions to a more con-
venient season came to himself one day and made this
pertinent observation, "I have spent my life in the land
of tomorrow, and in no other land are the rents so high."
Borrowing time from tomorrow's budget to squander
on today's leisure exacts the highest usury rates one can
imagine. Tomorrow with fair face and smooth tongue
flatters the laziness and irresponsibility of the passing hour
and woos wisdom from its judgment seat. The chief
harvests of mafiana land are frustration and self-reproach
over the foundered projects of yesterday.
Out of the evil days of Domitian, which were not unlike our own stressful times, comes the penetrating comment of Martial:
"Tomorrow I will live, the fool doth say;
Today itself's too late; the wise lived yesterday."
Deficit spending, borrowing from tomorrow's expected
assets, whether on a national or individual scale, is a
gambling kind of procrastination. The deferred-payment
plan has lured many nations and countless individuals
into insolvency.
Putting off the day of accounting is perhaps more tragic
in its effect on physical health and spiritual peace than
in its cost in material security. For fear of what the doctor
may find, thousands delay their physical examinations,
only to discover too late some malignancy or disability that
could have been corrected. Other people, lest they miss
today's fun and frolic, let indulgence have full sway, sidestepping the moral code, putting off the day of reconciliation with God, only to meet in a most inconvenient hour
the irrevocable decree, "Thou fool, this night thy soul
shall be required of thee" (Luke 12:20).
It is not within the province of this journal to preach;
but for richer, happier living in 1962 let's try exploring
TODAY for its true values and noble potentials. •
13
CREDIT: LEDERER L
s
STEVEN DOHANOS, ARTIST
The quarantine sign helped people avoid disease by its
warning of illness in a home. Prevention is the best way.
A. 13, NNI
Get your child to a doctor if he has serious symptoms.
CARLET FEVER is an acute infectious disease
of childhood that is much milder since the
advent of penicillin. It is still a serious disease
because of the possible complications and the
mild cases that are overlooked. We no longer encounter the malignant form of scarlet fever, and
death is rare. Mothers and fathers of today can be
thankful for the advances in medicine that remove
such diseases from the danger zone for their children and save many lives that in years past would
have been sacrificed.
The onset is sudden, with sore throat and rise in
temperature. Vomiting may occur. The cheeks are
flushed, and there is pallor around the mouth and
nose. The tongue is coated at first, but soon there
are red spots (swollen papillae) visible through the
white film. This is known as the strawberry tongue,
or strawberry-and-cream tongue by some. The white
coating disappears, and the tongue becomes red, with
the papillae prominent, by the fifth to the seventh
day. We call this the raspberry tongue.
Within forty-eight hours a fine red-spot rash begins
on the neck and chest, spreads over the body but not
the face. It fades on pressure, but reappears promptly
when the pressure is released. In mild cases the rash
may be overlooked. The rash may last a few hours to
several days before it fades. Peeling may take place
immediately, or not for one to two weeks. It is more
14
marked on the hands and feet than it is on the body.
Scarlet fever is not very contagious in the early
stages and first few days of the rash. Prompt isolation is very helpful in preventing the spread of the
disease. The cases that go unrecognized are the chief
sources of infection, which is spread by the secretions
of the nose and mouth in droplet form. These droplets may contaminate the hands and articles such as
handkerchiefs, linens, and toys. It is certain that germs
can be found on the floors, walls, and ceiling of the
patient's room. The germs can be air-borne within
a room. Foods, especially contaminated milk and ice
cream, have been the cause of some outbreaks.
Streptococci have long been considered the cause
of scarlet fever. There are several strains that can
cause it. An epidemic may be caused by one or more
strains, with first one and then the other predominating. There does not seem to be any uniformity in
their occurrence.
Scarlet fever has been thought of as a disease
with a rash. In recent years the early use of antibiotics and antihistamines has no doubt masked or
decreased the rash, which is really an allergic part of
the infection. Because of the decreased rash, no doubt,
many mild cases have not been diagnosed as scarlet
fever but as strep throat, a familiar phrase. Not all
of these streptococci germs have power to produce
toxins, which are actually the cause of the rash.
LIFE & HEALTH
droplet sprays during the late incubation and early
invasion period. Patients who develop discharging
ears or glands are still a source of infection.
A tongue as red as a strawberry, sandy
Immunization against scarlet fever is available.
skin rash, and inflamed throat tell your
Because of the possibility of occasional severe reactions, it has not been used widely. It is of value to
doctor that you have scarlet fever. He
persons who will be constantly exposed, such as nurses
must prevent complications with care.
working on the contagion wards.
Scarlet fever is more common in temperate zones.
It is a constant potential danger in cities, causing
occasional epidemics. Most
cases occur in the winter
and spring months.
Isolation of persons having scarlet fever should
be for not less than seven
days, and longer if the
throat is not normal or if
there are draining ears or
glands. All persons coming
into intimate contact with
the patient should be given
penicillin to protect them
against the disease.
Diagnosis is made on
the findings during the
time of illness. A nose-andthroat culture showing the
growth of a hemolytic
(blood-dissolving) streptococcus
helps support the
KATHRYN L. HAGEN, M.D.
findings. The white blood
cell count is fairly high,
with a certain type cell
predominating.
Treatment is not difficult in the average case. It can be carried on nicely by
The appearance of the rash depends on the power
the home nurse—the mother or a relative who may
of the germ to produce a toxin, as well as on the
come in to help her. Complete bed rest, plenty of
natural immunity of the individual. If a person has
fluids, and a light diet as tolerated are indicated. Headinherited or at some time developed an antitoxin
ache and sore throat are treated as indicated. Measures
immunity (antitoxins in the blood stream against
to control vomiting are used when necessary. Penia particular toxin) he will get tonsillitis or a local
cillin is the medicine of choice for scarlet fever.
infection, but no rash will appear. These four factors
—toxin- or nontoxin-producing germs and antitoxin
Complications are treated as they present themselves. Infected glands, ears, and sinuses, also acute
or nonantitoxin immunity—plus all the strains of
kidney infections, can develop. The use of penicillin
germs able to cause scarlet fever could very easily
keeps these complications well controlled or commake a definite diagnosis difficult unless the doctor
pletely in abeyance. Too many people believe that
who is in charge of the patient runs tests that show
one or two shots of penicillin should clear all sore
him exactly what condition is present in each person
throats. Your doctor only should decide whether you
who has a sore throat.
need penicillin for a sore throat.
One attack produces protection against scarlet
Treatment for ten days is none too long for the
fever with the rash and against the particular strain
average strep throat in order to prevent the poststrepcausing the attack. Thus a person may have more
tococcal state, which is characterized by vague aches
than one infection in one year. Relapses, especially
and pains, pallor, loss of appetite, and many other
in hospital wards, do occur, but they are now believed
possibilities. Nephritis, or kidney disease, is one of
to be a new infection contracted from a new patient
the most dreaded results. The treatment may seem
in the next bed suffering from a different strain.
It is all too plain that scarlet fever with all its
long and expensive at the time, but it will be much
less expensive moneywise and healthwise in the long
possibilities is still with us, only presenting itself
run if carried to completion, and the germs are
through different strains of the same germ family.
eradicated.
The incubation period is from two to six days
Health is to be desired above all else, because
after direct contact. Generally, the more serious the
with it we can enjoy the best things in life, we can be
case, the shorter the incubation period. Like most
happy and free. •
other contagious diseases, scarlet fever is spread by
SCARLET
FEVER
JANUARY, 1962
15
EMATURIA (blood in the urine) is one of
the most important and significant of urinary
symptoms. In a study of 2,800 cases of urogenital diseases Mackenzie found 21.6 per cent,
or 500, had abnormal bleeding.
Every case of hematuria is either total, initial, or
terminal.
In total hematuria the entire urinary output is
stained red. To the doctor this condition suggests
bleeding from within the bladder, especially if the
patient has no pain.
In initial hematuria, only the first portion of the
expelled urine is bloody. It suggests lesions of the
prostate or urethra.
Terminal bleeding often shows as a few drops
of blood-stained urine after the bladder is emptied.
It suggests diseases of the bladder outlet or posterior
urethra.
The longer blood stays in contact with urine the
greater is the blood change from bright red to a
dark, rusty color. Kidney bleeding is likely to produce
a dark, smoky urine. If kidney bleeding is excessive,
the urine may be bright red and contain clots that
are wormlike because they have passed down the
ureters (the tubes carrying the urine from the kidneys to the bladder). The passage of these clots is
very painful.
Blood in the urine can come from a variety of
causes. It usually means some serious lesion or disease.
Tell your doctor about it without delay. It should
always be investigated promptly by a physician. It
is rarely constant, is usually intermittent in character.
There may be months or years between appearances.
It is not an indication for symptomatic treatment,
but is a warning signal that merits immediate thorough investigation. The family physician should at
once make some investigation, and refer the patient
to a urologist (specialist in urinary diseases) for more
complete urologic study.
"Gross hematuria" denotes a condition in which
there is enough blood in the urine to give it a reddish color. "Microscopic hematuria" denotes an increased number of red cells in the urinary sediment.
Normal urine contains a few red blood cells; as
many as 500,000 may be found in a 24-hour specimen,
according to Addis. The physician will call for an
Addis count when he thinks it is required.
The kidneys are placed one on each side of the
spinal column in the midback, in an area sometimes
called the loins. They secrete and excrete waste products from the blood stream.
Millions of little tufts of blood vessels (glomeruli)
enclosed in capsules act as filters. They transfer the
urine to the tubules in the kidneys, which carry it
on to the pelvis, or the collecting part of the kidney.
From there it is carried down through the ureters to
the bladder. The bladder, or reservoir, collects the
H
16
in the
Urine
urine from the kidneys and retains it until the person empties it.
The bladder is a muscular organ situated in the
lower part of the abdomen, protected by the bony
structure of the pelvis, or the hip bones. The urethra
empties the urine from the bladder. In the male the
urethra passes through the lower portion of the
prostate area. In the female the urethra is a much
shorter and less complicated structure.
Bleeding can come from any one or several parts
of the urinary tract. If the physician suspects that
the blood is coming from the upper urinary tract,
it is important for him to determine the amount of
bleeding and whether it is from the right or left
kidney.
The causes of hematuria may be classified as general, or systemic (which are mainly outside the genitourinary system), and local (which are mainly in the
genito-urinary system).
For general causes we think of such conditions as
scurvy, yellow jaundice, and leukemia. Local causes
may be divided into these categories:
1. Bleeding from the lower tract, caused by posterior urethral infections; stricture, or tightness of
the canal, due to ulceration and irritation from infection or foreign bodies, prostatic conditions, tumors,
and stones.
2. Bleeding from the midtract, caused by bladder
LIFE & HEALTH
If a person notices
blood in the urine, he should
tell his doctor about
it, for it is one of the symptoms
not to be neglected.
OLIVER E. THOMPSON, M.D., F.I.C.S.
A. 0,
JANUARY, 1962
stones, tumors of the bladder, ulcers, infections, and
diverticula, or pockets, due to overstretching of the
bladder and rupture of its outer layers.
3. Bleeding from the upper tract, caused by stones,
strictures, and tumors of the ureters; stones, tumors,
tuberculosis, other infections of the kidneys, and inflammation of the kidneys, called nephritis (nephros,
meaning "kidney"; and iti.s, "inflammation"), acute
and chronic nephritis of the tubules and the glomeruli.
The five most important causes of bleeding are
stones, infection, tumors, tuberculosis, and nephritis.
The past six or seven years have seen remarkable
developments in diagnosis and treatment, owing
largely to discoveries in bacteriology. The fields of
research have discovered the various antibiotics. Refined techniques of the laboratory have made better
diagnosis possible. Increase in scientific knowledge
gives help in clearing up some of the more stubborn
urinary-tract infections. Medicine also has made
advancement.
Treatment of hematuria depends on the cause.
If the cause is infection, the physician must determine
which bacteria are present. He does so by taking
specimens of urine from both kidneys if there is
reason to Aspect that they are at fault, and sending
them to the laboratory for cultures and testing of
sensitivities of the bacteria to the various antibiotics.
The proper antibiotics will help clear up the infection.
Urine cultures must be taken with sterile technique else they will be of little help. Some of the
bacteria present in chronic infections become resistant
to the antibiotics that earlier would have cleared up
the infection. This fact emphasizes the importance
of early treatment and staying with it until all signs
of infection are gone.
Negative cultures taken after a course of treatment show that the infection has cleared. Repeat cultures may be necessary if there are pus cells in the
urine, if there is temperature, and if general wellbeing has not returned. If stones are present, they
must be removed; strictures must be dilated to improve drainage; tumors removed and sent to the
pathologist for diagnosis.
Chronic infections must receive treatment. When
they are present elsewhere in the body, sooner or
later the kidneys are involved. Tuberculosis, infected
tonsils, sinuses, abscessed teeth, chronic appendicitis,
chronic gall-bladder trouble, and constipation put an
added load on the kidneys. Sooner or later there are
bacteria in the kidneys that are hard to remove. To
treat the urinary tract and not investigate chronic
or acute infection elsewhere in the body is a waste of
time and money.
Preventive medicine is still the best means of
treatment. The old saying that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure is worth heeding. The
average person can do more than he is doing to
prevent kidney trouble with all its ills and other
diseases by keeping up his body resistance. The ten
rules for good health are fresh air, exercise, rest,
recreation, wholesome food well prepared, sunlight,
proper bathing externally and internally, no worry(To page 29)
ing, ample clothing, and good cheer.
17
OU are no doubt familiar with the wonder
story of the blood. You know that the red
cells carry oxygen to the body tissues and
keep them supplied with food, and the white
blood cells protect us from many infections.
A small boy came into the doctor's office for a
blood count. Immediately he said, "Oh, I know what
you are looking for. You want to see whether I have
any little fighters in my blood."
Our body has ways of protecting us from diseases
besides the help of the white cells.
The skin is our first line of defense, and if bacteria are able to break through this barrier and get
into the blood or body tissues, they can make plenty
of trouble. Sometimes these poisonous fellows sneak
into our food or slip into the nose and ears and set
up housekeeping. The mucous membranes of the
nose, mouth, and intestines protect us from invasion
of poisonous bacteria, but there are some diseaseproducing germs that can penetrate even these barriers.
Usually a certain disease is caused by a specific
organism. In order to diagnose a particular disease,
the doctor must find the bacteria or virus known to
cause this type of illness in the material taken from
the site of the infection, from the blood, or from the
tissues of the person who is harboring the germs.
Often these disease-producing bacteria have the
same chemical composition as the body cells, and as
soon as they gain entrance into the tissues they attach themselves to the living cells. Each type of bacteria produces its own particular kind of poison.
When the bacteria attach themselves to the cells and
begin producing their poisons, the cells are not able
to receive their nourishment from the blood, and
soon will die.
The cells must begin their fight for existence.
They manufacture specialized bodies to fight the bacteria that have attached themselves to them. These
specialized substances have been given the name antibodies. If enough of these antibodies are manufactured to destroy the killer germs and their toxins,
the body will be able to overcome the disease.
Even after the sickness has been conquered, the
body cells continue to produce these antibodies. They
find their way into the blood and tissues and form a
reception committee that is ready to attack these same
bacteria if they should gain entrance at some future
time. The more of these specialized antibodies produced, the better our resistance to the disease.
Some bacterial and viral diseases give us a lasting
immunity from further attacks, because our cells are
continually making the antibodies that protect us.
Others may produce only a short period of immunity,
for the antibodies are not produced in great enough
quantity for lasting protection.
It is an interesting fact that antibodies have varied
18
•V.
' • ......
Your
methods for destroying bacteria. They are too small
to be seen, and the only way we can know of their
presence is by the reaction that takes place in the
blood or skin when brought in contact with the bacteria they were manufactured to destroy. This antibody reaction is used in diagnosing specific diseases.
Let us consider typhoid fever. If the characteristic
symptoms that point to typhoid are present, a positive
diagnosis can be made by testing a sample of blood
to determine whether the antibodies against typhoid
bacteria are present.
A sample of blood is drawn, and the serum, or
fluid portion, is mixed with some live typhoid bacteria on a slide or in a test tube. When the two are
mixed, something interesting takes place. You can
watch the bacteria gathering together in groups. If
there are a large number of antibodies in the serum,
the bacteria will be clumped even when the serum
is diluted many hundreds of times. When this takes
LIFE & HEALTH
place, we know that there are typhoid organisms
present in the blood of this person, for the serum
contains the specialized antibodies for destroying
typhoid bacteria.
Virus diseases are caused by bacteria too small
to be seen by the ordinary microscope, but in recent
years it has been found that these tiny killers also
can be destroyed by specific antibodies.
Science has found that people can be made immune from certain diseases by the injection of either
weakened bacterial toxins or killed bacteria. These
inoculations cause the body to manufacture the same
antibodies it would if it were harboring the bacteria
and had the disease. Before these scientific facts were
known, the only way that an immunity could be produced was by having the disease.
Do you see now why it is so important that you
and your children be protected by these inoculations,
so that they will not fall victim to
these infections? Because of the widespread program of inoculation, diseases such as diphtheria and smallpox have almost disappeared. Some years ago the
famo
usWillard Parker
Alany
disease
neutralizers
protect you from
repeated illness
Antibodies
by
HELEN SPICER MENKEL,
R.N.
Vaccines contain antibodies that
are designed to help your system
ward off any prevalent diseases.
JANUARY, 1962
Hospital in New York closed its doors for lack of
patients. This hospital was built seventy-six years ago
and functioned as a special communicable-disease center. The coming of preventive inoculation eradicated
the need for specialized hospitals for such diseases as
diphtheria, smallpox, measles, and other childhood
killers.
It has been only in the past few years that science
has been able to produce a vaccine for the crippling
disease poliomyelitis. This vaccine has forced polio
to take its place with the other diseases that have been
practically wiped out.
When the body cells produce these antibodies, we
say there is an active immunity present. If you should
be exposed to a communicable disease and have never
had injections to produce the antibodies against it,
you can still be protected by an injection of serum
containing the antibodies. These antibodies have been
built up over a long period of time by the cells of an
animal, usually a horse, that has had injections of the
same organism to which you have been exposed. This
procedure will give you what is called a passive immunity, because it lasts only as long as the antibodies
remain in your blood. It may protect you until the
danger of the infection that is threatening you has
passed.
Any substance injected into the body that causes
it to produce antibodies against itself is called an
antigen. Some of the antibiotics act as antigens, and
when introduced into your system they cause your
cells to produce antibodies. These antibodies cause
trouble when you receive the antibiotic the next time.
This reaction may result in hives, skin eruptions,
and other annoying symptoms. We then say that you
are sensitive to that antibiotic.
Even the horse serum that contains the antibodies
is a foreign protein substance, and the body may produce a reaction to it by manufacturing antibodies
against it. That is the reason your
(To page 21)
3he 3amaj Yhjsician
We do not diagnose or treat disease by mail, but answer general health questions. Enclose
stamped, addressed envelope. Address: Family Physician, LIFE & HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C.
Vitamin B.
Brittle Fingernails
Can any harm come from taking vitamin B,„ over a long period of time?
What can I do about fingernails that
peel and break? I have tried using fingernail polish, but it only seems to make
them worse. I have heard that gelatin is
good for strengthening the nails. Is this
true?
We are not aware of any symptoms that
follow the use of vitamin B12. In fact, to
our knowledge some people have used it
for a period of several years regularly.
No Sugar in Blood
A relative of mine has been diagnosed
as having no sugar in her blood. From
the combination of this difficulty and the
medicines prescribed, she gets extremely
upset. Is a lack of sugar in the blood curable? How long will a cure take?
The symptoms you mention and the
diagnosis your doctor made as to the blood
condition of your relative suggest that she
probably has functional hypoglycemia.
This is not a true diabetic state, although
sometimes we find it running along very
close to diabetes, the patients having periods of very low blood sugar and then
periods of very high blood sugar interchangeably. This fluctuation in blood
sugar shows that there is an upset in the
regular body process.
The marked nervousness and upset of
the nerve balance is a symptom to be
noticed. The doctor observes various
items in treatment, according to the individual. We have under observation at the
present time such a patient, to whom we
give insulin on occasion, but most of the
time recommend his subsisting on a high
protein diet. This does not mean a meat
diet, but one relatively higher in protein
than the average diet.
It is probable that the condition is
rather uncertain of being cured, but we
believe it can be regulated by intelligent
and proper guidance. One afflicted in this
way should keep in quite close contact
with his physician for guidance in dealing
with new problems as they may arise from
time to time.
20
It would be our thought that fingernail polish might dry the nails and cause
more peeling than before.
Fingernail polish contains chemicals
that for some nails may have a drying effect. In some cases, women have noticed
their nails breaking after using polish for
many months without any period of rest
for the nails. A more moderate use of
polish may be tried.
The splitting or breaking of the nails
commonly comes when they are dryer
than they should be and the normal
cohesion of nail tissue is disturbed. Some
doctors have thought that brittle nails reveal a shortage of minerals in the diet.
The nails are very similar in structure
to the skin, and anything that detracts
from the nutrition of the skin might well
do the same for the nails. Some of the
more coarse vegetables have been recommended in the diet to bring about improvement in the nails and reduce splitting and shelling.
We are not aware of the value of
gelatin in matters of this kind. Preparations such as lanolin or olive oil rubbed
about the nail and around its skin connections may prove of some help.
* * *
Dropped Kidney
NIGHT IN THE HOSPITAL
By MARION LEONARD
Quiet is wrapped around me here,
Cool hands bring ease where pain has
reigned,
And gentle whispers calm the fear
Of fevered dreams. Now I, sustained
In spirit and stilled of mind, walk
hand
In hand with you in night-thought
land.
I will remember this when I
Come home, and I will pause, letting
Remembered quietness untie
The knotted hour while we, forgetting
The hurried rush of time, bask in the
word
Of spoken love my night thoughts
heard.
Two years ago, X-ray photographs
showed that I had a dropped kidney, and
I was fitted for a support. But I have constant pain in my right side, back, and
leg. Would surgery be wise for me?
Even though X-rays showed dropping
of the kidney two years ago, we think
the wisest plan to follow now, if there
is still trouble, is to have a new examination that will determine the present condition of the kidney on the right side.
The position of the kidney may or may
not produce other symptoms. We have
known people with dropping of the kidney who were free from distress and were
able to go along quite normally healthwise. But if the dropping of the kidney
interferes with its function, intercepts the
flow of urine, or in some other way upsets
the normal economy of the body, then of
course surgery should be evaluated.
The present condition of the kidneys
and their function should be considered
in any decision calling for surgery on
these organs. •
LIFE & HEALTH
YOUR ANTIBODIES
(From page 19)
physician injects a small amount of the
horse serum under the skin before giving
the full dose if you have had an injection
of the serum at a previous time. If the skin
surface becomes red and angry, he knows
that you have built up a reaction against
this foreign protein at some earlier time.
He will then give you smaller doses over
a longer period of time to cut down the
danger of a severe reaction.
All these injections must be given and
taken only under expert advice and constant observation, for the production of
immunity is a wonderful yet complicated
advance in the treatment and prevention
of disease.
There are many diseases for which no
immunity has been established, such as
tuberculosis, cancer, and the common
cold, but science marches on with rapid
strides. •
THE COMMON COLD
(From page 9)
to speak of certain vitamins as being especially needed by people suffering from
colds, and in a way that is true. They are
vitamin A (as found in any highly colored fruit and vegetable) and vitamin
C (as found in citrus fruits). Now we
learn that it is important to have all the
vitamins and minerals. Besides these, a
balance of protein, fat, and carbohydrate
is still a big factor in good body resistance.
4. Eat foods containing many vitamins
and minerals and few sweets.
In one experiment, the scientists found
that in the cold-sensitive group a high
sugar or carbohydrate diet caused increase of cold symptoms. If you are one of
these susceptible-to-colds people, less
white sugar, candy, cake, pie, and ice
cream should be one of your rules. For
general health, the average American eats
far too much sugar and not enough protective foods, such as fresh fruits and
vegetables.
In winter, citrus fruit more than once
a day is an excellent idea.
If you wish additional vitamins and
minerals in tablets or capsules, that is
quite all right. To be sure you are getting the right amount, consult your family physician. •
JANUARY, 1962
CAN GERMS BE BY-PASSED?
By WILLIAM J. CROMIE
NFRIENDLY germs can kill you if
U they are not by-passed or overcome.
You must know how they act and how to
evade or conquer them.
Although the action and reaction of a
germ invasion is alarming, you need not
despair. Nature has provided outer and
inner lines of defense. If you observe her
safeguards, you may sidetrack a germ
onslaught. In other words, you can bypass germs.
The outer line of defense is prevention. The over-all method of prevention
is to keep your body in a state of vital
resistance. In order to do this you must
employ agents in the materia medica of
nature:
1. Fresh Air and Sunshine. Resistance
against germ warfare is lowered if the
air breathed is unclean. Gas from the
exhaust of a car is bad. The air in theaters
and other crowded places is impure. You
may counteract the ill effect of these conditions by having plenty of fresh air
while you sleep.
Sunshine, after all, is not only the
source of all life, light, and heat but also
the greatest germ destroyer. Get plenty
of sunbaths.
2. Regular Exercise. Activity is life,
and stagnation is death. This is true of
the body. Physical exercise different from
your occupational activities is a must.
After sixty years of practice I conclude
that walking is the best exercise. Muchused leg muscles will condition the lungs,
give health, and outdistance germs. Also
include swimming in your exercise
agenda.
3. Adequate Sleep. Sufficient sleep will
reinforce resistance against sleepless bacteria. For the fatigue of a strenuous day's
work, restful sleep has the power of automatic repair. Eight or more hours of
sleep will restore lost powers.
Physicians prescribe rest and sleep for
heart disease and nervous conditions.
Should we not take a hint and so bypass ill-health?
4. Bathing. Keep the skin clean by
bathing. The sweat glands in the body,
placed end to end, would make a sewage
system ten miles in length. Keep it clean.
At every opportunity take a package
bath that combines sun, water, and air.
And, incidentally, drink six or eight
glasses of water daily in order to keep
clean inside.
The inner defenses are clean nose and
throat, a healthy stomach, and friendly
antibodies.
1. Skin, Nose, and Throat. A normal
skin repels bacteria. If the skin, is cut or
broken, germs take over and may cause
even lockjaw or blood poisoning. When
it is injured, apply an antiseptic immediately.
Breathe through the nose, because the
hairs act as filters and prevent germs
from reaching the lungs. Gargle often
with salt water in order to tone the mucous membrane—a teaspoonful of salt to
a glass of water. When the throat feels
hot and begins to tickle, spray it with a
good antiseptic. This measure may sidetrack a cold.
2. Stomach. The stomach contains acids
that destroy putrefactive germs. If you
overeat or eat foods that are injurious,
you pave the way for a germ invasion.
A great affliction from errors in diet
is constipation. If you are so troubled,
eat a laxative, bulky food each day. A
few laxative foods are apples, peaches,
prunes, cherries, grapes, figs, rhubarb,
and oatmeal. Bulky or rough foods are
cabbage, broccoli, kale, lettuce, spinach,
and whole-wheat bread. Remember the
truism "You are what you eat."
If you are unsure about diet, get a
good book on diet that includes information on vitamins.
3. The Friendly Antibodies, White
Blood Cells, and Antitoxins. We should
assist these blood warriors in our effort to
build up a rich blood stream.
The over-all line of defense against
germs and bad emotions is the power of
a well-balanced mind. If the mind is
sick, the body is also sick. Extreme fear
and worry can cause mental illness. The
poisons of fear, worry, and frustration
can be as dangerous as deadly bacteria.
When the mind is tranquil, cheerful,
and hopeful, better health will be assured. Cultivate the virtues of faith and
love for their beneficial uplift. Proverbs
23:7 says: "As he thinketh in his heart, so
is he."
Don't be introspective. In other words,
don't indulge in self-pity by looking inward. Look outward—or better still,
look upward.
The only way to by-pass harmful emotions is to change the line of thought.
You should have a hobby or two, and
cultivate an interest in other persons.
You will find prayer and religion to be
excellent uplifts. Live a cheerful religious life.
You can by-pass deadly germs and
harmful emotions. The know-how is of
great value if you apply persistent action. •
21
Jour
Jicaltii
1D
'ol
Fathers and mothers, send your questions about your children to: The Children's Physician,
LIFE AND HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C., enclosing stamped, addressed envelope for reply.
By ROBERT F. CHINNOCK, M.D., Professor of Pediatrics, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California
Child's Appetite
up to three months ago our two-yearold girl seemed to have a good appetite,
but now she will not eat at all. What
shall we do?
There is a tremendous variation in the
eating pattern of children, and it is quite
common for them to eat better during
the first and occasionally second year of
life than they will eat later. Children
have the best appetite during those periods of life when they are growing rapidly, such as the first year of life and
adolescence.
So long as a child is healthy, gaining
weight adequately, and growing there
should be little concern if the food intake
is small. Make an attempt to see that the
child's food intake is well balanced. Omit
between-meal feedings when the intake at
meals is small.
Make mealtime a time of relaxation for
the family. If a child does not eat the food
placed before him in a reasonable time,
remove the plate without making an issue of it, and give no more food until
the next meal.
Too large a serving on a plate may discourage a child. Especially when a child
is not eating heartily make the servings
small. He will have the feeling that you
are not asking too much of him and that
he can eat what you give him.
Hip-Joint Disease
My 10-year-old boy has been having a
lot of pain in his hip, and we have been
told that there has been some destruction
of the bone in the hip joint. Is this likely
to cause permanent damage?
During the years of adolescence it is
not uncommon to see a condition that
when X-rayed shows some destruction of
the bone. It may be in the hip, knee, foot,
and occasionally other bones of the body.
When this condition is in the hip, it is
known as Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.
When after examining a youngster and
his X-rays a doctor makes this diagnosis,
the outlook for eventual complete recovery is usually good. At times it may be
necessary for the youngster to be kept off
the leg for a period of time, and in severe
cases bed rest may be indicated.
If the change in the X-ray picture is
caused by infection of the bone or a
growth in the area, the outlook is not so
favorable as when the diagnosis of LeggCalve-Perthes is made.
Fresh Fruit for Babies?
Is it true that you should not give children under one year of age fresh fruit
such as berries and peaches?
In general, it is preferable to give children under one year of age cooked fruits,
with the exception of banana and at
times scraped apple. Cooked fruit is a
little less likely to be laxative and generally is better tolerated by very young
children than raw fruit. Raw foods tend
to have larger particles, which are easily
lodged in the throat and may cause choking.
Do not give a baby berries, because the
seeds might lodge in his throat and cause
him to choke. •
•..••••-•
FROM WHERE I STAND
By JEAN CARPENTER MERGARD
The school's dismissal signal shrills.
After a pulsing pause, there spills
Through gasping doors the youthful
throng,
Whose energies, pent up too long,
Erupt now with an echoed whoop.
Seeing this homogeneous group
Of bodies, each equipped complete
With swinging arms, shoe-scuffing feet,
And busy head, I never fail
To marvel at the fine detail
Exceptionally manifest
That sets our child off from the rest!
Whenever a growing child has persistent pain, limping, or limitation in the
use of one or more of the joints, see to it
that he has prompt examination by a
physician.
2.2
LIFE & HEALTH
LISTEN TO YOU
By WILLIAM I. RANKIN
THE personnel director of a famous
department store in Chicago once
said, "Every year I must interview at
least a thousand men and women. Out
of this number we hire probably 150.
One of the things I watch like a hawk is
the applicant's speech. Because most of
our employees must deal with the public, we are careful always to select men
and women with pleasant voices. It is
surprising what poor speech most people
have, even high school and college graduates."
Have you listened to yourself lately?
Go to a corner of the room, face closely
into the corner, cup your ears, and speak
a few words.
That strange voice you hear is yours.
Most, people think they know what they
sound like, but most are sadly unaware of
the true sound of their voice.
While working in a voice clinic during
recent years, I helped record hundreds
of voices. After taping the voice, I usually asked the person to sit and listen,
and I sat back and watched his facial expression. I t invariably underwent a
change from shocked surprise to disbelief.
The usual expression was "Is that my
voice? W-why, it doesn't sound like me."
To me it sounded exactly like him.
Under the stress of this anxious age
our voices become unpleasant without
our being aware of it. Harsh, strident
voices take away our charm and alienate
our associates.
You probably know people whose
friendship you don't care to cultivate.
How often you have said to yourself on
sighting one of them, "There is So-andso: I don't want to talk to him."
Why not? Perhaps his conversation is
dull, flat, colorless, monotonous. He has
no gift for words, no facility, no felicity
in expressing himself. He does not know
how to talk.
There are inarticulate people who are
incapable of carrying their end of a conversation. If you don't keep it going,
there is only a long embarrassing silence.
His awkwardness in speech is so painful
that it makes you uncomfortable. After a
few stilted words about the weather, the
conversation bogs down. You both wish
you were somewhere else.
There are people whose annoying habits of speech grate on the nerves—people
who ramble on and on, people who
JANUARY, 1962
punctuate every few words with "and uh,
and uh," people who insist with "See?
Understand? See what I mean?" and of
course there are always the cliché riders
—"You said it," "You're tellin' me,"
"You can say that again."
To be sure your own speech is well
modulated and pleasant to the ear, ask
yourself these questions:
1. Is my speech clear?
The only thing more annoying than
having someone continually saying,
"Huh? What? How's that?" is to have to
be continually asking, "Huh? What?
How's that?" If people frequently misunderstand you and ask you to repeat,
you have lazy lips. Practice saying everything with your lips forming the words
flexibly.
One campus character I met was
known as Mumbles. He came into my
recording studio one day, and I did some
experimenting with him. I asked him to
read for me, and coaxed him into opening his mouth as wide as possible and
still be able to read the material. The results were phenomenal; he sounded like
a different person. I played the recording
to some of his close friends. They wanted
to know who it was. He was so elated
that he used his new voice to talk his
way into several top leadership positions.
2. Is my voice harsh?
Shrill, brassy, strident voices stem
from tension. They are murder to the
nerves. To break the habit of talking in
a tense voice simply calls for a daily dose
of relaxation. Try yawning; nothing else
is quite so relaxing. One of the best relaxing exercises I know is one I learned
while in military service. Let your neck
completely relax until your head drops
helplessly on your chest. Slowly revolve
your head clockwise for several complete
revolutions; then reverse.
3. Is my voice weak?
Weakness of the breath stream on
which your voice depends means an unexercized diaphragm muscle. Spread the
fingers of both hands and place them
under your rib cage. Press upward. That
is your largest and most important
breathing muscle. Say "boom" several
times with a bouncing roll that makes
your abdomen jump.
Shouting, whispering aloud (stage
whisper), deep breathing, and long walks
are all of great therapeutic value in improving the voice.
4. Is my voice flat and colorless?
This may sound unrelated, but when
I hear a person with a dull, monotonous
voice I want to tell him to laugh—laugh
heartily all over. If he could keep a
happy point of view and retain a smile
in his voice as he speaks, he would no
longer sound flat and colorless.
Nasality is common to the person
with a flat voice. If you sound nasal, try
consciously to use your mouth and
throat more actively. Sound words in
your throat so that you feel the friction
there. If you haven't sung a tune lately,
do so. If you haven't read anything aloud
lately, do so, with or without a listener.
After only a few months of practicing
on developing your voice power and effectiveness, you will discover that living is
more fun—your friends are now pleasantly aware of your contribution to their
surroundings, people enjoy chatting with
you without becoming restless, you make
a telling impression on schoolroom wisdom and social interchange, your associates take your counsel without becoming
irritated, even your family is receptive to
your ideas of improvement in the home.
As you learn to use your voice properly,
you will see the effect on other people.
You will see for yourself that now people
really want to listen to you talk. •
23
Send your questions on family problems to: The Family Fireside, LIFE Cr
HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C. Enclose stamped, addressed envelope for reply.
By HAROLD SHRYOCK, M.D.
Professor of Anatomy, Loma Linda University
School of Medicine
CHILDREN'S MONEY
(Concluded)
Whose Money?
How much control must I assume over
the money my fifteen-year-old daughter
earns?
The reason you ask this question is
that you realize you and your husband
are making a substantial investment in
your daughter's personal needs. If yours
is an average family, you and your husband are providing her clothes, food,
school supplies, and room with furnishings.
Now that she is earning some money,
possibly by baby-sitting, you may consider
it logical for her to return to you at least
part of her earnings to help on what
you are spending for her benefit.
From a strictly business standpoint, it
is logical for you to assume that your
daughter owes you something in return
for what you are doing for her.
The most important consideration is
the opportunity you parents have to help
her obtain adequate preparation for
adult life. It is good for her to be encouraged to earn money by her own efforts. If you take part of what she earns,
she is tempted to reason, Why should I
work if the money I earn is not mine to
use as I choose?
It is recognized that as long as she is at
home and particularly while in her teens,
she is responsible to you for her general
conduct. It is proper for you to guide and
counsel her as to how to spend her
money.
Why not work out such a friendly relationship with her in these and other
matters that she is willing to plan with
you on how she will spend her money?
Make sure in all your dealings with
her that you recognize clearly that this is
money she has earned and over which
she has control. By the age of fifteen
she should have reasonably good judg24
ment for purchasing clothes, things for
her room, and school supplies.
Arrive at an agreement by which she
will accept the responsibility for providing from her own earnings some of her
needs. This plan will save you the cost of
buying these articles from the family
budget. It will give her experience in
handling money and teach her the true
value of her purchases.
.!.1:$ •
I ;
A
f.
1:
it
.)
Daughter's Handicap
I am a college girl engaged to be
married. My fiance recently told me that
it seems to him I am quite ignorant as to
the value of money and seem inexperienced in making financial plans. This remark caused me to realize that I have
never had the opportunity of handling
money. My mother, who is a widow, has
provided my needs one at a time out of
the trust fund my father arranged for
my education. What can I do at this late
date to learn wise handling of money?
I agree with you that it is unfortunate
you have not had the opportunity to
handle money and to plan your financial
affairs. The only benefit to be derived
from bemoaning this circumstance is to
impress you with your duty, when later
you become a mother, to make sure your
children are not so handicapped.
The very fact that you are aware of
your shortcoming is a favorable indication. In most families the wife assumes
certain responsibilities in the home and
its affairs. Their exact nature is determined by an agreement between husband
and wife.
Once you are married, you and your
husband should give deliberate study to
the division of responsibility between you
two. No doubt he will be happy to help
you in planning a food and household
budget. As your experience develops, you
will be able gradually to go ahead without help from him.
He should understand that in the early
part of your experience of learning to use
money it is probable you will make certain mistakes. I trust he will not be critical of you in this matter and will recognize that it is not your fault you have
failed to gain the experience in the use
of money that most young people have attained at your age. •
LIFE & HEALTH
GOOD DENTIST
(From page 13)
or extraction, he takes time to talk to you
in plain language so that you will understand your dental problem and its
solution.
He is aware of the importance of caring for children's teeth. Pedodontics, as
this phase of dentistry is known, is actually the prevention of adult dental
problems.
A thoughtful dentist has a working patient-recall system and makes appointments for you at regular intervals. At
these appointments he removes the tartar, or calcium deposits, and stains from
your teeth, thus helping to prevent pyorrhea and resulting loss of teeth. He may
spot any new pin-point dental decay on
these recall visits. This program establishes a system of preventive maintenance
for you, with the end result of long-time
the American Dental Association. His association with fellow ethical dentists indicates his genuine interest in his profession and the dental health of his community.
The pastor in the pulpit presents the
perfect pattern for living, but he doesn't
claim perfection. We have outlined some
ideal characteristics of a good dentist
without claiming that we meet all of
these standards. Dentists, like others, are
human—don't expect to find one with all
of these exact qualifications.
These are some of the characteristics
by which you may judge the dentist you
are looking for. By these standards he
gains or loses patient confidence.
If your score tallies well, you have the
happy assurance that the dentist you have
selected is "tops." A
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health to your mouth and economy to
your purse.
Generally the fee for dental service is
about the same for any specific service.
Remember that here, as in other areas in
life, you get what you pay for. The good
dentist will keep you—his patient—informed as to fees for his services and will
discuss freely with you in advance any
questions you may have as to financial
considerations. If necessary, he will make
available to you a method whereby payment for services may be spaced so that
you may have good dentistry within your
budget.
Not everyone is able to purchase the
services of the dental profession. The
conscientious dentist will give freely a
portion of his time to clinics or institutions where these services are made available to such people.
Time is important. Bosses and baby
sitters keep you hopping. A good dentist
is considerate of your time. He will try to
see you at the appointed time. He will
plan your work so that you will have the
least possible number of appointments to
complete the dental service you need.
Knowledge increases rapidly in this
twentieth century. Today's techniques
may be outdated tomorrow. The good
dentist is keenly aware of this fact. He
keeps abreast of dental science by taking
regular postgraduate courses and by reading up-to-date scientific literature. He is a
member of the local dental society and
JANUARY, 1962
Because of the high rejection rate of
draftees in recent wars and as the result of
Kraus and Hirschland's report on muscular fitness and health, says Better Health,
published by Nebraska's Department of
Health, there has been a mounting interest in fitness of the American people. In
June, 1956, President Eisenhower called
a conference on Fitness of American
Youth that sparked the creation of the
President's Council on Youth Fitness
three months later. The American Association for Health, Physical Education, and
Recreation set up a battery of tests accompanied by tables of percentile scores
based on age. Separate scores for boys and
girls in the age groups of 10 through 17
were worked out after the reports of the
representative schools were received.
The Amateur Athletic Union of the
United States has also promoted amateur
athletics by giving every individual an
athletic goal toward which to strive.
In neither case is there any emotional
stress; the children measure themselves
only against standards instead of competing against superior performers.
Both ask for wholehearted cooperation
from all community groups interested in
youth. The activities to be used in training for these tests provide fun and entertainment, as well as healthy, strong
bodies.
The tests include the regular and modified push-ups and pull-ups, sit-ups, sprints
or dashes, standing broad jumps, runwalks, and softball or baseball throws.
For further information and for the
catalog of test materials and certificates,
write to AAHPER—NEA, Fitness Department, 1201 Sixteenth St., NW., Washington 6, D.C., or for the AAU tests to the
AAU of the United States, 233 Broadway,
New York 7, N.Y. •
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the Golden
This page is dedicated to all our Golden Age readers who are still young at heart.
It is designed to improve and encourage active hobbies, good diet, and outdoor exercise.
By OWEN S. PARRETT, M.D.
FAILING MEMORY
R. CHARLES MAYO said once, "In
youth our minds are like wax to reD
ceive and like adamant to retain, whereas
in the later years of life we often find
that the mind is like adamant to receive
and like wax to retain."
You may have noticed when you try to
bring up a name of someone you should
know well that it is elusive, yet in an unexpected moment it pops into your mind
without effort. The harder you try to
force the name into your memory, the
more impossible it is to recall it.
You may have noticed also that if you
trip on some object, it is a little more difficult to recover your balance than it was
ten years ago.
You're getting a little older. Don't be
too unhappy about it, only plan to do
something about it.
Over the years I have observed that
the minds of gospel ministers remain active to an advanced age. While attending
medical college I was walking on the
campus and chanced to meet the late
J. N. Loughborough, a minister in his
eighties who had just completed a world
tour of preaching.
As we walked together he pointed to a
bed of flowers and said, "When I was
here a year ago these flower beds had
—" and he described the former planting. His memory had retained the observations of the previous year, which a
world tour might have erased from most
minds.
The well-known writer Mrs. Ellen G.
White, who wrote on many subjects, including education, emphasized study of
the Bible as a means of strengthening the
powers of the mind.
A certain preacher told me that he
acted on this suggestion as age advanced
and he noticed that his memory was get26
ting faulty. He memorized portions of
the Bible and experienced great improvement in his memory.
The great mind of Abraham Lincoln
was fed on six books in his possession,
one of which was the Bible. We can but
wonder what would have happened if
Lincoln had had television, a library of
today's books, and had attended the movies being fed to millions of young Americans.
I have found when a name is hard to
recall that if I associate it with some
other word which I remember it is easy to
GOOD NIGHT, OLD YEAR
By ELAINE Y. EMANS
Good night, Old Year. What does
One say to one who was
Companion from the first,
Through good times interspersed
With lean, and friend who spent
His final measurement
Of hours for one's delight—
Except Good night, good night?
bring up. Such a word may be something
far-fetched, for by a strange perversity of
the human mind foolish matters are
harder to forget than sensible ones. My
nurse wife tells me that one of her
teachers in anatomy—a subject that is
full of hard names to memorize—would
give her students tips for memory aids,
such as "can you lick your eye" for canaliculi. She never forgot that name.
If you put your arm in a sling for a
few weeks an X-ray will reveal some de-
calcifying of the bone, for nature tends
to remove or deteriorate what is not
used. The last thing anyone who retires should do is nothing!
I called on a patient who was retired
and living in a trailer. As I turned to
leave, he asked me whether I would like
his business card, then handed me a card
with his name on it. Printed on the corners was: "James Blank, retired, no
phone, no address, no business, no
money." On the back it said, "Unhurried, unworried, unemployed, and unessential." He died soon afterward. Maybe
his complete retirement had little to do
with his passing, but everybody should
remain active physically, mentally, and
spiritually if they intend to remain alive
and not start tapping the sidewalk with
a cane or have their thinking go on
crutches.
Memory is like a switchboard where
we try to plug in and make a contact with
a recorded fact. The more elastic and mobile our little nerve brush ends are kept,
the more readily they will find the object
sought. Under alcohol, these nerve contacts go wrong, and we get all mixed up
until we may really think we know something entirely different from the facts.
Hardening of body tissues is an accompaniment of the aging processes. You
can never predict just what part of the
body may be affected first or most. If you
will follow the right program, you should
be able to keep your mind active and
your memory good to a ripe old age.
In a former issue Of LIFE AND HEALTH
I discussed the matter of keeping blood
circulation active as long as possible. Essentially, success in doing so means a low
saturated-fatty-acid-diet program and resulting low cholesterol.
Don't be afraid to exercise to a point
LIFE & HEALTH
of sweating once in a while. Don't be
fooled by the advocates of a high-protein
diet. Keep your fruits relatively high, and
cut out meat, eggs, and animal fats. Cut
cream, sugar, and sweet desserts to a very
low level. Drink plenty of water.
Keep happy. Nothing will so rapidly
destroy mental equilibrium as worry,
whether over imaginary problems or actual problems.
If your marriage partner does not meet
your ideals in every way, find ways of adjusting. The best way to adjust is by both
of you living unselfish lives. The Bible
has the answers for both of you.
Remember that our lives will always
be shaded by the environment in which
we were brought up. I remember hearing
a lecture given to young couples on family relations, in which the lecturer told
the wives, "Don't think you are going to
change entirely that fine young man you
married. You could, all right, but to do
so you must get him from the cradle." By
the time we have reached the Golden
Age, where many of us are, I am sure
most of us men feel that the girl who
stuck by us through thick and thin, in
prosperity and adversity, fussed a little at
our mistakes but always stayed by and
helped us get out of the mess we made, is
worth keeping. I am sure the wives also
would say as much for us.
Nothing will so prolong your youth
and vigor, mind and body, as a happy
outlook on life. Keep your memory bright
and active by refusing to let anything get
you down. •
JANUARY, 1962
DRIVING AFTER DARK
By HOMER ALLEN
Reprinted from Indiana Department of
Health Monthly
Bulletin
OW many "one-eyed monsters" have
you met lately while driving around
H
town? How many cars have you seen
with only one taillight shining? How
recently have you looked at your own
auto lights to see whether they are all
functioning?
Night driving is difficult under the best
conditions. If people persist in driving
cars with anything less than 100 per cent
of the lighting system functioning, they
are adding to their chance of becoming
involved in an accident.
It is now generally agreed by authorities that at sundown (on dark days, earlier) it is advisable to turn on headlights
rather than parking lights. It is good
sense to increase your own light range
and make it easier to be seen by other
drivers.
There are still too many drivers who
fail to follow the law about dimming
lights. A driver is required to dim his
lights at least 500 feet before meeting a
car and at least 200 feet before overtaking a car. It is sheer carelessness or indifference not to follow this rule. Dimming one's lights is the courteous thing
to do—but drivers get in trouble through
the lack of this courtesy.
"Slow down at sundown" is a good
maxim. Dusk produces tricky shadows and
illusions. Side vision is almost nil, and
forward vision is limited to the range of
your headlights except in well-lighted urban areas.
Here are a few suggestions to help cut
down the hazards of night driving:
1. Have a light check the next time
you are at a service station. The attendant
will be glad to help you.
2. Use headlights, not parking lights.
3. Never wear sunglasses at night.
4. Keep windows clean.
5. Watch for pedestrians. Almost half
of pedestrian deaths occur between 6:00
P.M. and midnight.
6. Stop to rest if you become sleepy.
7. Reduce your speed. Although only
one third of our total auto miles are
driven at night, two thirds of the traffic deaths occur at night. In other words,
night travel is about four times as deadly
as day travel.
There will never be enough enforcement officers to catch every violator of
the traffic laws. Each driver must be his
own policeman, and develop the skills
and attitudes conducive to safe night driving. •
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By MARY CATHERINE NOBLE, R.N., R.P.T.
AMERICAN YOUTH FITNESS
A
PHRASE much bandied about in
the popular press today is "youth
fitness," or "physical fitness." Last May
the magazine Wisdom devoted an entire
issue to the subject, playing up such
notables on the American scene as Vic
Tanny, Paul Dudley White, and President John Kennedy. Each of these men
received the magazine's award for his
contribution toward increasing the nation's awareness of physical fitness.
In 1956, President Eisenhower created
a new advisory council called the President's Council of Youth Fitness. He included people concerned with the health
of the nation such as the Secretary of
the Interior, the Secretary of Defense, the
Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of
Labor, the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, the Secretary of Commerce, and the administrator of the
Housing and Home Finance Agency. It
might be said that here was a little core
Cabinet concerned with the vital problem of a society gone flabby, as Bud
Wilkinson, present director of the Council, has chosen to call the situation today.
At the same time, President Eisenhower appointed a President's Citizens
Advisory Committee on the Fitness of
American Youth. About 125 leaders in
business, industry, medicine, health, welfare, labor, sports, and education served
on this committee. They sponsored four
yearly conferences on youth fitness and
established a Youth Fitness Office in
Washington.
Twenty-nine State governors saw the
importance of sound health and created
State youth fitness councils or advisory
committees.
A colloquium on the scientific aspects
of exercise and fitness was held at the
University of Illinois in December, 1959.
Fitness was interpreted as referring to
28
"health (organic condition) and motor
ability (strength, endurance, flexibility)." Exercise was defined as including
"all types of physical activity (work,
play, sports, dance, designed movement)."
Some twenty-one papers presented indicated that there is indeed a scientific
basis for the claims many people have
made for exercise in a fitness program.
The Council of Youth Fitness sent out
a publication in July, 1961, to help
schools in planning a program of improved physical fitness. President Kennedy's statement on the inside cover says
that the decisive force in the nation's renewed effort to strengthen youth physically is school.
The publication recommends three
simple tests for use of the school screening program to identify the physically
underdeveloped child. The only equip-
ment needed is a chinning bar, a stop
watch or a watch with a sweep-second
hand, and forms for making a record of
the findings. These tests measure the
strength, flexibility, and agility. One test
is to measure arm and shoulder strength,
a second test is to measure flexibility and
abdominal strength, and a third test
is to measure agility.
Arm-and-shoulder strength is measured
by pull-ups. The test is modified for
girls, but for boys it is conducted with
the chinning bar placed high enough so
that the boy tested can hang freely without touching his feet to the floor when
his legs are straight, with arms straight.
The boy grasps the bar with palms
facing outward. The test action is to pull
the body up by the arms until the chin
is over the bar. The body is then lowered
until the elbows are straight. The exercise is repeated a number of times. Boys
ten to thirteen years of age should be
able to do one pull-up; fourteen- or fifteen-year-olds should be able to do two
pull-ups; and sixteen- or seventeen-yearolds, three pull-ups.
Here are rules for the exercise:
1. The pull must not be a snap movement.
2. The knees must not be raised.
3. Kicking of the legs is not permitted.
4. The body must not swing.
If the person starts to swing, the one
testing him is to stop the motion by
holding an arm straight across in front of
his thighs.
For girls, the bar is adjusted to chest
level. The girl starts by holding the bar,
palms out, legs extended out under the
bar so that the body is on a slant and
the arms are at a 90° angle with the
body. The heels, resting at an angle on
the floor, are braced by the person testing,
to keep them from slipping.
LIFE & HEALTH
The test action is to pull the body up
with the arms until the chest touches the
bar. The body is lowered until the arms
are straight. Eight of these modified pullups is considered passing for girls aged
ten to seventeen.
Their rules are:
1. The body must be kept straight.
2. The chest must touch the bar, and
the arms must be fully extended afterward.
3. No resting is permitted.
4. One pull-up is counted each time
the chest touches the bar.
Sit-ups were chosen to test flexibility
and abdominal strength. Both boys and
girls should be able to do sit-ups. To pass,
boys from ten to seventeen should be
able to do fourteen sit-ups; girls, ten.
Begin by lying flat on the back, legs
straight, feet about a foot apart, hands
clasped behind the head, feet stabilized
by someone holding them at the ankles.
is perfectly straight from shoulders to
feet. (This is the position normally assumed if one is going to do push-ups.)
3. Return to the squat position, and
then return to the erect position.
A signal is useful such as "Ready,
Go!" The action starts on "Go." At the
end of ten seconds, the one examining
should say, "Stop."
Although we concur that the schools
can play an important part in such a
program, in our opinion the most decisive influence is the home. No one has a
keener concern for the total well-being
of a child than his parents. Only 7 per
cent of a child's time from birth to age
fourteen is spent in school activities, and
it has been estimated that each pupil
gets about five minutes' personal attention from the teacher each day. How important for parents to know about the
physical fitness of their children, how to
test it, and possible ways of improving
it! •
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BLOOD IN THE URINE
Gift wrapped in crisp new-fallen snow,
Tied with a redbird's ribbon of cheer—
What can this morning so aglow
Promise us but a bright new year?
Here is the action for testing:
1. Sit up and turn the trunk to the
left. Touch the right elbow to the left
knee.
2. Return to starting position.
3. Repeat the sit-up, turning the trunk
to the right and touching the left elbow
to the right knee.
4. Return to starting position.
5. Count one complete sit-up each time
the person returns to the starting position.
Children and youth who have grown
rapidly may have some difficulty doing
sit-ups. This rapid-growth factor should
be kept in mind.
The test movement to check agility
was the squat thrust. Before testing, it is
important that the child understand the
test action clearly.
If a girl aged ten to seventeen can do
three squat thrusts in ten seconds, she is
considered physically fit; a boy in the
same age group, four. To start the test,
the person being tested stands at attention.
Here is the action:
1. Bend the knees and place the hands
on the floor in front of the bent knees.
The arms may be between, outside, or in
front of the bent knees.
2. Thrust the legs back from the squatting position far enough so that the body
JANUARY, 1962
(From page 17)
Many patients come to my office complaining of burning on urination. When
the urine specimen is examined, there is
found a high specific gravity. This may be
due to fever or infection elsewhere in
the body than the kidneys, but too often
the cause is very simple—the patient is
not drinking enough water. When questioned, he says, "I do not like water. It
makes me sick." He does not realize that
the sickness is caused by absorption of
poisons in the stomach by dilution of its
contents.
Wash out this poison, mucus, or fermented food, and he will feel better. Water is still our best diuretic (kidney stimulant). Our bodies are 85 per cent water,
or liquid; only 15 per cent solids. If we
would have a healthy body we must wash
out the impurities with plenty of water.
Every one of us should drink six to eight
glasses of water a day; more if the
weather is hot or we are doing heavy exercise. This amount of water along with
the liquid we take in our food will give
the kidneys plenty of fluid to wash the
waste products from the blood.
Your doctor will tell you whether you
are drinking too much water, which may
be true if you have swollen ankles or
kidney trouble, heart trouble, or diabetes; or whether you are eating too
much salt, which will cause retention of
fluids in the tissues.
Tell your doctor at once of any bleeding from the urinary tract, so that you
can continue to live a useful, healthy,
and happy life. •
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Mlle Dietitian
If you have a question or problem regarding food or diet, address: The Dietitian,
LIFE & HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C. Enclose stamped, addressed envelope for reply.
By LYDIA M. SONNENBERG
PRUNES
I N OUR search for new and different
excitement we tend to overlook the
virtues of the old and familiar. We sometimes do so in menu planning; for instance, when did you last serve prunes
at your house?
This well-known fruit almost as old as
history has an exotic background. According to legend, prune-plum trees are
native to Persia, and were brought to
Europe by Alexander the Great after the
Persian conquest, about 331 B.C. Greece,
Hungary, and finally France had flourishing orchards of this delicious fruit, but
it was the Hungarians who learned how
to dry it so that it could be eaten not
only in season but all year round. France
specialized in growing prune plums as
delicacies for the table.
A Frenchman named Louis Pellier was
responsible for making California the
world prune center. He and his brother
Pierre came to America to make their
fortune in the California gold rush of
1849.
When gold prospecting proved futile,
Louis Pellier decided to settle in the
warm Santa Clara Valley of California
and raise some of the crops for which his
native land was famous. He introduced
the prune plum. Now three fourths of
the world's crop is grown in California,
and about half of America's crop is grown
in California's famed Santa Clara Valley.
Prune-plum growers allow the fruit to
reach full maturity on the tree. They
bring the fruit in from the orchard and
pass it over a shaking device that removes leaves and other loose debris.
Then they give it a cold-water spray.
They spread it on trays placed in modern dehydrators, where in 18 to 24 hours
under controlled conditions of temperature and humidity the moisture content
is reduced to about 18 per cent.
After dehydration the fruit is taken
to the packing plant and graded by size
30
in a mechanical grader, then placed in
large storage bins in warehouses under
controlled temperature.
just before the dehydrated prunes are
packed for market they are given a hotwater bath and steaming, which restore
their moisture content up to 24 or 30 per
cent and preserve their wholesome goodness. While the fruit is still moist, hot,
and tender, it is quickly and scientifically
packed for market.
Dried prunes are packaged in tripleseal wrapped cartons and in transparent
plastic bags.
Each year the prune crop varies in
abundance of particular sizes, but pound
for pound there is practically no yearly
difference in the amount of edible fruit
that is harvested.
BEGINNING
By R. H. GRENVILLE
A beginning is a holy thing.
First flutter of a fledgling wing,
First star to grace the evening sky,
First bud to open April's eye;
The first proud step a baby takes,
The tender thrill when love awakes,
The first faint trickle of a stream,
The rosy dawning of a dream.
A beginning is a precious thing,
A prelude to the flowering
Of faith. My soul, the past is done!
Behold, the rising of the sun,
The quickening buds, the melting snow.
Bless yesterday and let it go,
For greater good is on the way.
Here comes a bright new-minted day!
Prunes are a valuable asset to good
nutrition. They contain a liberal
amount of quickly assimilable fruit
sugar, and so are a good source of quick
energy. A serving of four medium prunes
supplies about 75 calories—a little more
than one slice of bread.
Like other dried fruits, prunes are an
excellent source of iron. Four prunes
contain almost as much iron as an egg.
Not only do they have a good iron content but that iron is efficiently used to
build new red blood cells.
The fact is that prunes, along with
apricots and peaches, ranked second to
liver and kidney in a study on blood
building. With low hemoglobin and anemia common in people of all ages, especially adolescent girls and young mothers,
a diet liberal in blood-building elements
is a, good nutritional safeguard.
Besides being important in mineral
values, prunes are a good source of some
vitamins. A serving of four medium
prunes supplies about 10 per cent of the
recommended adult dietary requirement
of vitamin A. We should point out that
prunes contain only a trace of vitamin C,
for they largely lose this fresh-food vitamin in the drying process.
Prunes are a natural bowel regulator.
They provide soft bulk and have an active principle that performs specifically
as a regulator of the large intestine.
Thanks to modern processing, today's
dried prune is a soft, moist, flavorsome
fruit that needs little or no cooking and is
a luscious confection to eat "as is." Most
children and many adults have a sweet
tooth. Tree-ripened prunes, high in natural fruit sugars, are an ideal confection.
One pound of dried prunes equals four
cups of cooked prunes with pits or three
cups of cooked prunes without pits.
You don't have to cook prunes in order
to get cooked prunes. Because modern
processing methods partially cook them
LIFE & HEALTH
and fully pasteurize them, part of the
plumping has already been done for you.
There are several methods you can use
to finish plumping them and get soft,
whole prunes for the table and your favorite recipes. With any of these methods
you can vary the flavor by adding lemon
or orange slices or a little cinnamon.
You do not need to add sugar, for nature
has produced sweetness in abundance in
the fruit.
Boiling water method: Over a pound of
prunes pour a quart of boiling water.
Cover the container and let the prunes
soak for twenty-four hours in the refrigerator. The longer prunes soak, the
plumper they get. This method gives a
light-bodied juice.
Soaking and cooking method: If you
like a thick, syrupy juice on your prunes,
soak them first (overnight preferably).
Cook by bringing the water to a quick
boil, turn the flame low, and simmer
three to five minutes.
Steaming method: Place dried prunes in
a colander and set over a tea kettle or
pan of boiling water for thirty minutes
or more until they are plumped. You get
no syrup with this method. The goodness
remains in the fruit.
The easy way to chop and pit dried
prunes is to use scissors and snip the
prune meat from around the pit.
Here are some easy but delicious and
healthful prune recipes.
California Fruit Salad
Lightly toss together equal portions of
fresh or well-drained canned sliced
peaches, orange segments, and snipped
plumped prunes. Fill a crisp lettuce cup
with the fruit mixture and top with
shredded coconut and a maraschino
cherry.
Prune Compote
Combine equal portions of fresh pineapple or mandarin orange sections and
plumped prunes. Chill. To serve, top
with whipped cream if desired.
Hot Fruit Delight
A light dessert for a chilly night:
Grapefruit halves topped with chopped
prunes dribbled with honey and heated
in the broiler.
Breakfast Fruit
1. Equal parts of plumped dried apricots and prunes.
2. Prunes with sliced bananas and
orange juice.
3. Prune juice and apple juice, half
and half, starts the day off in a little different fashion. On cold mornings, serve
it bubbling hot.
Tasty Spread
A mixture of finely snipped prunes, a
little grated orange rind, and cream
JANUARY, 1962
cheese makes a tasty spread for toast,
crackers, and sandwiches.
"That is why the mamma kitty has such
a big tummy," said my four-year-old. "Do
all babies come from their mamma's tumAdd to Your Recipes
mies? Did I come from yours?"
Some of your old stand-bys such as rice
"Of course." My story began naturally
pudding and bread pudding take on new and matter-of-factly, with no subterfuges
flavor when you add chopped prunes. •
or veiled hints. My daughter's curiosity
was satisfied.
I realize that not every family can acquire a pregnant cat as an object lesson
for the children, but sex and babies may
be introduced casually and unceremoniously into the conversation.
There does not need to be a rule or
set age when explanations occur. They
should be made when curiosity is shown.
It is wise to point out that these matters should be discussed in the family
circle rather than with strangers—they
should be kept "special" for mother and
dad. I suffered an embarrassing moment
through failure to do this.
One day in the grocery store a rather
annoyed woman approached me as I stood
waiting my turn.
"Do you know what your little girl
came over and asked me? She asked me
whether I was going to have a baby. When
I said No, she replied, 'Well, you have
such a big stomach, I though you were.' "
I apologized for my daughter's precociousness, and later at home talked to
her very solemnly about asking questions
of strangers. As to the indelicacy of the
question, I realized that must wait until
Where Babies Come From
she was a little older.
By MARIANA PRIETO
As the years passed, there were discussions and more detailed explanations. As
HERE do babies come from? has ala well-adjusted youngster she knew and
ways been the question mothers accepted the miracle of life as she accepted
evaded. Unfortunately, if mother doesn't
the beauty of the moon and the warmth of
supply a logical or adequate answer, her the sun—as one of nature's wonders
child usually finds out from some other rather than as a whispered secret. She
person, usually far less capable of exknew that life is a part of God's greatness
plaining.
and power.
As the mother of an inquisitive young
daughter, I wondered how to present the
explanation of the baby riddle. I talked
to other mothers, and each had a different
idea.
FRESH TEXAS
"Oh, I'm not worrying about that, at
MACHINE-SHELLED
least not until my child is older—say
seven or eight years old at least" was the
general attitude.
But my four-year-old would not be
brushed aside with vague answers, so I
decided that a natural reply and explana"Eat Pecans for Health"
tion was the best. We had a cat that was
Packed in 1 to 30 lb. boxes
soon to have kittens. My young daughter
loved the cat and liked to carry her about.
HALVES-81.10 per lb.
One day when she picked up the cat I
PIECES—$1.05 per lb.
said gently, "Don't squeeze her or you
Plus Postage
will hurt the baby kitties inside her."
On 5 lb. box always figure 6 lb. postage
"Where are the little kitties?" she
plus 10 cents insurance
asked.
Price, subject to change without notice.
"Inside the mamma's tummy," I explained.
ei,e0/ ce"When will they come out?"
YANCEY, TEXAS
"When they are fully formed and ready
Phone 2261
to be born," I said. "You see, they are not
ready now."
W
c5;-"k
31
DELICIOUS HEALTH FOODS
By LUCILLE J. GOTHAM
SHOPPING trip that includes a stop
at a health-food store will surely result in your featuring some fine epicurean
treats on your table. Should you have no
such store in your city or town, the same
delicacies may be purchased directly
from the producer in most instances. Let
us consider some of the foods you can
expect to find.
Before World War I literally tons of
a concentrated yeast extract were being
imported into the United States from a
company having plants in Germany, Bavaria, and the Orient. Because of the
war, the United States' order for the
yeast extract was transferred to England.
The extract is now produced in the
United States and other countries.
It has several valuable properties. Being a yeast derivative, it is exceedingly
rich in the B-complex vitamins, in iron,
and in other minerals. Most remarkable,
however, is the rich mushroom and meaty
flavor it possesses and imparts to foods
such as gravies, soups, sandwiches, and
entrées.
A large restaurant chain in the East
has used more than a thousand pounds a
month for the preparation of a gravy that
tastes much like roast-beef gravy. A famous tearoom near Boston has added a
little to one of its dishes and kept it a
secret. This dish is said to have been the
reason for the popularity of the tearoom.
The yeast extract comes as a pastelike
substance for quickly blending into gravies and other dishes, as soup cubes, and
as a salt for shaking onto potatoes and
other vegetables, sandwiches, and many
salads.
Here are a few of the popular recipes
using the yeast extract:
A
Rich Brown Gravy
(Has roast-beef taste)
Mix one tablespoon each of flour, fat,
and the yeast extract in a frying pan over
a hot fire until the flour begins to brown.
Then gradually add about 11/2 cups of potato water, plain water, or milk. A little
extra salt may be needed. Some use onion or garlic salt. For variety, mushrooms
may be added and the liquid added can
be sour cream.
Should you enjoy an unthickened
gravy, simply melt butter and add a little
water and some of the yeast extract.
Blend well and serve.
32
Ever-popular French Onion Soup
Dissolve a tablespoon of yeast extract
in three cupfuls of water. Shred fine a
large onion and cook it in a little butter
until tender. Add the onion and butter
to the soup. Salt to taste, and pour in
bowls with cubes of buttered toast floating on top. Minced chives or parsley
may be spread on the toast with the
butter.
United States market came from Japan,
where it originated. It is now made by
U.S. chemists from wheat gluten. A teaspoonful added to macaroni, rice, or noodles especially enhances the flavor. It is
said to be widely used in commercially
seasoned and tinned spaghetti and beans.
Then there is a powder that tastes
like bacon yet is free of grease and low
in calories. It gives a meaty taste to
scrambled eggs, green beans, potato
Rice Soup
salad, and other foods.
There is also a variety of vegetable
(An excellent supper dish)
soup cubes. One is green in color and
Prepare a saucepan of yeast-extract contains several savory vegetables.
broth by adding the extract to plain or
Health food shops dispense many galpotato water until the desired color and lons of sparkling juices each day. They
taste are obtained. Salt to taste. Add often feature a juice bar, and have a varichopped celery and celery leaves. Finally' ety of fresh vegetable and fruit juices.
add the rice, cooked or raw. Simmer all You will discover tropical and somewhat
together until vegetables and rice are rare juices, such as pomegranate, among
tender.
them. Try this delightful punch:
Papaya and Limeade
For each glassful of beverage use the
juice of one-half to a whole lime, depending on the size of the glass, and
about a tablespoonful of papaya syrup.
Fresh nuts, malted nuts, dried fruits
including tender pears and black figs,
comb honey, and maple sugar are featured at the shops for your delicious yet
healthful bonbon dish. As dessert for dinner, pass stuffed dates, maple-sugar
leaves, nuts, raisins mixed with peanuts,
or honey-nut brittle.
Golden Butter
(Always found on the Battle Creek Sanitarium menu)
Mix a little of the yeast extract with
butter, using a teaspoonful to one-fourth
pound of butter. Spread out in a flat
dish, chill, and cut in squares.
Piquant Cheese Sandwiches
Mix a teaspoonful of yeast extract with
a cake of cream cheese, adding a tablespoon of milk to soften. When well
blended, a few chopped nuts or a pinch
of caraway seed may be added. Spread
on sandwich bread or toast.
At the health food shops or your grocer's you will find another special seasoning that has a chickenlike flavor. It is a
white crystalline product called sodium
glutamate. The first to appear on the
Honey-Nut Brittle
Slowly cook honey until it forms a hard
ball in water, or to what is called the
"crack" stage. Pour it over nuts that
have been placed on a greased surface.
Crack in pieces and serve.
Soy Cheese
(Another treat from the Orient)
For centuries peddlers have sold soy
cheese in the streets of the Orient. Now
it is available in cans in our shops. It
resembles salmon.
Mock Salmon
Slice soy cheese and place on a platter
garnished with parsley and wedges of
lemon.
There are the lean gluten chops, gluten steaks, glutenburger, vegetable wieners, and the rich nut foods. They come
in small and large tins, ready to serve or
LIFE & HEALTH
with little preparation needed. They give
the satisfaction of meat and are nutritious. They are greatly appreciated by
many during Lent and on Fridays, by
vegetarians, and by people on meat-restricted diets. Here are some recipes that
your family would be sure to enjoy.
Gluten Patties
Mix equal amounts of ground gluten
and cooked rice. Add an egg for each
pint, some ground celery and onion, salt
and sage to taste. Form into patties and
brown on both sides. Serve with your
favorite hamburger buns.
APPENDICITIS AND COLON CANCER
Appendicitis in people over 40 may
actually be caused by or be a mask of a
colon cancer. This conclusion was based
on a 36-year statistical study at Los Angeles County General Hospital by Dr.
Donald C. Collins, of Loma Linda University College of Medicine.
In this study it was noted that 3 per
cent of the people over 40 who suffer
from acute appendicitis also have an obstructing distal left colonic tumor, which
is too often unobserved while it is still
localized and can be removed.
pendicitis should have a quick and gentle
exploration of the left colon before appendectomy. This examination will prevent loss, of time and opportunity in removing the cancer before it can spread. •
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ELAM MILLS
Make
Gluten Loaf
Mix two cupfuls of ground gluten, two
eggs, a half cup of chopped nut meats,
mushrooms or olives, a cup of crumbs, a
half cup chopped onion cooked in butter
until tender, one teaspoon sage or basil.
Add garlic or celery salt to suit taste.
Mix well and bake at 350° F. for 60 minutes in a greased and crumbed bread pan.
In a study of some 60,000 patients operated on for acute appendicitis, 10,000
were over 40. Of this group 3 per cent
had unsuspected left colon cancers.
Dr. Collins urges surgeons to stop making a fetish of a tiny appendectomy incision when there may be danger of colon cancer. It is wiser when operating
on a person over the age of 40 to keep
these facts in mind, not be caught napNutmeat Sandwiches
ping with an unrecognized obstructing
Mash about one cup of canned nut- lesion, he said.
In this series, he noted that four-andmeat and moisten it with mayonnaise.
Add chopped celery, green pepper, and a-half months elapsed from the date of
the appendectomy to the time the colon
finely chopped hard-cooked egg.
cancer became obstructed, and 78 per
Nutmeat Salad
cent of these obstructing lesions when
Cut nutmeat in cubes. Toast the cubes finally recognized and surgically exunder the broiler. Mix them with ground plored were beyond the confines of the
hard-cooked egg, celery, onion, and salad colon.
The Los Angeles surgeon notes that
dressing. Serve on lettuce.
There is not room to mention the the right half of the colon is concerned
many food surprises awaiting you at the chiefly with absorption of water, is thin
health-food stores, such as pleasing natu- walled, and has few muscles. The left
rally flavored vegetable gelatins, substan- half is concerned chiefly with propulsion
tial health breads, soy butter, soy milk, of feces, is thick-walled, of smaller caliber,
and many foods for those on special diets, and possesses powerful muscles.
such as diabetic, allergy, and low-calorie
From this study it would appear that
regimens. •
patients past 40 suffering from acute apJANUARY, 1962
A Division of
National Bakers Services, Inc.
BROADVIEW, ILLINOIS
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ousehoti 08M
WORK
By MARY E. CASTOR
O YOU like to work? Find some way
to enjoy your housework. Cleaning
house, washing clothes, and ironing can
be fun. You can learn to get real pleasure
out of your daily work.
Go at your work with zest. Start in
with relish, be eager to do the job. In
this way you develop momentum, and it
will carry you a long way.
Savor things about you as you work.
Look out the window as you start breakfast, and welcome the light of day. Look at
the colors of the sunrise. Fill your lungs
with good air when you go out on the
porch to get the milk.
As you dust the house, think of the
happiness you had in selecting your furniture, your books, your household equipment. Think of what a fortunate woman
you are to have some housewares that
make your work easier.
Do your tasks willingly, with joy. Wake
up your family with a happy voice. Stay
cheerful, and see how your mood reflects
in all their shining faces. As you wash
the breakfast dishes, laugh and talk with
the baby. Enjoy her latest accomplishment, listen to her little stories, share her
life and pleasures as you go along. She's a
baby for only a very short time.
Give happiness to people as you work.
Be pleasant to the postman, the paper
D
boy, the milkman. When you set out for
market, greet your neighbors with a
smile. Look for chances to bring a light
into the grocer's face, warmth to the eyes
of the woman who totals your purchases,
an answering smile from the woman who
accidentally bumps into you. Look for
joy, give joy, and the most casual meeting
can give such joy as makes the heart sing.
Find deep satisfaction in doing your
tasks precisely instead of carelessly. Do
them in the spirit of an artist, taking
pleasure in fine craftsmanship.
Here's the best secret of all: After you
finish a job, look over your work with
satisfaction. There is scarcely a joy
greater than the joy of creating, and
when you do a job well you are producing something good with your own hands
—you are creating. Stop long enough to
take full pleasure in sparkling dishes,
shining furniture, a gleaming floor. You
gave them their glow, and you may glory
in it.
Take time for the children. Let them
know how much you enjoy being with
them. Guide them in working; teach
them to do their work well and to enjoy it.
Stay with them as they do monotonous
chores, and help them to have fun doing
them. Don't let them get the feeling that
they are doing lonely, arduous tasks.
Love your children and give them a part
of yourself—your affection, patience, vitality, time. Let them know they are valued members of the family, are enjoyed,
and are respected by you. Is ever a job
difficult when done for those you love?
Enjoying, sharing, and helping will
make your most ordinary task pleasant. •
A HEART PATIENT'S HINTS
By MARGARET TINLEY
EARING a strapless brassiere eased
my daily breathing immediately,
just as oxygen did when I was in difficulty. In a strapless bra, the breasts are
supported from below by spring metal
U's. With straps, the weight of the breasts
hangs from the shoulders. For a woman
in a strapless bra, the motion of breathing, the lifting, is changed from a pull on
shoulder and neck muscles to a pushing.
That advice from my doctor was such
help that I set about finding what other
special items of clothing would benefit a
cardiac patient. Finding and talking up
what helped me instead of complaining
about all the things that disturbed me
aided me in forgetting myself. It was fun
to draw up a set of cardiac commandments.
1. Give your heart an uplift with a
strapless bra.
2. Throw your girdle into the trash
can and let a garter belt keep up your
hose. I panted for six months before I
found this out for myself.
3. Go well shod, but not in laces. Shoestrings mean bending exertion several
times a day.
W
34
4. Consider the drip dry, and do likewise when you take a bath. A brisk toweling after a bath is not good! It sets the
blood slugging through that old heart. A
loose robe of terry cloth eliminates the
need for arm-movement drying. Step directly from tub or shower into terry cloth
scuffs, wrap the full terry robe about
your wet body. Blot, pat yourself dry, or
just sit hugging your smart little self.
You'll luxuriate in this human drip-dry
method. Good for men cardiacs and asthmatics, too.
5. Let your openings and closings face
forward. The back-fastened look fashionably new for spring 1962 may be hard on
husbands, but it's harder on mom when
her roommate's not around. Apron ties
take effort for the same reason, but they
needn't. Sash or belt can wrap around
and snap, hook, or tie in front. There are
spring plastic or metal hoops to put in
the waist bands for clamping around your
middle lightly.
6. Avoid constriction at the waist. Petticoats and other underclothing can be
made with waistbands (,the wider the
better) and placket openings, such as
men's trousers have, in place of elastic.
No more rosy rings around the middle.
Elastic bands are for noncardiacs.
7. Cover curls, not curlers. To look
decent to go to the doctor about shortness of breath, I caught myself spending
twenty minutes with arms upraised, putting my hair in curlers and taking it
down. I put it up again that night and
most other nights, in spite of day-end
fatigue.
A charm-school teacher told me that a
smoothly placed net or cap can maintain
a wave or curl, but I had to prove it to
myself. Hair setting is one of the most
fatiguing routines in my life. I find I can
get by with two settings a week when
they are my own.
8. Coat yourself warmly but shortly.
Every doctor will assent to this commandment if he ever made a round of calls or
errands in cold weather wearing his long
overcoat instead of his jacket or car coat.
Being cardiac-careful doesn't cost a
cent extra. I look and feel smarter because I'm breathing easier. Try some of
these ideas. The breath of life you save
will be your own. •
LIFE & HEALTH
"Because the littlest things upset my nerves,
my doctor started me on Postum."
"Spilled milk is annoying. But when it made me yell at
the kids, I decided I was too nervous.
"I told my doctor I also wasn't sleeping well. Nothing
wrong, the doctor said after the examination. But perhaps I'd been drinking lots of coffee? Many people can't
take the caffein in coffee. Try Postum, he said. It's 100 %
caffein-free—can't make you nervous or keep you awake.
"You know, it's true! Since I started drinking Postum
I do feel calmer, and sleep so much better! Can't say I
enjoy having milk spilled even now—but trifles don't
really upset me any more!"
Postum is 100% coffee-free
Another fine product of General Foods
he
By ARTHUR S. MAXWELL "SP
In these ten beautiful
BIBLE STORY Volumes
Actual
Book Size
7" x 93/4"
will be found:
More than 400 stories unexcelled in
clarity of presentation.
Nearly 2,000 pages.
Full coverage of the Bible narrative
The writer of these ten marvelous volumes,
THE BIBLE STORY, Arthur S. Maxwell, is a world-renowned editor, author,
and lecturer. He is known and loved the
world over by scores of millions who have
read his ever-popular BEDTIME STORIES and CHILDREN'S HOUR series.
from Genesis to Revelation.
Exquisite four-color illustrations by
nationally known artists at every
Review & Herald Pub. Assn., Washington 12, D.C.
page opening.
Reading enjoyment for the children
of the modern family.
I wish to know more about these ten wonderful
volumes that make the Bible a living book in stories
and pictures. Please send full particulars. No obligation of course.
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