THE LITTLE MONSTER How to Be Happy MUMPS MARCH 1959 SAFE COUNSEL for every member of the family ESSENTIAL Books that discuss with candor and helpfulness the individual problems of sex and associations that face young people and their parents. HAPPINESS for HUSBANDS and WIVES EWING GALLOWAY By Harold Shryock, M.D. On Becoming a Woman BY HAROLD SHRYOCK, M.D. Here is a mingling of Christian idealism and scientific frankness in dealing with an adolescent girl's unfolding sexual and emotional life that will commend itself to every intelligent reader. Price, $2.75 A study of the factors that make for harmony in marriage. Sensible courtship, the basis of a memorable honeymoon, the merger of personalities, marital adjustments, and a sane attitude toward sex are among the many subjects discussed with sympathy and mature insight. Bound in a beautiful gift binding. Price, $3.50 LOVE'S WAY On Becoming a Man By A. W. Spalding BY HAROLD SHRYOCK, M.D. A book for parents, to help them in telling the story of the beginnings of life to the very youngest inquirers. Every adolescent boy will find in this frank discussion of his sexual and emotional development a spiritual idealism that is not only practical but persuasively attractive to noble ambitions. Price, $2.75 ORDER BLANK Life and Health, Washington 12, D.C. Price, $1.25 Letters From Mother Naomi An older woman's answers to the many questions asked by all normal girls concerning the intimate problems of everyday life in a modern world. Price, $1.75 Please send me the following: LOVE'S WAY LETTERS FROM MOTHER NAOMI ON BECOMING A WOMAN ON BECOMING A MAN HAPPINESS FOR HUSBANDS AND WIVES Add: Postage and Insur. 15c first book, 5c each additional book. Sales tax where necessary. (it' $1.25 @ 1.75 • 2.75 OT 2.75 (a 3.50 TOTAL Postage and Sales Tax TOTAL ENCLOSED J) Publishing ).:7,(` Association Washington 12, D.C. NAME STREET CITY AND ZONE ____ STATE "Because my nerves were troubling me, my doctor started me on Postum!" "Nowadays most everything seems to be caused by `nerves'. But what causes them? That's what I asked when I started getting jumpy and irritable and not sleeping well. "One answer I learned from my doctor: too much coffee. He explained that some people just can't always take the caffein in coffee. It irritates their nervous systems. He suggested I start drinking Postum because it's caffein-free. "I followed his advice, doubtfully at first, I admit. But now I'm convinced. My 'nerves' have disappeared; my disposition's better—all since I began drinking Postum. Why don't you try rich, hearty Postum? You'll like it, too!" Postum is 100% coffee-free A product of General Foods SO EASY TO FIX, 100/ CHOPLET-MUSHROOM LOAF* 1 cup chopped onion cup sweet cream butter (or margarine) 1/3 1 cup sliced mushrooms 1 cup ground CHOPLETS or Worthington GROUND GLUTEN 1 cup finely shredded raw potato 3 envelopes G. Washington Golden Broth Pinch of poultry seasoning to 1 cup cream or evaporated milk 3/4 3 eggs, slightly beaten add mushSaute onions in the butter until soft; ing i rooms and brown lightly. Add remainngredi ents and mix well. Bake in buttered shallow pan es 10 to 12. at 350 0 for 1 hour. Sery edarcoft Sanitarium, / * Recipe courtesy Silver Spring, Maryland. 12-1 - 127 - You'll be delighted, too, with each helping of those big, juicy, tender Choplets—no matter how they're prepared! And you get extra satisfaction from every bite because you know Choplets are full of hearty, bolstering nourishment . . . rich in protein and other food essentials . . . a sturdy mainstay for healthful menus. You'll find the above recipe a welcome start to new variety in your menus. And if you will send us your name and address, we'll gladly send you a free subscription to our Chopletter magazine, each issue of which contains new recipes and other ideas for good eating. WORTHINGTON FOODS, INC, Worthington Ohio 4 LIFE & HEALTH Vol. 74. No. 3 75th YEAR OF PUBL 35c U.S. The National Health Journal J. DeWITT FOX, M.D., L.M.C.C., Editor HARRY M. TIPPETT, M.A., Assistant Editor C. E. WENIGER, Ph.D., Editorial Consultant LAWRENCE MAXWELL, Office Editor T. K. MARTIN, Art Editor Consulting Editors: ROBERT A. HARE, M.D., F.A.C.P.; WALTER E. M F.CPHERSON, M.D., F.A.C.P.; HAROLD M. WAuroN, M.D., F.A.C.P. THEODORE R. FLAIZ, M.D.; J. WAYNE MCFARLAND, M.D.; MAUD E. O'NEIL, PH.D.; M. WEBSTER PRINCE, D.D.S., F.A.C.D. Lois Bunsierr, R.N. • HENRY W. VOLLMER, M.D., F.A.C.S. • ARLIE L. MOON, M.D. • ERWIN A. CRAWFORD, M.D. JOHN F. BROWNSBERGER, M.D., F.A.C.S. • CARL J. LARSEN, M.D. • H. L. RITTENHOUSE, M.D. • LEROY E. COOLIDGE, M.D., F.A.C.S. IlcniAGE A. HALL. M.D., F.A.C.S., F.I.C.S. • ROGER W. BARNES, M.D., F.A.C.S. • BELLE WOOD COMSTOCK, M.D. • CYRIL B. COURVILLE, M.D. LUCILLE J. GOTHAM, B.A. • J. MARK COX, M.D. • GEORGE T. HARDING, M.D., F.A.C.P • HAROLD SHRYOCK, M.D. • DUNBAR W. SMITH, M.D. Contributing Editors: D. Braille Edition, Life 6v Health: C. W. DEOERING, MANAGING EDITOR FEATURE ARTICLES LIMBER UP Page MARY CATHERINE NOBLE, R.N., R.P.T. 11 . JOHN FASSETT EDWARDS, M.D. 13 HOW TO BE HAPPY . HAROLD SHRYOCK, M.D. 15 MUMPS . KATHRYN L. HAGEN, M.D. 17 THE VIRUS LITTLE MONSTER IN THE HOUSE DUNCAN A. HOLBERT, M.D. 18 . FOR HOMEMAKERS MENTAI HYGIENE 16 MENTAL HEALTH 10 FAMILY PHYSICIAN 20 GOLDEN AGE 24 MOTHER'S COUNSELOR 22 SIGNS OF DEAFNESS 27 DIETITIAN SAYS 28 HOME TREATMENTS . HOMEMAKER HINTS 30 PROTECTIVE MILK 32 LAND OF COUNTERPANE 33 FOR BOYS AND GIRLS WINGS OF HEALTH R. J. CHRISTIAN, . . 26 Circulation Manager J. M. JACKSON, Associate Circulation Manager; S. L. CLARK, Advertising and Sales Representative Washington 12, D.C., U.S.A. All rights reserved. Title registered in U.S. Patent Office. SUBSCRIPTION PRICES, U.S. CURRENCY, U.S. and possessions, Canada, Mexicio and Pan-American Union, I year, $3.50. Add 35c a year elsewhere. All subscription , must be paid for in advance. Single copy, 35 cents, U.S. A FAMILY MAGAZINE FEATURING RELIGIOUS HEALTH INFORMATION. The CHANGE OF ADDRESS: Send to LIFE AND HEALTH, Circulation Department, Washington 12, D.C., at least 30 days prior to the date of the issue with which it LIFE AND HEALTH, copyrighted 1959 by the Review and Herald Publishing Association, official journal of the National Home Health Education Service. Published monthly by the Review and Herald Publishing Association, Washington 12, D.C. Second-class postage paid at Washington, D.C. MARCH. 1959 to take effect. Please send us your old address with your new one, enclosing if possiiili your old address label, to avoid error in old and new lists. 5 LI F E RR' REIM VI 12, '2'.t. pletely. My favorite article was "How John D. Rockefeller Lived to Be 97" [April, 1958, issue; written by J. DeWitt Fox, M.D.]. Let's have more like that, please. MRS. JOHN E. HILBRANDS La Crescenta, California WIDELY READ LETTERS TO THE EDITOR FAR THAILAND DEAR EDITOR: EVER EADY Although Thailand, my country, is very far, I must tell you that LIFE AND HEALTH magazine is very valuable wherever it goes. VITHYA VANICH ANGICUL Thailand VITAMIN A from Nature's Best Source DEAR EDITOR: I enjoy LIFE AND HEALTH SO much for the many fine articles, that I want to send it to my sister as a Christmas gift. I would simply be lost without it. I read it for the first time in the Glendale (California), Sanitarium, and found it most interesting. It is a magazine one can feel proud to have in his home. I read every issue com- THE MARCH COVER Pure Carrot Juice... at its best by Eveready! For this is the brand made exclusively from fully matured, mid-winter California carrots ... one of Nature's richest sources of Carotene (Vitamin A). Each 12-oz. can of Eveready Carrot Juice gives you 64,800 I.U. of Vitamin A. One 6-oz. serving contains more than 6 times the minimum daily requirement for adults. Be sure to get Eveready —the richer carrot juice ... the reliable source of essential Vitamin A.. EVEREADY THE RICHER CARROT JUICE! 6 I think there is not, indeed, so interesting a journal as LIFE AND HEALTH. Little do people realize what benefits they would obtain from such journals. I think that LIFE AND HEALTH should be widely read. SUNIL PERSAUD British Guiana ENTHUSIASM DEAR EDITOR: GLENDALE SANITARIUM INTRODUCES gives you DEAR EDITOR: I want you to know that my wife and I have received wonderful health counsel, and we look forward each month to your -inspiring magazine. We both have decided we would not be without your marvelous health journal. ROBERT L. RAIN Council Bluffs, Iowa ENJOYS BRAILLE EDITION DEAR EDITOR: I should like you to know that I have received two issues of LIFE AND HEALTH in Braille, and my conscience would bother me if I did not write this letter to you and tell you how much I enjoy reading your magazine. I receive several magazines, but I consider LIFE AND HEALTH my favorite, as I consider health to be of great importance. Your articles on diets and various illnesses are most informative, and as a good'many of them are written by professional men, I find them to be factual and knowledgeable. When I finish reading my magazine I pass it on to a friend who is also blind. I wish to express my thanks to you. and I am looking forward to future issues of your fine magazine. MORRIS BELMONT Bronx, New York Color Transparency by Robert P. Holland Interesting thing about ducks—they always appear to be happy, contented, and relaxed. Whether in winter, when streams and ponds are frozen hard, or in summer, when all waterways are open, there is a merry quacking at the duck pond. It is not cold or warm weather that contributes to their happiness but the fact that they are alive and swimming. Perhaps there is something for us in this feathery page from the book of nature. Contentment and relaxation are health-producing qualities. They are fine antidotes for complaint, fear, and worry. The great apostle Paul reflected this principle for happy living when he said in the Good Book: "I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content." YOUR OPINION, PLEASE You are invited to coment on LIFE & HEALTH articles. Which one took your fancy? Did you take exception to something you read? If you have a suggestion for an article by a doctor, nurse, or dietitian, drop us a note. Address: READERS' PULSE LIFE & HEALTH Washington 12, D.C. LIFE & HEALTH Removal of Disfiguring Veins Exercise for Menstrual Pain A technic for almost instantaneous eradication of what doctors call spider burst or rocket burst veins was demonstrated at the forty-sixth annual convention of the American Podiatry Association, in Washington, D.C. Dr. J. Stanley Landau, of Philadelphia, revealed a method that he says quickly rids women and men of the distressing annoyance of the unsightly bluish discolorations that appear on the feet and legs. "Many refuse to wear shorts or appear on the beach because of these skin stains," says Dr. Landau. The Philadelphia specialist described an improved painless technic that quickly rids people of these vein troubles. The method has proved 80 per cent effective. The percentage of success is based on extensive clinical studies over a five-year period, according to Dr. Landau. The procedure involves simple injection beneath the skin of an extract of psyllium seed mixed with hydrocortone. Dr. Landau, who asserts that the vein condition is primarily of cosmetic importance and not necessarily harmful in individuals, is chief of the department of surgical chiropody at Kensington Hospital and at Haverford Hospital in Philadelphia. He is a Fellow of the American College of Foot Orthopedists. Women afflicted with painful menstrual periods can do much to help themselves by a simple exercise routine. In a study of 5,324 girls suffering from menstrual pain during their junior and senior high school years, Drs. Leib J. Golub, Warren R. Lang, Hymen Menduke, and James 0. Brown of Jefferson Medical College found that exercises reduced or cured the pain in 78 per cent. The so-called Mosher exercise program consists of first lying on the back with knees bent and feet flat on the floor. The girls are then instructed to place their hands on the abdomen and breathe deeply ten times. The second exercise consists of standing with the hands resting on the back of a chair, and raising and lowering the heels twenty times. In a standing position bend the knees deeply and straighten them out five times. Finally, back on the floor in the first position, bring the knees as close to the chest as possible and return them to the resting position. Do this ten times. Another set of exercises, devised by Dr. Bellig of Los Angeles, consists of stand- ing with the left side to the wall, feet together about 18 inches from the wall, with the left arm and hand placed against the wall at shoulder level, the heel of the right hand placed in the hollow of the right side where the upper leg and lower pelvic bones join. The abdominal and buttock muscles are then contracted, and the pelvis tilts upward in front and down in back. Then the pelvis is slanted toward the wall by pressure of the heel of the hand. The shoulder remains in line with the elbow, which is still resting against the wall, knees straight. The pelvis never touches the wall if the exercise is done correctly three times on both sides. Several advantages accrue from an exercise program in that it can be taught to large numbers of girls during high school gym programs, it necessitates no expensive medication, and it is more desirable than surgery. More Iron Than Spinach Spinach, popularized by Popeye in cartoons as a great strength food, rich in iron, has long been overrated, according to Dr. William Bolton, associate editor of Today's Health. Potatoes, squash, and carrots contain more iron per portion than does spinach. Although years ago spinach was highly overrated as an essential food for children, the pendulum has now swung the other way. Spinach is still a good filler food, being low in calories and thus a fine reducing dish. It contains moderate amounts of vitamin A, as do most green vegetables. Zee 7/elf/a% * * * Safe Surgery Some ten million Americans this year will undergo an operation. Dr. William L. Estes, Jr., 73, of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, president of the American College of Surgeons, and one of the more than ten thousand surgeons who will be performing these operations, stressed the surgical advances and safety that should reassure anyone undergoing surgery this year. In his address to the American College of Surgeons he pointed to the progress that has been made in surgery, ranging from orthopedics to neurosurgery, ophthalmology, and vascular surgery. Appendicitis at one time was a dreaded disease and carried a much higher mortality rate than it does today. At the turn of the century the mortality rate was about 5 per cent; today it is less than 1 per cent, and some 600,000 Americans who will have their appendixes removed this year can give thanks for these improved safety factors in American surgery. MARCH, 1959 HELP FOR VARICOSE VEINS EXPECTANT MOTHERS BY BEULAH FRANCE, R.N. BY JACK EICHOLZ Modern medicine has an optimistic report for varicose-vein sufferers. Let's give expectant mothers the full facts, so they may look forward to their babies healthfully. REGULAR FEATURES BALDNESS CHILDREN'S PAGE BY LEO ROSENHOUSE Worrying about baldness is like worrying about not sleeping. The more you worry the worse it gets. 4.1 MOTHER'S COUNSELOR GOLDEN AGE THE DOCTOR DISCUSSES . . . teSSitly: OT long ago I read in a medical N journal of a ten-year-old boy who doesn't know what pain is. This lad was born without the normal nervous system, which warns us of burns, cuts, and bruises. He could fall and hurt himself but be completely unaware of injury. He had many scars to show for a pain-free life of adventure and bumps without the warning of pain. On the face of it, one would think this lad is lucky. He may look forward to a life free from the aching joints of arthritis that many an oldster has to endure. If he were in an auto accident and suffered a broken bone, he could be taken to the hospital and have the bone set without anesthesia. If he needed his tonsils or appendix removed, these operations could be done without ether or other anesthetic. Scattered over your body are billions of tiny nerve filaments intended to tell you when you are too near fire, when you are cut, scratched, bumped, or bruised. These little nerves are not functioning correctly in this lad, and he lacks the protection of pain. Yes, pain is protective. It actually is a blessing. If I had to choose between going through life without a 8 pain-receiving system and with the protective nervous network of pain fibers, I'd vote for a little pain. The great Creator, who made your nervous system, planned it skillfully. There are three kinds of nerve fibers that carry to your brain sensations of pain, touch, pressure, heat, and cold. These nerve fibers carry impulses at different speeds. Like telephone wires, the nerves having the most insulation carry the impulses to your brain the fastest5 to 100 meters a second. The bare nerve fibers carry them at a slower rate-0.5 to 2.0 meters a second. To prove this fact, draw some hot water into your bathtub tonight. Dip your big toe into the water. You'll feel the touch of water almost instantly. But the burning pain of the hot water will not be noticed until a second or two later. This shows that the pain fibers which receive this impulse carry it at a slower rate. The effect of the pain will be such that you will be immediately stimulated to withdraw your foot, to protect it from being burned. Pain is a blessing against burns. Another protective function of pain is in helping doctors diagnose diseased organs in the body. If the little lad with no pain fibers came down with appendicitis, his appendix would be likely to rupture and give him severe peritonitis, because he would have no pain to warn him of the trouble in his abdomen. Pain is the finger that points the way to accurate diagnosis. If you have pain in the right side of your abdomen, the doctor immediately thinks of the organs located there and just what may be going wrong to cause the pain. Pain should never be relieved, then, until diagnosis has been made. Even though pain is severe, do not give narcotics or pain potions until after the doctor has decided what the trouble is. Pain that is relieved may let the disease process go uncorrected until more serious trouble develops. A shot given for pain in the abdomen may relieve the patient temporarily, only to have an inflamed gall bladder go on to rupture, an inflamed appendix to perforate, or an abscess to form. The billions of little pain endings in your body were placed there at birth, yet many will never be used during your entire lifetime. For example, unless you develop a kidney stone, you will never know what renal colic is like. Yet you have all the nerves to receive the pain should a stone ever form. They are there to serve as an alarm system in case of disease. Unless you break your arm, you'll never use certain pain nerve endings in the lining of the humerus bone. Should you suffer a fracture, the pain will make you keep the arm absolutely still, thus protecting it from further injury. Pain is a blessing in disguise to heart patients. Pain to the patient having angina pectoris is a constant reminder that he must slow up to protect his heart. The cramping pain in the chest is caused by decreased blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart muscle, which stimulates the pain-receiving nerves. Another phenomenon of pain is that certain parts of the body are provided with nerve endings to receive special types of pain. Your intestines can be cut, pinched, and burned and have no pain. But just let them fill up with too much gas, and the distention of the intestinal wall will cause intense pain of a deep, aching, cramping type. This pain makes the patient nauseated, and will induce him to lie quietly. The brain itself, headquarters for receiving and interpreting pain, has no need for pain nerve endings. The brain could be burned and pinched, and no pain would be felt, even though LIFE & HEALTH the person was wide awake under local anesthetic. Only the blood vessels at the base of the skull carry pain-receiving fibers. When overdilated, they cause pain. Headache usually is caused by the stretching of nerve filaments surrounding the blood vessels at the base of the brain and in the scalp. Although pain is a blessing in disguise, no one enjoys it. Probably the most important thing for persons suffering chronic pain such as with arthritis, or periodic migraine headaches, is to appreciate the relationship that worry and nervous tension have to pain. Tension has the ability to lower the threshold of pain. When the patient relaxes, pain lessens. For this reason, soothing hydrotherapy treatments, massage, and relaxing surroundings can do much to reduce pain, without sedatives and narcotics. These relaxing treatments cause muscles to uncoil their knots of tension in shoulders, neck, scalp, back, and joints. This relieves the pull of tension on nerve endings in the muscles, and pain is relieved. Here's an experiment to prove what tension can do in producing pain. Hold your hand clenched into a fist, bend your elbow as tightly as you can, and pull your hand toward your shoulder. Keep your arm pulled up tightly and hold it. In a matter of minutes you'll note a tight pain and ache develop in your arm. This is the ischemic pain doctors speak of, which is due to tension and a decreased amount of blood going into your arm. This causes the muscles to ache. In a similar way, nervous tension cuts off circulation. When you are under emotional tension or are worried, pain appears in various parts of the body. To lessen pain, stretch, relax, increase the circulation of blood. This MARCH, 1959 can be done in several ways, physicians know. Sedation is one way. Medicine can be given to help the patient relax. Pain-relieving medicine may be necessary before the patient will relax. Soothing heat to the affected part will help the patient to relax, and lessen pain. Whether this should be in the form of a hot pack, warm-water bottle, heating pad, or heat lamp can best be decided by your doctor. Next time you have an ache or pain and feel inclined to bewail your luck, remember how fortunate you are to have a well-wired alarm system of pain to protect you 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, against injuries. Pain is Mother Nature's way of bringing you to your doctor, dentist, or minister for the correction of bodily, dental, or moral wrong. Pain can take the form of a sharp stabbing pain, a deep ache, or a boring conscience. The nice thing about pain is that it is so wonderful when it is over. Mothers having childbirth pain will tell you that their pain is sometimes hard, severe. After it is over, it is forgotten. The human brain with its 13 billion cells, with an infinite number of combinations of associations and colors of pain and emotion, has one great defect. It cannot recall pain. Soldiers shattered on the battlefields who suffer agonizing pain before narcotics can be given them, who undergo amputations and other extreme treatment of injuries, cannot recall their pain. After it is over, they can remember having pain, but just how severe they cannot recall. Once pain is over, it is forgotten. This proves God's infinite wisdom in devising the protective network of pain. It is intended for emergency use only, not for indefinite torture or damage to the patient. Should pain appear, do something to find out the cause, and relieve it promptly. Pain is a blessing. It is the symptom that sends more patients to a physician than any other. It is the doctor's friend to help him put his finger on your problem. Never relieve pain until you know the cause. Let your doctor decide when and how it should be relieved. Keep your body in tiptop tone—eat right, get adequate sleep, exercise, and relaxation—and pain will be less of a problem. But never forget—pain is a blessing. Yours for healthful living, , 4,t(Lec fic, ROHM o t e'ontri6utori 0 Duncan A. Holbert, M.D. ("Little Monster in the House," page 18), is an allergy specialist of Santa Cruz, California. He was born in Oregon, but grew up in California. He received his M.D. degree from Northwestern University, and served in the U.S. Navy three years. Dr. Holbert was cut down by polio in 1949, two years after he had begun his practice in Santa Cruz. He was left with total paralysis and dependence on an iron lung for two thirds of every day. He re-entered practice in 1952, specializing in allergy. He is active on the staff of Santa Cruz Dominican Hospital and Sisters Hospital in his home city. He is director of the allergy clinic of Santa Cruz County Hospital and is an associate Fellow of the American College of Allergy. Dr. Holbert is married and has five charming children, aged 10 to 22. He has been doing medical writing for four years. Dawn Flanery Parker ("Omnipresent," page 21) is a poet who takes her writing seriously. Although the wife of an oil operator with interests in Colorado and Wyoming, Mrs. Parker enjoys jotting down quatrains in her Denver, Colorado, home as much as she does traveling to the oil fields with her husband. She attended Ward-Belmont School in Nashville, Tennessee, and the universities of Kentucky and Nebraska. Her poems have been published in national magazines and newspapers. She is a member of the board of directors of the Colorado Poetry Fellowship. She says that actually she is not a poet but a versifier. As a hobby Mrs. Parker works for the American Red Cross. attainments—that measure our total worth to our family, our business organization, and our social world. There are triumphant moments in every life, hilltop exploits, great hours packed with emotional thrill—the boy when he lands his first job, the writer when his first article is accepted, the athlete when he crosses the winning tape MERIT IN AVERAGE ATTAINMENTS By HARRY MOYLE TIPPETT The average clover leaf has three segments. Many a greensward that charms the passer-by is made up of an abundance of three-leaf clovers. Four-leaf clovers are hard to come by, and are only curious accidentals of nature. Many people develop foolish frustrations because they recognize in themselves only undistinguished possibilities. If they play the piano passably, they fume or grow moody because they cannot sing acceptably. If they are excellent conversationalists, they grow bitter because they are poor public speakers. If they are skilled craftsmen, they feel rejected because they are not called to be foremen. before a grandstand of cheering people, the lover when his beloved responds to his tenderness, the mother when her first-born is laid in her arms. We are inclined to rate success by the number of such great moments, forgetting that our failures must be balanced against the triumphs before we can estimate our total achievement in terms of the average. Life has its monotonous detours as well as its exciting forays. Much of our foolish discouragement comes from comparing the triumph hour of someone in our class with an unproductive hour we ourselves happen to be passing through. The man who is in the limelight will have his dreary times, which when computed with his successes will make his average less imposing. Abject failure cannot continue when a person maintains a will to achieve. Life tends to strike a creditable average. Only those who spend their energies fretting and pining over another's gain and magnifying their own momentary losses are doomed to ultimate defeat. "Forgive us, Lord, when we complain Of little pains and small delays; Help us to carry cheerfully Our little crosses to Thy praise." It is amazing what is accomplished in the world by average people, those whose best efforts are sometimes marred by failure, yet who in the long run turn out to be competent contenders in the workaday world. It is the things that add up in our lives—the small successes with the larger achievements, the utter defeats with the brilliant 10 LIFE & HEALTH LIMBER UP BY MARY CATHERIAE ROBLE, R.n., R.P.T. If your joints feel old and creaky decide to exercise more to regain a lithe body. OISED on the pool's edge eager for another swim, young John knows the satisfaction that exercise brings. To him it is not something done to promote well-being or a rite performed to appease the goddess of health, but action! Activity to him is but a synonym for life. In his enjoyment of activity he is wiser than the older members of the family, who prefer a drive in the family car to walking and choose spectator sports instead of participation in activities suitable for their age group. They may be heard to say with a sigh, "I guess I must be getting old." Reasonable exercise would give them the vigor they lack. Activity is one of the first laws of life. Watch a new baby. You will notice that as he grows each day, P H. he becomes more active. When he cries, fresh air is forced into his lungs, the chest expands, and both chest and abdominal muscles are put to use. By use they are developed and strengthened.. By stretching, moving his arms and legs, attempting to lift his head, he causes the muscles in his arms and legs to grow stronger and the muscles in his back to develop. As the child grows older, activity increases until his parents wonder where this tireless youngster gets all his energy. Play and the other activities of childhood have an important place in developing the large muscles of the body. They also help to develop coordination and skill. As the days of adulthood become filled with the problems of living, exercise other than motion that A. ROBERTS ARE OUR young people today becoming soft and flabby engaging in spectator sports rather than getting out on the field to get a workout? MARCH, 1959 11 is a part of our pursuit of bread, butter, and happiness is neglected. As the days roll on into years and the golden twenties give way to the thirties, we are often thinking more of leisure—a lawn chair or a rocker—than of a brisk walk or a game of croquet. One of the reasons for our lethargy is that we have not kept in trim. Perhaps the belt has been let out a notch or two, or the fairer sex has noticed with disapproval an increase in waist and hip measurements. Something must be done, so we undertake with a vengeance the recommendations in the daily press or the popular television programs. With all our good intentions, the program backfires. Why? Because we attempted too much of a good thing all at once. Doing deep knee bends or sit-ups ten times as recommended was not too difficult, so we did twice the number. Result? With sighing and groaning we say, "Exercise is too much for me. What I really need to get myself in trim is a steam bath and a good rubdown." Steam baths and rubdowns may make you feel better. Certainly you enjoy a feeling of luxury when indulging in such treatments, but there is serious doubt whether your muscles will be stronger and more willing to work for you than they were before. As the baby's muscles grow strong enough to enable him to crawl and walk, so too will your muscles grow strong as you use them. They will improve in strength only by exercise. Action is life. Let us consider some exercises that will help you feel better and make you wake up and live. • First of all, make sure that you are able to undertake an exercise program. Have you had your yearly physical examination? Do you pass the time of day with your good friend the doctor as you meet him on the street, but put off the office call that is really a safety-first measure? Once you know that a few simple exercises cannot hurt you, find a quiet spot where there is enough room for you to lie down. It should be a firm surface, such as the floor, with enough clearance for you to swing your arms freely in all directions. The living room rug is excellent, or a blanket placed on the floor in a large room will do very well. Choose a time of day when you are not too tired and when you expect to be relatively free from interruptions. Make yourself comfortable lying flat on your back with no pillow. Your clothing should be loose, allowing full freedom of movement. Think about relaxing. You may find it hard to do, but work at it. Endeavor to put all your troubles and worries out of your mind. You will be able to face them better for having forgotten them a few minutes. In thinking of relaxation, begin at the top of the head and gradually work down. Let go of all the worry lines in the forehead, smooth out the laughter lines about the nose and mouth, drop the tenseness of the throat, and think on down through the finger tips, down to the toes. Surely now you feel a little less tense than when you first lay down. Relaxed, place your hands across the abdomen just at the waist, partly on the lower ribs and partly on the abdomen, finger tips meeting. Begin breathing slowly and with gradually increasing depth until the finger tips separate with each breath. Can't you get 12 them to move at all? Come, now. Your very best breathing muscle, the diaphragm, lies just below your fingers. Are you breathing into the upper chest and letting your diaphragm laze along at quarter speed? Try ten deep breaths even if you can't get your fingers to move apart. In a few days you will surprise yourself. Rest and relax again, beginning at the head and working down to the toes, as you did before. When deep breathing becomes natural you will spend time doing it between each set of exercises, but now you need to rest from even that effort. Now to begin the attack on the bulge. Remember that trimming down stomach and hips does not depend on exercise alone, but also on discipline at the table. No second helpings, and easy on the dessert! From the relaxed position raise the head, bringing the chin to rest on the chest. Repeat this ten times; again assume the position of relaxation. After the relaxing and deep-breathing exercise, place the arms above the head on the floor. Now you are lying on your back, arms outstretched above your head. As you raise your head, try getting the shoulder off the floor as well as the head, and with one hand reach across the body as if to pick up something on the opposite side just below hip level. Alternate arms, first right, then left. This is not a sit-up, but the lifting of the head and shoulder and the returning to the starting position. After resting and breathing deeply again, which helps to maintain the relaxation so important to the exercise period, try curling up into a ball, starting from the resting position. Head on chest, knees on the chest, if you can. Arms around knees. This nice stretch is good for the back. From this position straighten the legs until you are looking up at your toes, knees straight. Begin slowly to lower the legs, still held without bending the knees, until they touch the floor. This is a less difficult exercise than straight leg raising, a frequently used abdominal exercise, but it produces essentially the same results. Keep the back flat on the floor, not permitting a hollow to occur when the legs are nearly to the floor. After breathing and relaxing, change to a facedown position. Place the clasped hands behind the hips and raise the head ten times. Rest again. Raise head and shoulders and attempt at the same time to raise both legs, bowing the back. Often it is not possible to raise both legs, so if you cannot do this do not be discouraged. Instead raise first one leg and then the other, repeating the exercise until you have done each leg ten times. Later you should be able to raise both legs at once. Time to rest again. Perhaps none of these exercises have appeared difficult to you, and you are a bit disappointed. It is better to begin with a few simple exercises and do them well and faithfully than to begin with a bang and have the program collapse under the burden of aching muscles. If you were to gain nothing more than the ability to relax, the effort would be worth while. But in addition to that you will soon share Johnnie's spicy outlook on life. You will feel better and look better, and increased exercise and activity will become a joy, for you will realize that action is indeed living. LIFE & HEALTH It takes a close-up view of a microscopic field to see THE VIRUS JOHEI FASSETT EDWARDS, M.D. HE virus? Why should I be bothered with information about that? I'm definitely not interested. Well, you had better be, for the little (almost invisible even with a microscope) virus will certainly get you. With millions of your countrymen you will have your share of the common cold, our most popular disease. It costs the United States of America millions of dollars every year. Now does the ubiquitous virus mean anything to you? We cannot see the uncanny little beastie, but it unfailingly finds all of us, and causes a big share of T ELECTRON microscopes enable us to see smaller objects than ever. MARCH, 1959 our most common sicknesses—influenza, common colds, pneumonia, infantile paralysis, mumps, measles, smallpox, and perhaps a lot of misery we have not worked out completely. Today we often hear the word virus or see it in print, yet few of us know very much about what it means. Virus is an old Latin word for poison in general, but now we use it in a more restricted sense to mean the active disease-causing element in certain maladies. Viruses are infinitesimal living bodies. Under the powerful electron microscope they often look like balls of cotton. The ordinary high-power optical microscope will not show the virus bodies at all. When we get up to the almost incredible magnification of 60,000, the virus bodies become plainly visible and are readily photographed. Some research workers allege that they have seen some kind of internal structure in them. Many of our most common sicknesses are caused by the virus or by several viruses simultaneously. The fever sores on the lips, the so-called cold sore, is a trouble caused by a virus. Then there is meningitis and infantile paralysis. Parrot disease is also quite common. By no means is it safe to snuggle up to a feathery mass of parrot, thinking it is entirely sanitary because the bird does not appear to be ill. A century ago we knew nothing about viruses. Scientists first suspected the existence of a virus less than fifty years ago. Beijerinck, working with a disease of tobacco plants, called tobacco mosaic, found material for study. Other investigators working with foot-and-mouth disease of livestock found reason to suspect the existence of some form of invisible diseasecausing agent. In the succeeding decade virus was suspected to be the cause of yellow fever, rabies, vaccinia smallpox, and infantile paralysis. Then we learned that bacteria, which are the evil partners of the vicious virus in bringing on human and animal disease, are themselves attacked and destroyed by viruses. 13 It is not yet known to be a fact, but we suspect that viruses attack even what are known as protozoons, which are the lowest form of single animal cells or groups of such cells. We do know that many members of the plant kingdom are attacked commonly by viruses. Among our various shreds of knowledge is an interesting fact: a virus that attacks one type of host with devastating effect may find a quiescent reservoir in some other kind of host. That knowledge may explain the existence of carriers of disease. A person may transport the virus and not be affected by its presence in his body. We first suspected the existence of viruses because they would pass through our finest filters of porcelain, which stop all bacteria. But we soon found out that something deadly had gone through the filter, because when we injected this filtrate into laboratory animals they became sick. Upon the invention of the electron microscope we were able for the first time to see the virus, and we learned about the vast difference in size and shape of the various virus bodies—and there is still a great deal to learn. Not all the virus bodies are round. Some are brick-shaped, cuboidal, rectangular, or rod-shaped. Some have a tiny tail at one end; others are irregular and difficult to distinguish when mixed with fragmentary molecular matter. All viruses have one common characteristic—they depend on living matter for their food. They cannot exist in the absence of living cells. It is fortunate that we are able to cultivate viruses, for in this way we learn new facts. The humble chicken egg is used for making vaccines and in several other forms of virus study. Another peculiar characteristic is their marked differences when considered as a group. They are outstanding individualists, quite unlike in their resistance to heat, cold, humidity, and organic or inorganic chemical compounds. They are as different as are the hosts on which they prey. They are peculiar in their selection of certain cells for invasion, and their reproductive abilities vary greatly. It is presumed that their existence in hosts of different kinds is capable of producing a variation in the virus itself. Our knowledge here is meager, but we feel justified in thinking that these variations are the result of the combined action of host and parasite. Little is known as to how viruses act to produce their baleful effects on the cells they invade, because they are not always toxic. We know that they must exist within living cells and that once they invade the cell they are protected by it from the action of antiseptics. The viral effect on cells ranges from quick death to cell stimulation and multiplication. This cell stimulation occurs in the tumor. Inflammatory reaction is the result of cell injury. As the doctor sees them, virus diseases are subject to an infinite number of different characteristics. Some viral diseases may occur with considerable consistency of symptoms; others are subject to wide variation and are difficult to recognize without the aid of the laboratory. 14 It is quite possible that an explanation for the common signs of a cold, or the lack of them, may lie in the cell resistance, or lack of resistance, of the host who is attacked. Probably the cells are of different construction. Some people say that they seem always to be tormented by a cold; others say they are almost completely immune to a cold. The matter of cellular resistance to the cold virus may explain the difference. Antibody molecules are too large to follow the virus into the cell, but some chemicals in fluid form seem to be able to do it. They are the well-known sulfa compounds, penicillin, and streptomycin. The relationship between the cellular elements of our body—mostly in the blood stream—and the virus that is attempting to wreck our health is what determines our resistance to viral disease. If the body cells reject the virus, as they may do, we remain in health, although it is quite possible that we may be a carrier of the virus and can pass it on to someone else. If our cells joyously welcome the evil virus, then probably we are in for trouble. That might be nothing worse than the common cold or it might be something as serious as infantile paralysis. It is likely that those who remain healthy all their life, rarely having a cold, have unwelcoming cells, and the virus—whatever kind it may be—may perish in the body without causing harm. Various insects may be what is known as vectors (carriers) for certain kinds of viruses. If so, these vectors may get near enough to our skin or nostrils to plant a virus where it will wreak great damage to us. If we wished to build up a kind of acquired resistance, or immunity, to disease we might do so by the use of certain therapeutic chemicals. But we would have to know just what kind of treatment we should administer for a given malady. If we are in a country known to be malarious we may dose ourselves for malaria with some degree of success, but this system will not work with a virus malady. We know that an acquired immunity may be built up against polio. We also know that it is possible to have a natural immunity against the virus of that disease, as well as of smallpox or the common cold. When we have smallpox, for example, it leaves behind in our body a solid immunity. No matter how much of the virus we take in later, we shall remain immune to that disease. It is likely that this immunity remains in the cellular element of our body. A mother who is immune to some virus disease will pass some of that immunity on to her child at its birth. She will not lose her resistance, but some of what she has will go to her child. This mother-donated immunity will not be as solid as the immunity acquired by survival from an attack of some viral disease, but it serves to tide over the newborn child for some months. Where the virus gets in its attack and the victim does not succumb, probably some of the virus residue remains in the cellular elements and maintains the immunity. Whereas effective immunization seems to call for the use of active viruses, few of them are safe enough to be used as vaccines. Brief immunity may be established by the use of inactivated or killed viruses. That kind of protection is (Turn to page 23) LIFE & HEALTH HOW TO BE HAPPY HAROLD SHRYOCH, M.D. •••••••••••••.••••........•••*•••••••• To be happy you have to learn to adjust to life as it is—the good and the bad. ONCE knew a man who greeted me rain or shine with the same question: "Are you happy?" If I had not known him well, I might have thought he was actually concerned over my state of mind, but I found that he asked the same question of everyone he met. It was simply his friendly way of calling attention to the importance of being happy. Each one of us has an inner craving to be happy. Happiness is the universal goal of mankind. Many and devious are the means people use to reach this goal. But merely wanting to be happy does not make us so. What is happiness? It is not a commodity to be bought and sold. It is not a skill acquired by practice. It is not an inherited trait. It does not depend on a memorized formula. Happiness is elusive. When you have no goal but happiness, disappointments and tragedies crowd in to deny you the goal you seek. When your goal is to render unselfish service wherever you are, happiness seeks you out and remains with you. Happiness is a by-product of other activities in life. It comes as the reward for successful living. It comes not because we have made it our primary reason for living but because we have lived unselfishly, productively, and amicably. Perhaps the most common reason why a person does not experience the happiness he longs for is that MARCH, 1959 1,0W AT he becomes discontented. He tends to focus on the tough breaks, failing to recount the compensations. The unhappy person is the one who says to himself, "I thought life would be better than this. I am being cheated." Perhaps your job has given you less in fulfillment than you expected. Maybe someone else received the promotion you planned on. Maybe your earlier expectations of a rapidly increasing income have not been realized. Or perhaps your job is humdrum, and fails to offer you the challenge it once brought you. Perhaps your marriage has fallen short of expectations. During your courtship you expected that your marriage would be the happiest one ever consummated. As two people look forward to their union in marriage they usually assume that the mere possession of each other will be so blissful as to cancel all the problems of living. They blindly trust that there is magic in marriage, such magic as will transform their personalities by removing all personal shortcomings and substituting the perfect qualities that lead to perpetual happiness. With the passing of time, as the marriage adjustment is accomplished, there comes disillusionment as each begins to realize that his beloved is quite human after all. He discovers some faults in his spouse's personality. At first he can hardly believe that these discoveries are true, for his beloved appeared to him absolutely perfect during courtship. But here are traits of selfishness, impatience, and intolerance. Assuming that the partner has recently changed, it is easy to conclude that deception must have been practiced dur15 ing courtship. With the disillusionment there comes a resentment. There are fallacies in this reasoning. Even though courtship does place two people on their good behavior, so that each presents his best qualities, there is seldom deliberate attempt to deceive. It is the exhilaration of the courtship that causes each to be blind to the other's faults. The person who believes that his partner has changed is failing to realize that he too has some personality blemishes that are probably just now becoming apparent. His partner is going through the same experience of disillusionment. The partner may be as troubled as he over the contrast between the apparent perfection of courtship and the present evidence of human frailty. We must recognize that happiness in marriage does not depend on the selection of a perfect partner. Where can we find a perfect man or woman? Happiness in marriage requires an acceptance of each other in spite of human shortcomings. Because the City of Happiness THE CHEST PACK By MARY CATHERINE NOBLE, R.N., R.P.T. Physical Therapy Department Washington Sanitarium and Hospital Washington. D.C. is located in the State of the Mind, happiness in marriage requires an attitude that places emphasis not on the blemishes but on the same fine qualities of personality that were apparent during courtship. If we focus on each other's good points, we are less aware of faults and imperfections. Another common reason for failing to obtain a full measure of happiness is the belief that we are not appreciated. A mother may learn to overlook her children's thoughtless remarks and failure to thank her for the many things she does for them. When her husband takes her for granted or when the other housewives of the community forget to include her in their plans for an afternoon party, she begins to feel sorry for herself. We should all realize that human beings usually are not generous in their expression of appreciation. It is not that they intend to be mean in this matter but simply that they become careless. If our happiness depends on being appreciated, we will have to give others (Turn to page 25) credit for thinking thoughts of should be completely covered by the outer wrapper and that no air spaces should be left between the skin and the wet cloth, or it will not warm up quickly, and the patient will feel more miserable than he did before. In treating a thin person, the aged, or one who does not have enough body heat to warm up the wet pack, the dry pack is to be preferred. The skin over the chest, both back and front, conveys influences to the lungs, which lie beneath it, by nerve connections. If this skin area is kept warm, congestion in the lungs is overcome. In order to keep the chest warm, the physician often recommends the chest pack. Articles needed 1. Dry flannel or part-wool cloth cut to fit the patient's chest (see diagram). Allow for overlapping under the arms and on the shoulder. 2. Cotton cloth (old sheeting may be used) if the wet pack is to be used. This should be cut a little smaller than the outer pack. It should be lightweight. 3. Recommended medication, such as warmed camphorated oil, to be rubbed on the chest before the pack is applied. 4. Safety pins. At the turn of the year, when winter's icy grip tightens, colds often have a troublesome way of settling in the chest. A cough may develop and hang on, and the homemaker is often troubled about what course to pursue in her effort to relieve the sufferer's discomfort. One simple, time-proved remedy that the physician may recommend is the chest pack used after some heating measure such as fomentations or the heat lamp to the chest. One of the simplest chest packs to apply is a flannel or part-wool blanket, cut to fit the chest. It should fit snugly around the neck and armpits so that the entire chest is well covered and protected. This pack should not open down the front, for the purpose of the pack is to protect the chest, but it may open on one shoulder and on the sides. The back piece should come around and be pinned in front (see diagram). If the heating chest pack is recommended, there should be an inner layer of muslin slightly smaller than the outer cover of wool or flannel. Remember that this inner layer 16 Procedure 1. First heat the chest by fomentations or heat lamp. 2. If the heating pack is to be used, wring the inner compress from tap water and apply, preventing air pockets if possible. 3. Quickly cover with the dry covering and pin snugly and securely in place. Leave on all night or for several days between heat treatments. 4. When the chest pack is removed, the chest should be rubbed with cold water and thoroughly dried. This will help the skin to return to its normal ability to react to changes in temperature. Precautions 1. The chest pack should not be so tight as to restrict breathing or circulation. 2. If the moist inner pack is used, it should be covered to avoid chilling and to help the patient react quickly to the treatment. (Turn to page 27) LIFE & HEALTH Years ago the "acid test" was sufficient proof of mumps, but we are more scientific now. MUMPS HATHRYn L HAGEn, M.D. UMPS to the average person means a swelling of the face before, below, and behind the ear and under the jaw. One side or both sides may be involved. One of the less infectious diseases of childhood, mumps is not uncommon at any time of the year, although it is more prevalent during the winter and spring months. Children two to fifteen years of age are more likely to invasion by the virus than are infants or adults. The little virus that causes so much swelling finds its way to the mucous membrane, or lining, of the nose and mouth from a person who has the disease or is in the incubation stage. This period of reproduction in the lining of the respiratory tract is known as the primary infection. The virus then finds its way into the blood stream and finally localizes in the salivary glands or elsewhere. Mumps is a mild epidemic disease as a rule, although single cases are not uncommon, particularly in urban areas. Each epidemic usually has its own peculiar characteristics. The virus may attack only one or all of the salivary glands without further complications. The complications have generally been thought of as swelling of the testicles, ovaries, or the lining of the skull that covers the brain. Children who have not reached puberty rarely have swelling of the testicles or ovaries, but swelling of the brain covering is not uncommon. It may occur near the end of the acute infection. A recurrence of fever with headache is suggestive of the spreading disease. There may be vomiting, convulsions, and stiffness of the neck and back. The patient may seem very lazy or drowsy. M MARCH, 1959 There are adults who to their knowledge have not had mumps. After repeated exposure they do not get the disease. Skin tests prove them to be immune to the virus causing mumps. The mumps germ is a very interesting virus. It causes mumps when it is least suspected. You have mumps in certain glands without any sign of the disease we call and know as mumps. Persons having this form of mumps do not know they have had the disease unless certain laboratory tests have been run. There are tests that will determine the presence of mumps virus as the cause of an illness that would not otherwise be diagnosed as mumps. These tests are another advancement of science that helps determine the causes of obscure illnesses. It is only in a hospital where numerous tests have been run, without expense to the patients, that this recent progress has been made. Scientists and doctors are now able to think of mumps as a peculiarly general disease. This fact may be explained in terms of a cold. A cold may be only a runny nose or a sore throat or an earache. It may also pr6duce a cough with chest pain. Laryngitis may develop. These illnesses are all part of an upper-respiratory infection. The cold virus may be the cause of all the symptoms or other germs may be associated with it. Mumps can be explained as a general disease be(Turn to page 21) cause of the numerous 17 LITTLE MONSTER IN THE HOUSE ,,•1*031-111 41,5101.v...1...... • ouncnn a. HOLBERT, M.D. Before passing judgment on your overactive child take him for a complete checkup. You might find he is a victim of the hyperkinetic syndrome. RS. RUSSELL covered her face with her hands as she sat facing me across the desk. "Stevie is really a little monster, Doctor! The neighbors all say so; children won't play with him; he's constantly in trouble at school. I've never really faced it, I guess, but he's really impossible, and I'm beginning to hate him and myself. We can't go on like this. I've tried sedatives and tranquilizers, but they only make matters worse. I've tried giving him more attention, but that doesn't help." We talked on for an hour, and gradually the typical story of the hyperkinetic, or unusually overactive, child appeared. The condition is known as the hyperkinetic behavior syndrome. Hyperkinetic simply means "exaggerated activity." Stevie was the third baby in the family, and by the time he arrived, a new baby was nothing to be worried about. Had he been the first child, Stevie's mother might have accepted his bad behavior as a result of her inexperience in training children. He came two years after his brother and sister, and they were certainly happy, normal, well-adjusted children. Stevie is the prototype of a large group of unhappy children with serious behavior problems they cannot help and which make them social outcasts. The characteristic symptoms of the hyperkinetic behavior syndrome are easily recognized. As I list these characteristics you can probably think of some child in your neighborhood who fits the picture. The first symptom, as the name of the disorder suggests, is hyperactivity. Mrs. Russell remarked, "Stevie climbed out of his crib before he was a year old, and has been on the run ever since. When he was six years old he was into everything. He couldn't sit still to watch television, he couldn't sit still for meals, but would run in and M 18 out of the dining room for a bite at a time. His poor teacher is growing prematurely gray. Stevie won't stay in his seat, he can't get along with the other children, and he won't pay attention to anything for more than a few seconds at a time." The second symptom is constant dissatisfaction. No form of activity satisfies the child. He never finishes a game or a project. His attention leaps from one thing to another, and he is totally unable to concentrate long on anything. Not only is his attention span short but his behavior is entirely unpredictable. Sometimes his behavior is good, sometimes bad. This remarkable variability and absolute inconsistency is a typical finding in the hyperkinetic child. The poor mother takes him to the doctor time after time, thinking his irritability may be due to incipient measles, a bad cold, or that he may need glasses or can't hear well. No disease or irregularity is ever found. His body is healthy. In the older child irritability gives way to explosive outbursts. His insatiable desire for self-gratification is always frustrated, and the child becomes increasingly bad tempered and always unpredictable. By this time his teacher is convinced his intelligence is subnormal and that he is incorrigible—a bad egg, a real juvenile delinquent. Underlying the hyperkinetic behavior syndrome, apparently, is injury to a small portion of the brain, the diencephalon. The diencephalon apparently acts as a filtering system, through which pass all the sensations —touch, hearing, sight, pain, cold, warmth, and hunger—on the way to the appropriate areas of the brain. In the normal child most stimuli are suppressed in the diencephalon, and only those essential stimuli that are significant in terms of safety, hunger, or sensual LIFE & HEALTH satisfaction are allowed to reach his brain cortex. Stimuli come flooding in through the diencephalon of the hyperkinetic child, and instead of being filtered selectively, they all bombard the sensitive brain cortex and demand attention. Stimuli that in a normal child would be overlooked are sensed by the hyperkinetic child, and he reacts to all of them. Apparently any injury that produces a disturbed function of this hidden part of the brain, the diencephalon, can result in the hyperkinetic syndrome. This injury is subtle and insidious, not visible to the pathologist except through the lens of his powerful microscope. There is increasing evidence that this injury is actually the result of scarring and fibrosis following small hemorrhages that involved the delicate, fantastically fine capillaries that nourish the diencephalon. How does this injury occur? There are apparently several causes, all leading to the same scarring and fibrosis. Infectious diseases occurring in the mother during pregnancy are implicated in some cases. The act of birth itself has its hidden dangers. There is good evidence that occasionally the damage occurs during the abrupt and sudden change of fluid pressure in deliveries that are too rapid for one reason or another. Viral or bacterial infections, however mild, in the first weeks of life certainly account for many of these problems. The inevitable falls and accidents of childhood may not produce enough damage to be ordinarily recognizable in terms of clear-cut neurological symptoms, but well may cause microscopic hemorrhages. The subtle nature of this injury makes prevention difficult if not impossible. Mrs. Russell, anxious about the past and despairing of the future, agreed with me that Stevie certainly was a hyperkinetic child. I asked her whether she remembered any serious or even minor illness during her pregnancy or during Stevie's first few weeks of life. She remembered that for an hour or so after Stevie was born his skin would turn blue and that the MARCH, 1959 nurse would have to stir him up a bit until he cried. Stevie turned blue because he was not breathing well enough to saturate his blood with oxygen. The brain tissue is exquisitely sensitive to lack of oxygen, and the deprivation for an hour or so certainly can cause the typical injury. That is all it takes. "What can we do for Stevie? Isn't there something to give him that will really help?" Fortunately, the medical treatment for the hyperkinetic child is simple and highly successful in most cases. First, the diagnosis must be exact. Certainly not all behavior problems are due to the hyperkinetic syndrome. Once the diagnosis is established, the hyperkinetic child is placed on a carefully individualized daily dosage of the medicine amphetamine. It usually results in dramatic improvement. Favorable effects occur rapidly, and a complete alteration of the child's behavior is brought about. Stevie has been on this medicine for six months, and Mrs. Russell tells me that he is a different child! He is quiet and friendly, plays happily with the other children, and finishes his schoolwork. Arithmetic is coming easily to him. Stevie will continue to improve, as have the children in many extensive clinical studies. Mrs. Russell was right. Stevie was not a bad boy; he was not a stupid boy. Her intuition told her that although she had made mistakes as a mother, none were so serious as to cause all of Stevie's troubles. This estimate must be true in many other homes where the little monster in the house is not really a monster at all. He has a serious problem that he cannot help and for which no one is to blame. Once the difficulty is diagnosed, treatment apparently is successful. The hyperkinetic behavior syndrome needs to be thought of in behavior problems. Its recognition will prevent many years of stress and unhappiness for the child and his family. 19 the 3amilj Yhjsicica We do not diagnose or treat disease by mail, but answer general health questions. Enclose stamped, addressed envelope. Address: Family Physician, LIFE Cy Boils What causes boils? How may they be treated? Boils are local reactions in the skin against infection of some kind. It is commonly found that some form of the staphylococcus organism is the active culprit. Boils usually spread by contamination. In the treatment of boils surgical cleanliness must be maintained or they will likely spread from one area to another. It is not usually true that a deficiency of the blood is connected with the presence of boils, for persons with good health sometimes become victims of the ailment. * * * Duodenal Ulcer Please give me a diet for duodenal ulcer and suitable treatment for bleeding, which has stopped for the present. You apparently have had good care, which is shown in the fact that the bleeding of your duodenal ulcer has stopped. Its recurrence after you began work is an experience that happens not infrequently, especially if the patient becomes nervous or tense in taking up work again. We have under our care and have had in the past some patients in which this has been true. It is always a problem to know just how to advise in such cases. If the bleeding recurs upon seemingly light strain and stress, the advantages of a surgical operation should be considered. An ulcer operation is a heavy one, and should be undertaken only by a surgeon well trained in surgery of this kind. The mortality is surprisingly low when the work is 20 HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C. well done, and the patient feels much improved when he is able to eat various types of food and enjoy them, even if for a time he may have to eat more often than the proverbial three times a day. After one has had a hemorrhage from the stomach, the best advice is to use very bland and smooth food for a time. Junior vegetables and fruits do become rather monotonous, because they largely lose their identity in being passed through the colander. We do not know any way of avoiding the monotony entirely. If the bleeding is stopped and the patient feels well, and tests continue to show the bleeding is no longer present, we often find help in what is called a modified ulcer diet, which is a general diet so taken and planned that the person eats five or six times a day, selecting food or portions of food that are not rough or coarse. Many patients do well on this program, and avoid having critical periods of hemorrhaging. Of course, along with the diet your doctor will give medication as he sees best. • ,, :;M01.1.'" ,/0#!4v#1'1'11 Diabetes and Poison Ivy I am a diabetic and got ivy poisoning on legs and arms, which caused many inflamed sores. By taking light treatments and applying ointment I find my legs are mostly healed, but my arms are still giving me trouble. What will help me? Diabetes complicates the care of skin lesions. Calomine lotion or some of its compounds is very useful for the irritation of ivy poisoning. Washing the lesions in warm, strong soapy water about twice a day often causes them to heal a little more quickly. Bathing in the warm water with soap neutralizes the poisons that are the cause of the trouble and cleanses the lesions that have formed. Of course the diabetic condition must be kept controlled so that there is not an upward rise of sugar in the blood or urine. * * Rheumatic Fever Please tell me how best to treat rheumatic fever. The treatment of rheumatic fever is not so simple that it can be accomplished in a few days. Penicillin is often used, and it is an excellent medicine. Cortisone may give spectacular relief from pain, but there are side effects that are not desirable, and we find that in dealing with acute conditions a great many physicians seem to choose not to use it. If it is used at all it is used in small doses for a very brief period of time. It is not curative in the sense that penicillin may be. Vitamin C can be purchased as ascorbic acid in tablets. They may be LIFE & HEALTH taken several times a day, according to the judgment of your physician. The tablets are sold in different sizes, and are obtainable in any wellstocked drugstore. A vitamin-C-supplying diet may include tomatoes raw or cooked. Citrus fruits generally will give you the richest supply of vitamin C that is present in a regular diet. Rheumatic fever is a systemic disease. Uncared for, it may have injurious effects on the heart. This is why we are always careful to treat it by the most effective agents possible. Along with antibiotics we recommend rest as very important. This may sound almost laughable to a mother who has children to care for, but it is a helpful means of treatment and quite essential in most cases. Often tonsillitis is the starting point of an illness of this kind, although most of us are inclined to look on sore throat and tonsillitis as trivial. annipresent By DAWN FLANERY PARKER I cannot run away from God. But sometimes, though, I stray, And then I look around, and there He is to point the way. 1J. •-••••-• • .0, 11•../...11V. •-••••-• 4••••• Mumps (Continued from page 17) organs that may be involved. This fact should help explain how some people get mumps without a known exposure and why some never get it regardless of numerous exposures. The first symptoms of mumps are usually mild, with loss of appetite and perhaps a headache. The patient will be more tired than usual. Look out for the unexpected nap. There may be only a slight rise in temperature at the time swelling of the salivary glands begins. Both sides may swell at the same time. There is no redness, and the swelling has a feeling like bread dough when you press it with your fingers. The fever may go as high as 104° F., and it may last for several days. Most signs of illness are gone in seven to ten days. Some cases are so atypical that they are practically impossible to diagnose from the history and findings alone. These cases require a study of the blood serum. The doctor knows it is MARCH, 1959 mumps if he finds in the patient's blood the specific antibody the body produces to fight the mumps virus. If this test was not run at the time of illness, a skin test later will show the person to be immune to mumps if his illness was due to his having been exposed to the mumps virus. It is advisable for all adults in the patient's immediate family to determine their immunity if they have not had the disease. There is a vaccine of killed virus that gives temporary or partial immunity, which they may take to avoid getting mumps. People allergic to eggs probably should not receive the vaccine, because the growth of the virus on eggs is part of the method by which the vaccine is produced. Until 1934 many kinds of bacteria were blamed for causing mumps. It was only last year that the one cause was finally discovered. C. D. Johnson, of Montgomery, Alabama, and Ernest W. Goodpasture, of Washington, D.C., produced a typical case of mumps in a rhesus monkey. Their tests met the requirements that proved conclusively that mumps is caused by a filterable virus. Since many childhood diseases begin with the same symptoms, we have to look for the special signs peculiar to each disease. This is the reason it is advisable to have your doctor's help and advice. With antibiotics available to control secondary infection, and antihistamines to control allergic reactions, mumps has become a little less painful and more tolerable —albeit a disease you may well wish would stay within the bounds of childhood. * * * To those who wish to retain or regain good health this distinctive institution offers truly comprehensive medical service at moderate cost. * * * * * * * * * Diagnostic Clinic Sanitarium Hospital Hydrotherapy Electrotherapy Rehabilitation Physical-Fitness Testing Occupational Therapy Psychiatric Unit * X-ray Therapy and Diagnosis * Clinical Laboratory * Nutrition and Dietetics * Geriatric and Chronic Diseases * Health Education * Social, Spiritual, and Cultural Program For full details, write to Box 8 Battle Creek Sanitarium Battle Creek, Michigan 92d Year of Continuous Service EAT PECANS FOR HEALTH FRESH TEXAS MACHINED SHELLED PECANS Packed-1# to 30# boxes HALVES-51.05 per lb. PIECES—$1.00 per lb. PLUS POSTAGE On 51b. box always figure filb. postage plus 10c insurance Peas on Parade In popularity, green peas rate at the top of most vegetables, with a high per capita consumption a year, virtually all in canned and frozen form. Supplies of both canned and frozen peas are plentiful. You will be seeing them displayed prominently and at attractive prices on your grocer's shelves and in his frozen-food cabinet, as the U.S. Department of Agriculture and industry join in a campaign to move the plentiful stocks. Green peas add color and good eating to winter menus. Serve them buttered, creamed, in casseroles, souffles, or omelets, with eggs, potatoes, and pasteurized cheese. Feature creamed green peas with hard-cooked egg slices, buttered croutons, or pimento strips. Prices subject to change without notice. D. McCREA & SON YANCEY, TEXAS Phone 2261 BOOK MANUSCRIPTS CONSIDERED by cooperative publisher who offers authors early publication. higher royalty, national distribution, and beautifully designed books. All subjects welcomed. Write, or send your MS directly. GREENWICH BOOK PUBLISHERS, INC. 489 FIFTH AVE Atten. MR. ENDICOTT NEW YORK 17, N.Y. HOUSE 'OF NUTRITION "The Rouse of a Million Vitamins" 1125 Sixth Avenue San Diego 1. California Ask about our SDA 20% discount Free Catalog on Request 21 o, aic .Mother's Counselor Questions for this department should be addressed: Mother's Counselor, LIFE Cr HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C. Enclose stamped, addressed envelope for reply. By BELLE WOOD COMSTOCK, M.D. Nosebleed My four-and-a-half-year-old daughter has nosebleed often. Please advise us what to do. It is important that any medical examination of your child should include a study of the nose to find any enlargement of a blood vessel, which is often the cause of nosebleed. Nosebleed during the night usually comes from the back part of the nose. The blood may be swallowed and coughed up, making it appear that it comes from the lungs or stomach. In most cases nosebleed ceases of itself. For frequent nosebleed, introduce absorbent cotton for about an inch into the nose, and hold it in position by pressing on the nostril to control the bleeding. This will work in most cases. When the nose is bleeding, cold compresses over the face or back part of the neck may help. The head should be held up, rather than forward. If it is held backward, the blood may gravitate to the throat and cause choking. Allergy 1. A formula too rich in sugar. 2. A condition in which the child is unable to digest the casein curd of the milk. The evidence of either condition lies in the stools. In sugar fermentation the stools are gassy, frothy, frequent, and so irritating that baby's buttocks often become red and sore. In protein indigestion the undigested milk curds may be seen in the stools. They may be green at times. The child may vomit sour, curdy material. Baby is sensitized, and forever after is oversensitive to disturbed conditions in the digestive tract, whether by fermentation or undigested casein curds. The absorption into the blood of the products of fermentation or the end products of incompletely digested protein gives irritating properties to the blood, to which the skin and mucous membranes may become abnormally sensitized. The child becomes subject to all kinds of allergies. Skin irritations such as rash and eczema may result. As he grows he may become a migraine victim, have increased tenden- ghougli 1t Be Xittle I have a child with allergies. Can you help me with this problem? Allergy in children is not uncommon. Allergy is a state wherein a person is more than normally sensitive to irritants of any kind in the air, to atmospheric temperature changes, or to disturbed conditions in the digestive tract. A child may develop allergic tendencies as the result of two conditions, both having to do with his early feeding: 22 By JANE MERCHANT It is not needful that we feign conviction Or shape our thoughts to some unquestioned creed, But that we use whatever faith we have Though it be little as a mustard seed. Until we put our faith into our actions We cannot know how much our faith is worth, As mustard seed can never grow and flourish Until it is committed to the earth. cies toward digestive upsets such as cyclic vomiting. He may have sniffles, hay fever, colds. His entire reaction to unfavorable conditions or the slightest irritation is extreme. His personality often reacts accordingly. A child's earliest food program is of great importance. Never should a child be overfed. Never should his early formula be too sweet. Often his milk should be boiled to be made easily digestible. It should never be too high in fat content, for the presence of fat interferes with protein digestion. That is why many young children do well on skim milk. Pancreas extract is most beneficial to allergic and nervous children. Dr. Sansum, well-known nutritionist of Santa Barbara Cottage Hospital, in California, first used panteric capsules made for him by Parke-Davis in the treatment of allergies in children. It is thought that pancreatic enzymes follow the incompletely digested protein end products and continue the work of breaking them down to nonirritating substances. The highly sensitive child is more likely to be adversely affected by tense, unhappy home conditions than is the child who has a stronger, better-poised emotional nature. He may be the bed wetter, the fingernail biter, the problem eater, the fretful, unhappy, difficult child. How important that every care be taken to surround the sensitive child with everything possible to give him a sense of security, happiness, and kindly relationships with those about him. By making certain skin tests, your doctor may be able to determine just what the substance is to which your child is allergic. He can advise you as to such testing. LIFE & HEALTH The Virus (Continued from page 14) of value only if induced before exposure to certain viruses, because once a virus penetrates a cell and takes up residence therein, nothing short of the destruction of its house will avail against the virus. Even if we are lucky enough to be able to ascertain or guess correctly what serum should be used to protect us, its use must be extremely limited. Moreover, the patient may be naturally immune. If this immune serum is used even in amounts that will afford full protection, it is likely that this artificial protection will not endure for long, but will quickly disappear and leave the patient as susceptible as he was before. With the electron microscope we are able to venture into the hitherto impenetrable world of very small objects. The electron microscope is about five feet tall and about ten inches in diameter. It is quite a big affair, and does not resemble the ordinary optical microscope. There are little windows around the base through which several observers may simultaneously see the object being studied. However, to recognize a virus one must be able to separate it from the cellular matter in which it lives. This is possible by centrifugation. Of the common upper-respiratory diseases such as the common cold, influenza, laryngitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis, and some forms of pneumonia, we have learned much in the last twenty years. Among other bits of knowledge, we have found that there are two general types of influenza, and we have added to our clinical knowledge of mumps and measles, both of which are caused by viruses and spread by secretions of the respiratory tract. There may be a close interrelationship among these so-called infections of the upper respiratory tract. It is possible that the same or similar viruses are the cause of all these apparently associated maladies. It is MARCH, 1959 now known that the two general types of influenza virus will produce almost identical symptoms, and it is probable that the common cold may be due to multiple causes, not necessarily the vicious work of a single virus. To protect ourselves from the many viruses present in the air we must follow a positive health program. Breathe pure air deep into your lungs, and keep blood flowing through your body with vigorous exercise. Be sure to get adequate sleep and rest. Eat fresh fruits and vegetables. TORUMEL TORUMEL-FORTIFIED CEREALS Help "Winter-Shield" Your Child! a .1 TORUMEL, the new high- protein food yeast, assures a correct, easily digested, daily protein intake. TORUMEL dissolves instantly in hot water or milk. Wonderful as a nutritious between-meal pickup. Two tablespoonfuls contain 14 grams of protein, equivalent to 2 oz. lean meat, white fish, cottage cheese, or poultry, 2 eggs, or 4 slices of high-quality bread. Doubles the protein value of milk. TORUMEL is rich in phosphorus, iron, calcium, copper, manganese, folic and folinic acid, methionine, and B-12. Has only 1/10 as much sodium as other yeast. * * * The Tuberculosis Story. 1958 This is the story of tuberculosis, the No. 1 infectious killer in the United States of America today : More than 8 million lives saved since 1907. 250,000 Americans with active TB. 1,750,000 Americans with inactive TB. One new case every six minutes. A TB death every forty minutes. 55 million Americans infected with TB germs. $725 million price tab. Great strides have been made in the conquest of TB. Since the first Christmas seal was sold, an estimated 8 million people have lived who would have died had the TB death rate remained at its 1907 level. But latest estimates indicate that 250,000 Americans have active TB, 100,000 of them unknown to health authorities. Many of these people may not be receiving any kind of treatment, may not even know they are ill, and may be spreading the disease to others. An estimated 1,750,000 former TB patients with inactive disease risk relapse unless their health is maintained at a high level. About 550,000 of them require medical supervision. Approximately 90,000 new cases of TB are reported annually—one every six minutes. Some 55 million Americans are infected with germs that may cause TB unless their resistance is maintained. Experts say that 2,700,000 of these people will develop TB during their lives if the present rate of development of disease from infection continues. The annual cost of TB is estimated at $725 million, mostly in tax money. This figure includes money spent for prevention, detection, treatment, and compensation. It does not include lost earnings. Since 1952, the cost of TB has increased more than $100 million. Xir‘"4140 •1:?. If not available at your Health Food Store, write for descriptive literature to 51.65 lb. postpaid THE EMEN EL Co. Loma Linda, California Health Is Truly Wealth DRINK YOUR WAY TO A BETTER DIET with pure, clear, fresh juices made daily at home. You will drink all the needed vitamins, minerals and nutrients and you get: with the All Stainless Steel K & K SHREDDER JUICER Information at leading diet stores or write to: DEPT. L-3 I Knuth Engineering Company 2617 N. St. Louis/Chicago 47,111. 23 It is designed to improve and encourage active hobbies, good diet, and outdoor exercise. This page is dedicated to all our Golden Age readers who are still young at heart. By OWEN S. PARRETT, M.D. STRUCTURAL FAILURE I N CALIFORNIA a great dam broke, I and the impounded water rushing down the valley caught many families before they had time to flee. Lives were lost because of structural failure. When the strain on the dam exceeded the strength of the structure, it went out with a roar. In Chicago a theater roof gave way while the auditorium was filled with people, with great loss of life. The load of snow on the roof exceeded the strength built into the roof, resulting in catastrophe. A structural failure was behind the accident. A businessman retired to a small town, happy and full of plans. At long last he was going to build the home he had been saving for, and his pension would keep his family comfortable the rest of their days. He could raise flowers, work in his garden, and live without the stress and strain of the business world. He considered himself an athlete, and went swimming in the ocean one day. An hour later I was called to his bedside in emergency. Some weeks before, he had begun to find himself short of breath. Merely brushing his teeth would bring on severe chest pains, and he could not sleep lying down. He wondered what had happened to him. He had always been strong and full of vitality. I told him he had a bad heart, and he didn't believe me. How could a man of his prowess have a bad heart? I took a quick look around and saw several pipes hanging neatly in a rack, but this was no time for a long health talk. I had time for only a measure of relief. This man had been building up to 24 this moment for years, and structural failure showed up a bad heart. I made an appointment for him to see me in the office. After carefully evaluating his condition in the quiet of the office, I explained how his break came about. He had failed to build into his wonderful heart the strength required to meet all of life's activities. The gremlins of bad habits and poor hygiene had been nibbling away over the years. What appeared sudden was not sudden, except in symptoms. The man had a bad heart the day before the break, but he did not know it. Shortness of breath could have revealed his condition. This story, like all good stories, has a happy ending. Three months later the man telephoned and reported that he had overcome his difficulty. He and his wife had climbed a hill in the community. No longer did brushing his teeth start him panting for breath. He could use a carpenter's saw with no apparent bad results. I was as pleased as he, but cau- tioned him about going ahead too fast. There was nothing miraculous about this man's recovery. As soon as he stopped doing the things that wreck hearts and other organs and began treating his body with the same care he gave his automobile, nature responded and began strengthening the heart structure so it could take strain with safety. When new buildings collapse, fire starts from faulty wiring, or other structural failure occurs we look to the architect or the construction engineer. If parents are reasonably healthy and their habits are good, most of their babies are born normal, with good chance of a fair life expectancy. In body ills we can less blame the architect than the caretaker. The Creator usually does a pretty good job. Recently I paid quite a repair bill on my car. The thin oil from the dynaflow got into the differential gears and made trouble. Fortunately I was able to get it to the garage before the gears gave out. Had I serviced the car more often, I might have been spared needless expense. I admit that since I know I can get spare parts for the car, I am less careful than if I could not. Our wonderfully constructed body, a thousand times more intricate in structure than a car, cannot always be renewed easily. When our cars are new, most of us follow the book of instructions quite carefully. As the car gets old, we are less careful to keep it up; but that is when the worn parts are likely to fail. Nothing pays such good returns in LIFE & HEALTH health and happiness as watching the little habits that make up a day's activities. Enough sleep, regular exercise, adequate diet, a happy outlook on life, help prevent structural failure. Life is sweet, and a few hours extra time given to ensuring health can make it even sweeter as we go along. May our intelligence overtake our knowledge, as Dr. Will Mayo expressed it. When it does we will teach our children how to live healthy, long, and happy lives. As we watch our high school boys running, jumping, and playing football, we can only wonder whether we are reaching the masses of the students in providing future health. An elephant can lift more than any other animal and a kangaroo can jump farther than the best athlete, but neither of these animals would think of poisoning his body with tobacco, alcohol, coffee, and tea; nor would he be satisfied with the fancy foods that make up much of our diet. We of the older generation owe it to our youth to give them full instruction in the great principle of correct and biologic living, so that when they shall reach the golden age they shall still have bodies that do not show structural failure. A larger number would finish a happy life and vanish away only because of old age. gestures of gratitude. In order to enjoy happiness a person must take the bitter with the sweet. He must not picture himself as being more worthy of recognition than his colleagues. After all, is he doing his share of appreciating other people? When he comes to the place where he is bitter over not being appreciated, he reveals that his aim was not to make others happy but to be happy himself. In our attempts to be happy we would do well to imitate the attitude of the Oriental, who is resigned to his status and fortune in life. We should not use this attitude of resignation as a substitute for accomplishment or an excuse for not doing our best, but there are certain things in each person's experience that will remain as they are regardless of his desires to have them different. How unfortunate it is when a person allows these unchangeable conditions to make him unhappy. It is better to be resigned to such factors and then proceed with determination to live successfully, abundantly, and happily. The apostle Paul developed such an attitude. He wrote in his letter to the (Turn to page 27) WHY BUY ONLY A JUICER when you can get EVERYTHING IN ONE! • AEC; 5 attachments KITCHEN MACHINES IN I fit on one bas motor basic It's A 4 ROBOT VITAMATIC , The Combination with 11 hp. Vitarnatic Motor an Vs SALAD MAKER Complete FIVE-PIECE Combination for the PRICE OF ONE GOOD JUICER NO GEARS. Just exclusive VITAMATIC. Durable. STAINLESS throughout. Out-performs every singlepurpose appliance It replaces. One Year Guarantee Trade in your old Juicers Blenders Write today! NATURAL FOODS INC. Robot Div. Olmsted Falls, Ohio "I always reach for Lange's Really Truly Health Foods" NU-VITA FOODS Portland 14, Ore. DO YOU FEEL TOO OLD, TOO FAST? FIND NEW VIGOR WITH... How to Be Happy (Continued from page 16) appreciation they do not express. Many who have learned to live contentedly have acquired the fortunate faculty of believing that they are appreciated. They simply assume that it is so and never stop to question the possibility that they may not be appreciated. A businessman may feel unhappy because the community in which he is established does not rise to his defense and prove their appreciation of his many past accommodations to them when a competitor moves into town. He had supposed that his services were appreciated to the extent that his customers would always remain loyal to him. He fails to recognize that the principle of free enterprise allows a person to trade where he chooses without implication of disloyalty. A person may be genuinely appreciated, but it is unusual for this appreciation to be expressed in lavish MARCH, 1959 HI-POTENCY BREWERS YEAST TABLETS Brewers YeS t Tablets 0.0 SAVI TA YEAST TA &SW it we., 41114 CREEK !OOP 4,, eanc. nlect•Usil^ ".., L Battle Creek Brewers Yeast Hi-Potency formula EACH TABLET PROVIDES: Vitamin MGS. MDR%* Thiamin (13-1) 3 300 Riboflavin (8-2) 3 250 Niacin (Niacinamide)...15 150 And other factors of the B Complex as naturally present in primary grown Brewers Yeast. *Minimum Adult Daily Requirement. For that young-again, full-of-pep-again feeling your body needs Vitamin B complex. Each tablet of Battle Creek's new hi-potency brewers yeast formula gives you up to 12 times the potency of some yeast tablets. Be your buoyant self again with this important food supplement added to your diet. Brewers yeast is one of the best food sources of Vitamin B complex. Open the door to a richer and more satisfying life. Start now to include Battle Creek Hi-Potency Brewers Yeast tablets in your diet. Another product of the most respected name in health foods . . .THE BATTLE CREEK FOOD CO. BATTLE CREEK, MICHIGAN WRITE FOR FREE BREWERS YEAST SAMPLE TODAY! 25 I I III I II 11)),i lIIIII l j 11)2..1! .1) enough protein, even counting the milk and eggs. By DOROTHY WALTER, R.N. FOOD FACTS AND FUN THE school nurse gave the children I of Miss Wayne's room a health check. Miss Wayne invited her to talk to the class and explain what she had found. Among other things, she found six children underweight, three overweight, and several with many cavities in their teeth. Rosalie was underweight. She raised her hand. "Why am I always underweight?" she asked. "I eat all I want, but it never seems to do any good. I stay as skinny as ever." "Why does everything I eat go to fat?" asked George. "Why do my teeth always have cavities?" questioned Mabel. "I don't eat much candy." Miss Ellis, the school nurse, answered, "I think perhaps it has something to do with your diet. How would you like to make a study and find out for yourselves what the trouble is?" "I'd like that," said Rosalie. "I'm tired of being called a bean pole." "Maybe some of the rest of us aren't eating the right things either," Dick suggested. "Why don't we work out a class project?" "How are we going to know whether we're eating the right things?" Polly asked. "Shouldn't we set up some committees to study food?" "We've already studied about the basic seven food groups," Dick told her. "Why don't we each check what we ate yesterday and see whether it was the right thing?" He turned to Miss Wayne. "Do you still have the chart we made?" Miss Wayne brought the chart. She asked, "Will you take charge of the diet-check project, Dick? You may choose anyone you need to help you." Dick asked each child to write down the food he had eaten the day before. They matched these foods against the basic seven groups. George's list looked like this: 26 Breakfast Luncheon Dinner 6 waffles 2 cheese sand- Fried potatoes wiches Asparagus Butter Syrup Chocolate cake 5 biscuits Milk Candy bar Butter Bottle of pop Jam Lemon pie When he checked his list against the basic seven groups, George found that he had eaten the following: Group 1: Lemon juice in pie. Group 2: 1 serving each, asparagus, potatoes. Group 3: 1 glass milk. Milk in waffles, cake, and biscuits. Group 4: Eggs in waffles, cake, and pie. Group 5: Butter. Group 6: No whole-grain foods. Group 7: Cheese in sandwiches. Not Basic Seven Foods 1. Fruits. Two or more servings (1 fresh). Citrus fruits or a tomato often. 2. Vegetables. Two or more besides potatoes (1 green or yellow). Leafy vegetables often. 3. Milk. Two or more glasses for adults, and four or more glasses for children. 4. Eggs. From three to five weekly. 5. Butter (or margarine). Two or more tablespoons. 6. Whole grains. Two or more servings of bread, cooked or prepared cereal. 7. Entree (beans, peas, lentils, nuts, cottage cheese). One or more servings. Foods not even in the basic seven: white-flour waffles, bread, biscuits, syrup, jam, mayonnaise, cake, candy bar, soft drink, pie, oil in fried potatoes. "Whew!" exclaimed George as he looked at his list. "Looks like I'm sort of off the beam." "I am too," agreed several others as they surveyed their lists. "Luncheon is my worst meal," said Beverly. "My other meals are pretty good, but I have to carry my lunch, and I don't like it." "I used to dislike it," said Barbara, "but mother and I decided to ,see if we could make lunch interesting. Since then I have really enjoyed it. Would you like some suggestions?" "Love them," said Beverly. "Anything would be an improvement." "The sandwiches should be different every day," said Barbara. "Your lunches are always attractive," Mary commented. "May Barbara write some suggestions on the board, Miss Wayne?" Barbara wrote: Sandwich Fillings 1. Browned gluten and dill-pickle slices on whole-wheat buns. 2. Cream cheese and one of the following: chopped chives, minced cucumber, drained crushed pineapple, sliced radishes, lettuce, tomato slices, pimento, chopped celery, chopped dates and nuts, chopped olives. 3. Egg salad with lettuce or other salad greens. Potato salad. 4. Hard-cooked egg, chopped olives, mayonnaise. 5. Mashed beans, green pepper or dill pickle, mayonnaise. 6. Peanut butter thinned with milk or water and chopped green peppers or dill pickles. Peanut butter with dates, raisins, figs, or mashed bananas. 7. Cottage cheese and crisp mustard greens, endive, or lettuce. "What do you bring besides sandwiches?" Jerry asked. "Milk, fruit, carrot strips, a tomato, sliced cucumber or celery, and a light dessert," Barbara answered. "I like date-and-nut bars, fruit crackers, nuts, and dried fruits. Sometimes I have cake, but not often." "With a lunch like that, maybe I'd quit being a bean pole," said Rosalie, as she thought of her lunch of a sandwich and a drink eaten at the lunch counter. "I begin to see why I never gain weight." "I see why I have cavities," said Mabel. "Not much candy but lots of LIFE & HEALTH other sweets, and not enough milk." 6. Whooping cough, croup, and sim"I see why everybody calls me ilar illnesses. Tubby," said George. "I didn't know Please note: The dry pack is generI ate so many fattening foods until ally used for the aged, for thin perI saw the list on paper." sons, or for the patient who has diffi"This has been fun," said Jerry. culty warming up the wet pack because "May we learn some more about food, of insufficient body heat. Miss Wayne?" "That's a good idea," Miss Wayne agreed. "Will you choose a group to help you decide what to study next?" FOR MORE FAMILY FUN, PLAY THESE Bible Games Bible Groups * * * and John & Judas Game How to Be Happy (Continued from page 25) Philippians : "I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content." A millionaire, a successful politician, or a popular socialite may find many elements in his personal experience that are disappointing. Neither money nor popularity does away with life's disappointments. Focusing attention on failures and disappoint* * * ments may bring unhappiness in spite of other attainments. Many people are Watch Baby for Signs of Deafness happy because they have the habit of It is important that the family docfocusing their thoughts on their good fortune rather than on their disap- tor or the pediatrician alert parents, pointments. The humble person in especially mothers, to watch for signs poor circumstances who emphasizes of impaired hearing in their babies the simple pleasures of life may be or young children. A mother may detect early signs infinitely happier than a person of high attainments who lacks apprecia- of hearing loss in her child, for she is usually closer to him and more fation of life's blessings. A Christian is happy in spite of miliar with his reactions than is anyhis situation. He has no reason to be one else. If he does not respond readalarmed or unhappy, for he trusts ily to speech or simple sounds such Providence to see to his ultimate and as those associated with feeding time, eternal welfare. His genuine happi- the mother will notice the defect, esness is the product of simple faith pecially if she has had other children. Deafness may be suspected if the and trust in divine watchcare. Paul advocated such an attitude when he baby consistently pays no attention counseled: "Be content with such to the sound of a spoon tapped things as ye have: for he hath said, against his plate, of his name being I will never leave thee, nor forsake spoken, or of street noises such as thee. So that we may boldly say, The the barking of dogs, backfiring of Lord is my helper, and I will not automobiles, or scream of fire sirens. When you make sounds to test his fear what man shall do unto me." hearing, make them out of sight of the child. * * * If a hearing defect is suspected, The Chest Pack the family doctor or pediatrician should direct the mother to a compe(Continued from page 16) tent ear specialist. When a complete Keep the patient in bed and warmly examination of the hearing is recovered while the moist heating pack quired, consult departments of health, is in place. hospitals, member organizations of the American Hearing Society, or Indications hearing-and-speech centers in colleges 1. Convalescence from pneumonia. and universities. The dry pack only is used in the acute In many cases medical treatment stage. of early hearing loss will clear up 2. Respiratory influenza. the difficulty. Recommendations for 3. Pleurisy. The dry pack is usually children whose hearing does not reused. spond to medical attention may in4. Chest colds. clude the use of a hearing aid and 5. Asthma. special educational training. MARCH, 1959 Here are two fascinating games in one, presenting an opportunity to learn some of the interesting facts about the Bible and yet find thoroughgoing pleasure. The same set of cards serves for two different games, both of which will help young people find pleasure in His holy day. PRICE, $1.00 Bible Books Game This is a game cleverly designed to teach those who play it how to familiarize themselves with the relative positions of the books of the Bible. Develops skill in turning quickly to any needed Bible text. Printed on durable enameled stock, it consists of 66 cards, one for each book of the Bible. PRICE, $1.00 Bible Journeys Game "Egypt to Canaan" Our newest and most fascinating home game —fun for all ages. Educational and recreational. Large 14" x 221/2" playing board. May be played by any number from two to six. Ideal for all family recreational situations. PRICE, $2.75 Where Family Life Ends, Juvenile Delinquency Begins r ORDER TODAY Enclosed is Please mail me the game (s) checked below: Bible Groups and John and Judas Game Bible Books Game El Bible Journeys Game NAME (PLEASE PRINT) ADDRESS Clip out and mail coupon today to Review and Herald Publishing Association Washington 12, D.C. 27 Mlle Dietitian Sajs If you have a question or problem regarding food or diet, address: The Dietitian, LIFE Cr HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C. Enclose stamped, addressed envelope for reply. Cabbage Slices Please suggest a new way to serve cabbage. An attractive way to serve cabbage is to cut a fresh green head of cabbage into thick slices, just as you would a pineapple. Pile these up in a kettle and cook in salted water. They usually will hold their shape and look attractive on a dinner plate surrounded by other colorful vegetables. * * * are especially likely to cause trouble. The danger is so real that the health departments of some localities have been able to get a law passed prohibiting the sale of custards in bakeshops in warm weather. The danger zone for bacterial growth is between 50° and 120° F. The danger time in this temperature zone is estimated to be 4 to 8 hours. The only safe course is to take no chances. • Food Poisoning Our paper carried an account of food poisoning that frightened us. How can it be prevented? There are a few toxic foods, such as certain mushrooms, that are so poisonous that one dies within a few hours of eating them. These are not the commercial mushrooms, but are among those gathered by persons who believe they know the safe varieties. The risk of poisoning from unknown mushrooms is great. Some shellfish of the mussel family may be poisonous. They are to be found on our Pacific Coast. Many tropical fish and shellfish are poisonous. Outbreaks of food poisoning are usually due to food that has stood around too long in a warm place. Food in large batches is hard to cool satisfactorily. It should be spread thinly on several pans to hasten cooling. This is true of potato salad especially. Egg salads and sandwich spreads require the same care. Certain mixtures spoil and become dangerous very easily. The custards 28 solution By JEAN MERGARD Which is more soothing To Baby's digestion, The breast or the bottle? A much-discussed question. Both doctors and parents Have given each credit; But who has asked Baby, The one who is fed it? I'm sure he is partial To quenching his thirst By bottle or breast milk— Whichever's served first. By LUCILLE J. GOTHAM Diet for Arthritis Please explain why an article in the October, 1958, LIFE AND HEALTH indicated that diet is the whole thing in arthritis. If you will notice the article about arthritis that you refer to you will find listed a number of diets that have been recommended for their value in arthritis, but -that the author proceeds to describe the limitations of each of them. He concludes his discussion by emphasizing the importance of well-nourishing, well-balanced diets, not one-sided faddish diets. There are times such as the acute period of fever when the diet must be pushed a little, because the person has little appetite at such periods. Also, as arthritis becomes more advanced, there is often a tendency to lose weight because of inactivity and restricted circulation. At such times diet may be valuable, but it must be combined with proper exercise to give the best results. We do not know the whole story of arthritis by any means. We do not think we can ascribe a great deal to diet except that it fits in with the proper care of anyone who is ill and needs to be well nourished. * * * Beans Withouf Offense What can we do to prevent gas from beans? Long baking, as long as six hours, overcomes the gas-forming tendency of beans and makes them tender without the use of soda. LIFE & HEALTH "Nerveless" coffee doesn't have to be tasteless any more! Wonderful! But is it possible? Can you get coffee that fills your cup with deep, dark, fragrant luxury . . . delights your senses with such delicious, hearty, satisfying flavor you truly can't tell it's 97% caffein free. Discover FULL-VIGOR DECAF — the new 97% caffein free coffee! Still can't believe it? Coffee that doesn't require payment in jumpy nerves, wakeful nights, keyed-up tenseness ... yet gives you a rich measure of coffee enjoyment, comfort and pleasant stimulation with every cup. 441 Discover FULL-VIGOR DECAF the new 97% caffein free coffee! Above all, DECAF is coffee. It's 100% all pure, delicious coffee . . . that's 97% caffein free. Even the jar is different — has a modern red label. You really owe it to yourself to try DECAF COFFEE—soon! Discover FULL-VIGOR DECAF —the NEW 97% caffein free COFFEE— and feel wonderful about coffee again! Nestles• Decafe Instant Coffee 01959 The Nestle Company, Inc. JIomemaher Jiints When writing. please enclose stamped addressed envelope for By CAROLINE EELLS KEELER reply. Address: Home Editor, LIFE & HEALTH, Washington 12. D.C. Spring Arrives. The coming of spring makes me think of the visit of Nelson Rockefeller to our county seat during his campaign last fall for the governorship of New York State. The newspaper told us that Mr. Rockefeller would address the people at 10:45 A.M. Groups began to assemble in front of the radio station on East Elm Street, where he was to speak. The broadcaster was there with his microphone, and as the time drew near he chatted to keep us in good spirits. A little girl held a bouquet of red rosebuds for Mrs. Rockefeller and a man waited with a basket of grapes produced in our area. Some men were passing out Rockefeller buttons. A line of cars approached, but they proved to be the Bath contingent, sent to escort the candidate to their town when he had finished speaking in Penn Yan. The broadcaster told us that Mr. Rockefeller and his party had just left Dundee, twelve miles away, and would arrive any minute. At last he told us that the Rockefeller party had met the village welcoming committee and would be at the speaker's stand in two minutes. The caravan arrived, and Mr. Rockefeller's car stopped beside us. He hopped out, chucked a pair of twin babies under the chin, grabbed my hand saying, "I'm Nelson Rockefeller. So glad you came out!" and went on down the line of people. Even so does spring come after many little preannouncements. A balmy breeze, little pussy willows, a robin, grape hyacinths, tulips, forsythia covered with golden bells, a bluebird's song, and before we know it spring has knocked on our door, walked into our woods, and stood by our musical little brook. 30 Watch for Beauty. Soon the world about us will be lacy and rally with flower and leaf motifs. Looking through shiny clean windows between clean white curtains, we will see enchantment all about. Let us keep our eyes open to discover it. Vegetable Seasonings. When you serve celery, do you save the green leafy tops and dry them? You can use them in a number of ways. Add a pinch of dried celery leaves to cream of tomato soup, potato soup, bean soup, or a vegetable loaf. When you are out of onions, onion salt helps give that good old onion flavor. WM a caoy By ELAINE V. EMANS I had been thinking him insensitive, A little clumsy, too, and overly shy, When he accused me willing to forgive): "You nearly stepped upon a butterfly." Oh, too insensitive and clumsy I! Vegetarian Patties. Grind 1/2, cup walnuts and 3 tablespoons onion. Simmer the onion in 2 tablespoons corn oil until soft. Mix the onion with 1 cup cooked oatmeal and nuts. Add 1 egg beaten, and season to taste with salt, sage, and Savorex. Add 1/2 cup toasted bread crumbs, mold into patties, and brown on both sides. Parsnips. My husband comes in from the garden with parsnips for dinner every day or so. I had never cared too much for parsnips, but last spring I ate some cooked in a new way. After washing and paring, the parsnips were cut from the core in strips and cooked in boiling salted water. When they were tender, cream and butter were added. That is all, but they were delicious. A tasty chowder can be made of diced potatoes, diced parsnips, and a little chopped onion sauted until delicately brown. When the vegetables are tender, scalded milk, parsley flakes, and butter are added. Soup in the Menu. Try serving cream of pea soup with sliced VejaLinks that have been browned in butter. Cream of mushroom soup substitutes nicely for gravy when diluted only slightly. Lois Cash Ruggles gives this hint for us homemakers: "I put odds and ends of soap cakes in an old white glove, put an elastic band on the end, and put it in the washer." Cranberry Juice. Add color to your winter meals by serving cranberry juice in tall glasses with a sprig of mint. Use cranberry sauce often. It is a delicious appetizer. LIFE & HEALTH Springtime Safety Motorists should not discard safety along with their snow tires and chains, the National Safety Council suggests. With winter over, spring brings its own specific hazards, the council observed. In the spring a motorist's fancy turns to thoughts of an outing on the highway with his wife and children. Although many motorists have learned to adapt winter driving to winter conditions, they may be unprepared for springtime hazards. Winter's ice melts away, but broken, rut-pocked pavement may be left. Winter's frozen road shoulders may become spring's quagmires. In the spring bushes bloom, trees break out with leaves. Such scenery draws the attention of the motorist, who leaves himself wide open for a wreck as he gazes about. The council said: 1. Springtime's warmer weather brings out many children, who may dash into the street. 2. Spring rains create hazards, especially for the motorist whose windshield wipers deteriorated during the winter. 3. Many persons buy a new car in the spring. Unfamiliarity with a new car may lead to an accident. 4. The rural road can be a booby trap. The city driver, unfamiliar with the hazards a rural road may present, often is unprepared for emergencies. 5. The additional number of motorists (about eight million more) on the roads during spring naturally increases danger. 6. During winter a motorist may have driven home from work in darkness, but in spring he will find himself straining to see clearly in the half-light, half-dark of twilight between the hours of 4:00 and 8:00 MARCH, 1959 Statistics indicate that there are more accidents of all types and more motor-vehicle fatalities then than during any other four-hour period. If it is dark enough for parking lights, it is dark enough for headlights, the council advises. P.M. * * * Get True Story The value of chest X-rays in the discovery of disease other than tuberculosis was clearly demonstrated in the survey made by the Department of Public Health at the State fair in Springfield in August, 1957, reports the Illinois Health Messenger. At that time a previously unknown case of cancer of the lung was discovered in a letter carrier from the Springfield post office who had the wisdom to take advantage of the opportunity to have an X-ray examination of his chest. Significant is the fact that the letter carrier had previously delivered mail, including many X-ray films, to the offices of the department's Division of Tuberculosis Control. In this capacity he had also appeared in one of the department's motion-picture films detailing the chest X-ray program. Furthermore, he had made a practice of having an X-ray examination of his chest annually. The discovery of the malignant tumor by the X-ray at the State fair in 1957 is best described by the patient himself in a letter addressed to Dr. Roland R. Cross, State director of public health. The letter says in part : "While attending the Illinois State Fair, I had a free chest X-ray. . . . Thinking I was in perfect health, I expected to get a card back stating that the X-ray showed me to be negative. Much to my surprise I received a letter from the State health department saying that the X-ray showed a shadow on my right lung and advising me to see my doctor immediately. . . . My doctor ordered me to the hospital, and after a number of tests I was operated on September 12 for the removal of the malignant tumor in the lower right lung. . . . "I want to express my thanks and appreciation to the State health department for discovering this growth in time. . . . "This plan of giving free chest X-rays (to adults) is a wonderful system, and more people should take advantage of it. . . ." As a follow-up, the patient reported in a more recent communication that he is back at work now, carrying mail on his regular route. RELIEF From Arthritic. Rheumatic Pain with Nola meat Effective help for neuritis, colds, and "flu" with THERMOPHORE "fomentations." FACTORY PRICE Money-back Guarantee Pain-soothing heat "at the snap of a switch" gives you quick relaxation and relief from soreness. The Battle Creek THERMOPHORE replaces messy old-style hot packs and wet towels with quick, convenient, moist-heat fomentations. USED BY FAMOUS SANITARIUMS ... A professional appliance, yet safely, easily used at home. Satisfied users testify to the effectiveness of the THERMOPHORE when moist heat is desired. Included arc a 27" x 13" electric unit (uses AC or DC current), two washable covers, a safety thermostat, a switch, and a 10, cord. Write Today for Literature THERMOPHORE Battle Creek Equipment Co. Dept. LH-39, Battle Creek, Michigan YOUR HEALTH IS YOUR WEALTH Subscribe to Life and Health today. 1 year, $3.50 Name . Address City 4 State Clip this coupon and mail to: Xle and Washington 12, D.C. 31 I NJECTING pollen into a cow's udder, which immediately begins manufacturing antibodies to counteract the pollen's injurious effects, is giving high promise of freeing man from some of his most tormenting and persistent ills. In the case of some allergies freedom can be achieved by drinking milk from the treated udder, University of Minnesota authorities claim. These authorities back up their claim with evidence of nearly 100 per cent effectiveness against hay fever. Asthma, poison ivy, and the common cold are their next targets. Alfred D. Stedman, farm editor of the St. Paul Pioneer Press, sees the likelihood of "a tremendous spur for milk consumption." The scientists who developed and are continuing with experiments on protective milk are Dr. W. E. Petersen and Dr. Berry Campbell. As yet, protective milk is not available to the general public, but only on an experimental basis to persons taking part in the tests. The protective antibodies produced by the cow's udder and transmitted to man in milk have been found to survive the pasteurizing process without losing their immunizing qualities. Dr. Petersen reported recently that for two summers seventy men and women who suffered from hay fever drank milk from cows that had been given injections of ragweed pollen. Now, he said, they have "practically no signs of hay fever, although the protection in the milk is only half the level recommended for effective treatment." One patient, Laurence Gage of Hopkins, Minnesota, who had suffered from hay fever all his life, said: "I took pills and I had shots. I went up north. Nothing helped." Now he drinks one quart of protective milk each day and gets complete relief. Another onetime hay-fever sufferer, John Anderson, a University of Minnesota junior, formerly suffered from asthma, as well as from hay fever. The asthma was made worse by the hay-fever shots. When Dr. Petersen put him on the protective milk regimen Anderson was doing farm work in the Red River valley. "I was running a combine and sitting in the dust twelve hours a day. The first day on which I had no protective milk, the men had to carry me off the field." But he said that after he resumed drinking the milk someone could "shake ragweed pollen in my face until the air was chartreuse, and I'd have no reaction." Chicago health authorities have begun testing the treatment. Dr. Herman N. Bundesen, president of Chicago's Board of Health, and his associates began experiments early in August. Milk used in the testing is obtained by injecting a solution containing quantities of giant and short ragweed pollen into the udders of forty cows. Each of the human guinea pigs drinks two pints of milk from these cows every day. Heat Exhaustion Excessive heat takes more than four times as many lives annually as excessive cold. More persons die each year from too much heat than from accidental electrocutions. Those are facts on excessive heat presented by the National Safety Council. Heat cramps and heat exhaustion —results of excessive heat—come from overexposure to sun or intense heat. Heat cramps are caused by excessive loss of salt from the system through perspiration, and are identi- fied by cramps in the abdomen and in arm and leg muscles. Heat exhaustion, which does not always accompany heat cramps, has these symptoms: paleness, chilling, dizziness, nausea, abnormal sweating, rapid and shallow breathing, rapid and weak pulse, weakness, belownormal temperature, and skin either hot or cold and clammy. Unconsciousness and possible death may result in severe cases, the council said. Heavy exertion in abnormally high temperatures, as in engine rooms, Protective Milk By WALTON STREIGHTIFF 32 foundries, steel mills, bakeries, and laundries, may cause heat sickness. Most susceptible to heat sickness are persons not used to high temperatures, those in poor health, and previous sufferers from it. Here is how it can be prevented: 1. Avoid alcohol and ice water. Instead, drink cool water and citrus fruit juices. Eat vegetables and easyto-digest foods. 2. Wear light, loose clothing. Avoid overfatigue. Bathe daily, and get plenty of sleep. 3. Replace body salt lost through excessive perspiration by salting your food or taking salt when you take a drink of water. First aid for heat exhaustion should include these points: 1. Remove the victim to circulating air. 2. Keep him lying down. Apply blankets over and under him. 3. If he is conscious, give him warm liquids to drink, also salted water (a teaspoonful to a pint). * * * The People Versus TB The fight in the United States against tuberculosis is conducted by the U.S. Public Health Service, State and local health departments, national, State, and local tuberculosis associations, the medical and nursing professions, hospitals, social service agencies, and vocational rehabilitation agencies. The traditional Christmas-seal sale is an educational and fund-raising campaign of the voluntary tuberculosis associations. These associations are affiliated with the National Tuberculosis Association, whose registered trademark is the familiar red double-barred cross. Altogether, there are 3,000 associations organized on a State and county or area basis, covering the United States and all of its territories. Of the funds raised, 94 per cent support State and local TB-control programs, and 6 per cent is allocated to the national association for service to affiliates and for the nationwide research program. Christmas-seal funds are spent primarily to prevent the spread of TB: 1. Through health education. By helping people of all ages to understand and act on their own and their community's health problems, tuberculosis associations help increase resistance to TB and raise the general level of health. Christmas-seal-supported activities include health programs for schools, industry, and LIFE & HEALTH I LLNESS is as inevitable as taxes so far as youngsters are concerned. Today's parents are usually quite intelligent about the care of their children, making sure they have the proper foods to give them well-balanced diets and that they have a maximum of rest and fresh air. Even with advanced medical knowledge, sniffles will occur, so-called children's diseases will descend on the family, and some Tarzan-minded lad is sure to fracture an arm or a leg. The child will have to spend some time in bed, and for an active smallster this can be a boring, tedious, unhappy period. But the Land of Counterpane can be a delightful place. The difference rests with the parents, and most of all with the mothers. It is more difficult to keep tiny children happy than their older brothers and sisters. They cannot read, but they can look at pictures, and the dime stores are full of interesting—and at the same time instructive — picture books. The tiny tot enjoys juvenile records. A new record will often keep him amused and quiet for a long time. Records are now inexpensive, and may be obtained to fit any record player. In our family, where the number of juvenile illnesses has been lengthy and numerous, we have always believed that the little invalid had priority on both radio and record player. When one of our children faced a sixmonth period in bed, her grandparents presented her with a record player and one or two records. As time went on and others learned of the gift, a record appeared in the mail from time to time. When a little sick-a-bed is uneasy, a quiet musical number, such as Brahms' Lullaby, will often eliminate tension. A canary, a parakeet, or a bowl of goldfish will be eye and ear catching, and will help make the sickroom cheery and keep the child happy. Goldfish and globe placed on a table at eye level of the flat-on-his-back child will keep him alert watching the golden flashings through the clear water. Even fishfeeding time will be a diversion. Triangular glass prisms that made up the old-fashioned candelabra most of our grandmothers had are fascinating to a child. Carefully remove the prism from its hook and hang it by a strong thread in the nursery window. As the prism gently sways back and forth in the sunlight the colorful and elusive "light birds" dart here and there on the wall, across the bed, and even on the child's eager hands. Quite small children can handle the wooden beads made of the seven standard colors used in kindergartens. One of our children learned his colors quickly through these beads, while having the fun of stringing them. There are also blocks that teach color as the child creates his own designs. Tinker toys are simple building materials that both boys and girls enjoy working with. Every mother knows how much little children like to make things from plasticine. For this task be sure to (Turn to page 34) other community organizations. Films, pamphlets, exhibits, and posters illustrating the importance of TB are among the materials used. 2. Through case finding. In cooperation with health departments and other community agencies, TB associations promote tuberculin testing and chest X-ray programs to find the unknown cases of TB. 3. Through rehabilitation. TB associations promote the development of social and vocational services to help TB patients accept and continue treatment until cured, to resume nor- mal, productive living, and avoid relapse. 4. Through research. Christmasseal research is aimed at uncovering basic knowledge about the disease, the germ that causes it, and the human body's reaction to it. More and better medicines are needed for the treatment of TB. A reliable vaccine that could be given to the entire population is another great need. A recent research development now undergoing widespread tests was a blood test for the diagnosis of active TB. Happy Land of Counterpane By LOUISE PRICE BELL MARCH, 1959 Beautifully Located in • Suburb of Our Nation's Capital T HIS modern general hospital maintains therapeutic standards aimed at bringing new strength and vigor to body, mind, and spirit of each medical, surgical, and obstetrical case admitted. EUGENE LELAND MEMORIAL HOSPITAL Riverdale, Maryland Owe a friend a favor? Send him a subscription to Washington 12, D.C. ALIVE TODAY! Arch Lightbody is one of 800,000 Americans cured of cancer because they went to their doctors in time. They learned that many cancers are curable if detected early and treated promptly. That's why an annual health checkup is your best cancer insurance. American Cancer Society Space for this message was contributed by LIFE Cr HEALTH as a public service. 33 Land of Counterpane for Additional Information (Continued from page 33) concerning items or products advertised in LIFE AND . HEALTH, use this check list and return it to us. Please send all orders for products direct to the advertiser whose name and address appears with the ad. ON PAGE BATTLE CREEK EQUIPMENT CO. ❑ Thermophore 31 BATTLE CREEK FOOD COMPANY ❑ Brewers Yeast 25 BATTLE CREEK SANITARIUM ❑ Hospital Facilities 21 EMENEL COMPANY ❑ Torumel 23 GENERAL FOODS CORPORATION ❑ Postum 3 GREENWICH BOOK PUBLISHERS ❑ Book Manuscripts Considered 21 HAWAIIAN PINEAPPLE COMPANY ❑ Eveready Carrot Juice 6 HOUSE OF NUTRITION ❑ Nutritional Products 21 KNUTH ENGINEERING COMPANY ❑ Shredder-Juicer 23 EUGENE LELAND MEMORIAL HOSPITAL ❑ Hospital Facilities 33 D. MC CREA & SON (1 Shelled Pecans 21 NATURAL FOODS, INC. ❑ Robot Vitamatic 25 NESTLE COMPANY ❑ Decal* 29 NU-VITA FOODS ❑ Ready Roast 25 REVIEW AND HERALD PUBLISHING ASSN. ❑ Books 2, 36 ❑ Bible Games 27 WASHINGTON SANITARIUM AND HOSPITAL ❑ Hospital Facilities 35 WORTHINGTON FOODS, INC. ❑ Choplets LIFE AND HEALTH, Dept. LH-39 Washington 12, D.C. Please send me free information regarding the items checked above. NAME (PLEASE PRINT) ADDRESS CITY STATE 34 cover the bed table with a piece of oilcloth to protect the bed. Children can have just as much fun being neat about doing interesting things as they can making more work for mother. No matter what age your little patient is, you will need some sort of table. If you don't have a bed table, simply use a card table. Stand two legs on the floor close to the bed, leave the other two folded under the table, and rest their side on a firm pillow or blanket. If the table is formica topped you won't need to cover it; if not, buy a square of sunny-yellow oilcloth at the dime store and thumbtack it to the under side to protect the table. Somewhat older girls love cutting and dressing paper dolls, also obtainable at the dime store. Boys have as much fun with books involving cutting out and assembling planes, motors, and the like. The children may drop scraps into a wastebasket beside the bed or into a bag pinned to the bed. Scrapbooks are popular. It is wise to give the little sick-a-bed an objective when it comes to scrapbook making. Every town has a hospital or an orphanage to which the finished book can be given. Encourage the child to make a pretty, neat scrapbook to be given to someone else who is ill. Such an attitude has a sound effect on the child. He thinks of some other patient and ceases to be sorry for himself. Simple jigsaw puzzles are fun for all children. For the younger ones the pieces should be large and the puzzle easy to do, so as to avoid frustration. Older children will enjoy the challenge of fitting the forty-eight States into their proper places as a map, and they will learn the relationship of each, as well as the capitals and other important cities. There are many map puzzles on the market to choose from. "Picture stories" are fun to make. Give the child a magazine or two packed with colored advertisements and pictures of all kinds. Looking through them he will soon get ideas for making stories from the pictures, filling in a word here and there to make complete sentences. Many milk advertisements include a cow. The child may come up with this story: "A cow gives milk and eats grass. Children drink milk." The older child enjoys making decorative stationery by cutting out little pictures and pasting them on the top of inexpensive note paper. He might give it to an older brother or sister for a birthday, or he might make some for himself for thank-you notes to send to friends and relatives who were nice to him while he was ill. Other members of the family may wish to play children's card games and other games with the sick child. If the child has never had a diary, this is a good time to give him one so that he can make entries each morning or evening. Doing so may make him realize how fortunate he is to have a home, family, and friends who are kind to him. If he is good at making verses, suggest that the entries be made in rhyme. This will take extra time, for he will want to practice on paper before entering the verses in the new diary. Wald tlie cr./ Zip Close By BULA L. DEEB A small thing held up to the eye Blots out the scene of earth and sky. So viewing evil everywhere Obscures the lovely and the fair. But if the good in all we see Is held in close proximity, It covers up the bad in sight And fills our souls with joy and light. Carving figures from pure white soap is a good idea if the invalid can actually do carving and won't simply mess up the bed. Many children will take pride in trying to save mother extra steps by using a whistle or a mouth organ to call her when she is needed. One blast can mean "Come when you can"; two blasts can mean "Please come now." Growing things add to the attractiveness of a child's sickroom, and the little patient can plant a carrot or a sweet potato in a vase, then watch it grow. One child I know planted six sweet potatoes in small vases. When they were at a pretty green-leafed stage she asked her older brother to deliver them to six people she knew would enjoy them. Two were for other children who were in bed, four were for older people on the same street, including a much-loved grandmother. Mothers should remember to keep in mind that long illnesses can cause selfishness in a child. For that reason the more things that can be done to divert the interest to others, the better the therapy. This is sometimes difficult for a parent to do, but the child will be thankful for this treatment later, you may be sure. LIFE & HEALTH INSIDE INSIGHT A new era in medical history started in 1895 when Wilhelm Roentgen discovered the X-ray tube. The physician could then examine for the first time the outlines of areas inside the body. in-hand with progress in many of the new surgical methods. Today, the X-ray department is one of the busiest sections of the modern hospital. The radiol- The fluoroscope is used for diagnosing. With ogist, the doctors, and the other medical specialists it direct examination can be made of the internal work together as a team in combining their knowl- organs of the body. Its development has gone hand- edge to heal the sick. Today's medical services, with the tremendous advances made possible through research, offer a vital, satisfying career. WASHINGTON "Where Your Health Is Our Concern - Sanitarium and Hospital Takoma Park Washington 12, D.C. n A01. ... ....... .6,, ...N.‘„ .. % GREAT VOLUMESzz, lI TO MEET THE BASIC NEEDS OF YOUR HOME 11 I/ A Joy to Behold— A Pleasure to Read— al, A Pride to Own! I '16. I 40. WHY be sick when you HOMERAMIS' Hom€ COOK BOOK may be well? Health makes life worth living. Profusely illustrated in black and white, also many full-color illustrations. These indispensable volumes will more than pay for theniselves in a short time. MODEfill MEDICfIL COURSfLOR MODERN MEDICAL COUNSELOR Your health—how to preserve it. Illness—how to recognize and prevent it. Accumulated knowledge of thousands of physicians and surgeons. TELLS WHAT TO DO IN SUDDEN EMERGENCIES— • When the children come home SICK! • When a BONE IS BROKEN! • When somebody GETS BURNED! • When someone is BADLY CUT! • When POISON has been swallowed! • When HEART FAILURE, HEMORRHAGE, and other emergencies occur! Not designed to do away with all need for the doctor but provides the most reliable health guidance ever offered for family use. May save your life or the life of someone dear to you. Tells you what to do while waiting for the doctor, or when troubled by minor everyday sicknesses. In an emergency one quick reference may make all the difference between life and death. YOUR HOME AND HEALTH Also available in beautiful de luxe, morocco-grained artcraf t binding at slight extra cost. HOMEMAKERS' COOKBOOK No one has a fair chance in life who does not have a proper diet. Here is a guide to basic problems of correct nutrition. Over 1,000 proved recipes, together with simplified charts and tables, make it easy to evaluate and select foods for a balanced diet. Careful instruction on how to plan tasty, healthful meals for the entire family at a minimum cost. THIS VOLUME BRINGS YOU THE KEY TO ALL THESE: • Secret of happy marriage. • Problems of the mother. • Understanding the child. • Health begins at home. • Feeding the family. • Clothes for the family. • Home nursing. THE STRENGTH OF A NATION IS IN ITS HOMES. Don't risk another day without these volumes. Mail us a card and we will send you full particulars concerning any one or all three—without obligation. REVIEW AND HERALD PUBLISHING ASSN. Washington 12, D.C.