Letteratura: - The Puritan Age: - The Restoration: Inglese e: n:

Anno Scolastico
Programma svolto nel corso dell’Anno Scolastico 2011-2012:
Dal libro di testo “Only Connect... New Directions”, volume 1: From the Origins to the Augustan Age.
The physical fabric: Protestant vs Catholic.
The Puritan Age:
Charles I’s Reign
The Civil War and the Commonwealth
The Puritan mind
The Puritans and society
From celebration to introspection
Non-fiction as a literary genre
Metaphysical poetry.
John Donne:
 Life and works; Unconventional poetry; Sensual and spiritual imagery; Donne and the Petrarchan
tradition; The Metaphysical conceit.
 A poet of the world’s literature (T.S. Eliot)
 Poems: Song ; Batter my heart ; A valediction: Forbidding Mourning ; No man is an island.
John Milton:
 Life and works.
 Paradise Lost: Summary; A religious epic poem; The universe of Paradise Lost; Characters; Satan: an
instrument in Dante and Milton; Style; Satan’s Speech.
 Adam and Eve (Ian Johnston).
The Restoration:
The Glorious Revolution
Scientific rigour and intellectual clarity
The development of human rights.
The Augustan Age:
The early Hanoverians
Reason and sense
Artifice and real life: a survey of Augustan literature
The rise of the novel
Introduction to fiction as a genre
The features of a narrative text
Satire, irony and humour.
Daniel Defoe:
 Life and works; Structure of the novels; Characterisation.
 Robinson Crusoe: Plot; The new middle-class hero; A spiritual autobiography; The island; The
individual and society; The style.
Jonathan Swift:
 Life and works
 An Irish hero
 A controversial writer
 Gulliver’s Travels: Plot; Book 1-2-3-4; The sources of the novel; The character of Gulliver; Swift’s
satiric technique; Levels of interpretation; Gulliver in the land of giants; The Laputians.
 Swift’s moral satire in Gulliver’s Travel (Shirley Galloway)
Dal libro di testo “Only connect... New Directions”, volume 2: The Nineteenth Century.
The Early Romantic Age:
Towards reforms and mechanization
Britain and America
Industrial and Agricultural Revolutions
Emotion vs Reason
The Sublime: On the Sublime (Edmund Burke)
The Gothic Novel
Thomas Gray:
 Life and works; A transitional poet.
 Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard: Themes; Meditative mood; A new sensibility.
 Elegy unto epitaph: print culture and commemorative practice in Gray’s Elegy (Michele Turner
William Blake:
 Blake the man; Blake the artist; Blake the poet; Blake the prophet; Complementary opposites;
Imagination and the poet; Blake’s interest in social problems; Style.
 Reading Blake: Contraries (Jonathan Roberts)
 Poems: The Chimney Sweeper (Songs of Innocence) ; The Chimney Sweeper (Songs of Experience) ;
London ; The Lamb ; The Tyger ; Nurse’s Song.
Mary Shelley:
 Life and main works
Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus: Plot; The origin of the model; The influence of Science;
Literary influences; Narrative structure; The double; Themes; Walton and Frankenstein; The
Creation of the Monster; The Education of the Creature.
The Romantic Age:
 Revolutions and Industrialization.
William Wordsworth:
 Life and works; The manifesto of English Romanticism; Man and Nature; The senses of memory;
Recollection in tranquility; The poet’s task and his style
 A certain colouring of imagination (Preface to Lyrical Ballads)
 Poems: A slumber did my spirit seal ; Daffodils ; Composed upon Westminster Bridge ; My heart
leaps up.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge:
 Life and works; Importance of imagination; The power of fancy; Importance of nature; The language.
 The Rime of the Ancient Mariner: Content; Atmosphere and characters; “The Rime” and traditional
ballads; Interpretations; The killing of the albatross; Death and life-in-death; The water snakes; A
sadder and wiser man.
 Poems: Kubla Khan.
George Gordon Byron:
 Life and works; The Byronic hero; Byron’s individualism; The style.
 Poems: She walks in beauty.
Percy Bysshe Shelley:
 A tempestuous life; His main themes: freedom and love; The role of imagination; The poet’s task;
Nature; His style.
 England in 1819 (James Chandler)
 Poems: England in 1819 ; Ode to the West Wind.
John Keats:
 Life and works; Keats’s reputation; The substance of his poetry; The role of Imagination; Beauty: the
central theme of his poetry; Physical beauty and spiritual beauty; Negative capability
 Negative capability (Walter Jackson Bates).
 Poems: Ode on a Grecian ; Urn La Belle Dame sans Merci ; When I have fears.
Preparazione alla prova del CAE:
Sono state svolte ercitazioni di vario tipo mediante un apposito libro di testo (CAE Practice Tests, Plus).
Materiale extra:
Andrew Marvell: To his coy mistress.
John Donne: The Flea.
John Donne: Death be not proud.
William Blake: Proverbs of Hell.
George Gordon Byron: Manfred, Act III, Scene IV.
Lettura di vari articoli tratti dalla rivista britannica “Time”.
Lettura di libri in lingua:
Sono stati letti due libri a scelta, in lingua inglese, da ogni studente, uno nell’arco del primo ed uno nell’arco
del secondo quadrimestre.
È stato letto dall’intera classe il romanzo Frankenstein, di Mary Shelley.