HOW TO STOP SMOKING The Overactive Mind VARICOSE VEINS THE NATIONAL HEALTH JOURNAL FEBRUARY 1953 E COUNSEL... r every member of the family! -NEWBooks that discuss with candor and helpfulness the individual problems of sex and associations that face young people and their parents. On Becoming a Woman By Harold Shryock, M.D. 4( HAPPINESS for HUSBANDS and WIVES Here is a mingling of Christian idealism and scientific frankness in dealing with an adolescent girl's unfolding sexual and emotional life that will commend itself to every intelligent reader. By Harold Shryock, M.D. A study of the factors that make for harmony in marriage. Sensible courtship, the basis of a memorable honeunoon, the merger of personalities, marital adjustments, and a sane attitude toward sex are among the many subjects discussed with sympathy and mature insight. Bound in a beautiful gift binding. Price, $2.00 On Becoming a Man Price, $2.75 By Harold Shryock, M.D. LOVE'S WAY Every adolescent boy will find in this frank discussion of his sexual and emotional development a spiritual idealism that is not only practical but persuasively attractive to noble ambitions. By A. W. Spalding A book for parents, to help them in telling the story of the beginnings of life to the very youngest inq I irers. Price, $1.25 Price, $2.00 Letters From Mother Naomi ORDER BLANK An older woman's answers to the many questions asked by all normal girls concerning the intimate problems of everyday life in a modern world. To LIFE & HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C. Please send me the following: LOVE'S WAY LETTERS FROM MOTHER NAOMI ON BECOMING A WOMAN ON BECOMING A MAN HAPPINESS FOR HUSBANDS AND WIVES @ $1.25 @ 1.50 @ 2.00 @ 2.00 @ 2.75 TOTAL Add Sales Tax Where Necessary TOTAL ENCLOSED Price, $1.50 REVIEW & HERALD PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION WASHINGTON 12, D.C. NAME alp STREET CITY ________________ ZONE PRINTED IN U.S.A. STATE HEALTH Vol. 68, No. 2 February, 1953 J. DeWITT FOX, M.D., L.M.C.C., Editor MARY CASTOR, Assistant to the Editor D. A. DELAFIELD, Assistant Editor T. K. MARTIN, Art Editor C. E. WENIGER, Ph.D., Editorial Consultant Consulting Editors: A. HARE, M.D., F.A.C.P.; WALTER E. MACPHERSON, M.D., F.A.C.P. M.D., F.A.C.P.; THEODORE R. FLAIZ, M.D.; J. WAYNE MCFARLAND, M.D. ROBERT HAROLD M. WALTON, M. WEBSTER PRINCE, D.D.S., F.A.C.D. Contributing Editors: D. Lois BumErr, R.N.вЂў M. F.A.C.S. вЂў CARL. J. LARSEN, M.D. ARLIE L. MOON, M.D. вЂў JOHN F. BROWNSBERGER, HORACE A. HALL, M.D., F.A.C.S., F.I.C.S. LeRoy E. Commas, M.D., F.A.C.S. вЂў Room: W. BARNES, M.D., F.A.C.S. вЂў BELLE WOOD COMSTOCK, M.D. вЂў DANIEL H. KRESS, M.D. CYRIL B. COURVILLE, M.D. вЂў LUCILLE J. GOTHAM, B.A. вЂў GEORGE T. HARDING, M.D., F.A.C.P. E. HAROLD SHRYOCK, M.D. вЂў HENRY W. VOLLMER, M.D., F.A.C.S. Braille Edition, Life & Health: C. W. DEGERING, MANAGING EDITOR FEATURE ARTICLES Page H. 0. SWARTOUT, M.D. 8 Diphtheria H. E. ANDREN, M.D. 10 The Overactive Mind Turning Point in Dental Care _ AUGUST J. VON BOROSINI, Sc.D. 12 Varicose VeinsвЂ”Care and Cure RAYMOND SCHUESSLER 14 NOT MALPLASIA! DEAR EDITOR: It is amazing what this high energy Atomic Age is doing to the human race. For example: "The average man burns about sixteen million calories a day under basal conditions."вЂ”Life and Health, July, 1952, p. 21. The doctor who can devise an effective potion to be administered to typewriters to prevent spontaneous pathological malplasia of the written word would be a. benefactor of the human race. Or should he invent an asbestos metabolic mechanism? . . . JOHN J. O'NEILL, Science Editor New York Herald-Tribune New York City * To careful Reader O'Neill we send our thanks for correcting us. After. all, such gross misinformation might send fat folks out to eat millions of calories in the vain hope that it really didn't mat- (Turn to page 4) CLIFFORD R. ANDERSON, M.D. 16 How to Stop Smoking _ CHARLES H. WOLOHON, M.D. 18 EKGвЂ”the Heart's Tracing THE FEBRUARY COVER FOR BOYS AND GIRLS FOR MOTHERS More Soap and Water Family Physician Mother'i Counselor School Lunches Dietitian Says Homemaker Hints If Your Child Won't Eat _ Happy Miss Sick-Abed 9 20 22 Wings of Health 25 26 28 MENTAL HYGIENE 32 34 The Overactive Mind Philosophy of Life Ten Ways to Worry Less __ 24 10 17 27 R. J. CHRISTIAN, Circulation Manager J. R. HANNA, Advertising Manager J. M. JACKSON, Associate Circulation Manager LIFE AND HEALTH, copyrighted 1953 by the Review and Herald Publishing Association, Washington 12, D.C., U.S.A. All rights reserved. Title registered in U.S. Patent Office. Published monthly by the Review and Herald Publishing Association, Washington 12, D.C. Entered as second-class matter June 24, 1904, at the post office at Washington, D.C., under the Act of March 3, 1879. Acceptance for mailing at special rate postage provided for in Section 538, Act of October 2, 1917, and authorized June 24, 1904. Member of A.B.C. FEBRUARY. 1953 SUBSCRIPTION PRICES, U.S. CURRENCY U.S. and possessions, Canada, Mexico, Philippines, and Pan-American Union, 1 year, $2.75; 2 years, $5.25; 3 years, $7.50. Add 350 a year elsewhere. All subscriptions must be paid for in advance. Single copy, 25 cents, U.S. CHANGE OF ADDRESS: Send to LIFE AND HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C., at least 30 days prior to the date of the issue with which it is to take effect. Send old address with the new, enclosing if possible your address label. (el, Photo by Harriette D. Archer, Frain Shostal Did you ever watch a bud open? It's fun. And more, it's wonderful. To watch the unfolding green sepals that gradually reveal a gorgeous rose in all its beautiful colors and fragrance is to witness a miracle of nature. But a greater thrill is to observe the blooming of a human life from delightful babyhood to maturity. This is the thrill a mother's heart may experience only if she intelligently and lovingly helps to develop in her child the physical, mental, and spiritual qualities necessary to a well-balanced growth. 3 Readers' Pulse LOW-SALT DIET? put you on a low-sodium or salt-free diet? Fresh lemons, themselves salt-free, can make all the difference between flat, insipid dishes and tempting, appetizing ones. A few drops of tangy lemon juice work wonders for food flavors. Overweight? Many diets recommend cutting down on salt. Seasoning with lemons instead of salt not only helps you shed pounds faster, but a squeeze of tangy, fresh lemon sparks low-calorie foods. Has the doctor Sunkist (Continued from page 3) after allвЂ”not when they were burning up 16,000,000 calories a day! Of course the sixteen million should have been sixteen hundred.вЂ”ED. ter FAITHFUL READER DEAR EDITOR: I have read your magazine for years through an exchange arrangement with a friend. Now I wish to subscribe myself. . . . CECILE FARRAND, R.N. San Francisco, California "THE SHIP WITH A HEART" DEAR EDITOR: Thank you so much for the article about the Repose. [July, 1952, LIFE & HEALTH.] It was just wonderful. I air-mailed my husband two of the magazines, for I know he was anxious to get them, since he is on the Repose. I am enclosing two dollars for four more to send to friends. You certainly have an interesting magazine, and I enjoy reading it. MRS. THEODORE P. MADDOX Miami Springs, Florida AFTER THE BABY DEAR EDITOR: I should like to thank you for your very helpful article "After Your Baby Comes" [June, 1952, LIFE & HEALTH]. I also feel much better about my figure, since my doctor told me not to gain too much weight. Would the diet in your article be good during pregnancy as well? Thank you again for the wonderful article, which is so important to every woman. CATHY O'HARA Yerington, Nevada Get RELIEF From Arthritic. Rheumatic Pain with Naas leas Effective help for neuritis, colds, and "flu" with THERMOPHORE "fomentations." FACTORY PRICE Money-back Guarantee Pain-soothing heat "at the snap of a switch" gives you quick relaxation and relief from soreness. The Battle Creek THERMOPHORE replaces messy old-style hot packs and wet towels with quick, convenient, moist-heat fomentations. USED BY FAMOUS SANITARIUMS... A professional appliance, yet safely, easily used at home. Satisfied users testify to the effectiveness of the THERMOPHORE when moist heat is desired. Included are a 27" x 13" electric unit luses AC or DC current), two washable covers, a safety thermostat, a switch, and a 10' cord. Write Today for Literature THERMOPHORE Battle Creek Equipment Co. Dept. LH-23, Battle Creek, Michigan 4 * Yes, the high-vitamin diet would be a good one for pregnancy.вЂ”ED. SHORT OF WORDS DEAR EDITOR: I am short of words to express how grateful I feel for having read your wonderful LIFE & HEALTH. . . . It has been teacher, guide, and counselor in matters concerning diet and physical care of my family. You are doing nice, wonderful work teaching the functioning and care of the body. Go on, and God bless you. Meantime, I would appreciate seeing an article on how to prevent colds, especially in children who have frequent colds. MRS. LLEWELLYN SMITH St. Thomas, Virgin Islands * To prevent colds one must actually maintain good body health, prevent anemia, and get adequate sleep, exercise, and good food. This is pointed out in the article "How to Dodge Colds," in next month's LIFE & в– Don't miss it.вЂ”ED. TO KNOW EACH OTHER BETTER The road to understanding is the road to agreement. If our friends overseas could follow our way of thinkingвЂ”if we could follow theirs вЂ”our disagreements just wouldn't happen. Is that harmony impossible to reaeh? Not at all! You yourself could helpвЂ”and a million you's could help tremendously, and make a telling impression on a million friends overseas (who would tell their friends)! How can you do it? Send your copy of LIFE AND HEALTH, after you have read it, every month to someone overseas. Or if you don't know the name and address of anyone in another country, send your LIFE AND HEALTH to a United States Information Center, and it will be placed in the hands you want to have it. LIFE AND HEALTH can reach the heart of the world, for the whole world is sick. Simply roll up your LIFE AND HEALTH in a square of brown paper, leaving the ends open, and mark it "PRINTED MATTER." It will cost you only 11hc for each 2 ounces. ADDRESS YoUR Life and Health To THE UNITED STATES INFORMATION CENTER IN THE COUNTRY YOU'D LIKE IT TO GO TOвЂ” In care of the American Embassy inвЂ” Ankara. Turkey Athens, Greece Djakarta, Indonesia New Delhi, India The Hague, The Netherlands London, England Manila, The Philippines Mexico City, Mexico Montevideo, Uruguay Paris, France Rangoon, Burma Rome, Italy Buenos Aires, Argentina Cairo, Egypt Stockholm, Sweden Warsaw, Poland In care of the American Legation inвЂ” Bern, Switzerland Budapest, Hungary In care of the American Consulate General inвЂ” Batavia, Java (Indonesia) Sydney, Australia At LIFE 6 HEALTH the Blackburnian, or the cerulean warbler, or what notвЂ”might be added that day. The doctor also plays a snappy game of table tennis on occasion, and has a fairly large collection of color pictures he took in the Magnolia and Middleton gardens in Charleston, South Carolina, and elsewhere. Married to the former Gertrude Dower, he is the father of two childrenвЂ”Patricia Ann, 21, and Gracie, 18. Gracie is starting premedical training, with the hope of someday becoming a doctor. ROMS o Out 2ontziLtot9 Clifford R. Anderson, M.D. ("How to Stop Smoking," page 16), is a specialist in internal medicine on the staff of Washington Sanitarium, Washington, D.C. Born in Melbourne, Australia, Dr. Anderson has traveled extensively in New Zealand, Australia, and England, giving public lectures on health. In fact, he early started out as a minister, later studied medicine at the College of Medical Evangelists, Loma Linda, California, and for two years after graduation was in general practice in Washington, D.C. While in medical school he established himself as a writer and editor by editing the first annual of the medical school, The March of C.M.E., which featured the early history of the school as it came from the famous Battle Creek Sanitarium. In 1944 Dr. and Mrs. Anderson did medical missionary work in Jamaica, British West Indies, where he built two hospitals and organized a school of nursing. In 1950 he joined the medical staff of the Washington Sanitarium, becoming chief of the new outpatient dispensary and an active teacher of interns. The Andersons live in Takoma Park, a Washington, D.C., suburb. They have one married son and a daughter, eight. The doctor's favorite hobby is giving health lectures. During 1951 he made his television debut, and became known to many TV fans around Washington, D.C., as the television doctor. He has recently completed a lecture series in New York, Baltimore, and Washington. In addition to carrying on a large medical practice, he is at present making recordings of his health lectures. These are being broadcast over Radio Ceylon to all parts of Southern Asia. Believing that there are many who have been advised by their doctors to quit smoking to improve their health, but who And the problem difficult, Dr. Anderson has worked out a technic that has helped many of his patients to overcome the smoking habit. His suggestions are concrete and well worth trying. FEBRUARY, 1953 August J. Von Borosini, Sc.D., is a retired Los Angeles scientist. Born in Austria and educated in Germany, he is now an American citizen. He is the author of numerous books and pamphlets that have appeared in medical journals in this country and abroad. His article this month, "Turning Point in Dental Care" (page 12), was motivated by an excellent report by Dr. R. Bircher in a German medical journal calling attention to the splendid sanitation work being done in Palestine. Dr. Borosini is married to the former Eliza Crawford Sperry, daughter of the late Honorable Watson Robertson Sperry, first U.S. Minister to Iran. His hobby is gardening and bird study, along with story writing. He also enjoys cooking, and is a gourmet with careful eating habits. * * * Charles H. Wolohon, M.D. ("EKG-the Heart's Tracing," page 18), is a Washington, D.C., specialist in internal medicine. Born in Camden, New Jersey, Dr. Wolohon attended high school in Collingswood, New Jersey. He received his B.S. degree from Washington Missionary College, in Takoma Park, Washington, D.C., and his M.D. degree from the College of Medical Evangelists, Loma Linda, California. Attendance at the University of Pennsylvania for the school year of 1937-38 and postgraduate work at Harvard, University of Michigan, and the Mayo Clinic helped complete his training for certification by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Dr. Wolohon is an amateur bird watcher, rising early in the morning to pursue this most rewarding hobby. In spring sunrise often finds him with an enthusiastic group in Rock Creek Park or other well-known nature haunts marking his check list, always hoping that the elusive oneвЂ”the rose-breasted grosbeak, * * * Veda Sue Marsh, R.N., M.A. ("Wings of Health," page 24), is director of education at the Paradise Valley Sanitarium School of Nursing, National City, California. She was born and reared in Antigo, Wisconsin, attending the schools there. She completed the course offered at the county normal school. From a small child her great desire was to become a nurse. Her family were so opposed to the idea that she compromised by teaching school for eight years, finally becoming principal of a ten-grade school. At last her childhood ambition was realized, and she entered training at Battle Creek Sanitarium, only to become ill in a few months. Transferring to Glendale, California, she regained her health. She has been a sort of rolling stone, but through it all she has been intensely interested in building up and strengthening new departments and pioneering in health work. After teaching at Glendale Sanitarium and St. Helena Sanitarium, getting her B.A. degree at Pacific Union College, and acting as conference nurse in northern California, she paused long enough to teach for varying periods of time in Washington Missionary College, Southwestern Junior College, Walla Walla College (two periods of service), Atlantic Union College, and Glendale Sanitarium. While in the East, Miss Marsh completed her master's work in nursing education and public health at George Peabody College for Teachers, Nashville, Tennessee, and taught in summer school at Peabody and at Pacific Union College. From time to time she has taken advanced work, studying at University of California, Peabody, University of Washington, Columbia University, and Boston University. Health work with children has been her greatest interest through the years, and to her there is nothing so relaxing yet invigorating as to hear the children's (Turn to page 30) THE EDITOR PRESCRIBES FOR THE $41,111100414 HEART rr IS said that "the Vice-President of the United States is but a heartbeat from the White House." That being true, everyone should appreciate the importance of the human heartвЂ” especially his own heart. Sadly enough, today there are two types of persons: (1) those who think they have an iron heart, (2) the heart worriers. The stalwarts with hearts of cast iron, who can take it no matter what the load, are hard-hitting business executives who take too few vacations; or the housewives or mothers who never have time for sleep; or the many tense, nervous, ambitious, and climbing young successfuls who have bitten off more than they can chew by the time they reach their early forties. Too many of these persons are the salt of the earth, the finest people in the world, who always are busy doing things for others, working hard, playing hard, sleeping little. But many of them will be listed among those whose hearts have stopped beating this year. They will help to make up the 600,000 funerals we will have this year owing to diseases of the heart and blood vessels. As friends and relatives pass tearfully by the biers of these victims of heart disease, they will ask, "How could it happen to Joe?" Well, here's how it happened: A few years ago Joe noticed that his heart was fluttering a bit when he got overly tired. After being up late, pushing himself all day, or when under nervous tension at the office, Joe noted headaches and twinges of chest pain. Then he had little episodes of indigestion. He took bicarbonate of soda, which he hoped would relieve the indigestion, but he never took an afternoon off to visit his doctor to find out what was really wrong. He hadn't had a vacation in fifteen years, and prided himself on being able to turn out twice as much work as his colleagues. One night Joe was seized with an agonizing pain in his chest, as if his 6 heart were squeezed in a vise. He slumped at his desk. After he was rushed to the hospital, where a coronary heart attack was the diagnosis, his heart stopped. He ceased to be Joe, and became another "iron man," who thought it couldn't happen to him вЂ”but it did! He is just another heart statistic. The chap across the hall from Joe's office was the other type of sufferer from a fluttering heart. He was one of the 15,000,000 Americans who today suffer from imaginary heart trouble. Their hearts are sound, but at the slightest irregularity, whether skipped beat, flutter, or flop, they scurry to their doctor. They know their number is up. If you are a heart worrier, take heart. The odds are three to one that you don't have heart trouble. But if you are subject to a fluttering heart, rapid heart, skipped beats, or any other irregularity, let your doctor give you the assurance you need. Don't feel that you are doomed to be a heart invalid. Decide here and now to do something about your heart, and team up with your doctor to put it in tiptop shape. If you have a fluttering heart, here's what you should do: 1. Consult Your Doctor. Let your physician decide, after a careful study of your case and listening to your heart, whether you have real or just imaginary heart trouble. Place your full confidence in him, for only then can you have the peace you seek. Follow his advice to the letter. 2. Relax. Your heart is a muscle, needing rest and relaxation as much as your tired back muscles. Set aside periods of the day for relaxation and for catching your second wind. A race horse who runs at top speed without being turned out to pasture occasionally isn't good for many races. Turn yourself out to pasture for a few moments each day. 3. Take a Load Off Your FeetвЂ”and you take a load off your heart. Mild exercise daily is important, but learning to be lazy is also important. When you prop your feet on a footstool and let your cares float away, you are giving your heart a real tonic. 4. Avoid Fatigue. Excessive fatigue, which builds up waste products in the blood stream, can make your heart irritable and produce a heart flutter. It is perhaps the commonest cause of fluttering heart. Quit beating yourself fourteen hours a day. Instead, work a sensible eight and play a little and sleep a lot. 5. Stop Smoking. If you are a one-, two-, or three-pack-a-day man, it's as easy to stop entirely as it is to taper off. Even if you've smoked for thirty years, it is not true that sudden withdrawal of tobacco will harm you any more than if someone stopped beating your back with a lash. Smoking has a LIFE 6 HEALTH definite connection with heart flutter. As every doctor knows, excessive smoking makes for cardiac irritability. 6. Drop Your Weight. If you are overweight, remember this: Every pound of fat represents about an extra mile of tiny blood vessels, and your heart must supply them with blood. Obesity is one of the common causes of high blood pressure and hardening of the arteries of the heart. 7. Take a Vacation. Hearts need a little fun now and then. Take your heart on a vacation, and you take a big load off your blood vessels. The heart victim is frequently the one who is too busy expanding his business to take a vacation until he has to take a permanent one. 8. Dodge Tension. To avoid hurry, worry, and emotional crises is to lengthen the life of your heart. Don't let the boss get you down. Keep your wife happy. Why let a competitor nettle you? Let him have the heart trouble, not you! The chap who keeps calm and collected does much to keep strain off his heart. 9. Keep Happy. Not only do smiles smooth the road of life for you and others, but they actually open up heart blood vessels. It's pretty hard to feel angry at a fellow who gives you a big, heart-warming smile. During tense times smile, and you help soothe a fluttering heart. 10. Have Faith in God. Whether yours is real or imaginary heart trouble, God, the Great Physician, who sees the end from the beginning, knows best. Rest your case in His hands, and He will see you through. He will give you peace and comfort when needed most. At the dead hour of midnight, if your heart flutters and faints, breathe a prayer, and note the quieting effect. The fast flutter, the cold beads of perspiration, the chill skin, will subside. God will give you the reassurance you need. He will quiet your heart's pounding, and give you the warmth and love you need to know that all is right. Your doctor may be minutes away, but God is always immediately available to quiet the fastest heart flutter. If you are a heart worrier, see your doctor. If you are an "iron man," don't overlook a fluttering heart or other heart symptoms. See your doctor before a last heartbeat makes you a statistic. Soften Your Arteries You can live longer if you will soften your arteries, said Lt. Col. Weldon J. Walker, of Harvard University Medical School, when he recently addressed the College of Medical Evangelists School of Medicine at its postgraduate convention held in the Biltmore Hotel, Los Angeles. Recent research, Colonel Walker reported, shows that arteriosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, is reversible in human beings and animals by simply cutting down the weight through dieting. Colonel Walker believes that the weight reduction is more important than the reduction of cholesterol foods, which many doctors believe are closely associated with hardening of the arteries. Cholesterol is a fatlike substance produced from many foods, such as eggs, cream, butter, and fat meat. It is thought by many researchers to be laid down in the arteries as a soaplike substance that later becomes calcified, causing hardening of the arteries. Now, Colonel Walker discovered that 17 research patients who were given two eggs daily, but few additional calories, lost weight and some of the factors contributing to hardening of the arteries. In a study of chickens Colonel Walker LOVE AND SECURITY WISDOM TEETH BY JOSEPH PALMA, M.D. BY GRANT L. SUMMERS, D.M.D. A noted pediatricianвЂ”after 30 years and 6,000 babiesвЂ”sounds off on the soft approach in child care. Balance love and kisses with discipline and obedience. Prevent wisdom-tooth trouble by visiting your family dentist early. It will be money in your pocket and assured physical comfort for you. WHY BE TIRED? BY HAROLD J. HoxIE, M.D. Do you need help for that draggedout feeling? Here it is! DODGE COLDS BY HAROLD SHRYOCK, M.D. Sane living is your answer to the challenge of the cold bug. FEBRUARY, 1953 found that arteriosclerosis is reversible, and later, that it is reversible in humans. But the main thing is the reduction in calories, and not necessarily the reduction in cholesterol and fat. "Lack of food definitely makes humans live longer." Six thousand autopsies performed in London since 1908 proved that hardening of the arteries decreased markedly during every war, when food rationing was invoked. During wartime there was next to no hardening of the arteries. "If, as now seems certain, arterial hardening can be reduced, it should increase the length of human life. I won't predict we'll live to be 100! But skinny people do live the longest. Those who are from 5% to 14% underweight at the age of 50 suffer half as many deaths as those who are 25% overweight. "Europeans, presumably because they eat less than Americans do, live longer than we do after the age of 45. British doctors live five years longer than American doctors." And here's a happy thought for the distaff reader: Women, according to Colonel Walker, have bodies that tolerate overweight much better than men's. The female hormone may be involved. ARE YOU ANEMIC? BY J. DEWITT Fox, M.D. Your blood stream is your river of life. If it is running low, you are bound to be feeling low too. REGULAR FEATURES WINGS OF HEALTH MOTHER'S COUNSELOR MARCH OF MEDICINE 7 Г·N4-N-вЂєn- Dtp4therta A H. O. SWARTOUT, m.D., Dr.P.H. Health Officer of San Luis Obispo County, California Modern medicine turned the tables on diphtheria, but we must ever be aware of its deadly power. IPHTHERIA began to appear less often as long ago as 1870, although no one knew why. Between thirty and forty years ago the use of a preventive treatment called toxin-antitoxin (T.A.T.) began to prove its value, and the decrease in diphtheria became more marked. About twenty-five years ago various forms of diphtheria toxoid began to displace T.A.T. in preventive treatment, and the decrease became still more marked. Today in parts of the world where good modern public health services are available diphtheria has become almost a rare disease. However, there seems to be no likelihood that it can be entirely stamped out, and the few cases we continue to encounter are as deadly as ever. Without modern treatment, out of every hundred victims of the disease more than ten would die. Even with such treatment, from three to five will die, though delay in starting the treatment is chiefly at fault for these fatalities. It is fortunate that diphtheria is not extremely contagious. Even when it was most prevalent, nine out of ten people lived out their lifetime without being stricken with it. On the other hand, having had the disease is not a sure protection against having it again. In various epidemics, at various times, and in various places between 3 and 8 per cent of the victims were known to have had the disease before. In some cases a second attack came before the patient had fully H. A. Roberts TODAY'S DOCTOR will protect your child against diphtheria, but you must give him an early opportunity to fight its serious effects. 8 LIFE & HEALTH recovered from the first. It has been noticed, however, that a severe attack gives more immunity than a light attack. The basic cause of diphtheria is the diphtheria germ. The germ abounds in the nose and throat secretions of the person who is sick. It can be carried in these secretions or on articles soiled by them. It can be carried in contaminated food or milk. Cats can sometimes carry it. These germs can attack any part of the skin or mucous membrane of the body, but they nearly always strike at the lining of the nose, throat, or both. They produce inflammation, soreness, a dusky red color, and in most cases lead to the growth of a dirty-white deposit adhering rather tightly to the lining of these parts of the body. Sometimes this foreign membrane becomes so thick or extensive as to be a serious obstruction to breathing. This is especially true if it extends low enough in the throat to invade the voice box. Before the perfection of modern treatment the ghastly sight of some unfortunate child gasping away its life was all too common. But suffocation' is not the only way diphtheria can take life. As the germs grow and multiply they produce a poison that can circulate through the blood stream and damage parts of the body far removed from the place where the germs are growing. This toxin is among the deadliest of all known poisons. A bit of it hardly large enough to see with the naked eye can cause death. As it circulates through the body it tends to attack the nerves, causing a severe neuritis, with weakness and paralysis; or to attack the muscle of the heart, fairly often with power enough to stop its action. In cases that do not end fatally the neuritis tends to pass away within a few weeks or months. The heart muscle weakness may persist much longer. It is the toxin that stimulates the body to produce antitoxin, a substance that can fight the toxin, and thus build up resistance to the disease. This is why a severe form of diphtheria is less likely to be followed by a second attack than a light form. If diphtheria is to develop at all, it begins within three to eight days after exposure to a person who has the disease or to an apparently healthy carrier of the germs. Carriers are probably much more numerous than cases in our day, which accounts for the fact that generally it is impossible to determine the source of infection. The disease begins with a sore throat and fever. The signs of prostration are usually greater than the degree of fever would ordinarily warrant. A microscopic examination of a culture from the victim's nose or throat will usually detect the germs. But the symptoms, especially if a foreign membrane of grayish color is seen on examination, may be enough to arouse a strong suspicion that diphtheria is present. If this suspicion is aroused, it is safer to treat the case as if it were surely diphtheria than to wait till a culture can be made and examined. In the treatment of diphtheria the early hours may be vital. вЂў If the membrane has grown so extensively as to interfere with the breathing, it may be necessary to make a surgical opening into the front of the windpipe just below the voice box, so that the patient can breathe. (Turn to page 23) FEBRUARY, 1953 BUILD UP YOUR HEALTH вЂ”SERIES More Soap and Water Rx JENS DAVID HENRIKSEN, M.D. Use snore soap and water than you ever have used before. Many people think that access to hot water and a bathroom is necessary in the best care of the skin. However, nothing is more strengthening and cleansing than cold water. Once accustomed to a cold morning bath, you will find that there is no better tonic than a vigorous rubbing with a friction mitt in cold water. The sense of well-being you have from this rubdown is due to the pronounced universal dilatation of the blood vessels in the skin. In turn, the blood vessels transmit the tonic to your heart action and your breathing. You will notice a decided reddening of your skin, and all your tiredness and fretfulness vanish. The blood supply to your brain is more brisk, and you can think and work more efficiently. Want to get rid of a poor appetite and sluggish digestion? Try the cold bath with friction afterward. The natural stimulation of your skin will be transferred to your inner nerves, and within a short while you will be enjoying an ample breakfast. You may be able to say good-by to constipation as well. Your skin is an essential organ. It is a protection against temperature extremes, a vital part of the entire sensitive function of your nerves, a regulator through its innumerable sweat and oil glands, and a wall against body contamination. You must take special care of your skin, so that its functions go on smoothly. Your efforts will be rewarded by greater vitality, vigor, and resistance to surrounding conditions. Proper care of the normal skin includes the use of soap and water daily, sun baths in summer, artificial sun baths in winter, correct clothing, and regular exercise to stimulate the glands of the skin. Build up your health yourself through improved daily care of your skin. This is the eighth in a series by Jens David Henriksen, M.D., editor of the Danish Life and Health, published in Skodsborg, Denmark. Each number of this series was translated from Danish into English, and we hope it will give you a refreshing slant on how health is maintained in. Denmark. 9 A. Devaney DO YOU wonder whether a man can put too much burden on his mind? Does it need rest also? THE OVERACTIVE MIND A H. E. nnoREn, M.D. Live on the positive side of lifeвЂ”think only happy, cheery, uplifting, and kind thoughtsвЂ”for a relaxed, efficient mind. RE you driving yourself too fast? Does lack of time make you confused and frustrated? During the war and the postwar period many a responsible person having a strong mind has driven himself into such excessive activity that he eventually cracked under the strain. The tragic nervous breakdown of former Secretary of the Navy Forrestal was widely publicized, but others pass unnoticed. Some persons develop vague but distressing physical symptoms related to inner tensions, depriving themselves of efficiency and happiness. The pressure from within may be a reaction to an intolerable situation. It may result in overactivity, which at times may bring on some degree of mental illness. More persons suffer from this type of overactivity than is realized. The human mind and the A 10 human body alike can take just so much strain before showing signs of fatigue. A young theological student of my acquaintance served as pastor of a community church, drove sixty miles to his university classes daily, kept up on his studies, devoted two or three evenings each week to church business, and usually stayed up long after midnight. He had a growing family and looked after an attractive parsonage. For two years he was strong, happy, and successful on this regimen. But not long ago he ended in his doctor's office in a serious state of nervous collapse. Thousands of men and women today find themselves, like this young pastor, on a strenuous, unrelenting daily program. Unvarying routine eventually will threaten your equilibrium and efficiency, unless LIFE & HEALTH you find avenues of diversion, rest, and relaxation. Too many foolhardy men and women boast that they have worked years without a vacation; they take pride in this "achievement." Actually, as Dr. William C. Menninger says, "such persons aren't smartвЂ”they're only jeopardizing their jobs, their health, and their home life." A youthful and aggressive veteran who had acquired a small family while in the service was persuaded to buy a home immediately after his discharge in 1945. During the next five years he could afford only one week's vacationвЂ”the only one granted him with pay. His family has increased, and he is still financially insecure. Only after a heart-to-heart discussion did he come to a realization that his irritability, inability to concentrate, extreme nervousness, and periodic deep depressions were expressions of his general resentment toward lifeвЂ”feeling "burned up" and "fed up," forever carrying a chip on his shoulder. Many a professional or business person has gone through a similar period of stress, though perhaps his sense of pride and innate persistence kept him from showing outward signs of tension. IndigestionвЂ”in the form of heartburn, nausea, diarrhea alternating with constipation, or gas distensionвЂ”is a frequent symptom of inner tension. Attacks of discomfort about the heart with rapid heartbeat and a sense of flushing or suffocating have brought many such persons to their family physician, who has found no physical evidence of disease. Often these patients have been unaware of their nervous state, never suspecting that overactivity and mental fatigue had anything to do with their physical discomfort. Although it is possible for anxiety or fear ultimately to arise out of a state of fatigue, these strained feelings are at first absent in the true mental fatigue condition. Responsibility, overconcentration, excessive stresses and strains without recreation, and constant dealing with human relations and personnel problems often provoke neurosislike symptoms. These are similar to the symptoms of combat fatigue of soldiers or flight fatigue of airmen. "Time already Subnorrn,i1 of nervous spent on the job" has been named a principal cause in either case. The accompanying illustrations of the mental fatigue state contrast the normal person to the psychoneurotic. They were suggested by Dr. Charles R. Rayburn. Anxiety is an infrequent symptom in fatigue, but depression is quite a common symptom in fatigue. Difficulties in concentration and inability to carry out actions with any degree of sustained effort are characteristic of mental fatigue. Besides irritability, restlessness, and impulsiveness, there is also a tendency toward self-accusation. A person realizes something is wrong, admits most of his symptoms; but, contrary to the neurotic, he resents sympathy and attention. He refuses medical aid, wanting only to be left alone. There are doctors who consider mental fatigue a defense mechanism, a subconscious action to control overactivity of the mind. The symptoms of insomnia (inability to sleep) or somnolence (sleepiness) can easily be understood on this basis. Insomnia may be due partly to excitation on the brain of stimulating poisons in the brain circulation and partly to early anxiety factors plus increased nervous tension. The somnolence so frequently noted in mental or nervous exhaustion may be caused by the poisons of fatigue, which create what might be considered a light and temporary form of sleeping sickness. When the patient understands the cause of mental fatigue he can better appreciate his need of physical exercise. Physical activity increases the circulation in general, carrying fresh blood to the brain and washing (Turn to page 21) away body wastes. Norrnal conflicts stresses, aid strains Ps choneurotic Personality ,urrrui ,,; stability of nervous sy,tem '') A. Drr a r.,', Mental Fatigue State FEBRUARY, 1953 HAVE your problems made you forget to smile? Put them out of your mind for awhile every day, and you will learn to relax. 11 Ewing Galloway THE BRONX Board of Education established this busy dental clinic for the benefit of the youngsters who attend Public School No. 66. TURNING POINT IN DENTAL CARE A AUGUST J. Von BOROSIIII, Sc.D. RE the conditions causing the sad state of people's teeth in civilized countries external or internal, or perhaps a sign of race decadence hard to fight? This question ran like a red thread through the proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Dentists, which met in Vienna shortly before Hitler marched into Austria. The discussion of child dentistry was foremost. Although recognizing fully the excellent work of school dentists, the congress asked: "Does it do any good? The query was answered by the eminent Greek dentist Alex Krikos, who stated: "When we apply today the best methods and go to work backed up with all our knowledge of dentistry, we are, at best, able to take away pain and to protect the children's health in a general way. If we continue our careful treatment of children and young individuals we may succeed in prolonging the life of their teeth not more than ten years. In other words: the best we can do is scarcely worth talking about." 12 Can better diet and living patterns check your tooth decay? Here are findings th at will give you hope. A statement by Dr. Pichler, of Vienna, was still more disappointing. He said, "Even this very modest goal of prolonging the life of children's teeth ten years is scarcely ever reached." There are two opinions as to the cause of tooth decay, and they are vastly different from each other. Most dentists continue to believe that "healthy" teeth LIFE 6 HEALTH are mostly attacked from outside; and they suspect the chemical make-up of saliva, faulty chewing (often caused by careless tooth filling), fermentation of food particles about the teeth, and bacteria, which lodge between the teeth and occasionally enter them through cracks in the enamel. The smaller group of dentistsвЂ”still in the minority, but getting stronger every dayвЂ”do not deny that some of the outward causes of dental decay may occasionally be responsible. But they are convinced that tooth decay is principally caused by a shortage of building material, and that this shortage is the result of bad blood and lymph conditions. This internal cause of tooth decay, according to these dentists, plays an important role not only in fetal life but also in childhood and adulthood. At the Vienna congress dentists of both groups went into heated discussions. Each of them brought forth arguments based on painstaking experiments that seemed to support their view. When the conference ended, the outcome was still up in the air. But this conflict had at least one positive result: Both groups agreed on the need of paying attention to proper nutritionвЂ”simple, well-balanced meals, less sugar and sweets, lots of vegetables during the entire year (most of them raw), lots of potatoes, fruit, and little or no meat. Prof. R. W. Bunting, of Michigan, demonstrated the part sugar can play in tooth decay by adding to the food of a group of children on an otherwise wellbalanced diet about eight ounces of sugar daily for a period of five months. The result was that 44 per cent of these children, who had not shown any trace of tooth decay before the experiment was begun, developed actual caries (tooth decay). When these sugar portions were withdrawn the caries gradually disappeared also. Professor Bunting was convinced that a bacillus (acidophilus) , which he found only in the saliva of these sugar-fed children, is the rogue that causes tooth decay. But among these children there were some who kept their good teeth in spite of the daily sugar portion. Bunting's investigations revealed that these children had been on a well-balanced diet for some time before his experiments started. On the other hand, he found that a rather small group of the children continued to have bad teeth in spite of the well-balanced diet. They turned out to be children who had been eating many .sweets and had been on an unbalanced diet before the experiments started. These remarkable results show plainly that inheritance and disposition can rarely be held responsible for caries. Almost at the end of the congress something happened that nearly upset the applecart of those who were reluctant to change old ideas. The surprise came from where it was least expectedвЂ”from Palestine. Dr. Mansbach, a health officer of Tel Aviv, a most modest, unpretentious man, read a short paper to the congress that electrified the delegates. The Jewish health authorities surely are confronted with terrible tooth conditions. The immigrating Jews who come mostly from Europe, and have been living in towns for more than two thousand years, usually arrive in Palestine with their teeth in bad shape. They suffer a good deal under the new climatic conditions, and, as most of them come to their ancient homeland without a penny, they are obliged to lead a very hard life. "Naturally," Dr. Mansbach said, "we were very curious to find out what consequences (Turn to page 30) this state of affairs would have F. Lewis TOOTH DECAY is widespread, but it is an unnecessary evil. Johnny could keep his teeth healthyвЂ”if he did not have an abundance of sweets to eat every day. FEBRUARY, 1953 13 By RAM ON) S(HUESSLER You know you have varicose veinsвЂ”but what to do? Here's how to prevent, treat, and relieve them. ARICOSE veins is perhaps the most prevalent malady in the United States, for more than half the population are afflicted with it. It occurs chiefly in the legs, where stagnant pools of blood form in blood vessels that are not functioning normally. Poor muscle tone, weak vein walls, and absence of the normal number of valves in the veins of the legs are states contributing to the formation of varicose veins. A constant miracle is the return of the blood to its pumping station from all parts of the body. Ingeniously located within your legs are primary blood channels. The action of your large leg muscles massages the blood upward. There is no backflow, because at regular intervals along the blood channels in the leg are valves, which allow the blood to flow only toward the heart. The lungs create suction, which plays a part in drawing blood toward the heart. In healthy persons the calf muscle contractions assist by driving the blood back through the large veins. But in some persons the valves of the large veins are inadequate to support the column of blood, and every relaxation of the calf muscles allows the blood to flow back down the main veins. The result is permanent stoppage of blood and overloading of the veins in the leg, which bulge in jagged pockets. The immediate cause of varicose veins is not definitely known. Heredity may play a prominent part, though many observers believe that the cause is purely mechanical in nature. The blood coming from the legs and thighs on its way back to the heart courses through the veins in the abdomen and chest. An abdominal tumor or chronic chest condition with cough may cause a back pressure, which may be the mechanical factor responsible for varicose veins. The disease is common in adults of all ages, sexes, and races. Frequently it occurs during pregnancy. Flat feet may be a contributing factor. Constricting garters and tight girdles increase back pressure upon the veins, sometimes causing veins to dilate and enlarge. Obesity can be an aggravating accompaniment. 14 An occupation that requires heavy lifting and constant standing may also be a factor in producing the condition. The fact that varicose veins are not uncommon in persons who are chronically constipated leads some observers to believe that constipation may contribute mechanically to varicose states. Whether the cause be mechanical or otherwise, however, the end result is the same. Any factor or combination of factors that brings about increased pressure within the vessels in the legs will most likely lead to thinning and weakening of the vein walls and finally varicosities. Persons with varicose veins usually complain that their legs feel tired and heavy. If they have pain, often it is described as a burning, stinging sensation. A few complain of aches and cramps in the calves of their legs. Varicose veins of long standing lead to discoloration of the lower limbs, to eczema of the skin, and eventually to ulcers. They are also subject to inflammation. Inflammation in varicose veins may cause serious illness of a recurrent nature, causing the sufferer to lose much time from work. A slight bruise, which under ordinary circumstances would cause no inconvenience, may lead to a varicose ulcer. The ulcer may become large, penetrating all the leg structures, even to the bone, if the patient does not get proper treatment. The victim of varicose veins should have a complete physical examination; and factors causing mechanical obstruction, such as pelvic tumor, chronic cough, and too tight clothing, should be eliminated. Infections such as chronic pelvic inflammation should be cleared up. Correction of personal habits and change of occupation may be of help. The fact that one has varicose veins does not mean that he must be uncomfortable for the remainder of his life. Even the worst cases are usually amenable to a form of treatment that does not include a serious operation or long hospital care. Modern surgery can LIFE & HEALTH control practically every case in a matter of weeks. The disease has been recognized since ancient times. As early as the seventh century after Christ, Paul of Aegina (607-690), considered by historians the greatest commentator on the writings of Hippocrates and Galen, tied off the great vein in the upper thigh for relief of varicose veins. Modern surgery is based on this ancient theory. Specialists are certain of one thing: Varicose veins can never be returned to normal; they only get progressively worse. Often the patient will need no more than elastic stockings, which the physician will prescribe. Made today to resemble ordinary hose, these stockings force the vein to collapse, and thus the blood is made to seek other veins. Doctors often prescribe elastic stockings for all pregnant women to prevent the possibility of varicose veins. Sometimes the physician uses an injection that temporarily freezes, and obliterates the vein. The patient needs no hospitalization for this treatment, but his relief may.not be permanent. The operation for varicose veins consists in cutting the main superficial vein in the thigh or behind the knee, and other secondary enlarged veins may also have to be cut and tied, thus blocking backflow of blood down into the leg. After the operation the calf and thigh muscle contractions drive the blood through numerous fine-webbed channels into the muscle veins of the thigh. The marvelous adaptability of the human body, placed in it by the Creator, enables the blood to find new routes. In serious cases a more effective operation is performed. A surgeon skilled in such work will actually pull the large vein out of the leg. He does this by making an incision just below the groin and another below the ankle. He inserts a steel wire into the vein, ties one end of the vein to it, and pulls the entire vein out the other end. Other veins then take over the function. However, there are precautions you can take if you are developing these painful bulges. If you work at a long standing job, make a point of moving frequently and perhaps doing a few deep knee bends and toe raises to help stimulate circulation. At home while you are relaxing with the newspaper, radio, or television you should elevate your legs at least to the level of your chair. Before retiring or at any time during the day, you should rub your calves briskly upward to help speed the blood toward your heart, and prevent the formation of pockets in the veins. These precautions can help you retard the more serious consequences of varicose veins. MODERN MEDICINE has much to offer you in your battle against varicose veins. If you know preventive measures, you may keep free of them. FEBRUARY, 1953 15 A CLIFFORD R. RRDERS011, M.D. Tired of tasteless food? less than your best work? fear of mouth, throat, or lung cancer? It's time for your declaration of independence! 0 YOUR doctor has advised you to quit smoking! That's not a bad idea, especially if your blood pressure is up, or you have a bad heart or an ulcer. No one can really claim that tobacco has any beneficial effect on the body, especially in these conditions. It is well known that diseases of such organs as the nose and throat, the blood vessels, the digestive organs, and the nerves are aggravated by the use of the "weed." So here are a few simple ways for you to help your body break the smoking habit. The first and most important thing is to stop! No one gets anywhere by trying to taper off. If you try rationing yourself to one cigarette after each meal, you will find yourself anxiously watching the clock, waiting for the moment to return when you can light up again. Your nerves will get no rest. No, the only way to stop smoking is to stop! Here are some of the things you can do to help yourself not to smoke. For the next few weeks stay away from other smokers as much as possible. You can help to remove nicotine and other poisons from your body by daily hot baths and mild laxatives, such as milk of magnesia and Epsom salts. Your diet should include large quantities of fruit, such as oranges, apples, pears, peaches, dates, figs, raisins, and prunes. You may find it necessary to eat more often than three times a day during the next few weeks. This is wise, because you have often depended on the nicotine of a cigarette to raise your blood sugar level. If you feel faint when you are tired and hungry, for this period of struggle eat regularly and at more frequent intervals than the usual three times daily. Don't go hungry. You can strengthen your resolve not to smoke by keeping your blood sugar high. A little hard candy is often a real help in the first few weeks. Avoid all highly seasoned foods and stimulating drinks. Omit pepper, mustard, and all hot condiments. 16 Keystone TOBACCO has no beneficial effect on your body. If your family physician advises you to give it up, more power to youвЂ”and him! LIFE & HEALTH PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE THE BUSINESSMAN'S PRAYER By D. A. DELAFIELD IF YOU DON'T RELISH delicious food and zestfully enjoy its delicate flavors, nicotine may be blacking out your sense of taste. As for specific medicines, some folks have found relief in chewing gentian root. Others rinse their mouth three or four times a day with a weak solution of silver nitrate (1 part to 5,000 parts or 1 part to 8,000 parts) after eating. Then there is a new preparation obtainable at some drugstores that has proved . useful in many cases. But no medicine can ever be a substitute for will. The desire to break the habit is the most important medicine. Get plenty of exercise in the open air. Keep your mind occupied and yourself moderately busy. Do not falter in your determination to master this habit. It is well worth all the effort. And the reward? No more smoker's throat. No chronic bronchial cough. No more palpitation, but a quiet, steady heart, a calm pulse, sweet breath, a clean mouth, a relaxed body, and a mind in control of itself. You are no longer addicted to a pack of cigarettes and a box of matches. And what does all this add up to? Simply this: You are more likely to enjoy a long, happy, healthy life radiant with the realization of moral power. You will be master of yourself, no longer a slave. Life holds no more exhilarating satisfaction for you or anyone else than this. FEBRUARY, 1953 One morning some friends called on a businessman. Their mission was urgent, but the clerk said, "You cannot see him now." "We must see him at once," they replied. So the clerk yielded, and beckoning with his hand said, "I will show you where he is, but please be quiet." Then he led the way back into the storeroom among the boxes. There in a secluded corner of the store was the businessman. He was on his knees praying, and before him lay an open Bible. This businessman had discovered that a few minutes spent with God every morning helped him through the perplexities and endless red tape of the company's business. He was prepared to face people and reality with a serene spirit. His mind was clearer because he prayed. He had better judgment. Prayer should not be regarded as a means to achieve financial success, but it certainly will produce men of conscience and principle who know how to make money the honest way. SomeoneвЂ”probably a businessmanвЂ”bequeathed to us what he calls "The Businessman's Prayer": "MY FATHER: Help me to remember that three feet make one yard, sixteen ounces make one pound, and sixty minutes one hour. Help me to do business on the square. Make me sympathetic with the man who has broken in the struggle, and keep me from putting in the gaff where it does not belong. Blind me to the petty faults of others, but reveal to me my own. Deafen me to the rustle of unholy skirts and help me to live day by day so that when I look across the dinner table at my wife, who has been such a blessing to me, I shall have nothing to conceal. And when comes the sound of low music and the scent of flowers and the crunch of footsteps on the gravel, make the ceremony short and the epitaph simple: 'Here lies a man.' " In the political and business world there is a manwanted sign out. This generation has produced many businessmen of integrity who have earned one thousand, ten thousand, or one million dollars honestly. More such men are needed. The distinctive trademark of businessmen is honesty and service. Most men of integrity have found that prayer helps build these principles into their business. If you are troubled to know how to pray, try "The Businessmayet Prayer." Offer this prayer honestly, and purpose sincerely to make God the senior partner of your enterprise. Have the satisfaction of knowing that your business is making a contribution to society. Perhaps you have discovered already: Prayer really changes things. 17 EKG - the _Heart's rata* CHARLES H. WOLOHOn, M.D. The story of the electrocardiograph and what it has meant in heart disease. OW embarrassing it is to the doctor when the newspapers carry the headline, "Prominent Citizen Drops Dead in Front of Doctor's Office!" When such a thing occurs after the man has had a careful physical checkup and been reassured as to the state of his health, there always arises the disquieting thought, "Has the doctor been negligent or incompetent?" No, most likely neither, but an accident has happened that up until a few years ago had no prospect of being foreseen, and even now with the best in examining technic it may give no sign that it is just around the corner. Before we had some of the modern aids in detecting trouble, we had to go on only what the patient could tell us about his discomfortsвЂ”and sometimes he was singularly inept at thatвЂ”and what we could learn by our five senses, aided by the stethoscope, the instrument the doctor uses to listen to hearts. In heart conditions where the valves are damaged or imperfectly formed, and abnormal sounds are thus produced, the stethoscope is the chief help to the doctor. But where the disease is in the hardened, narrowed, or stopped-up blood vessels, there is nothing to be heard. You cannot hear hardening of the arteries or a blood clot in the heart arteries. By a peculiar mockery of fate the person may be told that he is all right, and within only a matter of minutes life's little candle may be snuffed out because of a major coronary seizure. (Remember cor is "the heart," and coronary arteries therefore are "the arteries of the heart.") And no one honestly may be held blameworthy, for even with the electrocardiograph a perfectly normal record may be obtained in the face of serious heart disease. Because of the unreliability of being guided by what can be heard and seen in examining patients, one of our most famous heart specialists has said that "in a person over fifty years of age, a physical examination is never complete without an electrocardiogram." There are five major groups of heart disease: 1. Congenital heart disease, with which the patient is born, the organ having developed faultily. This is the type seen in infants. 2. Rheumatic heart disease, due to infecTHE ACTION of your heart creates a tiny electrical impulse, and the trace tion and damage of the heart valves by rheuof this movement is the record made by the electrocardiogram for your doctor. 18 LIFE & HEALTH 2. A light to enable the doctor to see the readings. 3. An instrument for putting accompanying time lines on the photographic record. 4. A camera for reRusso, From Kaufmann-Fabry cording the heartbeat YOUR FAMILY PHYSICIAN is eager to have you discuss your health problems with him. Don't and the time lines. worry along over symptoms you think mean heart trouble. Let him be the judge and counselor. 5. Leads to connect different parts of the matic fever. Ninety per cent of heart disease up to the patient's body to the electrocardiograph. age of twenty is due to this cause. The essential element, of course, of an electrocardio3. Syphilitic heart disease, due to syphilis earlier graph is the string galvanometer. A word about the in life, the heart disease showing up about twenty string. It is of quartz flecked with gold, and is in diyears later. ameter about half the size of a red blood cell. It moves 4. Hypertensive (high blood pressure) heart disback and forth in a magnetic field. Both ends of the ease, coming on at any age, but usually in later life. string (one end as Pole A and the other as Pole B) are 5. Arteriosclerotic heart disease, hardening of the connected with the patient leads, and move in a direcarteries, which occurs usually after forty, but may tion determined by the difference in electrical pressure come on even in the twenties. of the parts connected. In congenital heart disease the stethoscope usually What makes the electrocardiograph work? The tells us definitely that something is wrong, and the heart is made to contract by a bodily electric impulse electrocardiogram may be of some help in classifying that starts in the most sensitive part of the heart, the defect. the auricle wall. This impulse goes down over the In rheumatic heart disease physical examination auricular muscle and is picked up by what might be tells practically the whole story, and but little if anythought of as the electrical wiring system of the heart. thing is added by the electrocardiogram. The electrical impulse travels on down this system On the contrary, in heart disease caused by arterioand out into the muscle of the heart, causing it to sclerosis, or high blood pressure, the heart sounds may contract. The electrocardiograph picks up this electribe entirely normal. Here the X-ray and the electrocal current and records it on the tracing. cardiogram may be of great help. However, one third Some people are fearful lest when they are hooked of the cases of angina pectoris may have a normal up to the machine they will be electrocuted. However, electrocardiogram. The electrocardiogram is valuable the shoe is decidedly on the other foot. Their electrical in inverse proportion to what you hear when you excurrent is put into the machine, not a current from amine the heart. If you hear a lot, there is little learned the machine into them. from the electrocardiogram. Just a word about the size of the electrical currents What is an electrocardiogram? It is a tracing made of the body. Now, everybody knows that no heart lives by a machine called the electrocardiograph. The elecand beats for two thousand five hundred years. But trocardiograph measures the slight electrical currents simply for illustration only, someone has calculated set up by the muscular action of the heart. that if the total energy produced by a heart from the The electrocardiograph consists essentially of the time of ancient Babylon, six hundred years before following parts: Christ, up to now could be stored up, there would be 1. An Einthoven's string galvanometer, which alonly enough electrical energy to light a flashlight bulb gebraically computes the difference in electrical presfor one second. We therefore deal with minute quantisure between two points in the body. (Turn to page 29) ties in the electrocardiograph. FEBRUARY, 1953 19 We do not diagnose or treat disease by mail, but answer general health questions. Enclose stamped, addressed envelope. Address: Family Physician, LIFE & HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C. 11. A. Robes:; Mouth Without Roof My one-year-old daughter was born without a roof in her mouth. In what way will this affect her speech, and can anything be done about it? It is important that you see a doctor close at hand about your baby's mouth. The baby probably will need to be treated surgically. Your doctor will advise you and probably refer you to a specialist. Usually such a condition interferes with a baby's ability to nurse, take its milk, and talk.вЂў Very fine plastic surgical work is done now on such mouths, and your baby should be all right if she has the proper care. * * * Veins in Face Small veins break in the skin on my face. What causes this condition? It would require a careful medical checkup to determine the cause of the breaking of the small veins on your face. They are often due to a fragile condition of the tissues, especially of the blood vessels. The right kind of diet, with supplementary vitamin intake, including particularly vitamin B complex and vitamin C, would be helpful. I don't believe there is any danger results, but certainly not consistent of their causing cancer any more than results. Certain oils containing mildly irrisunshine would cause cancer. We continually give ultraviolet treatments to tating substances have proved effecour patients in the office, with definite tive in clearing psoriasis from the benefit. One, of course, should avoid skin for a time. Many persons are a l?ad burn, but even with that I have benefited by exposure to Unobstructed never known it to cause cancer. sunlight. Complete body exposure for gradually increasing periods, starting with a few minutes, often leads to a thorough change in the skin condition, leaving a soft, normal brown skin. However, absence of sunlight may soon result in a recurrence of psoriasis. gis great to Oe In the last year or two some have claimed excellent results in the Use of By C. M. FRENCH the new hormone ACTH in treating this condition. More observations should be recorded, we think, before Oh, it's great to be old and childish and blind, we can recommend without reservaTo be wrinkled and gray and toothless and tion this approach to treatment. lame, 4:44:вЂўвЂў:вЂўвЂў:вЂў+++4вЂў440+++ Old And be to a bed, cot, or wheel chair confined. Tut, tut, don't be discouraged or confused with shame. Hearing Inconsistency But be thankful you're alive and are doing quite well, That the Lord has a care for His children on earth, That the Lord He is gracious, as many can tell; And He will reward you in accord with your worth. вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў-вЂў вЂўвЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў* * Psoriasis Cancer From Ultraviolet? I expose my two little daughters to ultraviolet rays five to seven minutes each side about four times a week during the winter. Recently I heard that ultraviolet rays may cause cancer. Is this true? I think it is a fine idea for your little girls to have ultraviolet treatments. 20 What causes psoriasis, and how should it be treated? The cause of psoriasis is not known, and as a result treatment is directed largely at symptoms. Some have thought it comes from the use of too much protein, and diets low in protein have been proposed. These diets have given some degree of favorable Why are people sometimes able to hear certain sounds but not other sounds? The ear is capable of hearing sounds through a great range of vibrations, from low tones, in which the vibrations are relatively few per second, to high-pitched tones, in which the vibrations may number thousands per second. The ear may deteriorate in a certain range, so that a person may fail to hear a spoken voice or the telephone bell but at the same time hear perfectly the high-pitched notes of a singing bird. It is known that there have been persons who could nqt hear thunder, which has a slow vibration rate, yet could hear perfectly all everyday sounds. If there is partial loss of hearing, the victim might not be able to identify syllables or words easily. LIFE & HEALTH EVERYBODY NEEDS VITAMINS EVERY DAY IN THE YEAR NUTRIFAX Nothing duplicates this most complete, balanced massively potent VITAMIN-MINERAL Diet Supplement YesвЂ”thanks to 22 years of research, Thompson scientists are now able to provide all this truly remarkable health protection in one small tablet. No other product, even at three times the cost, gives you the same complete range and rich potencies as NUTRIFAX. 18 VITAMINS! Including B12, Folic Acid, and the entire B complex plus A, C, D, E, K, and P. 11 MINERALS! Including copper, phosphorus, iron, iodine, fluorine, and manganese. Compare the PotencyвЂ” Compare the Price The Overactive Mind Authoritative New (Continued from page 11) FREE BOOK DEAF Prevention of mental fatigue naturally depends largely on the patient's habits of recreation. One busy Londoner had such habits of ingrained composure that he even designated his cable address as "Undisturbed, London." Self-discipline and thought control are not always enough, however, to reduce fatigue of this type. A complete change of location or vocation may become necessary if the patient cannot arrange for a sound recreational program. The schoolteacher who becomes a student in the summer opens her mind to new subjects. She may enjoy this mental change as much as a long journey to foreign lands. Widen your interests to escape everyday monotony and take time out to Each life should build a step upon which those that follow can climb a little higher.вЂ”Emplovment Counselor. For The Does a hearing impairment become pro- gressively worse? Are persistent or recurring ear noises a sign of deafness? Does lost hearing cause other complications? These and other important questions of vital interest to the 15 million persons in the United States who are hard of hearing are answered in an authoritative new illustrated booklet, "How You Can Help Yourself to Hear Better." It is now available to the hard of hearing readers of this magazine without any cost or obligation whatsoever. To obtain your free copy, which will be sent in a plain wrapper, simply send your request to: Electronic Research Director, Beltone Hearing Aid Company, 1450 West 19th Street, Department 2612, Chicago 8, Illinois. A postcard will do. 180 tablets only $7 42 tablets only $2 At all good health food counters. If not available from a local dealer, order direct by mail. We pay postage. No C.O.D.'sвЂ”please. WM. T. THOMPSON CO. "Every vitamin for every need" St. Louis 3, Mo. Los Angeles 27, Calif. Owe a friend a favor? Send him a subscription to $2.75 a Year-25c Single Copy Washington 12, D.C. Beautifully Located in a Subm of Our Nation's Capital THIS modern general hospital maintains therapeutic standards aimed at bringing new strength and vigor to body, mind, and spirit of each medical, surgical, and obstetrical case admitted. EUGENE LELAND MEMORIAL HOSPITAL Riverdale, Maryland FEBRUARY, 1953 feel the exhilaration of a genuine change in outlook. These new ideas and activities will give you the same results as a good vacation. They will both prevent and cure mental fatigue. It is important for each of us to strike a happy balance in our mental and physical activities. "All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy," especially if his work is of a mental or highly responsible nature. A dangerous, vicious cycle can result from the habitual use of sedative drugs to overcome the tension and insomnia of an overactive mind. Avoid them! Use instead such relaxing measures as the prolonged neutral bath, the restful general massage (which acts as a form of passive exercise and improves the circulation), and special progressive exercises designed for release of both muscular and nervous tension. Physical exercise in the out-of-doors when possible is of course ideal for finding relief from excessive mental activity. Why not try to streamline your activities, eliminating some of the taxing mental exercises that you might either delegate to others or find actually unnecessary? Cultivate a sense of buoyancy and elasticity in your working habits by avoiding the rigid pattern of yesterday. In spite of the speed and pressure around you, give yourself time for all your activities, Vitt QUALITY HEARING AIDS Individually FittedвЂ”Personally Serviced //7/ Like Tasty New Q- Dishes? 71-ei SOVEX Delicious vegetable flavoring rich in B, B: вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў For meaty-flavored sandwiches Savory seasoning for gravy, soup, roast Adds new zest to vegetable dishes, etc. Peps up lagging appetites 14-oz. Jar Sovex, $1.00 postpaid (West of Mississippi, $1.15) SOVEX FOOD PRODUCTS 105 Sherwood St., Holly, Mich. and keep your schedules flexiblenever ironclad. Assume an attitude of gratitude and of practical optimism. It will go a long way in postponing your mental fatigue when you find prolonged mental activity necessary. In other words, allow yourself to think only positive thoughts, never negative thoughts. Feel confident that there will always be an answer to your every need if you seek more fully the help of divine power when your own ability and strength are about exhausted. 21 Questions for this department should be addressed: Mother's Counselor, LIFE & HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C. Enclose stamped, addressed envelope for reply. Mental Strain and Illness Can a mental strain cause a person to feel ill physically? We are having some financial trouble, and I feel ill all over, having felt this way since the trouble began. We are wondering if it can be mental. We have- three small children, and they are problems too. I have had several examinations, and the doctors always say I am in good health. say about body temperature. Dip her in quickly, laughing playfully as you do it. The cooler bath will not be uncomfortable. After two or three times, and she is quite used to it, make it just the least bit cooler. Splash the water around her and rub her little back and body vigorously. Thus, by introducing the cool bath gradually, you'll be able toвЂў make it just as much fun as the warm bath. Yes, mental strain and worry can make one physically ill. Illness is caused more often by such strain than by anything else. You may lack vitamins. Yeast tablets are not expensive, and they are good builders. Ask your heavenly Father to help you. Cast your burden on Him. Pray for courage, and love your children a lot. They are life's great compensation. * * Cool Baths I have had a lot of criticism about giving my little eight-month-old girl cool baths. Some of my friends seem to think I'm positively cruel. It's true that the baby doesn't like the cool bath too well, and she cries when the water touches her. She prefers the warm bath. I tried cooling the water just a trifle at first, but she still cried. Perhaps you could tell me how to get her accustomed to a cool bath. Giving babies cold baths successfully depends a great deal on how it is managed. If this program is begun early, babies don't mind it at all. They never mind playing in cold water in the back yard when they get a chance! Let the warm cleansing bath be very warm, but short, so that baby is warmed through. Then make the cooler bath just a' little less warm22 Ignore Thumb-sucking Diet for Regularity My baby has been constipated since she had a sick spell at the age of five weeks. I tried everything to bring her back to normal. Is there anything that can be done for my little girl? I think a nervous complex can be developed in a baby by the mother's being too anxious about constipation. Missing a day now and then does no harm. If the baby is on the right nutritional program, nature will take care of the constipation problem. There is danger in your efforts to get the best of the situation that you give her too much sweet. Many babies do well with no sweetening at all in their formula. Babies should have orange, tomato, or other fruit juice. Their vegetables should not have fat added to them, nor should their cereal be sweetened.Don't let your baby see that you are anxious about her bowel movements. A child soon feels the mother's anxiety, and his reaction to it may create more of a problem than the constipation itself. My children all suck their thumbs, and nothing I can do helps. What do you advise? When thumb-sucking becomes such a problem and issue in the home, it is better to ignore it and let the children suck their thumbs. Any plan that is a failure always makes a problem worse. I believe in your case the best thing is to stop worrying about it and be a happy companion to your children, and the chances are they will finally forget to suck their thumbs. You might make a joke of it once in a while by sucking your own thumb for their amusement. But don't let them see that you are upset about their habit. * * * Teeth Although my little boy is more than two years old, he doesn't have all his teeth. What can I do for him? Some children are late in cutting their teeth. Most children don't have all their teeth by your little boy's age. It is probably nothing to worry about, if his general health is good. You should be sure, of course, that he is on a good nutritional program. He probably should be getting something in the way of cod-liver oil concentrate and some vitamin B complex. LIFE & HEALTH Diphtheria 74 hew MARVEL JUICER NOW IT'S FUN MAKING JUICES ! Makes juice and discharges pulp in one operation. Also grinds nuts into creamy spreads and shreds vegetables for salads and soups. New exclusive revolutionary featureвЂ” Made of cast nylon, tough as steel, which reduces to a minimum any contact of food with metal. Write today for free descriptive literature. THE MARVEL JUICER COMPANY 1229 So. Central Ave., Lodi, California Which of These Danger Signs Are Yours? Lack Energy Tire Easily Poor Appetite Can't Do Much Work Act Older Than You Are Feel Older Than You Are Eyes Tire Easily Look Older Than You Are YOU MAY NOT BE GETTING ENOUGH OF EACH OF THE 7 BASIC FOODSвЂ” Use a Vita-Mix lour Government, through the Bureau of Human Nutrition, Leaflet 288, says the 7 basic foods give energy and protect health. Without enough of each you may develop the symptoms listed above. Use a Vita-Mix for a delicious way to get your leafy green vegetables, citrus fruits, potatoes and other vegetables, milk products, dried beans or peas, breadstuffs, and butt& or margarine as a supplement to the regular diet. Use a Vita-Mix to grind grains, make bread crumbs, chop vegetables, whip cream, churn butter, make omelets, pie fillers, cake batter, sauces, sherbets, baby foods, purГ©es. THE ONLY MACHINE WITH NONBREAKABLE STAINLESS STEEL BOWL AND BAKELITE HANDLE MAKE DELICIOUS DRINKS FROM 7 BASIC FOODS With Vita-Mix make health cocktails in 1 to 4 minutes, soup without boiling in 3 minutes, cake batter ready for oven in 3 minutes. Use it to chop nuts, make sandwich spreads from leftovers, make peanut butter, make powdered sugar. No wonder it's one of the housewife's best friends. More than a juicer, Vita-Mix is a liquefier, a grinder, a blender, a juicer, a mixer. Easy to clean. Just unscrew base from Mason jar, drop in dishpan. Less work too. Just store what you make right in the Mason jar. $29'95 Sells in Stores For $39.95 WHY WE SELL FOR $10 LESS By reducing the price for a limited time, we are selling these machines to more people than ever before. Because the Vita-Mix is so useful, we know you'll be showing it off to friends and neighbors, and then they'll be buying a Vita-Mix. Order now, because this offer is definitely for a limited time only. NATURAL FOODS Dept. LH-2 OLMSTED FALLS, OHIO Rush me your Vita-Mix at $29.95. One year factory guarantee NAME ADDRESS CITY FEBRUARY, 1953 .(Continued from page 9) This operation is called a tracheotomy. It was in the development of antitoxin for the treatment and temporary prevention of diphtheria that medical science triumphed in one of its most important victories. It was found that when increasing doses of diphtheria toxin were injected into a horse, the animal's blood came to contain increasing amounts of antitoxin, which chemically was just like the antitoxin developed in the human body. Later some of the horse's blood could be drawn, the antitoxin-containing serum separated, and injected into a person having diphtheria. This often produced dramatic improvement, and eventually proved to be lifesaving in nearly every case where the treatment could be begun within a day or two after the onset of the disease. It was also found that the antitoxic serum was an efficient preventive of the disease for a period of two IOW 111111.0. 10111140011141114 "Life is 10 per cent what you make it and 90 per cent how you take it." Drink essential Vitamin A the easy "EVEREADY" way Every glassful of this solidladen EVEREADY Carrot Juice is rich in Vitamin A (Carotene) in all three forms вЂ” Alpha, Beta and Gamma. The Beta type, which yields twice as much Vitamin A in the body as either of the other two, is abundantly present in EVEREADY Carrot Juice. Specially selected midwinter crop carrots, allowed to develop to vitamin-andmineral-rich maturity in California's mild climate, insure greater Carotene content. * For free pamphlet of recipes and vitamin facts, write Dole Sales Co., 215 Market Street, San Francisco 6, Calif. Get EVEREADY Carrot Juice at your health food store and grocer's. or three weeks if given to a person who had been exposed or was in danger of being exposed to diphtheria, but had not yet shown any symptoms. Later it was found that a mixture of toxin and antitoxin would stimulate the building up of a much more lasting immunity. Still later a modified toxin, called toxoid, was found to be a much more efficient immunizer than the toxin-antitoxin mixture. Recently penicillin and some of its relatives have proved to have some value in fighting diphtheria germs, but they do not give promise of replacing antitoxin in treatment or toxoid in prevention. In spite of all these discoveries, do not think lightly of diphtheria. It is still a menace to life, and may work rapidly if it gets a start. Keep all children and youth protected by a course of three spaced injections of toxoid a month during the first few months of life, with a single booster injection every two or three years thereafter. Then if suspicious symptoms develop, call a physician at once, so that he may determine the true nature of the trouble, and give antitoxin, do a tracheotomy, or both if needed. It may not always be possible to prevent diphtheria, but it should nearly always be possible to keep it from taking life. RENEW YOUR galtAl Enjoy carefree relaxation under the Florida sun . . Cool lake breezes . . . Peace of mindвЂ”away from clamoring resort crowds. Walker Memorial Sanitarium offers you the modern facilities of its departments of Dietetics, Surgery, Maternity, Laboratory, X-ray: .Write for illustrated booklet "L" ALHER MEMORIAL SAILITARIUM 8 HOSPITAL Afros Paid. 7/o 5& ....вЂўвЂўвЂўвЂўвЂўвЂўвЂўвЂўвЂў вЂўвЂўвЂўвЂў вЂўвЂўвЂўвЂў YOGURT lovers: Here's the last word in Yogurt Incubators! Want to make good tasty Yogurt at home? Then get this Electromatic Thermo-Cult Yogurt Incubator. Makes enough Yogurt for the whole family (4 quarts). Automatic; foolproof; easy to clean; operates on AC or DC current. Only $14 postpaid. Available at leading health stores or order from: INTERNATIONAL YOGURT CO., Dept. LH2 8478 Melrose Place, Los Angeles 46 23 piece of bark into a swiftly rushing stream, and watch it go bobbing along and soon pass out of sight? That compares to our kidney tubes when we drink plenty of water. The poisons are carried along rapidly. "Did you ever try to float a piece of bark in a stream that was almost dry? It soon gets caught among the By VEDA SUE MARSH. R.N. stones and stays there, to rot and decay. A stream like that is soon murky and not pleasant to see. "When we do not drink enough waA CLUB FOR BOYS AND GIRLS ter poisons get caught along the kidney tubes, and soon irritate the lining and make it sore and scaly. So, to keep our kidneys healthy and to MISS KAY EXPLAINS hurry the poisons out of the body, we need to drink from six to eight sugars we eat are stored in fat cells glasses of water each day besides the AY I have a drink too?" "Please wait until I have had and muscles. But the protein building water found in our food and in milk. stones have no place to stay. a glassful." "Some foods are irritating to the "How can you tell when you get a "Let us continue our trip and see kidney tissues, such as too much proglassful, when you are drinking at what happens to them. We have tein, pepper, mustard, and other the fountain ?" reached the glomerulus, where the spices. "I counted the swallows in a glass tubes get so tiny our red-blood-cell "Plenty of fresh fruits, vegetables, of water. Miss Wilson, our conference boats cannot get through. So we will and dairy products help to keep Kidnurse, says we should drink from six jump onto a uric-acid-crystal boat. neyville clean and healthy." to eight glasses of water each day." "How we do rush "Miss Kay, why do we need to drink along this tiny six to eight glasses of water each stream! Hang on; day? Isn't there enough water in a here we go around glass of milk each meal?" a sharp curve. We "That does help. In fact, nearly all hardly catch our the foods we eat contain large amounts breath before our boat of water. But we need much more rushes around anthan is contained in foods alone. Let other curve. For a us take a trip to Kidneyville, as we while we twist, so will call Johnny's kidney. We shall that it is worse than pretend we are very tiny, so that we a roller coaster. Then can float along on a red-blood-cell boat. down we plunge "Kidneyville is made up almost en- around the Loop of tirely of canals, or tiny tubes. There Henly, and up again are millions of them, so tiny that they to some more twisted are hard to see under a microscope. parts. All this time We shall go floating in on a very large the water is being stream of blood flowing through the squeezed through the Portal Vein. This large vein begins walls and back into to divide and divide, until the walls the blood stream, and get so close together that we can the liquid we are floathardly squeeze our blood-cell boats ing in contains more through. In fact, much of the water and more poisons and is squeezed out, and the cells sail along refuse, which need to one at a time. be thrown out of the "This stream now contains many body. At last it flows poisons and tiny bits of refuse from down into the bladder, the foods we eat, and some of the a reservoir from fluids are pressed through a tiny unit which it is carried called a glomerulus. The blood cells do outside the body. not get through. "There are many "The proteins we eat, such as those found in cottage cheese, eggs, and miles of these tiny beans, are broken down into micro- glomeruli and tiny scopic bits. We sometimes call them tubes, which make amino acids. They are building stones, up the kidney tisfor proteins build and repair tissues sues. When we drink in the body. But the building stones lots of water each that are not used today cannot be day the little tubes stored anywhere in the body for fu- have plenty of water ture use. There is no storehouse for to keep them clean. proteins. The extra fats and the extra Did you ever throw a Wings of Health M H. A. Roberts 24 LIFE & HEALTH The wings of the Humming Bird beat more than 80 times per second, a physical impossibility without adequate nutrition. 4. Devaney Sdool Zeotelted HREE nutritious and well-balanced T meals every day are essential to the health and well-being of every school child, says Dr. R. H. Riley, Maryland director of health. Stressing the fact that the school lunch should provide one third of the daily food requirement, Dr. Riley calls attention to the following statement prepared by nutritionists of the State department of health. "Food eaten at school should perform an important role in the general food plan for the day, whether the meal is selected at a school cafeteria or carried from home. "During the year most children eat more than 150 lunches at school. This meal can be both nutritious and appetizing, or it can be so uninteresting that it will remain uneaten. "Mothers who pack lunches for their children to carry to school can simplify the task of providing varied and attractive noonday meals by planning them at least a week in advance. They will find it helpful to include, lunch-packing in their day's working schedule, so as to avoid last-minute rush. To make the job easy, have a definite work place for packing the lunch and reserve a special shelf or drawer as close to this place as possible for storing school lunch supplies. "For top nutrition, the packed lunch should contain a sandwich or other main dish supplying two ounces of protein foodвЂ”eggs, cheese, peas, beans, or peanut butter. Use enriched or whole-wheat bread in sandwiches or along with the lunch, and two teaspoons of butter or fortified margarine are desirable. Green or yellow vegetables and fresh, frozen, canned, FEBRUARY, 1953 It is estimated that over 75 per cent of Atnericans suffer nutritional deficiencies. Yet these same people must face the terrific demands of modern living. More than 1,400 Americans enter a hospital as patients every 24 hours of the day. Can faulty nutrition be a contributing factor? THE EMENEL CO. Loma Linda, Calif. To make sure of adequate amounts of essential vitamins and minerals, ask your health food store or write for SUPER- CERAPLEX The COMPLETE FOOD SUPPLEMENT or dried fruits in the lunch should total three-fourths cup. Include a half pint of milk in some form. Simple desserts suitable for the school lunch are fresh fruit in season, baked custards, and dried fruits. "Careful packing can add considerably to the appetite appeal of a box lunch. Wrap sandwiches separately, and thoroughly clean and wrap raw fruits or vegetables. Thermos bottles or clean jars with tight lids are necessary for licjuids and soft foods. Paper napkins and disposable place mats should be placed in the box if they are not available at school. Unusual items and occasional surprise treats add interest to children's lunches." * * * Doctors at the Denver National Jewish Hospital have recently hailed a plastic sponge developed by a home experimenter in his wife's kitchen oven. The sponge will replace diseasedestroyed lung tissue, filling up the space so that breathing may be more nearly normal in a patient who has had lung surgery. 25 If you have a question or problem regarding food or diet, address: The Dietitian, LIFE & HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C. Enclose stamped, addressed envelope for reply. Goulash My growing family is fond of goulash. Can it be made without meat? If so, what would I serve with it to replace meat and make a complete ration? Goulash is a term usually referring to a dish made of onion, tomato, meat, and a starchy food as potatoes, macaroni, spaghetti, or rice. A very nourishing goulash is made as follows : Cook a large finely minced onion in two or three tablespoonfuls of melted fat. Add finely minced sweet pepper if available, about a pint of canned tomatoes, a can of large red beans, and a small package of macaroni that has been cooked separately. To blend flavors, heat all together over a very low fire or bake. A bay leaf is often added and removed before serving. With this one-dish meal two glassfuls of milk would make a complete ration, making up for the absence of meat in the dish. Fruit would be a pleasing dessert. * * * Plain Cake How can I make a plain cake that will be attractive? A sponge cake may be varied, and it is the plainest, most wholesome of cakes. You can add pure food color according to your color scheme if the cake is for a special occasion. You can bake the sponge cake in a shallow pan and cut out fancy shapes by pressing cooky cutters into the well-baked cake. The small pieces may be topped with whipped cream and a colored cherry or with cream cheese diluted with a little milk until creamy and then sweetened with honey. Sponge cake can be delicious with nuts and black walnut extract added. It is good even without icing. Some 26 add a little mashed banana or minced cooked prunes to their sponge cake batter. Sponge cakes make tender fruit shortcakes, and when served with whipped cream or the vegetable topping that resembles whipped cream they are quite rich enough. FEBRUARY FOOD GUIDE These foods should be at the top of your shopping list. They are mentioned by the U.S. Department of Agriculture as most plentiful and hence most thrifty buys at this season. They represent normal seasonal availabilities. FRUITS VEGETABLES Apples Cranberries Dried prunes Grapefruit Oranges Raisins Tangerines Winter pears Beets Cabbage Canned or frozen corn Carrots Irish potatoes Dried peas Lettuce Lower-grade PROTEIN FOODS canned peas Onions Cottage Cheese Sauerkraut Dried beans Spinach Eggs Peanut butter Tree nuts OTHER FOODS Honey Oat products Monoglycerides and Diglycerides I notice the words "mono glycerides" and "diglycerides" among the ingredients on the labels of foods we are using. What are they, where do they come from, and are they wholesome? Monoglycerides and diglycerides are chemical compounds derived from glycerine, which is usually or often extracted from lard. The glycerides are widely used in shortenings, cake mixes, ice creams, and baked goods. According to the Government bulletinвЂ”Union Calendar No. 1139вЂ”on "The Investigation of the Use of Chemicals in Food Products," their safety has not been determined. We read from page 7 of this bulletin that "there is a controversy among reputable scientists as to whether these compounds are safe for use in foods." The homemaker would be wise to use oil in cooking and make her own ice cream and. baked goods. * * * Orange or Tomato? Fresh oranges and lemons are expensive here. Does the orange juice concentrate really contain the same amount of vitamins as fresh juice? Is tomato juice as nutritious as orange juice? Orange juice concentrates may be depended on as substitutes for fresh orange juice if the labels say so. Tomato juice is about half as potent in vitamin C as a rule, so if you are depending on tomato juice as a substitute for orange juice, it is best to use at. least twice as much. Tomato juice is richer than orange juice in some of the other vitamins. It is five times richer in vitamin A and three times richer in the vitamin niacin. Have you ever used tomato juice or orange juice in salad dressing, especially French dressing? You will be happily surprised at the pleasing flavor. Disaster Help The Red Cross provided relief in 2,500 disaster operations during the last decade. Some 1,600,000 persons were given assistance. LIFE & HEALTH Ten Ways to Worry Less By PHIL GLANZER OUR problems have little if any- Ything to do with your worrying. The habitual worrier dreams up things to fret and stew about, actually making them up out of thin air. Or he develops a morbid anxiety about possibilities that haven't one chance in a thousand of coming true. If a particular problem is solved, the worrier simply transfers the worry to his health, his children, or his wife's affection. Worriers always find something to fret about. Chronic worry actually is a state of mind that results when an inner sense of security is lacking, according to psychiatric authorities. The turbulence caused by inner anxiety ta.0 u u4g 5, $ 1AINCX Y.,p`tY4 ?irr%?Nr4 Amnesia By CLAIRE PUNEKY How thoroughly we criticize And diagnose as bad The very faults in other folks That we have always wee had. we Plf% PV% PIM WV% R\F% PIM ;INV% and bewilderment cannot be bottled up, and seeks expression through the worry process. The individual seeks to rationalize this insecure feeling by attributing it to some outside cause. Innermost thoughts, wishes, and desires, unless powered by action and given concrete expression, become frustrated. If this occurs consistently, a person begins to doubt that his aims and goals ever will become reality. Finally he loses all confidence. A real sense of security can be achieved only through the expression of inner energies. Here are ten ways to worry less and accomplish more. 1. Don't think of problems as difficulties, think of them as opportunities for action. 2. After you have done your best to deal with a situation, forget it and go on to the next thing. 3. Keep busy. Keep your hours filled with work, recreation, and sleep. 4. Don't concern yourself with things you can't do anything about. 5. Stop building air castles. For the time being, eliminate daydreaming. FEBRUARY, 1953 Are you literally "starved" for the right kind of sleep? New medical findings revealed! You may not be getting the "sleep food" you need! RECENT MEDICAL STUDIES indicate that a vital substance in your bloodstream may have a lot to do with how well you sleep. This substance, known medically as blood sugar, is an important source of nourishment for the brain. At bedtime, and especially during the long nighttime hours without food, your supply of blood sugar may become seriously lowered. Thus, your brain and nervous system may suffer from insufficient "sleep food." You may feel too nervous to go to sleep ... too restless to sleep well. How you can help your body get needed "sleep food" Drugs or sleeping pills can't supply "sleep food." And sweet, sugary foods and drinks provide only a quick jet of sugar that is too quickly burned up. But here is a way вЂ”a delicious, drugless wayвЂ”to help your body get needed "sleep food." This sleepaid is a POSTIIM "NIGHTCAP"вЂ”a delicious drink made with Instant Postum and hot milk, taken shortly before retiring. Your Postum "Nightcap" is good-tasting and safeвЂ”contains no drugs to harm you. Moreover, your Postum milk drink gives you easily digested nourishment that is slowly converted into blood sugar. Thus, it helps assure the slow, steady flow of vital "sleep food" to your brain. That's why a Postum "Nightcap" helps you get refreshing sleepвЂ”the kind that leaves you rested, looking and feeling like new! So safe, so easyвЂ”try id Every night before you retire, fix yourself a Postum "Nightcap." It's easyвЂ” add a rounded teaspoon of Instant Postum to a cup of hot milk, and stir. Try this for just 10 daysвЂ”then see if you aren't sleeping betterвЂ”feeling fresherвЂ”looking like a new person! Get Instant Postum now. Postum is an ideal mealtime beverage, too. No caffeinвЂ”no drugs вЂ”no chance for "cof fee nerves:' A Product of General Foods i1-ia "SLEEP-FOOD Nig htcap -For sleepless Millions ! 6. Don't put off an unpleasant task until tomorrow. It simply gives more time for your imagination to make a mountain out of a possible molehill. 7. Don't pour out your woes and anxieties to other people. Their sympathy makes it easy for you to feel sorry for yourself. 8. Get up as soon as you wake up. If you remain in bed, you may use up as much nervous energy living your day in advance as you would in actual accomplishments of the day's work. 9. Arrange your schedule to cut down on hurrying. Hurrying helps to shatter poise and self-confidence. 10. Break up big projects into simple steps of action. Then negotiate those steps one at a time. Don't allow yourself to think about step number two until you've executed step number one. 27 When writing, please enclose stamped, addressed envelope for reply. Address: Home Editor, LIFE Cr HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C. Good Old February. I like February. all, if there are small children in the could play and mother could watch The biggest part of the winter is be- family, why not plan the kitchen with him. Mother had a small padded table hind us, and spring is near. Spring the nursery right next to it? It will nearby, with a stack of diapers handy, planting and grape tying are ahead be a simple matter to convert this where she could quickly change baby. of me and garden making (except the nursery into a playroom, study, or A little shelf above the table held gardens we make on paper, which are guest room later on. powder, extra pins, and oil. always the loveliest). I can catch up The draperies can be drawn across on many things in February. the glass window for complete privacy. Carrots to Please. For dressing up We have a wood range to keep the And with the protection of the glass Mrs. Dale Hamilton, of Fort kitchen warm. I do like my wood panel, decorator fabrics that ordinar- carrots Lauderdale, Florida, passes on the range. It's convenient to set food at ily can't be used in the kitchen will the back of the stove if the family add unusual warmth, color, and gaiety. suggestion of boiling them with a doesn't gather right on time. Keeps However, if you must have the chil- spoonful of shortening in the water, it hot. I like to bake in a wood stove dren in the kitchen, try to provide a and when they are tender and the waoven. Seems as if bread is tastier and play area where they can see what's ter almost all boiled away, add a half crustier. going on and be happy. Some mothers can of mushroom soup just as it comes have a low, well-padded box to keep from the can. Makes tasty cream sauce the toddler in control. He can stand up on the carrots. Kiddies and the Kitchen. One of the when he wishes and watch the happenPretty Aprons. Mrs. Otto McBee, of larger fixture manufacturers has a ings about him. sketchbook of ideas to assist in planThe Kitchen Reporter tells of one Akron, Ohio, a classmate of mine, sent ning and remodeling home bathrooms, couple who put a small fence (one of me a charming little apron last spring kitchens, and utility rooms. these adjustable fences for keeping of soft print in tiny red, blue, and I was interested in a kitchen that kiddies on the porch) across one yellow blossoms, with a yellow border will permit mother to cook and baby corner of the room and placed the all around the apron and set in at sit at one and the same time. After baby's toys in this area. Here baby at each side to form a pocket. Mrs. Gerald Hoagland, of Green Bay, Wisconsin, sent me a beautiful frosty-blue organdy apron with a white pleat in the center and lace-edged pockets. You know, a dress-up apron does something for you. Let's dress up our aprons. Executive Research, Inc. 28 Helpful Hints. Mrs. Fred Burkett, of San Antonio, Texas, says in order to "protect the upholstery of your overstuffed chairs from soil or hairoil stain, make a half slip cover of clear plastic yardage to put beneath your knit or cretonne slip covers. Or use flowered or figured plastic and trim with harmonizing braid, rickrack, or lace. Arm-rest protectors can be made to match." Mrs. Burkett also uses the "protective caps from milk bottles as individual salt dishes for radishes and celery and for individual portions of salad dressing, tartar sauce, jelly, and butter. Especially useful on the sickroom tray. They can be burned after use." LIFE & HEALTH The Heart's Tracing (Continued from page 19) It is interesting to know that although one or two scientists suspected the presence of an electrical impulse in connection with the beat of the heart, it was not until Willem Einthoven, of Germany, in 1903 gave us a machine and an idea that have developed into our present knowledge. What happens when an electrocardiogram is taken? The patient lies quietly on the doctor's table. Practically the only muscle active when one is relaxed is the forcibly contracting heart. Think of the heart as a wetcell battery. Electric current flows between the poles of the battery and throughout the solution. So the current produced by the heart flows through the body toward the extremities. A battery has polarityвЂ”a negative and a positive sideвЂ”and so has the electrical current of the heart. The amount and quality of current going to any extremity depend on the position of the heart in the body, as well as changes in the heart muscle produced by disease. This, of course, is what gives us the changes recorded on the electrocardiogram, which is taken from the different extremities in combination. Of what value is the electrocardiogram in the diagnosis of disease? How can it help us? In the early days it was chiefly used in diagnosing disturbances in the rhythm of the heartbeat, that is, rapid heart action and slow heart action. The science of electrocardiography has so sharpened the diagnostic acumen of the doctors and educated them to recognize differences in heart performance that in most cases they can diagnose these differences quite well without any instrumental aid. The chief helpfulness of electrocardiography, therefore, has shifted to another field; namely, changes in the heart muscle owing to a shortage of blood caused by narrowed or plugged coronary arteries. This is the so-called coronary artery heart disease, or arteriosclerotic heart disease. Arteriosclerotic heart disease occurs in two chief forms: 1. Angina pectoris ("breast pain"), due to temporary inadequate blood supply, usually caused by exercise, emotion, or eating. At other times there is no discomfort. 2. Coronary blockage, often called coronary thrombosis. This occurs where an area of the heart is permanently robbed of blood because of complete closure of an artery. When an area of the heart muscle is deprived of blood supply, and is FEBRUARY, 7953 undergoing death from it, there are different levels of injury in the area. In other words, some sections, chiefly the center, will be hit harder than others; the surrounding area will be practically normal, and there will be various gradations in between. In order to put things in their right perspective, I would say that in evaluating the different procedures used in diagnosing heart disease as a whole, the emphasis certainly does not rest upon electrocardiography. Our most experienced and respected teachers evaluate the importance of the different parts of the complete examination on a percentage basis as follows: 50% 1. History of the case 25% 2. Physical examination 15% 3. X-ray examination 10% 4. Electrocardiography In spite of the fact that the physical examination and history do not Cellu Natural Fruit Juices Pressed from fresh, sun-ripened fruits, undiluted, unsweetened. Strawberry, Light Cherry, Dark Cherry, Peach, Apricot, others. Write for name of dealer. LO . W CARBOHYDRATE CELLUO CHICAGO DIETETIC SUPPLY HOUSE Inc. 1750 West Van Buren Street Chicaro 12, Illinois SUBSCRIBE TO Zof eta 1.1 1111вЂ” ? itr 3 A-\ Good health is the foundation upon which all successful living is built. FOR YOUR FAMILY'S SAKE! $2.75 a Year-25c Single Copy Washington 12, D.C. always give the complete story, they are by far the most important elements of the whole. This is why it is unsafe and poor practice to diagnose heart disease from the electrocardiogram alone, without any contact with or examination of the patient. Nowadays, however, with both "QRS" and "T" wave changes in the electrocardiogram, and the use of the newer leads to supplement the old, a much higher degree of accuracy is possible than used to be the case. I should like to speak a word of comfort and cheer to those suggestible souls who, like medical students, will straightway suffer symptoms of heart disease. I would say, Be of good cheer if the following are your symptoms: 1. Shortness of breath (90 per cent due to causes other than heart disease). 2. Pain over the heart area (90 per cent due to causes other than heart disease). 3. Swelling of the ankles (90 per cent due to causes other than heart disease). 4. Palpitation (never means serious heart disease). So don't be afraid to face the situation. Go around and see your doctor, tell him the story, and after an examination allow him to give you the best news that you have had for some time вЂ”that you have no heart disease. eN0-1 In the HEART of DETROIT Tat.444i Cyitcuufiks Cu Auk First thing to do in Detroit Is check m at Hotel Tuner! You'll enjoy every minute. Newly modernized. Beautifully decorated. Within walking distance of all downtown stores, theatres and business activities ... yet, you enjoy the evergreen atmosphere of Grand Circus Park... The Toiler Dining Room or Cafeteria for excellent food modestly priced. 800 ROOMS ot 4, from Harry E. Paulsen, cert. .Mgr. .50 U :Sce-s;:ce.ceвЂў-:вЂўвЂўвЂўвЂўвЂўвЂў ' 1 41, faro 29 from a A TIP young man of 91 110fILES ot Our 2-antrienzton TIRED? HUNGRY? (Continued from page 5) "LET-DOWN?" FOR A QUICK LIFT THAT , LASTS, MUNCH A GEO. M. BARTLETT "The believe it or not man" KEVO-ETT LIKE I SO!, Mr. Bartlett is a renowned chemist and engineer who designed the world famed power plant at Niagara Falls. He is one of the first men to make $100,000 a year. The food supplement he developed to aid his own recovery from a nervous breakdown, became a business that he has operated for over 50 years. Our armed forces used millions of KEVO-ETTO to combat fatigue. Mr. Bartlett works 16 to 18 hours a day, drives his own car, does not wear glasses and is usually taken to be in his early 60's. SATISFY THAT 'SECRET HUNGER REVO:EIT rI c. Delicious Non-Fattening CONCENTRATED illy E'T FOOD вЂўe: voices calling from treetops or other unexpected places, "Hi, Miss Marsh!" Often she is confronted with problems such as this: "Miss Marsh, is it all right for me to brush my teeth with soap? Will that count?" Inquiry reveals that mother keeps the tooth paste high above the reach of tiny fingers. Again, "Miss Marsh, what can I do to learn to run as fast as John?" She cannot simply reply, "Eat spinach"; these are weighty problems. While teaching at Washington Missionary College, she was asked to conduct the children's page for LIFE & HEALTH. She little realized then that she would continue the pleasant task for so many years. It has brought friends as the grown-up children come to her college classes and still think of her as Aunt Sue. She also wrote Graded Lessons in Health, a manual for grade-school teachers. Her hobbies are children, nature, and music, and her great desire is to reach the new earth, where one can study and not have to stop to sleep, where one can spend eternity learning a few of the marvelous and interesting things found even in this old world, where the teacher will be the Creator Himself. * * * o package also larger sizes AT HEALTH FOOD STORES 100% PURE Deep sea kelp Wheat Germ Brewers yeast Soy milk Iron Phosphorous Carrots Spinach Dandelion Egg calcium, etc. KEVO CO. Cr LH-6, 900 Foothill 6-1yd., Azusa, Calif. Enclosed find: ( 1 10c for 4 Kevo-Etts and mailing ( $1.35 for 112 Kevo-Etts, postpaid ( 1 $2.59 for 224 Kevo-Fits, postpaid NAfvtE ADDRESS CITY And You Think You Work Hard! If you think you are overworked, just think of this: Every day your heart beats 100,800 times, your blood circulates a total of 168 million miles, and your lungs inhale 438 cubic feet of air. "Work doesn't wear us out; it is dreading '4- that unravels our nerves." 30 C. M. French ("It's Great to Be Old," page 20) is a perky old gentleman who has just reached the century mark. Born in Iowa on the beautiful prairie home of the meadow lark and the bobolink in 1852, Mr. French grew to young manhood in the free air of the farm. His longevity he attributes to his farm life, without the use of narcotics or alcoholic beverages, and an old-fashioned farm diet consisting of vegetables, fruits, grains, and nuts, with a good supply of dairy products. After finishing rural school he studied at Battle Creek College, in Michigan. Once when he had a severe cold he went to the old Health Reform Institute, where he was placed in a box with a lighted alcohol lamp and properly broiled. He was then taken out of the cabinet and placed on a chair in the middle of the bathroom floor, while an operator poured a pail of cold water over him from head to toe. He was then dried with a sheet, dressed, and dischargedвЂ”cured. This treatment in the old Health Reform Institute was simple and primitive, but it later gave impetus to the Battle Creek Sanitarium with its up-to-date equipment and improved methods of hydrotherapy. Mr. French taught in grade schools for fifty years. He has a hobby of writing letters to editors; and newspapers throughout Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah have received letters from him in both English and Spanish. Father of three daughters, he now lives in San Jose, California. * * * Turning Point (Continued from page 13) on the children's teeth, because if the inheritance factor really had something to do with tooth decay, it certainly had to show up in this case." The Jewish scientists were all inclined to believe that this factor would show up. But to their great surprise it did not! The younger generation of the Jews in Palestine have almost unbelievably good teeth. On an average, 40 per cent of the children are entirely free from tooth decay up to their fourteenth year. This is still more amazing in a comparison of this percentage with the percentages of other countries (10.3 per cent in northern Spain was the next highest figure). These facts show plainly that caries is not inherited but caused by surrounding conditions. But the state of teeth among the children in Palestine still differs greatly, for only 10 per cent of those who have immigrated during the most recent years have healthy teeth. This brings the average of all immigrated children to 25 per cent with good teeth. The 40 per cent average is brought about because of the greatly improved dental condition of all children born in Palestine from immigrant parents. The reason for this improvement is that these children are exposed to sunshine in a manner their elders never were before they came, and their food contains less meat, much fruit and vegetables, and excellent milk. But more amazing still are the results that Dr. Mansbach reported from the community settlements, where the children grow up in special homes under scrupulous and loving care. Their food surely is simple. They get most of the products of the settlements (which are agricultural). The results? The average of healthy teeth in these settlements is 81 per cent (the town of Oslo, in Norway, had 64 per cent), and in numerous groups 100 per cent is reached up to the sixth year. But as soon as the children are placed in private settlements, the percentage LIFE & HEALTH sinks to 49 per cent, because here they often get too much sugar and sweets, and their food lacks proper balance. Dr. Mansbach explained that the food in the community settlements is rich in vitamins, being made up of raw vegetables, fruit, and very little meat. Meat is given only twice a week and in very small portions. "You may call the fare frugal," Dr. Mansbach said, "but it surely is building up healthy little bodies. Vitamin C seems to play a decisive role. Though the children's food is the same in all our settlements, there are a few that cannot counterbalance the lack of citrus fruits in summer (which are plentiful only in winter in Palestine). In some communities, therefore, a scarcity of vitamin C exists in summer, and causes among other symptoms impairment of dental health. Thus the yearly average of perfect teeth is brought down to 60 per cent (as compared to 96 per cent in other communities). But we are now in a position to counteract this vitamin C deficiency during the summer months by increasing cultivation of the green pimiento, which is very rich in this vitamin." * * Date Torte Try a special treat for guests by serving a date torteвЂ”a light, somewhat crisp yet chewy mixture that is almost a cake, not quite a cookie, yet is so altogether pleasing in every way that its uses are legion. Grease the pan well; bake the date torte slowly. Bake enough so that you may keep it on hand for weeks for an assortment of impromptu desserts. Then slice it into squares and serve with sweetened whipped cream or custard sauce, or crumble and serve folded into cream or pudding mixtures, or serve topped with vanilla ice cream, or cut in bars and swathe in lemon sauce. cup dry bread crumbs * teaspoon salt 3 eggs, separated cup sugar or honey teaspoon vanilla cups sliced dates * cup coarsely chopped nut meats Add salt to crumbs. Mix with dates and nuts. Beat egg yolks until light; continue beating and add sugar gradually. Add vanilla, then fruit and nut mixture. Fold in stiffly beaten egg whites. Spread the mixture over well-greased shallow pan and bake in 300В° oven for about an hour, or until done. When cool, cut in squares and serve with whipped cream, ice cream, or custard sauce. It is also delirious crumbled and served in sweetened whipped cream or custard. FEBRUARY, 1953 Something EXTRA ;IAA W911 for something scA50NED EXTRA ADDS ZEST IT'S WONDERFULвЂ”the way Worthington Breading Meal enhances the fine flavor of your favorite foods . . . covers choice morsels with a crusty coat of nutritious extra goodness. Worthington Breading Meal is a wholesome mixture of toasted bread crumbs, potato meal, soya meal, and vegetable seasonings. It's a perfect breading mix for tender, lean, protein-rich CHOPLETS . . . for VEELETS, the succulent, bite-size chunks of wheat protein ... or for deliciously different SOYLOIN STEAKS. Just dip these popular Worthington Foods in the Breading Meal and pop them into a skillet. Worthington Breading Meal is ideal for loaves and patties, tooвЂ”and for many other uses. For extra taste appeal and extra food value, be sure to get convenient, economical, ready-to-use Worthington BREADING MEAL. THE ANSWER TO: 'WHAT SHALL WE EAT TODAY?" THERE'S WORTH IN ced kitr r i niz FOODS Worthington Foods, Inc. Worthington, Ohio 31 IF YOUR CHILD WON'T EAT A Pt /ewe ?wage By LOUISE M. BROWN, R.N. A gngredients: Faith in God Use unsparingly to encourage consecration. Love for others Too much cannot be used. Hope Add plenty to prevent discouragement. Faith in others A generous amount increases ambition. Good cheer In large measure chases away gloom. Kindness A huge lump prevents friction. Pity Use this very important item with discretion. Patience Used generously promotes harmony. Sense of humor Add for spice and variation. Thankfulness In large measure encourages appreciation. Courage Abundantly added to stimulate effort. Sm des Generously sprinkled over all to relieve monotony and to cover mistakes. After the above ingredients have been blended into a smooth and rosy cream, apply a generous portion to the heart each morning. Massage well, leaving surplus to be absorbed. Follow at once by cheerfulness, courage in facing life, and plenty of effort to make someone else happy. The results are amazing. Previous symptoms of heart trouble will soon disappear. NOTE.вЂ”This is a proved prescription that has been used with great success by many people, and is guaranteed to bring desired results when followed as ordered, The products advertised in LIFE AND HEALTH are: 32 How to Sleep Here's a formula for a night of sound, refreshing sleep, as suggested by Dr. David F. Tracy, a New York psychologist, who spent a season with the St. Louis Browns to help them out of a batting slump. Dr. Tracy is not only able to help patients relax but also can put them to sleep. But most important, he says, is for patients to be able to put themselves to sleep. Here's his suggestion: Close your eyes, imagine that you're looking down the side of your nose. Keep your eyes closed, and then imagine that it's a cold winter day, and you can see the vapor passing in and out of your nose. Keep your eyes closed, and watch the vapor passing to and from your nose. Now, say to yourself, "I'm going to sleep. Nothing matters, because I'm going to sleep, and I won't awaken until morning." You may notice noises in the room. These will become less noticeable, and they won't mean anything to you, and soon you will fall into a deep slumber, to awaken refreshed the next morning. By RUTH MC ELHENY, Dietitian AVE you come to the point that H you feel it's impossible to get Mary to eat her meals? If so, you do have a problem. But there is a solution. Perhaps you are overanxious. You must keep in mind that children are smaller than adults. Your kiddies don't require the amount of food you do. As a child specialist put it, children eat until they are satisfied; whereas we adults overeat, and put on extra pounds. Don't be alarmed if your child doesn't eat all you expect her to, so long as she maintains her growth and weight. Children do not grow at a steady rate, but by .spurts. Generally they grow more rapidly in the spring and gain in weight faster in the fall. During the period of rapid growth they will have a stepped-up appetite, but during the lull they do not require so much food. Naturally they will then eat less. When Mary doesn't eat her breakfast, do not be disturbed; don't make an issue of it. She won't starve before dinnertime. The mistake some mothers make is feeding children crackers or cookies in the middle of the morning. This should never be done, for the child's appetite is spoiled for the next meal. If Mary decides she is hungry in midmorning, give her a glass of water or fruit juice only, so that she will have a keen appetite for her meal. Eating between meals is a bad habit, and it should never be started. Do you set a good example before Mary? Does your husband come to the table and say, "Jane, you know I don't like spinach"? If he does, do you expect Mary to eat spinach? Do not discuss food at the table except in a complimentary manner. Perhaps you aren't eating the foods you expect her to eat. Children imitate their parents. Even though you don't like a food, don't let Mary know about it; ,keep it a secret. There is a story told about a man who ate oatmeal every morning with his daughter so that she would eat and enjoy it. After she left home for school he said, "No more oatmeal for me!" But he had never let her know he disliked it all the time. Mealtime should be an anticipated pleasure. You spend at least fortyfive hours each month eating. Forget your cares and problems. Enjoy your family, and talk about pleasant things of mutual interest. Although the conversation of Mary and her little brother is a bit elementary, let them LIFE 8 HEALTH feel a part of the family by having a chance to speak. They need a feeling of security. Although you will teach them good manners, don't be so rigid that they feel ill at ease. It takes time and experience to learn to eat properly. Do you set the proper example for them to follow? Any emotional upset will interfere with a child's digestive system and yours as well. Mealtime should be an occasion that Mary and her brothers and sisters will cherish in fond memory when they go off to SILK-StREER PRMTMG By GRACE FIELDS ILK-SCREEN printing is ideal for hobbyists who want to throw a bit of artistic skill and a bit of manual craftsmanship together. The two ingredients can be combined in almost any proportion. Copies of original sketches can be reproduced by this method with a fidelity that will delight would-be owners of water colors, crayon sketches, or oils. On the other hand, those of us who like to dabble but are short on creative ability can easily copy and adapt other people's designs to our use, and thereby produce acceptable invitations, posters, greeting cards, and many other items. Hitting the high points, here's how. You'll need a printing outfit, which at its simplest is little more than a frame mounted by hinges on a printing base. On this frame silk has been tightly stretched. A frame can be purchased for about ten dollarsвЂ”a small one, that is. If you're clever with things like hammer and saw, you can rig one up for yourself without exhausting effort. The principle of silk screening is one step up from stenciling. The merit of the process is that it holds the center and other loose parts of your pattern in position. This was always the problem in stencil printing, until Samuel Simon got the idea of using a .silk fabric as a screen, or ground, to, hold a stencil without tying it. He patented the silk-screen process in Eiigland in 1907. ;There are many processes of putti*g your stencil on the silk, varying in! their degrees of complication and each possessed of individual merit. For hare, it's enough to say that you can work out an original design directly on the silk or trace the design of your S Trost 8tcAings in tie sorest By FRANK LINWOOD BAILEY Listen, while round you frost gems glisten. Your pause is momentary ere you feel The rapid penetration, the snappy-keen sensation, Of blue-white-diamond air that cuts like steel. Tiny snowflakes sparkle, as cracking tree limbs startle The furred and feathered creatures near at hand. There's a brilliant, blinding brightness, An all-encircling whiteness. As King Winter casts his spell o'er all the land. A track runs o'er the snow and back As though its maker knew not where to go, And so there's a calm, cold beauty rare As we, read here and there Nature's autographic etchings in the snow. college or have homes of their own. It takes time to plan tasty, attractive meals every day, but it is time well spent. If your meals look good and taste better, you will not only win compliments from your husband and children but discover that many problems will never confront you. Flowers on the table lend a friendly charm to any table. Watch for new and different ways to serve your meals. If you have been worried about Mary's not eating, you no doubt have been doing yourself more harm than her. As long as she feels well and is growing properly you may be assured that she is eating all her little body needM. FEBRUARY. 1953 choice on the silk or on profilm or paper. The area outside the design is blocked out by one of several methods. Once your design is in place, and the material you are using for blocking out the areas not to be printed is adhered or dried, as the case may be, you place paper on which the design is to be printed on the base, and drop the screen holding your pattern. You put process paint on the screen and push a roller across it. You then have a print of your original design вЂ”a faithful, accurate copy. The blocking-out material has held back the paint where you didn't want it. The silk has permitted it to come through the screen smoothly and instantly to make the design. It's as simple as that. Make as many prints as you like just by pushing the roller across the screen. By choosing the proper kind of paint, you can print wall paper, fabrics, even wood. You can print in one color or several. The effects are limited only by your patience and imagination. Artists are constantly experimenting with the process, developing new technics and procedures. Yet it's simple enough for the rest of us. Silk-screen printing is a great hobby. It'll get you dirty, and make you forget to go to bed, and set you to dreaming up all sorts of uses for your productions (a girl we know printed up so much wall paper she had to beg her friends to use it), but after all, why have a hobby if it doesn't lead you a merry chase? Have fun! Silk Screen Stenciling as .a Pine Art, by Biegeleisen & Cohn (McGraw-Hill), thoroughly covers the processes involved in making a Screen. working out the designs, stopping out, and printing. Silk-screen supplies may be obtained from Arthur Brown & Bro., Inc., 67 West 44th Street, New York 18, N.Y., Naz-Dar Company, Chicago, Illinois, and art-supply stores everywhere. 33 Happy Miss Sick-Abed HOTEL RICHELIEU REFURNISHED! вЂў COMPLETELY MODERNIZED! вЂў RECARPETED! REDECORATED! LOUISE PRICE BELL IN EVERY home where children are вЂў вЂў By San Francisco's newest and most modern hotel now offers you the ultimate in attractive accommodations and service at moderate rates. DINING ROOM вЂў GARAGE SERVICE from S 3 50 Family Suites also available. a part of the family, there are sure to be many sick-abed days. Everything from a mild case of the sniffles to a more severe illness such as measles or mumps means that the ailing child will be popped into bed, for that is the only way an active child can be kept quiet. Although the miracle medicines are eliminating childhood diseases in amazing fashion, youngsters will catch cold, bruise or sprain their ankles, and get upset stomachs. Children can be happy when they have to stay in bed. They should be kept in a pleasant mood, so that their attitude toward a forced time there will be cheery, not gloomy. Though their lively activities must be sup- SAN FRANCISCO VAN NESS AVENUE AT GEARY A splendid location in the heart of Downtown Los Angeles. 555 delightful rooms, all with all modern hotel facilities. Wonderful Food ,150 The Grill The Coffee Shop Garage Adjoining вЂў 10; вЂўвЂў вЂў 1 AT THE CENTER OF EVERYTHING I 111III1 DOWNTOWN AT PERSHING SQUARE 426 S. HILL STREET JOHN T. LOCHHEAD- EA. E. mALTIY.MANAGING OWNERS 34 вЂў pressed during a convalescence or an injury, their spirit of adventure stays with them. They will be delighted with anything different, anything involving their curiosity. Colorful "grill plates" (plates having divided sections) in unbreakable materials can be purchased in the tencent store. Children will enjoy their meals twice as much on such plates as on the ones they use every day at the family table. Besides, food will look much more dramatic on the bright plates, particularly if mother plans foods that have colorвЂ”a very wise thing to do. We "eat with our eyes," you know, and an attractive meal is far more likely to be eaten than a colorless one. Visualize, for example, mashed potatoes, buttered turnips, and creamed cauliflower on an ordinary dinner plate, and you will bring to mind as drab a meal as one can imagine. This meal, if eaten, would satisfy the appetite but bring no artistic pleasure. On the other hand, picture the same fluffy white potatoes sprinkled with paprika on a bright green plate. Imagine the cubes or slices of white turnips combined with golden-yellow carrots, and the creamed cauliflower poured over toasted whole-wheat bread and sprinkled with green parsley and grated egg yolks. If those two plates were side by side, you would at once understand why any child's appetite might be dull if given the first. Make all meals as colorful and attractive as possible, and the food problem will be nil. When you serve milk, cocoa, or milk shakes, why not serve in a tall glass with a handle, similar to the ones at the sweet shop? The drink in that container will be much more popular with little Miss Sick-Abed. And don't forget to include a couple of bright straws! If the medicine a child must take has a disagreeable taste, give her a small piece of ice to hold on her tongue before taking it. The ice chills the taste buds, and makes the task a simple one. Visitors are fun for any convalescing child. But in case she isn't allowed any for a time, suggest to her friends that notes and post cards will be happily received. If the small invalid is old enough to write, get a box of note paper in the ten-cent store and let her answer her correspondence. Note paper can be obtained with all sorts of gay designs decorating them, and youngsters love to have their "very own" on which to write. Bed tables are ideal for writing and coloring. If there isn't one in the home, a card table will act as a good substitute if placed against the bed with two legs folded under and a pillow holding the table level. Another though not quite so good substitute is the drop leaf of a sewing machine. Shove the machine against the bed and open the leaf and extend it over the child's lap. Coloring books are fun and inexpensive. Crayons may be made stronger and less likely to break and make the bed untidy if they are wound firmly with adhesive tape. Children love to watch things move and grow, so the family canary or goldfish globe is quite an addition to a juvenile sickroom. Bulbs planted in pebbles or seeds sprinkled on wet cotton will be fun to watch, as will any growing plant. They all help to pass time away. Keep the sickroom fresh, clean, orderly, and gay. Anyone's surroundings have an effect on the occupant, and children are no exception. There is no excuse for a whiny, demanding sickabed child. If such a one is found, the fault is with the mother! LIFE & HEALTH The Main Entrance to the Sanitarium HE MAPLE TREES ,,,,s month bring us a choice confection and foodвЂ”and the message вЂ”"Spring is 'round the corner." lopmiN ,,.., Is your "SAP" frozen and inert, or is it flowing full of energy and food, and able to carry life-giving oxygen to the cells of your body? ASSISTING your physician, today's hospital is a necessary link in the nation's health. The New Hospital Wing SANITARIUM AND HOSPITAL Takoma Park, Washington 12, D.C. An OUTSTANDING d for YOUNG PEOPLE o HIGHWAYS to HAPPINESS By C. L. PADDOCK Quite different from the current books written for youth, this volume shows how a young person can harmonize his emotional and mental conflicts for the highest success. Like a house with many windows looking out upon charming vistas, it is filled with incidents and episodes that reveal the benefits of a life established on the principles of true living. It not only makes those principles clear, but it makes them attractive in a delightfully persuasive style. The author, who himself carved a noble career out of hardship, has a challenging message here for every energetic youth of today. ) kso.ezzaecc.c..eark 20 at Oaeld SC A hospital patient said: "Thank you for that wonderful book. I could hardly lay it down until I had finished reading it. I am buying copies for three of my friends." A publicist declared: "The brisk and growing sale of this challenging book is the best recommendation of its stimulating contents. It's a winner for the attention of youth." A college professor wrote: "This book in the hands of America's young men and women would counteract the influences that discourage their ambitions and thwart their purposes today. It holds aloft a steady light by one who has conquered life's difficulties." Aw-das,e,syssвЂ�, Drop us a postal card today for a full description of this beautifully illustrated, 408-page, inspirational book. We want to tell you (without obligation) more about its 78 pictures, its choice of bindings, and its contents. You will be proud to own one and to present one as a gift to your friends. REVIEW & HERALD PUBLISHING ASSN. WASHINGTON 12. D.C. The two pictures by Harry Anderson illustrating this advertisement are copyrighted by the Review and Herald and appear in the book.